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States of matter_l12

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  • 1. States ofMatterLesson 1
  • 2. California Science StandardStandard 3: States of Matter:Standard 3D: Students knowthe states of matter (solid, liquid,gas) depend on molecular motion.
  • 3. California Science StandardStandard 3: States of Matter:Standard 3E: Students know that in solidsthe atoms are closely locked in positionand can only vibrate; in liquids the atomsand molecules are more looselyconnected and can collide with andmove past one another; and in gases theatoms and molecules are free to moveindependently, colliding frequently.
  • 4. Content ObjectivesAfter this lesson I should be able to:1. Name the three states matter can exist in.2. Compare and contrast the properties of solids, liquids and gases.3. Compare and contrast the arrangement of molecules in solids, liquids & gases4. Compare and contrast the energy and motion of molecules in solids, liquids & gases
  • 5. Language ObjectivesAfter this lesson I should be able to:1. Read and listen to a lecture and write Cornell notes.2. Watch a video and write the main ideas.3. Write a list of common solids,liquids and gases.
  • 6. NotesStates ofMatter
  • 7. Question 1: What states (phases) canmatter exist in?
  • 8. What states (forms) can matter exist in?I. Matter can exist in 3 states or phases: solids, liquids, gases. solids liquids gases
  • 9. Think-Write-Group-ShareWhat four states canmatter exist in?
  • 10. Think-Write-Group-ShareWhat four states canmatter exist in? Matter can exist as asolid, liquid, gas, or plasma.
  • 11. What states (phases) can matter exist in?A. The arrangement of atoms and molecules is different in solids, liquids and gases. liquids gases
  • 12. Think-Write-Group-ShareThe arrangement of atomsand molecules in solidsliquids and gases is A. the same B. different
  • 13. Think-Write-Group-ShareThe arrangement of atomsand molecules in solidsliquids and gases is A. the same B. different
  • 14. What states (phases) can matter exist in?B. Solids, liquids and gases contain different amounts of energy. energy energy solids liquids gases
  • 15. Think-Write-Group-ShareThe amount of energy insolids liquids and gases is A. different B. the same
  • 16. Think-Write-Group-ShareThe amount of energy insolids liquids and gases is A. different B. the same
  • 17. Question 2:What are theproperties of solids?
  • 18. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?II. Solids have their own shapes and sizes. Solids have their own shape and size.
  • 19. Lab Exploration Think-Write-Group-ShareWhat are the shapes ofthe solid objects in yoursamples?
  • 20. Lab Exploration Think-Write-Group-ShareWhat are the shapes ofthe solid objects in yoursamples? cylinder, rectangular block, circular disc
  • 21. Class Work Question 1: Class Activity: What are States of Matter asteroids? Graphic Organizer
  • 22. States of MatterGraphic Organizer Page 63
  • 23. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases ShapeSize/Volume Volume (size)
  • 24. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Shape Have shapeSize/Volume Volume (size)
  • 25. Think-Write-Group-ShareSolids A. do not have a shape B. have a shape
  • 26. Think-Write-Group-ShareSolids A. do not have a shape B. have a shape
  • 27. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?A. The size and volume of a solid does not change unless the solid changes.
  • 28. States of Matter Exploration Exploring the Properties of Solids
  • 29. Lab Exploration Think-Write-Group-ShareDo the sizes of the objectschange when placed indifferent size containers?
  • 30. Lab Exploration Think-Write-Group-ShareDo the sizes of the objectschange when placed indifferent size containers? No.
  • 31. Class Work Question 1: Class Activity: What are States of Matter asteroids? Graphic Organizer
  • 32. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Shape Have shape VolumeSize/Volume (size)
  • 33. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Shape Have shape VolumeSize/Volume Volume stays (size) the same
  • 34. Think-Write-Group-ShareThe volume (size) of solids A. does not change indifferent containers. B. changes with thecontainer.
  • 35. Think-Write-Group-ShareThe volume (size) of solids A. does not change indifferent containers. B. changes in differentcontainers.
  • 36. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?B. Solids do NOT take the shapes of their containers. Solids do NOT take the shapes of their containers.
  • 37. Class Work Question 1: Class Activity: What are States of Matter asteroids? Graphic Organizer
  • 38. States of MatterGraphic Organizer Page 63
  • 39. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Whathappens whenplaced in acontainer
  • 40. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases What Do not takehappens the shape of the container. whenplaced in acontainer
  • 41. Think-Write-Group-ShareSolids A. take the shape of thecontainer. B. do not take the shape ofthe container.
  • 42. Think-Write-Group-ShareSolids A. take the shape of thecontainer. B. do not take the shape ofthe container.
  • 43. Question 3:How are atomsand molecules arranged in a solid?
  • 44. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?III. Atoms and molecules are close together in solids. Atoms or molecules are close together in a solid. solids
  • 45. Class Work Question 1: Class Activity: What are States of Matter asteroids? Graphic Organizer
  • 46. States of MatterGraphic Organizer Page 63
  • 47. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases How arethe atoms andmoleculesarranged?
  • 48. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Atoms close together and How are touching.the atoms andmoleculesarranged?
  • 49. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Atoms close together and How are touching.the atoms andmoleculesarranged?
  • 50. Think-Write-Group-ShareAtoms and molecules in solidsare A. close together and touching. B. very very far apart.C. have space between them.
  • 51. Think-Write-Group-ShareAtoms and molecules in solidsare A. close together and touching. B. very very far apart.C. have space between them.
  • 52. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?A. The atoms/molecules can not move around freely in solids. solids Atoms or molecules can not move freely
  • 53. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?B. Atoms and molecules in solids vibrate. Atoms or molecules vibrate in solids solids. solids
  • 54. Class Work Question 1: Class Activity: What are States of Matter asteroids? Graphic Organizer
  • 55. States of MatterGraphic Organizer Page 63
  • 56. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases How dothe atoms andmolecules move?
  • 57. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Do not move. Only vibrate. How dothe atoms andmolecules move?
  • 58. Think-Write-Group-ShareHow do atoms and moleculesmove in solids? A. They move around freely. B. They move fast, hit each otherand the sides of the container.C. They can only vibrate.
  • 59. Think-Write-Group-ShareHow do atoms and moleculesmove in solids? A. They move around freely. B. They move fast, hit each otherand the sides of the container.C. They can only vibrate.
  • 60. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?C. Atoms/molecules in solids have very little energy to make them move. e e n n e e r r g g Solids y y have low solids energy solids
  • 61. Class Work Question 1: Class Activity: What are States of Matter asteroids? Graphic Organizer
  • 62. States of MatterGraphic Organizer Page 63
  • 63. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Amount of Energy
  • 64. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Amount Low of Energy. Energy
  • 65. Think-Write-Group-ShareHow much energy do atoms andmolecules have in solids? A. high energy B. low energyC. medium energy
  • 66. Think-Write-Group-ShareHow much energy do atoms andmolecules have in solids? A. high energy B. low energyC. medium energy

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