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CST Review Elements and Periodic Table
 

CST Review Elements and Periodic Table

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    CST Review Elements and Periodic Table CST Review Elements and Periodic Table Presentation Transcript

    • CST Review Elements & The Periodic Table
    • CST Review Elements and the Periodic Table
    • BrainPop Metals Brain Pop
    • Metals Non-Metals Metalloids What is Hydrogen Doing Here? Hydrogen belongs in Group 1. It was put here because Hydrogen is a non-metal. Metals Non-Metals Metalloids Foldable Study
    • Metal Nonmetal Metalloid Foldable Study
    • In which region of the table would nonmetals be found? A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4 CST Review Questions 27
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom? 8 Elements form a dividing line between metals and nonmetals. What are the general types of elements in the periodic table? dividing line Po
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom? These elements are called metalloids. What are the general types of elements in the periodic table? metalloids Po
    • What are the general types of elements in the periodic table? Most of the elements in the periodic table are metals to the left of the line. Metals Po
    • What are the general types of elements in the periodic table? The elements to the right of the zigzag are Non-metals. Non-metals Po
    • CST Review Questions In which region of the table would nonmetals be found? A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4 27
    • CST Review Questions In which region of the table would nonmetals be found? A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4 27
    • Analyzing the Periodic Table Graphic Organizer Page 27 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
    • Analyzing the Periodic Table Graphic Organizer Page 27 1 Alkali Metals 2 Alkaline Earth Metals 3-12 Transition Metals 13 Boron Family 14 Carbon Family 15 Nitrogen Family 16 Oxygen Family 17 Halogens 18 Inert or Noble Gases
    • CST Review Questions 26
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom? The inert (noble) gases are the elements in Group 18 of the periodic table. What are the noble (inert) gases? Silicon Inert Gases
    • CST Review Questions FALSE 26
    • What are the general types of elements in the periodic table? . Non-metals Po metalloids Metals
    • CST Review Questions FALSE TRUE 26
    • E-Review Question 1 Explanation The number of protons of an element is called the atomic number. Carbon Oxygen 6 protons Atomic Number = 6 8 protons Atomic Number = 8 Hydrogen 1 proton Atomic Number = 1
    • How many protons do atoms have? 1. Atomic numbers are the smaller numbers on the periodic table. C 6 Carbon 12 Atomic Number (smaller number on chart)
    • How many protons do atoms have? All elements have DIFFERENT atomic numbers. C 6 Carbon 12 Atomic Number (smaller number on chart)
    • CST Review Questions FALSE TRUE FALSE 26
    • CST Review Questions 26
    • CST Review Questions 29
    • CST Review Questions (metalloids) 29
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum V. Metals are identified by their physical properties.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 1. Shininess Metals are shiny.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 2. Hardness Metals are hard.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 3. Malleable Metals can be pounded into different shapes.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 4. Ductile Metals can be made into a wire.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 5. Conduct Heat Metals conduct heat.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 6. Conduct Electricity Metals conduct electricity.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 7. Solids at room temperature Most metals are solids. (Mercury is the only liquid metal)
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 8. High Melting Temperature Metals have high melting temperatures.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? Non-metals have very few of the characteristics of metals. Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 1. Gases at Room Temperature Some Non-metals are gases.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 2. Solids at Room Temperature Some Non-metals are solids.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 3. Liquid at Room Temperature Bromine is the only liquid Non-metal
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 4. Low Boiling Point Most Non-metals boil at a low temperature.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 5. Dull Most Non-metals are dull not shiny.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 6. Brittle Most Non-metals will break if you hammer or pull them.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 7. Poor Conductors Non-metals do not conduct heat or electricity.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the general types of elements in the periodic table? Boron (B) Silicon (Si) Germanium (Ge) Arsenic (As) Antimony (Sb) Tellurium (Te) Astatine (At) Metalloids Metalloids
    • 1. Properties of Metals and Non Metals Metalloids have some of the properties of metals and nonmetals How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom? Metalloids have some of the properties of metals and nonmetals. What are the characteristics of Metalloids? Metalloids Boron Antimony Silicon
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom? They are semiconductors. What are the characteristics of Metalloids? Metalloids Boron Antimony Silicon 2. Semiconductors Metalloids conduct electricity at different temperatures and exposures to light.
    • CST Review Questions (metalloids) 29
    • CST Review Questions (metalloids) 29
    • CST Review Questions 30
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 8. Low Melting Temperatures Non-metals melt at low temperatures.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 8. High Melting Temperature Metals have high melting temperatures.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 7. Poor Conductors Non-metals do not conduct heat or electricity.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 5. Conduct Heat Metals conduct heat.
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 6. Conduct Electricity Metals conduct electricity.
    • CST Review Questions 30
    • CST Review Questions 30
    • Think-Group-Share Use Your CST Periodic Table 1.THINK: Read the question and THINK about the answer. 2. GROUP: Discuss the answer with your teammates and agree on the correct answer. 3. SHARE your answers by writing them on the magnetic slate and holding them up.
    • Copyright Richards 2009 Class Work
    • Think-Group-Share What type of elements are these? Metals Non-Metals Metalloids
    • Think-Group-Share What type of elements are these? Metalloids
    • Think-Group-Share What type of elements are these? Metals Non-Metals Metalloids
    • Think-Group-Share What type of elements are these? Non-Metals
    • Think-Group-Share What type of elements are these? Metals Non-Metals Metalloids
    • Think-Group-Share What type of elements are these? Metals
    • Think-Group-Share What type of element is Oxygen? Metal Non-Metal Metalloid
    • Think-Group-Share What type of element is Oxygen? Non-Metal
    • Think-Group-Share What type of element is Arsenic? Metal Non-Metal Metalloid
    • Think-Group-Share What type of element is Arsenic? Metalloid
    • Think-Group-Share What type of element is Chromium? Metal Non-Metal Metalloid
    • Think-Group-Share What type of element is Chromium? Metal
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are shiny?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are shiny?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 1. Shininess Metals are shiny.
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are poor conductors of heat and electricity?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. transitions  D. alkaline earths
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are poor conductors of heat and electricity?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are insulators: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 4. Poor Conductors Nonmetals do not conduct heat or electricity.
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements boil at low temperatures?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. transitions  D. alkaline earths
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements boil at low temperatures?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 3. Low Boiling Point Most Non-metals boil at a low temperature.
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are mostly solids?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are mostly solids?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 7. Solids at room temperature Most metals are solids.
    • Think-Group-Share What does malleable mean?  A. can be made into wire  B. can be hammered into shapes  C. will break when hammered
    • Think-Group-Share What does malleable mean?  A. can be made into wire  B. can be hammered into shapes  C. will break when hammered
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom? Malleable means something can be pounded into different shapes. : 3. Malleable can be pounded into different shapes.
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are malleable?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are malleable?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 3. Malleable Metals can be pounded into different shapes.
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are mainly gases at room temperature?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. transitions  D. alkaline earths
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are mainly gases at room temperature?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 5. Gases at Room Temperature Most Nonmetals are gases.
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements conduct electricity?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements conduct electricity?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 6. Conduct Electricity Electricity travels through metals.
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements conduct heat?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements conduct heat?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 5. Conduct Heat (Thermal Conductivity) Heat travels through metals.
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are liquids at room temperature?  A. chlorine  B. silicon  C. bromine  D. mercury
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are liquids at room temperature?  A. chlorine  B. silicon  C. bromine  D. mercury
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 7. Solids at room temperature Most metals are solids. (Mercury is the only liquid metal)
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 7. Liquid at Room Temperature Bromine is the only liquid Nonmetal
    • Think-Group-Share What does brittle mean?  A. can be made into wire  B. can be hammered into shapes  C. will break when hammered
    • Think-Group-Share What does brittle mean?  A. can be made into wire  B. can be hammered into shapes  C. will break when hammered
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? Brittle means will break if you hammer or pull something. 2. Brittle: will break if you hammer or pull.
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are brittle?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. transitions  D. alkaline earths
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are brittle?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 2. Brittle Non-metals will break if you hammer or pull them.
    • Think-Group-Share What does ductile mean?  A. can be made into wire  B. can be hammered into shapes  C. will break when hammered
    • Think-Group-Share What does ductile mean?  A. can be made into wire  B. can be hammered into shapes  C. will break when hammered
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom? Ductile means can be stretched to make a wire. 4. Ductile Means can be stretched to make a wire.
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are ductile?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are ductile?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 4. Ductile Metals can be stretched to make a wire.
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements do not react with other elements?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements do not react with other elements?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom? 1. Noble (inert) gases almost never react with other compounds or elements. What are the Noble (Inert) Gases? Helium Neon Argon Krypton Xenon Radon Noble Gases or Inert Gases Argon
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the Noble (Inert) Gases? Helium Noble Gases or Inert Gases Neon Argon Krypton Xenon Radon Neon D. Inert means “inactive”.
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements have low melting temperatures?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. transitions  D. alkaline earths
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements have low melting temperatures?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals? A. Some of the physical characteristics of non- metals are: Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Non-metals Oxygen Bromine 8. Low Melting Temperatures Non-metals melt at low temperatures.
    • Metal Nonmetal Metalloid Foldable What do you notice about the melting temperatures of Non-Metals? Write a sentence describing this property. Low Melting Temperatures Non-metals melt at low temperatures . -362 0F -415 0F 19 0F 247 0F 237 0F 111 0F
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements have high melting temperatures?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements have high melting temperatures?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. inert gases  D. halogens
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals? Metals Silver Gold Copper Platinum A. Some of the physical properties of metals are: 8. High Melting Temperature Metals have high melting temperatures.
    • High Melting Temperatures Metals melt at high temperatures . What do you notice about the melting temperatures of Metals? Describe this property with your teammates. Metal Nonmetal Metalloid Foldable 1948 0F 1763 0F 1985 0F 2800 0F 2651 0F 3215 0F
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are semiconductors (conduct electricity only at high temperatures)?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. metalloids/semi-metals
    • Think-Group-Share Which elements are semiconductors (conduct electricity only at high temperatures)?  A. metals  B. non-metals  C. metalloids/semi-metals
    • How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom? B. The most important property of metalloids is how they conduct electricity. Metalloids Boron Antimony Silicon 2. Semiconductors Metalloids conduct electricity at high temperatures and amounts of light. Arsenic What are the characteristics of Metalloids?
    • Copyright Richards 2009 Properties of Metals  shiny  hard  malleable  ductile  conduct heat  conduct electricity  are solids at room temperature  have high melting temperatures Silver GoldCopper Platinum
    • Copyright Richards 2009 Properties of NonMetals  dull  brittle  mainly gases at room temperature  some solids at room temperature  low boiling temperatures  low melting temperatures  poor conductors of heat and electricity Nitrogen Carbon Iodine Oxygen Bromine
    • Copyright Richards 2009 Properties of Metalloids/ Semi-Metals  have properties of metals and non-metals  semi-conductors (conduct electricity at high temperatures) Boron Antimony Silicon Arsenic