CST Review Part 2

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CST Review Part 2

  1. 1. CST AnswerBoard ReviewPart 2
  2. 2. CST ReviewAcids & Basesand pH
  3. 3. BrainPopAcids and BasesBrain Pop
  4. 4. Copyright Richards 2009Class WorkPage 59Study
  5. 5. 41CST Review Questions
  6. 6. 41CST Review Questions
  7. 7. How can substances be classified?BasesAcids Neutral1. Has pH1 - pH62. Turns litmus red3. Tastes sour1. Has pH72. Does not changelitmus1. Has pH8 - pH142. Turns litmus blue3. Tastes bitter
  8. 8. 41CST Review Questions
  9. 9. CST Review Questions41
  10. 10. CST ReviewElementsand thePeriodic Table
  11. 11. BrainPopMetalsBrain Pop
  12. 12. MetalsNon-MetalsMetalloidsWhat is HydrogenDoing Here?Hydrogen belongsin Group 1.It was put herebecause Hydrogen isa non-metal.Metals Non-Metals Metalloids Foldable Page 30Study
  13. 13. In which region of the tablewould nonmetals be found?A 1B 2C 3D 4CST Review Questions27
  14. 14. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?8 Elements form a dividing line betweenmetals and nonmetals.What are the general types of elements in the periodic table?dividing linePo
  15. 15. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?These elements are called metalloids.What are the general types of elements in the periodic table?metalloidsPo
  16. 16. What are the general types of elements in the periodic table?Most of the elements in the periodictable are metals to the left of the line.MetalsPo
  17. 17. What are the general types of elements in the periodic table?The elements to the right of the zigzagare Non-metals.Non-metalsPo
  18. 18. CST Review QuestionsIn which region of the tablewould nonmetals be found?A 1B 2C 3D 427
  19. 19. CST Review QuestionsIn which region of the tablewould nonmetals be found?A 1B 2C 3D 427
  20. 20. Analyzing the Periodic Table Graphic Organizer Page 27671234567123 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1213 14 15 16 1718
  21. 21. Analyzing the Periodic Table Graphic OrganizerPage 261AlkaliMetals2AlkalineEarthMetals3-12TransitionMetals13BoronFamily14CarbonFamily15NitrogenFamily16OxygenFamily17Halogens18Inertor NobleGases
  22. 22. CST Review Questions26
  23. 23. Page 35
  24. 24. Page 35
  25. 25. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?The inert (noble) gases are the elements inGroup 18 of the periodic table.What are the noble (inert) gases?SiliconInert Gases
  26. 26. CST Review QuestionsFALSE26
  27. 27. What are the general types of elements in the periodic table?.Non-metalsPometalloidsMetals
  28. 28. CST Review QuestionsFALSETRUE26
  29. 29. E-Review Question 1 ExplanationThe number of protons of an element iscalled the atomic number.CarbonOxygen6 protonsAtomic Number = 68 protonsAtomic Number = 8Hydrogen1 protonAtomic Number = 1
  30. 30. How many protons do atoms have?1. Atomic numbers are the smallernumbers on the periodic table.C6Carbon12Atomic Number(smaller number on chart)
  31. 31. How many protons do atoms have?All elements have DIFFERENTatomic numbers.C6Carbon12Atomic Number(smaller number on chart)
  32. 32. CST Review QuestionsFALSETRUEFALSE26
  33. 33. CST Review Questions26
  34. 34. Metal Nonmetal Metalloid FoldableStudyPage 31
  35. 35. CST Review Questions29
  36. 36. CST Review Questions(metalloids)29
  37. 37. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumV. Metals are identified by their physicalproperties.
  38. 38. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:1. ShininessMetals are shiny.
  39. 39. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:2. HardnessMetals are hard.
  40. 40. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:3. MalleableMetals can be poundedinto different shapes.
  41. 41. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:4. DuctileMetals can be madeinto a wire.
  42. 42. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:5. Conduct HeatMetals conduct heat.
  43. 43. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:6. Conduct ElectricityMetals conductelectricity.
  44. 44. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:7. Solids at room temperatureMost metals are solids.(Mercury is the only liquid metal)
  45. 45. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties of metals are:8. High Melting TemperatureMetals have high meltingtemperatures.
  46. 46. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?Non-metals have very few of thecharacteristics of metals.NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine
  47. 47. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine1. Gases atRoomTemperatureSomeNon-metalsare gases.
  48. 48. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine2. Solids atRoomTemperatureSomeNon-metalsare solids.
  49. 49. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine3. Liquid atRoomTemperatureBromine isthe only liquidNon-metal
  50. 50. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine4. Low BoilingPointMostNon-metalsboil at a lowtemperature.
  51. 51. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine5. DullMostNon-metalsare dull notshiny.
  52. 52. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine6. BrittleMostNon-metalswill break ifyou hammeror pull them.
  53. 53. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine7. PoorConductorsNon-metalsdo notconduct heator electricity.
  54. 54. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the general types of elements in the periodic table?Boron (B)Silicon (Si)Germanium (Ge)Arsenic (As)Antimony (Sb)Tellurium (Te)Astatine (At)MetalloidsMetalloids
  55. 55. 1. Properties ofMetals and NonMetalsMetalloids have someof the properties ofmetals and nonmetalsHow are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?Metalloids have some of the properties ofmetals and nonmetals.What are the characteristics of Metalloids?MetalloidsBoron AntimonySilicon
  56. 56. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?They are semiconductors.What are the characteristics of Metalloids?MetalloidsBoron AntimonySilicon2. SemiconductorsMetalloids conductelectricity at differenttemperatures andexposures to light.
  57. 57. CST Review Questions(metalloids)29
  58. 58. CST Review Questions(metalloids)29
  59. 59. CST Review Questions30
  60. 60. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metalsare:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine8. Low MeltingTemperaturesNon-metalsmelt at lowtemperatures.
  61. 61. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties of metals are:8. High Melting TemperatureMetals have high meltingtemperatures.
  62. 62. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine7. PoorConductorsNon-metalsdo notconduct heator electricity.
  63. 63. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:5. Conduct HeatMetals conduct heat.
  64. 64. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:6. Conduct ElectricityMetals conductelectricity.
  65. 65. CST Review Questions30
  66. 66. CST Review Questions30
  67. 67. CST ReviewAtoms andAtomicStructure
  68. 68. BrainPopAtomsBrain Pop
  69. 69. BrainPopAtomic ModelBrain Pop
  70. 70. Atomic Structure Graphic Organizer++ProtonElectronNucleus--EnergyLevelsNeutron--Helium AtomElectronCloud+ 1 (positive) 0 (no charge neutral)- 1 (negative)1 AMU 1 AMU0 AMU Electrons swirl aroundthe nucleus at highspeeds forming a cloud.Far from the nucleusNumber of protonsnucleus nucleusNumberAtomicAverageMassAtomicprotons + neutronsStudyPage 36
  71. 71. 10. What is the reference point?CST Review Questions21
  72. 72. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?A. Protons and neutrons are in the center of the atom.Bohr Atomprotonsneutrons
  73. 73. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?Bohr Atomprotonsneutronsnucleus1. The center of the atom is called the nucleus.
  74. 74. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?B. Electrons swirl around the nucleus at high speeds,forming a cloud.Bohr AtomelectronsElectron Cloud
  75. 75. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?protonsneutronsnucleusCopy This Diagram in Your Notes.electrons
  76. 76. 10. What is the reference point?CST Review Questions21
  77. 77. 10. What is the reference point?CST Review Questions21
  78. 78. CST Review Questions20
  79. 79. CST Review Questions20
  80. 80. CST Review Questions20
  81. 81. CST ReviewIsotopes
  82. 82. BrainPopIsotopesBrain Pop
  83. 83. Isotope Graphic Organizer Page 40Study
  84. 84. CST Review Questions1728
  85. 85. How are isotopes written?Carbon-13X. Isotope names contain the name of theelement and the mass number of theisotope.Isotope nameelement mass number
  86. 86. How many neutrons do atoms have?protonsneutronsCarbon-146 protons8 neutrons14 totalCarbon-136 protons7 neutrons13 totalCarbon-126 protons6 neutrons12 totalIX. Forms of an element with differentnumbers of neutrons are called isotopes.3 isotopes of carbon
  87. 87. How many neutrons do atoms have?Carbon-146 protons8 neutrons14 totalCarbon-136 protons7 neutrons13 totalCarbon-126 protons6 neutrons12 totalA. Isotopes are named by the element’sname and mass number (the number ofprotons + neutrons.)isotopes of carbon
  88. 88. CST Review Questions28
  89. 89. CST Review Questions28
  90. 90. CST ReviewCompoundsand ChemicalReactions
  91. 91. BrainPopChemicalEquationsBrain Pop
  92. 92. BrainPopCompounds andMixturesBrain Pop
  93. 93. Cornell NotesInteractive Notebook Page 34Study
  94. 94. CST Review Questions24
  95. 95. What are chemical formulas?nitrogenatomChemical formulas tell you the elements in acompound.ammoniamoleculehydrogenatomNH3
  96. 96. What are chemical formulas?nitrogenatomChemical formulas tell you the elements in acompound.ammoniamoleculehydrogenatomNH3
  97. 97. CST Review Questions24
  98. 98. CST Review Questions24
  99. 99. CST Review Questions24
  100. 100. CST Review Questions25
  101. 101. CST Review Questions25
  102. 102. CST Review Questions25
  103. 103. CST Review Questions38
  104. 104. How is mass conserved?D. However in a chemical reaction the massof the reactants ALWAYS equals themass of the products.sodium+chlorine salt13 g Na + 12 g Cl 25 g NaCl
  105. 105. How are atoms conserved?A. The atoms going into the reaction are alwayssame as the atoms coming out in the products.2H 2O H2O22 hydrogen 2 oxygen 1 peroxideatoms atoms moleculeOHHOHH OO
  106. 106. Chemical Reactions2H S H2SO42 hydrogen 1 sulfur 4 oxygen 1 sulfuricatoms atom atoms acidmoleculeThe number of atoms of each element is thesame on both sides of a chemical reaction.4O=+ +
  107. 107. CST Review Questions38
  108. 108. CST Review Questions38
  109. 109. CST Review Questions39
  110. 110. What happens to energy in a chemical reaction?VI. Energy can be released orabsorbed when matter changes.
  111. 111. What happens to energy in a chemical reaction?A. When heat energy is absorbed itis called endothermic. (Gets cold)
  112. 112. What happens to energy in a chemical reaction?B. When heat energy is released it iscalled exothermic. (Gets hot)wood=+carbonBurning
  113. 113. CST Review Questions39
  114. 114. CST Review Questions39
  115. 115. CST Review Questions22
  116. 116. How are elements and compounds different?III. The properties of compounds are alwaysdifferent from the properties of theelements that formed them .Hydrogen(gas)Oxygen(gas)=Water(liquid)element element compound+
  117. 117. What are compounds?+1. Hydrogen is an explosive gas. Hydrogen
  118. 118. What are compounds?+Hydrogen2. Oxygen is a gas which burns. Oxygen
  119. 119. What are compounds?+Hydrogen3. They form water which is a freezing liquid.water
  120. 120. What are compounds?3. The properties of water are nothing like theproperties of hydrogen and oxygen.Hydrogen+Oxygen=Waterexplodesburnsfreezes
  121. 121. CST Review Questions22
  122. 122. CST Review Questions22
  123. 123. CST Review Questions37
  124. 124. CST Review Questions37
  125. 125. CST ReviewDensity
  126. 126. Page 74Study
  127. 127. CST Review Questions
  128. 128. How is density calculated?IV. Density can be calculated using thefollowing formula:Density = MassVolumeDensity = gmL
  129. 129. MassVolumeWhat is speed?The density equation can be rewrittento solve different types of densityproblems.Density =
  130. 130. MassDensity FormulaYou can rewrite the Density FormulaDensity Volume
  131. 131. CST Review Questions
  132. 132. CST Review Questions
  133. 133. MassVolumeWhat is speed?The density equation can be rewrittento solve different types of densityproblems.Density =
  134. 134. MassDensity FormulaYou can rewrite the Density FormulaDensity Volume
  135. 135. 5CST Review Questions
  136. 136. 5CST Review Questions
  137. 137. MassDensity FormulaYou can rewrite the Density FormulaDensity Volume
  138. 138. MassDensity FormulaYou can rewrite the Density FormulaDensity Volume
  139. 139. 5CST Review QuestionsMass = Density X Volume
  140. 140. 5CST Review QuestionsMass = Density X VolumeBrick MassA = ?Brick MassB = ?Air MassC = ?Air MassD = ?
  141. 141. 5CST Review QuestionsMass = Density X VolumeBrick MassA = 2000 X 2 = 4000Brick MassB = ?Air MassC = ?Air MassD = ?
  142. 142. 5CST Review QuestionsMass = Density X VolumeBrick MassA = 2000 X 2 = 4000Brick MassB = 2000 X 4 = 8000Air MassC = ?Air MassD = ?
  143. 143. 5CST Review QuestionsMass = Density X VolumeBrick MassA = 2000 X 2 = 4000Brick MassB = 2000 X 4 = 8000Air MassC = 1 X 6000 = 6000Air MassD = ?
  144. 144. 5CST Review QuestionsMass = Density X VolumeBrick MassA = 2000 X 2 = 4000Brick MassB = 2000 X 4 = 8000Air MassC = 1 X 6000 = 6000Air MassD = 1 X 10000 = 10000
  145. 145. 5CST Review QuestionsMass = Density X VolumeBrick MassA = 2000 X 2 = 4000Brick MassB = 2000 X 4 = 8000Air MassC = 1 X 6000 = 6000Air MassD = 1 X 10000 = 10000
  146. 146. 5CST Review QuestionsMass = Density X VolumeBrick MassA = 2000 X 2 = 4000Brick MassB = 2000 X 4 = 8000Air MassC = 1 X 6000 = 6000Air MassD = 1 X 10000 = 10000
  147. 147. CST Review Questions31
  148. 148. Why is density important?V. Density determines what things willsink and float in a given liquid.
  149. 149. CST Review Questions31
  150. 150. CST Review Questions31
  151. 151. 19CST Review Questions
  152. 152. Why is density important?A. If an object has LESS densitythan the liquid it will FLOAT.The ball has LESSdensity than water.density of ball = less than water
  153. 153. Why is density important?B. If an object has MORE densitythan the liquid it will SINK.The ball has MOREdensity than water.density of ball = morethan water
  154. 154. CST Review Questions19
  155. 155. CST Review QuestionsLess19
  156. 156. CST Review QuestionsLessLess19
  157. 157. CST Review QuestionsLessLessLess19
  158. 158. CST Review QuestionsLessLessLessMore19
  159. 159. CST Review QuestionsLessLessLessMore19
  160. 160. 18CST Review Questions
  161. 161. CST Review Questions18
  162. 162. CST Review Questions18
  163. 163. CST ReviewCarbon andLife Molecules
  164. 164. BrainPopBody ChemicalsBrain Pop
  165. 165. Copyright Richards 2009Class WorkPage 49Study
  166. 166. CST Review42
  167. 167. Why is carbon important to living things?A. Carbon can form bondswith itself.
  168. 168. Why is carbon important to living things?B. Carbon can form moleculeswith long chains of atoms.
  169. 169. Why is carbon important to living things?C. Carbon can form moleculesmade of rings of atoms.
  170. 170. CST Review42
  171. 171. CST Review43
  172. 172. Carbon: Chemistry of LifeC. Many molecules found in livingthings (like DNA, sugars, fats, andproteins) are LARGE moleculescontaining chains of carbon.glucose saturated fatDNA
  173. 173. Carbon: Chemistry of LifeD. Salt (NaCl) and water (H2O) aresmall molecules in living things.
  174. 174. Molecules in Living Things Thinking Mapwatersalt
  175. 175. Hands on Activity6C 12H C6H12O66 carbon 12 hydrogen 6 oxygen 1 glucoseatoms atoms atoms sugarmolecule=+Making Molecular Models of Chemical Equations:1. Write the reaction below.2. Using the legend, make a model of this reaction:6O+
  176. 176. glucoseHands on Activity6C 12H C6H12O6Making Molecular Models of Chemical Equations:6OOOOOHOOCCC CCCHHHH HHHH
  177. 177. CST Review43
  178. 178. CST Review44
  179. 179. Carbon: Chemistry of LifeI. Six elements form mostmolecules in living things:PhosphorusNitrogenCarbonHydrogenOxygenSulfurPlease NeverCall Her OnSunday
  180. 180. CST Review44
  181. 181. diamondssaltgraphiteCrystalMoleculesNotes
  182. 182. BrainPopCrystalsBrain Pop
  183. 183. BrainPopSaltBrain Pop
  184. 184. Copyright Richards 2009Class WorkPage 51
  185. 185. 1. Salt crystalshave alternatingatoms of sodiumand chlorine.Crystal Molecules
  186. 186. Crystal Molecules2. The alternatingpattern of sodiumand chlorine atomsgives salt the shapeof cubes.

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