A file transfer protocol based on a connection of equals
When a user wishes to download a file from a website, the submit a HTTP GET request. This request for the file uses a single TCP socket, and communicates with a single server which transfers the entire file. By contrast, a P2P protocol creates TCP connections with multiple hosts and makes many small data requests to each. The P2P client then combines the chunks to recreate the file. A single file host will usually have limited upload capacity, but connecting to many servers simultaneously allows for higher file transfers, and disperses the costs associated with data transfers amongst many peers.
Client downloads some files. Processes it in ur system and then uploads it back to the wcgsercer. They give u points for the amount of processing time u’ve contributed.
There are no rules. Everything is random, almost chaotic.
Compounded Annual Growth Rate
SSL = secure sockets layer, private trackers, can’t download unless u register which u cant unless ur invited.Transfer layer protocol
Peer to Peer networks and piracy
P2P Networks and Piracy<br />
P2P = Peer to Peer<br />(“Peer” – Rhymes with “beer”)<br />Peers = Equals/People belonging to the same category<br />A peer-to-peer computer network is a network that relies on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating it in a relatively low number of servers.<br /> - Wikipedia<br />
P2P is all about sharing resources like<br />Your CPU Processing Time<br />Your bandwidth<br />Your disk space<br />
Grid computing […] performs higher throughput computing by taking advantage of many networked computers to model a virtual computer architecture.<br /> - Wikipedia<br />Grid computing is just sharing processing power across a network.<br />P2P evolved from the concept of grid computing as a means to share files between friends.<br />
Peers:<br /> A peer is another computer on the internet that you connect to and transfer data.<br />Torrent:<br /> Usually this refers to the small metadata file you receive from the web server or tracker you are downloading files from.<br />Seeders/seeds:<br />A computer that has a complete copy of a certain torrent. Once your client finishes downloading, it will remain open until you click the Finish/Stop button (or otherwise close it.) This is known as being a seed or seeding.<br />Swarm:<br /> The group of machines that are collectively connected for a particular file. For example, if you start a BitTorrent client and it tells you that you're connected to 10 peers and 3 seeds, then the swarm consists of you and those 13 other people.<br />Tracker:<br /> A server on the Internet that acts to coordinate the action of BitTorrent clients.<br />
Ratio:<br /> In some torrent sites, you are expected to maintain a download to upload ratio.<br />Client:<br /> The program that enables p2p file sharing via the BitTorrent protocol. Examples of clients include µTorrent and Vuze.<br />Hash:<br /> The hash is a string of alphanumeric characters in the .torrent file that the client uses to verify the data that is being transferred.<br />Scrape:<br /> This is when a client sends a request to the tracking server for information about the statistics of the torrent.<br />Announce:<br />A client announces that it wants to join the swarm and that server should add it to the peers in that swarm<br />Piece:<br />This refers to the torrented files being divided up into equal specific sized pieces<br />
BASCAP<br />Business Action to Stop Counterfeiting and Piracy<br /> Established in 2005 by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).<br />BASCAP claims European Union countries could lose €240 billion ($324.6 billion) in revenue and 1.2 million jobs by 2015.<br /> It calculated a €10 billion in revenue losses and more than 185,000 jobs lost due to piracy in 2008.<br />P2P file-sharing networks are now carrying 3.3 exabytes per month and will continue to grow at a moderate pace with a CAGR of 18 percent from 2008 to 2013.<br />Source: http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2010/03/sailors-beware-p2p-piracy-will-sink-your-jobs-by-2015.ars<br />
thepiratebay.org<br />The Pirate Bay is a Swedish website that indexes BitTorrent (.torrent) files.<br />The torrents are organized into categories: "Audio", "Video", "Applications", "Games", "Other" and "Porn"<br />Ranked as world’s 99th most popular website.<br />Was put on trial by the MPAA in 2009 for copyright infringement.<br />Founders were sentenced to one year in prison and fined $3.5 million.<br /> Source: Wikipedia<br />
Darknetfilesharing<br />A darknet refers to any type of closed, private group of people communicating.<br />These are usually private trackers such as Iptorrents.com, revolutiontt.net, bitme.org, etc.<br />Private peer-to-peer systems are P2P systems that allow only mutually trusted peers to participate.<br />There is a great emphasis on secrecy and privacy in such websites.<br />