What was a guild?• Exclusive, regimented organizations• Created to preserve the rights and privileges of their members.• Separate from civic governments, but often overlapped the purposes of civic governments; guild members were often prominent in civic government• Similar to modern-day unions
Merchant Guilds –First to appear –Formed as mutual organizations to protect members’ horses, wagons, and goods while traveling –Usually would found a town by obtaining a charter
Craft Guilds • Came about by increased specialization of industry • Made up of groups of artisans from the same occupation who banded together for mutual aid and protection. • As they became more prominent, guild leaders would demand more civic leadership. • It got to the point where people couldn’t practice a trade without being in a guild, similar to modern-day certification • Used to maintain a monopoly of a specific craft from outsiders.
Consumer and Worker Protection• Protected their consumers and their workers• Regulations prohibited poor workmanship• Each product had to be stamped by a board member of the guild to ensure quality.• Prohibited working at night due to lack of artificial light• Forbade advertising (no competition) and regulated prices
Services Performed by Guilds• Performed services for their members and consumers• Provided funeral expenses for poor members and aided survivors• Assisted members with caring for the sick• Built chapels and donated to local churches and cathedrals• Regulated morals and ethics of the members
Guild & Community Interrelationships• City Council could intervene in the case of affairs between guilds.• A council could regulate and establish hours of work and pay rate.• Guild officials were often appointed to serve in civic government because guilds often voted as a unit
Hierarchy of Guild Members• Apprentice • Male teenager who lived with his master; family paid to have him taken on my the master. • Not allowed to marry • Took 2-7 years to learn the trade • Once master felt the apprentice was ready, he was advanced to a journeyman.• Journeyman – Entitled to earn salary – Ultimate goal was to create a masterpiece to satisfy the guild master in order to assume the title of master craftsman• Master • Once the masterpiece was completed and the journeyman was voted upon by the guild, he could obtain the title of master.
Bibliography• http://www.public.iastate.edu/~gbetcher/373/guilds.htm• http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/guilds.html• http://employees.oneonta.edu/farberas/arth/arth200/artist/ guilds.html• http://www.boisestate.edu/courses/westciv/medsoc/24.sht ml