Hindi B 10th class S.P. 2011-12 myrealwings.webs.com
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Hindi B 10th class S.P. 2011-12 myrealwings.webs.com

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  • 1. d{kk nloha ladfyr ijh{kk 1 fo"k;μfganh (c) le; 3 ?k.Vs vf/dre vad 80 [k.M ^d*izu 1- vifBr xn~;kak vad 5- izkphu dky esa kfu dks veaxydkjh xzg le> fy;k FkkA lquh&lqukbZ ckrksa osQ vk/kj ij yksxksa esa bl xzg osQ ckjs esa Hkzkafr;k¡ iSQyrh pyh xbZA ;g xzg vR;ar ean xfr ls lw;Z osQ pkjksa vksj djhc rhl o"kZ esa ,d pDdj iwjk djrk gSA kfu dk fnu gekjs fnu ls NksVk gksrk gSA kfu vR;ar BaMk xzg gSA kfu osQ ok;qeaMy dk rkieku kwU; ls 150◦ lsaVhxzsM uhps jgrk gSA vr% ;gk¡ thou laHko ugha gSA oSKkfud [kkstksa osQ vk/kj ij kfu osQ mixzgksa dh la[;k l=kg gks xbZ gSA kfu dk lcls cM+k panz VkbVu gSA ;g mixzg gekjs mixzg panzek ls dkiQh cM+k gSA VkbVu dh vn~Hkqr pht+ bldk ok;qeaMy gSA blosQ ok;qeaMy esa ehFksu xSl i;kZIr ek=kk esa gSA bl ij ehFksu] ikuh dh rjg ekuh tk ldrh gSA kfu dks nwjchu ls ns[kk tk, rks blosQ pkjksa vksj oy; ;k ?ksjs fn[kkbZ nsrs gSaA bu oy;ksa ;k dad.kksa ls bldh lqanjrk dki+Qh c<+ tkrh gSA bu oy;ksa dh [kkst xSyhfy;ks us dh FkhA ubZ [kkstksa osQ vk/kj ij lkSjeaMy osQ dbZ xzgksa osQ oy;ksa dh [kkst gks pqdh gSA kfu ftrus lqanj vkSj Li"V oy; fdlh xzg osQ ugha gSaA mi;qZDr x|kak dks i<+dj lgh fodYi dks pqudj fyf[k,μ (d) kfuxzg dh lqanjrk dk dkj.k gSA 1 (i) bldk lcls NksVk gksukA (ii) lcls vyx gksukA (iii) blds osQ pkjks vksj pedrs ?ksjsA (iv) bldk lw;Z osQ lehi gksukA ([k) kfu ij thou laHko ugha gS D;ksafdμ 1 (i) ogk¡ ozwQj nso gSaA (ii) cgqr xehZ gSaA (iii) cgqr BaM gSA (iv) cgqr v¡/sjk gS A (x) /jrh dk mixzg gSμ 1 (i) cq/ (ii) kfu (iii) panzek (iv) lw;Z 1  
  • 2. (?k) ehFksu xSl dks fdlosQ leku ekuk x;k gSA 1 (i) vfXu (ii) ikuh (iii) feV~Vh (iv) jkskuh (Ä) kfu osQ oy;ksa dh [kkst djus okys oSKkfudμ 1 (i) vkbuLVkbu (ii) U;wVu (iii) lh-oh- jeu (iv) xSyhfy;ksizu 2- vifBr x|kak vad 5 dkkh osQ lsB xaxknkl ,d fnu xaxk esa Luku dj jgs Fks fd rHkh ,d O;fDr unh esa owQnk vkSj Mqcfd;k¡ [kkus yxk A lsBth rsth ls rSjrs gq, mlosQ ikl igq¡ps vkSj fdlh rjg [khap dj mls fdukjs ys vk, A og mudk equhe uanyky FkkA mUgksaus iwNk] ^vki dks fdlus xaxk esa isaQdk* uanyky cksyk] ^ fdlh us ugha] eSa rks vkRegR;k djuk pkgrk FkkA ^lsBth us bldk dkj.k iwNk rks mlus dgk] ^eSaus vki osQ ik¡p gtkj #i;s pqjk dj lV~Vs esa yxk, vkSj gkj x;kA eSaus lkspk fd vki eq>s tsy fHktok nsaxs blfy, cnukeh osQ Mj ls eSaus ej tkuk gh Bhd le>kA* oqQN nsj rd lkspus osQ ckn lsBth us dgk] ^rqEgkjk vijk/ ekiQ fd;k tk ldrk gS ysfdu ,d krZ gS fd vkt ls dHkh fdlh izdkj dk lV~Vk ugha yxkvksxsA* uanyky us opu fn;k fd og vc ,sls dke ugha djsxkA lsB us dgk] ^tkvks ekiQ fd;kA ik¡p gtkj #i;s esjs uke ?kjsyw [kpZ esa Mky nsukA* equhe HkkSapDdk jg x;kA lsBth us dgk] ^rqeus pksjh rks dh gS ysfdu LoHkko ls rqe pksj ugha gksA rqeus ,d Hkwy dh gS] pksjh ughaA tks vkneh viuh ,d Hkwy osQ fy, ejus rd dh ckr lksp ys] og dHkh pksj gks ugha ldrkA mi;ZqDr x|kak osQ vk/kj ij lgh fodYiksa dks pqudj fyf[k,μ (d) lPps HkDr ls rkRi;Z gSμ 1 (i) fcuk LokFkZ osQ iwtk djuk (ii) jkst eafnj tkuk (iii) ,d gh Hkxoku dh iwtk djuk (iv) vius /eZ esa dV~Vjrk ([k) equhe vkRegR;k D;ksa djuk pkgrk Fkkμ 1 (i) thou ls NqVdkjk ikus osQ fy, (ii) lsBth dks izHkkfor djus osQ fy, (iii) nqfu;k dks fn[kkus osQ fy, 2  
  • 3. (iv) vijk/ cks/ gksus osQ dkj.k (x) gesa lekt esa fdl pht dk Mj lcls T;knk gksrk gSμ 1 (i) ifjokj dk (ii) ukSdjh dk (iii) #rcs dk (iv) cnukeh dk (?k) lsBth dks ekywe Fkk fd equhe pksj gS ysfdu fiQj mUgksaus mls NksM+ fn;k D;ksafdμ 1 (i) ckn esa mls thou Hkj xqyke cukuk pkgrs Fks (ii) Hkwy lq/kjus dk ekSdk nsuk pkgrs Fks (iii) nqfu;k dks izHkkfor djuk pkgrs Fks (iv) lekt esa viuh izfr"Bk c<+kuk pkgrs Fks (Ä) x|aakk dk mfpr kh"kZd gks ldrk gSμ 1 (i) ^pksjh dh ltk* (ii) ^esjk iz.k* (iii) ^lsBth dh n;kyqrk* (iv) ^equhe th dk nq[k*izu 3- vifBr dkO;kak vad 5 vks u, lky] dj oqQN deky] tkus okys dks tkus ns] fny ls vfHkuanu djrs gSa] oqQN ubZ meaxsa vkus nsA vkus tkus ls D;k Mjuk] ;s ekSle vkrs tkrs gSa] ru >qyls fk[kj nqigjh esa dHkh ckny Hkh Nk tkrs gSaA bd og ekSle Hkh vkrk gS] tc iÙks Hkh fxj tkrs gSa] gj ekSle dks euehr cuk] uoxhr [kqkh osQ xkus nsA tks Hkwy gqbZ tk Hkwy mls] vc vkxs Hkwy lq/kj rks dj] cnys esa I;kj feysxk Hkh] igys vkSjksa ls I;kj rks dj] iwQVsaxs I;kj osQ vaoqQj Hkh] og teha t+jk rS;kj rks dj] Hkys thr dk tu euk] ij gkj dks Hkh Lohdkj rks dj] er ui+Qjr osQ kksys HkM+dk] cl xhr I;kj osQ xkus nsA bl nqfu;k esa yk[kksa vk, vkSj vkdj pys x,] oqQN ekfyd cudj cSB x,] oqQN eky ipkdj pys x,] oqQN fdyksa osQ vanj can jgs] oqQy fdys cukdj pys x,] ysfdu oqQN ,sls Hkh vk,] tks khk p<+kdj pys x,] mu ohjksa osQ in&fpg~uksa ij] vc ^lkFkh* lqeu p<+kus nsA 3  
  • 4. mi;qZDr dkO;kak osQ vk/kj ij fn, x, izuksa osQ uhps fn, x, fodYiksa esa ls mi;qDr fodYi Nk¡V dh fyf[k,μ (d) dfo u, lky ls D;k dkeuk dj jgs gSa 1 (i) LoLFk cus jgus dh (ii) ubZ meaxksa osQ vkxeu dh (iii) lq[k o le``n~f/ dh (iv) yach vk;q dh ([k) ekSle osQ vkus&tkus ls vfHkizk; gSμ 1 (i) ozQek% Írqvksa dk vkokxeu (ii) vfrfFk;ksa dk vkokxeu (iii) ikq&if{k;ksa dk vkokxeu (iv) lq[kksa o nq[kksa dk vkokxeu (x) ^^Hkys thr dk tu euk------------*iafDr esa dfo D;k izsj.kk ns jgs gSa 1 (i) liQyrk&vliQyrk dks leku Hkko ls Lohdkjus dh (ii) liQyrk esa Lo;a dks Hkwy tkus dh (iii) vliQyrk esa grkk gks tkus dh (iv) ifjfLFkfr;ksa osQ vuqlkj deZ djus dh (?k) ^tks khk p<+kdj pys x,*μiafDr fdudh vksj laosQr dj jgh gS 1 (i) bZoj HkDrksa dh vksj (ii) kghnksa dh vksj (iii) nskokfl;ksa dh vksj (iv) rifLo;ksa dh vksj (Ä) nqfu;k esa oSQls&oSQls yksx vk, vkSj pys x, 1 (i) ekfyd cuus okys (ii) fdys esa jgus okys (iii) fdys cukus okys (iv) mi;qZDr lHkhizu 4- vifBr dkO;kak ugha] ;s esjs nsk dh vk¡[ksa ugha gSa iqrs xkyksa osQ mQij udyh Hkoksa osQ uhps 4  
  • 5. Nk;k I;kj osQ Nykos fcNkrh eqoqQj ls mBkbZ gqbZ eqldku eqldjkrh ;s vk¡[ksa ugha] ;s esjs nsk dh ugha gSa---------------- ruko ls >qfjZ;k¡ iM+h dksjksa dh njkj ls kjkjs NksM+rh ?k`.kk ls floqQM+h iqrfy;k¡& ugha] os esjs nsk dh vk¡[ksa ugha gSa----------- ou Mkfy;ksa osQ chp ls pkSadh vuigpkuh dHkh >k¡drh gSa os vk¡[ksa] esjs nsk dh vk¡[ksa] [ksrksa osQ ikj esM+ dh yhd /kjs f{kfr&js[kk [khtrh lwuh dHkh rkdrh gSa os vk¡[ksa Mfy;k gkFk ls NksM+k vkSj mM+h /wy osQ ckny osQ chp esa ls >yeykrs tkM+ksa dh vekol esa ls eSys pk¡n&psgjs loqQpkrs esa V¡dh Fkdh iyosaQ mBkbZμ vkSj fdrus dky&lkxjksa osQ ikj rSj vkbZ esjs nsk dh vk¡[ksa----------- mi;qZDr dkO;kak osQ vk/kj ij iwNs x, izuksa osQ mÙkj fn, x, fodYiksa esa ls Nk¡Vdj fyf[k,μ vad 5 (d) ^iqrs xkyksa ,oa udyh Hkoksa* ls dfo dk D;k vkk; gSA 1 (i) rjDdh ,oa cukoVhiu (ii) vk/qfudrk ,oa fodkl (iii) Nykok ,oa cukoVhiu (iv) Nykok ,oa lwukiu 5  
  • 6. ([k) dfo fdl izdkj dh vk¡[kksa dks vius nsk dh vk¡[ksa ugha ekurk 1 (i) kekZrh ,oa loqQpkrh] I;kj dk Nykok djrh vk¡[kksa dks (ii) ruko ,oa ?k`.kk ls Hkjh] I;kj dk bt+gkj djrh vk¡[kksa dks (iii) xzkeh.k tu&thou dh lgtrk osQ Hkjh vk¡[kksa dks (iv) ruko ,oa ?k`.kk ls Hkjh] I;kj dk Nykok djrh vk¡[kksa dks (x) dfo fdu vk¡[kksa dks vius nsk dh vk¡[ksa ekurk gS 1 (i) ftuesa ruko ,oa ?k`.kk Hkjh gks (ii) ftues xzkeh.k tu&thou dh lgtrk gks (iii) ftuesa I;kj dk Nykok gks (iv) ftuesa xzkeh.k tu&thou dh tfVyrk gks (?k) dfo nsk dh igpku osQ fo"k; esa D;k dguk pkg jgk gS 1 (i) nsk dh igpku xk¡oksa osQ thou dh lgtrk osQ dkj.k ugha kgjh cukoVhiu osQ dkj.k gSA (ii) nsk dh igpku kgjksa osQ fodkl osQ dkj.k gS xk¡oksa osQ fiNM+siu osQ dkj.k ugha gSA (iii) nsk dh igpku kgjksa osQ cukoVhiu osQ dkj.k ugha xk¡oksa osQ thou dh lgtrk osQ dkj.k gS A (iv) nsk dh igpku lwuh rkdrh vk¡[kksa osQ dkj.k ugha iqrs xkyksa osQ dkj.k gS A (Ä) bl dkO;kak dk mi;qDr kh"kZd gksxkμ 1 (i) eqLdjkrh eqLdku (ii) xohZyh Hkosa (iii) Nk;k I;kj dh (iv) vk¡[ksa esjs nsk dh [kaM ^[k*izu 5- (i) fuEufyf[kr esa ls fodkjh kCn ugha gksrk gSA 1 (d) fozQ;k ([k) loZuke (x) foks"k.k (?k) fozQ;k foks"k.k (ii) lk;kak vkt cukjl tk,xkA js[kkafdr dks dgsaxs A 1 (d) loZuke ([k) kCn (x) in (?k) inca/ (iii) ksj cgqr rsth ls nkSM+rk gqvk pyk vk jgk gSA js[kkafdr esa inca/ dk Hksn gSA μ 1 6  
  • 7. (d) laKk ([k) loZuke (x) fozQ;k (?k) fozQ;k foks"k.k (iv) ^ekSyh us ,d lqanj etcwr yky dye [kjhnhA js[kkafdr esa inca/ dk Hksn gS Aμ1 (d) laKk ([k) foks"k.k (x) fozQ;k foks"k.k (?k) loZukeizu 6- (i) eSa nloha d{kk esa i<+rk gw¡A js[kkafdr in dk ifjp; gSA 1 d- tkfrokpd laKk] ,dopu] L=khfyax] izFke iq:"k] laca/ dkjd [k- tkfrokpd loZuke] ,dopu] iqfYyax] vU; iq:"k] laca/ dkjd x- iq:"kokpd loZuke] ,dopu] iqfYyax] mRre iq:"k] drkZ dkjd ?k- futokpd loZuke] ,dopu] iqfYyax] eè;e iq:"k] drkZ dkjd (ii) lksfu;k g¡l jgh gSA js[kkafdr in dk ifjp; gSA 1 (d) vdeZd fozQ;k] izsj.kkFkZd fozQ;k] ,dopu] L=khfyax] orZeku dky ([k) vdeZd fozQ;k] la;qDr fozQ;k] ,dopu] L=khfyax] orZeku dky (x) ldeZd fozQ;k] iwoZdkfyd fozQ;k] ,dopu] L=khfyax] orZeku dky (?k) izsj.kkFkZd fozQ;k] ,dopu] L=khfyax] dr`Zokpd] orZeku dky (iii) ^tSlk djksxs oSlk ikvksxsA* jpuk osQ vk/kj ij okD;k dk Hksn gSA 1 (d) bPNkokpd ([k) ljy okd; (x) fefJr okD; (?k) la;qDr okD; (iv) ^og izFke vk;k gSA ml yM+osQ dks bZuke nksA* bu okD;ksa ls cuk fefJr okD; gS %&1 (d) izFke vkus okys yM+osQ dks bZuke nksA ([k) ml yM+osQ dks bZuke nks tks izFke vk;k gSA (x) og izFke vk;k gS blfy, mls bZuke nksA (?k) bZuke izFke vkus okys yM+osQ dks feyk gSA izu 7- (i) ^og ;gk¡ vk;k Fkk ijarq eSa u fey ldkA* jpuk osQ vk/kj ij okD; dk Hksn gSAμ1 (d) lansgokpd ([k) foLe;kfncks/d (x) fefJr okD; 7  
  • 8. (?k) la;qDr okD; (ii) fuEufyf[kr okD;ksa esa fefJr okD; gS% 1 (d) ?kaVh ctrs gh cPps ?kj pys x,A ([k) ?kaVh cth vkSj cPps ?kj pys x,A (x) ?kaVh ctus osQ dkj.k cPps ?kj pys x,A (?k) T;ksas gh ?kaVh cth] cPps ?kj pys x,A (iii) ^xaxksfeZ* dk laf/ foPNsn gSA 1 (d) xaxk $ mfeZ ([k) xaxks $ feZ (x) xaxk $ mQfeZ (?k) xax $ vksfeZ (iv) ^vfHk $ mn;* dh laf/ gSAμ 1 (d) vfHkn; ([k) vH;wn; (x) vHkhn; (?k) vH;qn;izu 8- (i) ^lR;kFkZ* esa Loj laf/ dk dkSu lk Hksn gSA 1 d nh?kZ laf/ [k xq.k laf/ x o`n~f/ laf/ ?k ;.k laf/ (ii) ^ekyxkM+h* leLrin dk foxzg gS%μ 1 (d) eky vkSj xkM+h ([k) eky osQ fy, xkM+h (x) eky dh xkM+h (?k) xkM+h ij j[kk gqvk eky (iii) ^nsg :ih yrk* dk leLr in gS%μ 1 (d) nsg:irk ([k) nsg:ih (x) nsgyrk (?k) ns:yrk (iv) fuEufyf[kr esa fdl leLrin esa deZ/kj; lekl gS%& 1 (d) d"Vlkè; 8  
  • 9. ([k) jkrHkj (x) xaxkrV (?k) uhyxxu izu 9- (i) nks pksjksa us lcdh----------------lcosQ lkeus dherh gkj xk;c dj fn;kA mi;qDr eqgkojs ls fjDr LFkku dh iwfrZ djsaμ 1 (d) xk<+h dekbZ ([k) vk¡[kksa dk rkjk (x) vk¡[kksa esa /wy >ksaddj (?k) vkleku flj ij mBkdj (ii) ljdkj dks pkfg, fd og vkrafd;ksa dk-----------------------------MkysA 1 (d) gfFk;kj Mkyuk ([k) uke fukku feVkuk (x) ?kko ij ued Mkyuk (?k) gkFk Mkyuk (iii) ^nk¡rksa ilhuk vkuk* eqgkojs dk vFkZ gSA%& 1 (d) cgqr vf/d ijskkuh mBkuk ([k) iDdk nqeu gksuk (x) dgha dk u jguk (?k) eu esa ykyp vkuk (iv) ^,sjk&xSjk uRFkw [kSjk* yksdksfDr dk vFkZ gSA %& 1 (d) csdkj loky djus okyk ([k) vutku O;fDr (x) ftls dksbZ igpku ys (?k) dksbZ Hkh egRoghu O;fDr [k.M ^x*izu 10- fdlh ,d dkO;kak dks i<+dj iwNs x, izuksa osQ mfpr fodYi pqudj fyf[k,μ vad 5 tc eSa Fkk rc gfj ugha] vc gfj gSa eSa uk¡fgA lc vaf/;kjk fefV x;k] tc nhid ns[;k ek¡fgAA ge ?kj tkY;k vki.kk¡] fy;k eqjkM+k gkfFkA vc ?kj tkykSa rkl dk] ts pyS gekjs lkfFkAA (i) ;gk¡ ^eSa* dk vkk; gSμ 1 9  
  • 10. (d) dchj ([k) fcgkjh (x) vgadkj (?k) va/fookl (ii) bZoj dks nqfu;k D;ksa ugha ns[k ikrh 1 (d) vf/d va/dkj gksus osQ dkj.k ([k) vKkurk osQ dkj.k (x) nhid u ty ikus osQ dkj.k (?k) cgqr nwj gksus osQ dkj.k (iii) ;gk¡ ^?kj* fdldk izrhd gS 1 (d) fuokl LFkku dk ([k) vkjkexkg dk (x) foifRr;ksa dk (?k) fo"k; oklukvksa dk (iv) dfo dk ^?kj* tykus ls D;k vkk; gS 1 (d) yksHk] eksg&ek;k] ?k`.kk dks tykuk ([k) /u&lEifRr o è;ku dks tykuk (x) ijekRek osQ ekxZ dks izdkfkr djuk (?k) geskk R;kx osQ fy, rRij jguk (v) ^eqjkM+k* dk ;gk¡ D;k vFkZ gS 1 (d) vKkurk dks tykuk ([k) tyrh gqbZ ydM+h (x) tyrk gqvk ?keaM (?k) tyrk gqvk ?kj vFkok vad 5 ikol Írq Fkh] ioZr iznsk iy&iy ifjofrZr izÑfr&oskA 10  
  • 11. es[kykdj ioZr vikj vius lgL=k n`x&lqeu iQkM+] voyksd jgk gS ckj&ckj uhps ty esa fut egkdkj ftlosQ pj.kksa esa iyk rky niZ.k&lk iSQyk gS fokkyA fxfj dk xkSjo xkdj >j&>j en esa ul&ul mRrsftr dj eksrh dh yfM+;ksa ls lqanj >jrs gS >kx Hkjs fu>Zj (i) ;gk¡ fdl Írq dk o.kZu fd;k x;k gS 1 (d) xzh"e ([k) khr (x) o"kkZ (?k) gseUr (ii) ioZr fdl vkdkj esa [kMs gSa 1 (d) eksfr;ksa dh ekyk osQ vkdkj esa ([k) dj/uh osQ vkdkj esa (x) ljrkt osQ vkdkj esa (?k) niZ.k osQ vkdkj esa (iii) ioZr fdlesa viuk izfrfcEc ns[k jgs gSa 1 (d) >jus esa ([k) niZ.k esa (x) iwQyksa esa (?k) rkykc esa (iv) >jus D;k dj jgs gSa 1 (d) cgqr m¡QWpkbZ ls fxj jgs gSa ([k) eksrh dh yfM+;k¡ cuk jgs gSa (x) ioZrksa dk ;kxku dj jgs gSa 11  
  • 12. (?k) n`; dks cgqr lqanj cuk jgs gSaA (v) >jus fdlosQ leku yx jgs gSa 1 (d) mPpkdka{kkvksa osQ leku ([k) xkSjo osQ leku (x) eksrh dh ekyk (?k) iwQyksa dh yfM+;ksa osQ lekuizu 11- fuEufyf[kr izuksa eas fdUgha nks osQ mÙkj la{ksi esa nhft,A 22-5¾5 (d) [kqyk pSyast nsdj ,slh lHkk igys dHkh ugha dh xbZ FkhA oSQls Li"V dhft,A ([k) :f<+;k¡ tc ca/u cu cks> cuus yxsa rc mudk VwV tkuk gh vPNk gSA D;ksa Li"V dhft,A (x) okehjksa ls feyus osQ ckn rrk¡jk osQ thou esa D;k ifjorZu vk;k (?k) kSysanz osQ futh thou dh Nki mudh fiQYe esa >ydrh gSA oSQls izu 12- ^cM+s HkkbZ lkgc* ikB esa ys[kd us lewph fk{kk osQ fdu rkSj&rjhdksa ij O;aX; fd;k gS D;k vki muosQ fopkj ls lger gSa vad 5 vFkok ys[kd us ,slk D;ksa fy[kk gS fd ^rhljh dle* us lkfgR; jpuk osQ lkFk kr&izfrkr U;k; fd;k gSizu 13- fuEufyf[kr xn~;kak dks i<+dj iwNs x, izuksa osQ mÙkj nhft,μ vad 5 kSrku dk gky Hkh i<+k gh gksxkA mls ;g vfHkeku gqvk Fkk] fd bZoj dk mlls c<+dj lPpk HkDr dksbZ gS gh ughaA var esa ;g gqvk fd LoxZ ls ujd esa <osQy fn;k x;kA kkgs:e us Hkh ,d ckj vgadkj fd;k FkkA Hkh[k ek¡x&ek¡xdj ej x;kA rqeus rks vHkh osQoy ,d ntkZ ikl fd;k gS vkSj vHkh ls rqEgkjk flj fiQj x;k] rc rks rqe vkxs i<+ pqosQA ;g le> yks fd rqe viuh esgur ls ugha ikl gq,] va/s osQ gkFk cVsj yx xbZA exj cVsj osQoy ,d ckj gkFk yx ldrh gS] ckj&ckj ugha yx ldrhA dHkh&dHkh xqYyh&MaMs esa Hkh va/k&pksV fukkuk iM+ tkrk gSA blls dksbZ liQy f[kykM+h ugha gks tkrkA liQy f[kykM+h og gS] ftldk dksbZ fukkuk [kkyh u tk,A (d) kSrku dk gky D;k gks x;k Fkk vkSj D;ksa 1 ([k) liQy f[kykM+h fdls dgk tkrk gS] fdls ugha 1 (x) kkgs:e Hkh[k ek¡x&ek¡xdj D;ksa ej x;k 1 12  
  • 13. (x) ^va/s osQ gkFk cVsj yxuk* eqgkojs dk okD; esa iz;ksx dj vFkZ Li"V djsaA 2 vFkok lfn;ksa iwoZ] tc fyfVy vaneku vkSj dkj&fudksckj vkil esa tqM+s gq, Fks rc ogk¡ ,d lqanj&lk xk¡o FkkA ikl esa ,d lqanj vkSj kfDrkkyh ;qod jgk djrk FkkA mldk uke Fkk rrk¡jkA fudksckjh mls csgn izse djrs FksA rrk¡jk ,d usd vkSj ennxkj O;fDr FkkA lnSo nwljksa dh lgk;rk osQ fy, rRij jgrkA vius xk¡o okyksa dks gh ugha] vfirq lewps }hiokfl;ksa dh lsok djukA viuk ije drZO; le>rk FkkA mlosQ bl R;kx dh otg ls og pfpZr FkkA lHkh mldk vknj djrsA oDr eqlhcr esa mls Lej.k djrs vkSj og Hkkxk&Hkkxk ogk¡ igq¡p tkrk A nwljs xk¡oksa esa Hkh ioZ&R;ksgkjksa osQ le; mls foks"k :i ls vkeaf=kr fd;k tkrk A mldk O;fDrRo rks vkd"kZd Fkk gh] lkFk gh vkReh; LoHkko dh otg ls yksx mlosQ djhc jguk pkgrsA ikjaifjd ikskkd osQ lkFk og viuh dej esa lnSo ,d ydM+h dh ryokj ck¡/s jgrkA yksxksa dk er Fkk] ckotwn ydM+h dh gksus ij] ml ryokj esa vn~Hkqr nSoh; kfDr FkhA rrk¡jk viuh ryokj dks dHkh vyx u gksus nsrkA mldk nwljksa osQ lkeus mi;ksx Hkh u djrkA fdarq mlosQ pfpZr lkgfld dkjukeksa osQ dkj.k yksx&ckx ryokj esa vn~Hkqr kfDr dk gksuk ekurs FksA rrk¡jk dh ryokj ,d foy{k.k jgL; FkhA (d) rrk¡jk dkSu Fkk og viuk drZO; fdls le>rk Fkk 2 ([k) mldh ryokj dks yksx D;k ekurs Fks 2 (x) rrk¡jk dks ioZ&R;ksgkj ij D;ksa vkeaf=kr fd;k tkrk Fkk 1izu 14- (d) ^rksi* dfork osQ izfrikn~; dks Li"V dhft,A 2 ([k) ehjk Ñ".k dks ikus osQ fy, D;k&D;k djus dks rS;kj gS 2 (x) vius LoHkko dks fueZy j[kus osQ fy, dchj us D;k mik; lq>k;k gS 1izu 15- vui<+ gksrs gq, Hkh gfjgj dkdk nqfu;k dh csgrj le> oSQls j[krs gSa dgkuh osQ vk/kj ij Li"V dhft,A 3 vFkok gfjgj dkdk dgkuh lekt osQ fdl dVq lR; dks mtkxj djrh gS Li"V dhft,Aizu 16- BkoqQj ckM+h osQ izfr xk¡o okyksa osQ eu esa vikj Jn~/k osQ tks Hkko gSa] muls fdl eukso`fRr dk irk pyrk gS 2 [k.M ^?k* 13  
  • 14. izu 17- fn, x, laosQr fcanqvkas osQ vk/kj ij yxHkx 100 kCnksa esa ,d vuqPNsn fy[ksaμ 5 (d) lEekuiwoZd thuk gh thuk gSμ  vk/qfud ;qx esa /u dk c<+rk egÙo  /u thou ugha gS  /u ls vf/d egÙoiw.kZ eku lEeku  csbZekuh ls dek, /u dk ifj.kke cqjk ([k) izÑfr dh j{kk] ekuo dh lqj{kkμ  euq"; izÑfr dk vax  izÑfr ls f[kyokM+  c<+rk iznw"k.k  izÑfr dh j{kk ekuo&tkfr dk dÙkZO; (x) lk¡p dks vk¡p ughaμ  lR; ekxZ ij pyus osQ fy, n`<+ ladYi  lR; dk ekxZ izkjaHk esa dfBu  lR; osQ ekxZ ij pyus osQ fy, R;kx  egkiq#"kksa dk thou izsj.kk L=kksrizu 18- nqdkunkjksa esa c<+rh tek[kksjh dh izo`fRr ij fpark O;Dr djrs gq, fdlh lekpkj&i=k osQ laiknd dks i=k fyf[k,A vad 5 vFkok vius fon~;ky; esa rj.krky cuokus osQ fy, iz/kukpk;Z dks i=k fy[kdj fuosnu dhft,A 14  
  • 15. fgUnh ikB~;Øe ^c* d{kk uoe mÙkjekykizu 1- 15¾5 (d) (iii) 1 ([k) (iii) 1 (x) (iii) 1 (?k) (ii) 1 (Ä) (iv) 1izu 2- 15¾5 (d) (i) 1 ([k) (iv) 1 (x) (iv) 1 (?k) (ii) 1 (Ä) (iii) 1izu 3- 15¾5 (d) (ii) 1 ([k) (iv) 1 15  
  • 16. (x) (i) 1 (?k) (ii) 1 (Ä) (iv) 1izu 4- 15¾5 (d) (iii) 1 ([k) (iv) 1 (x) (ii) 1 (?k) (iii) 1 (Ä) (iv) 1 [kaM ^[k*izu 5- (i) ?k 1 (ii) x 1 (iii) x 1 (iv) [k 1izu 6- (i) x 1 (ii) [k 1 (iii) x 1 (iv) [k 1izu 7- (i) ?k 1 (ii) ?k 1 16  
  • 17. (iii) x 1 (iv) ?k 1izu 8- (i) d 1 (ii) [k 1 (iii) x 1 (iv) ?k 1izu 9- (i) x 1 (ii) [k 1 (iii) d 1 (iv) ?k 1izu 10- (i) x 1 (ii) [k 1 (iii) ?k 1 (iv) d 1 (v) [k 1 vFkok (i) x 1 (ii) [k 1 (iii) ?k 1 (iv) x 1 17  
  • 18. (v) x 1izu 11- fon~;kFkhZ izuksa osQ mÙkj vius erkuqlkj nsa A 2-52 ¾ 5izu 12- bldk mÙkj fo|kFkhZ vius erkuqlkj nsas A 15 ¾ 5izu 13- bldk mÙkj fo|kFkhZ vius erkuqlkj nsa A (dksbZ ,d) ¾ 5izu 14- bldk mÙkj fo|kFkhZ vius erkuqlkj nsaA 2$2$1¾5izu 15- bldk mÙkj fo|kFkhZ vius erkuqlkj nsa A (dksbZ ,d) ¾ 3 izu izu 16- bldk mÙkj fo|kFkhZ vius erkuqlkj nsaA 2 [k.M ^?k*izu 17- fon~;kFkhZ laosQr fcanqvksa osQ vk/kj ij vuqPNsn fy[ksa 5izu 18- izk:i (vkjEHk ,oa var) μ 1-5 vad fo"k; oLrq μ 2-5 vad Hkk"kk μ 1 vad   18