Rob Intro To Nato And Ca Apr 12 ShortPresentation Transcript
Comprehensive Operations Planning:- Introduction to NATO- Introduction to Comprehensive Approach Rob Schuurman, LtCol (ret’d) NLD A +31 6 25078423 firstname.lastname@example.org
Credits:Many individual slides in this presentation were taken from various NATO SchoolOberammergau (NSO) Comprehensive Operations Planning Course (COPC) related briefingsproduced and given by the following contributors:Helge Hansen, Gen (Ret’d) DEU A Senior Mentor COPCWalter C. Sopp, LTC USA M NSO COPC Course DirectorCraig Wiggers, LTC USA M JFC BS Co-FacilitatorChris Scully, LtCol GBR A SHAPE Co-OPRRob Schuurman, LtCol (Ret’d) NLD A CIMIC SMEJean-Michel Haas, Cdr FRA N SHAPE PlannerLars Johannessen, Cdr DAN N NSO FacilitatorThomas Boehlke, Cdr DEU N FueAk Bw Facilitator“Beck” Bekiaropoulos, Maj, GRC F NSO Co-FacilitatorJeremy Digioia, Maj USA A NSO Co-FacilitatorJohn Catania, USA Civ ACT Systems AnalystKlaus-Jorgen Nielsen, DAN Civ JFC BS Systems AnalystThis presentation is for internal use only and shall not be distributed any further withoutpermission.
Introduction to NATO: the Strategic Level
NATO HQ: its civil and military structures National Authorities Nuclear North Military Planning Atlantic Representatives Group Council to NATO Military Committee Secretary General International International Military Staff StaffCommitteesSubordinated Allied Allied to Command Command NAC & NPG Operations Transformation NATO UNCLASSIFIED
NATO Command Structure today Allied Command Allied Command Transformation Operations• Defence Planning • Command and Control of Forces• Strategic Concepts, Policy & • Provide Intelligence Support Doctrine • CIS Operational Planning and• Resources Execution• Joint Training and Education for • Joint Exercises and Evaluation Individuals• Experimentation• Research & Technology Development
Allied Command Transformation (ACT) ACT NORFOLK-VA, USA Operational Command NATO HQ SACT Joint Warfare Centre Undersea Research Representation Stavanger, NOR Centre Brussels, BEL La Spezia, ITA Joint Force Training ACT Staff Centre, Element, Bydgoszcz, POL Mons, BEL Joint Analysis & Centres of Lessons Learned Centre Excellence Monsanto, PRT NATO Agencies & NATO Education Facilities Bodies situation 1 July 2010 NATO NATO School NATO CIS NATO Maritime Interdiction Defence School Operational Training Centre College O’gau, DEU Soudha Bay, GRCRome, ITA Latina, ITA
Allied Command Operations (ACO)Strategic SHAPECommander MONS, BELOperationalCommanders JFC BRUNSSUM, JFC LISBON, JFC NAPLES, NLD PRT ITAComponentCommanders AIR MAR FORCE AIR MAR FORCE RAMSTEIN, NORTHWOOD, COMMAND IZMIR, NAPLES, COMMAND DEU GBR HEIDELBERG, TUR ITA MADRID, DEU ESP DARS NIEUW MILLIGEN, DJSE 1 DARS MORON, DJSE 1 NLD ESP CAOC UEDEM, DJSE 2 CAOC LARISSA, DJSE 2 DEU GRC CAOC FINDERUP, DJSE NFS CAOC P.RENATICO, DJSE NFS DNK ITA
NATO Force Structure CIMIC Fusion NATO Special Intelligence NATO Airborne EarlyStrategicLevel Centre (CFC) Forces HQ Fusion Centre Warning & Control Force CommandComponent Standard NATO Standard NATO MaritimeLevel Maritime Group Counter Mining Group High High High Forces Lower Readiness Readiness Readiness Readiness (L) Force (A) Force (M) Force (L) Graduated Readiness Forces
New NATO Command Structure (2012) ACT Norfolk, USA (645) JALLC JFTC JWC Monsanto, PRT Bydgoszcz, POL Stavanger, NOR (50) (105) (250)
New NATO Command Structure (2012) ACO Mons, BEL (950) NAEW&C & AGS JFHQ JFHQ AIRCOM LANDCOM MARCOM Geilenkirchen, DEU CIS GP STRIKFORNATOBrunssum, NLD Naples, ITA Ramstein, DEU Izmir, TUR Northwood, GBR Sigonella, ITA Mons, BEL PRT (850/500) (850/500) (500) (350) (300) (100) (MOU: 119) (2.000) CAOC CAOC DACC Signals Bn Signals Bn Signals Bn Signals Ele Uedem, DEU Torrejón, ESP Poggio Renatico, ITA Grazzanise, ITA Wesel, DEU Bydgoszcz, POL NATO (75/D-AOC: 110) (75/D-AOC: 110) (280) (350) (300) (190) (340)
Introduction to NATO: the Operational LevelHQs and where do we find their planners?
Joint Plans Branch (JPB), JFC Main and Forward Element (FE): Current Situation OPERATIONAL STRUCTURE JHQ MAIN COM POLA D COS SUPPORT OF STAFF SPECIAL S TAF F BI M FACILITIES MANAGEMENT KNOW LED GE OPERA TIO NS RESOUR CES MANA GE MEN T DIREC TOR A TE DIREC TOR A TE DIREC TOR A TE KNOW LED GE JT EFFECTS JOIN T LO GIS T CS I COM & INFORMATION CEN TRE MANAGEMENT PLANS RESOUR CES SYSTEMS EXERCISE & SYNCHR ONI - FINA NCIA L PREPARAT ION JOIN T ENGINEER SA T N & IO RESOUR CES ASSESSMEN T JOINT EXECU T ON I POLICY APPLICATION & HU MA N LESSONS IDENTIFIED/ RESOUR CES LESSONS LEARNED SITCEN / CJOCJHQ FE/DJSE COM JLSG HQ (Deployed) Cos Fwd FS E JLSG HQ Element (Core) Staff Supp ort (Pre Deployment) JOINT COORDI NATION THEATRE ENGAGEMENT SITUATION CELL CENTRE CENTRE JFC = Joint Force Command (Brunssum, Naples)
New Joint Force HQ Model mid-2012 Protocol POLAD COM CSEL DCOM SWM SPECIAL STAFF COS IMSLEGAD STRATCOM MPSPAO Adv MEDAD (Twin) DOM JF HQ Host Nation SptLESO Adv Financial Con (Twin) IAC/IAT Spt DJ HQ Real Life SptLiaison Element SOFAD DJ HQ FPDCOS DCOS DCOSOPERATIONS PARTNERSHIP & SUPPORT READINESS Knowledge Mgt Exercises & NATO Exercise & Acquisition Preparation Spt Manpower & Preparation J2 * J7 Force NFS Readiness J1 Human Intel Support MIL Pers Knowledge Preparation DJHQ Readiness/Trg Resources Knowledge Eval & Certification Civ Pers Analysis & Production Joint Doctrine Ops & Plans Doctrine & NFS J4 Interoperability Land Doctrine Logistics Mvt & Transp JOC Lessons Learned J3/5 Multinational J3 Logistics Synchronization Operations & Execution Civ-Mil Plans & Ops Effects J9 Civ-Mil Interaction J6 CIS & Influence Interaction & Management JLSG Mil Mil Partnership Partnerships Purch & Contr J8 Plans Financial Budget & D J5 J39/TEC ** Plans Fin & Account & Policy Policy Infrastructure & J-ENG Plans Campaign * No global agreement on that name Ops & Trg J10 Assessment Assessment J-MED Operational ** Generated from J9 for deployment Assessment
Joint Operations Planning Group - JOPG STRATEGICOPERATIONAL JOPG TACTICAL
The Joint Operational Level of Command Current NATO Deployed Forces ISAF C2 Concept Political/ NAC/MC NAC/MC Military Develop/Implement Strategic Political-Military Strategy SACEUR SACEUR Level Plan/Direct JFCOperational Campaigns/Major Level Operations NRF/CJTF ISAF Tactical Plan/Execute Level Tactical Operations CC/TFs Forces/PRTs NATO/PfP UNCLASSIFIED 15
Introduction to NATO: Planning in NATO
Types of Planning• Advance Planning: • Standing Defence Plan (SDP). Long-term, short notice Article 5. Fully developed and executable. • Contingency Plan. Possible risk, regionally focused, not executable. • Generic Contingency Plan. Generic, based on potential transnational threat, non-executable.• Crisis Response Planning (CRP).• Support Planning: supports complex/multiple operations
Planning Categories … for FUTURE TASKS … for CURRENT TASKS ADVANCE PLANNING CRISIS RESPONSE PLANNING CONTINGENCY STANDING OPERATION PLAN (COP) DEFENCE PLAN (SDP) PLAN (OPLAN)- Generic - Specific - Response to crisis- Possible risk - Executable - COP-based- Not executable - COM Terms - Specific- Basis for OPLAN Of Reference - Execution capable- MC approved - NAC approved - NAC approved
NATO Crisis Response Planning (CRP) NATO Crisis Response Planning Strategic Political/Military Plan (SPMP) PME Strategic Political/Military Plan review developmentNAC Phase 3 Phase 2 Phase 1 Development Phase 5 Phase 6 Assessment of Phase 4 Planning Indications and Warnings of Response Execution Transition the Crisis Options SPMP Endorsed Approved NAC Request or Approved Transition SMA and NID Strategic Execution Endorsed Task the NMA’s Force Endorsed Strategic OPLAN NAC SMA and Military CONOPS Directive Mission Information for SMA Activation Strategic OPLAN, Execution SSAs Request or Task Response Endorsed Request or Progress NAC Decision Sharing Directive OPLAN, ROEREQ, Approved Directive the NMA’s for Options Strategic Task the NMA’s Report Sheet for (FAD) ROEREQ, TCSOR Transition Response Options CONOPS for PMR Transition TCSOR OPLAN planning Phase 3 Phase 2 Phase 1 Development Phase 5 Phase 6 Assessment of Phase 4 PlanningMC Indications and Warnings of Response Execution Transition the Crisis Options NAC Approved Strategic Strategic Strategic Tasker for SSA NID with MC NAC Approved Tasker for CONOPS OPLAN, Transition Aproved Tasker for MRO Guidance Strategic Periodic Mission NAC Strategic with MC Guidance ROEREQ NAC OPLAN Strategic Military OPLAN, Review Execution Information SACEUR’s CONOPS TCSOR SPMP Execution Transition Response ROEREQ, Directive Sharing Strategic Provisional CJSOR, Force Activation Directive SACEUR’s NAC DS for OPLAN Options TCSOR With MC Assessment draft TCSOR Directive with MC Mission Transition with (MRO) with Guidance (SSA) With MC Progress planning with MC Guidance MC Guidance Guidance Guidance Report MC Guidance Phase 4a Phase 3 Phase 4b Phase 5 Phase 2 StrategicSHAPE Phase 1 Military Execution Phase 6 Strategic CONOPS Strategic OPLAN Development Situation Awareness Response Assessment/OPLAN Transition Assessment Development (Force Generation) Options Review , Approved Warning Strategic Strategic ROEREQ Approved Operational Order Draft MROs Planning CONOPS Approved TCSOR Strategic OPLAN Strategic Information SACEUR’s OPLAN Disengagement Operational Directive Operational Planning Sharing Strategic Provisional ACTORD Assessment Planning CONOPS Directive Assessment Advice CJSOR, draft TCSOR Operational Operational CONOPS OPLAN Phase 2 Phase 4a Phase 5 Phase 1 Phase 3 Phase 4b Operational Operational Execution/ Campaign Phase 6JFC Situation Operational Operational OPLAN Appreciation/ CONOPS Assessment Transition Awareness Orientation Development Assessment of Development OPLAN Review Options As As part the collaborative planning process documents submitted to the MC will also be passed to to subordinate Cdrs part of of the collaborative planning process documents submitted to the MC will also be passed subordinate Cdrs
Introduction to theComprehensive Approach: what it is
Comprehensive Approach:A means to ensure a co-ordinated and coherent response to acrisis (not a definition)Comprehensive Approach is the synergy amongst all actorsand actions of the International Community through the co-ordination and de-confliction of its political, development andsecurity capabilities to face today’s challenges including“Complex Emergencies” (working definition)
Comprehensive Approach:• International community involved with a wide spectrum of civil and military instruments of power• Integrates all engaged actors on a desired End State• Provides operating platform throughout all phases of an international engagement• Enables each actor to fulfil its share within its own principles, however in a co-ordinated fashion
NATOs engagement in a comprehensive approachFocused at three levels:• political and strategic level: • NATO focus on building confidence and mutual understanding.• operational level: • NATO priority to co-operate with other international actors in planning complex operations.• theatre/tactical level: • NATO force commanders empowered to conduct effective co- operation and co-ordination “on the ground” with civilian actors.All three levels must function in a collaborative and complementarymanner to achieve success.
Context of missions (1)An Actor is a person or organisation, including state and non-state entities,within the international system with the capability or desire to influence othersin pursuit of its interests and objectives.• complex assortment of actors engaged in the JOA and beyond...... • Multinational joint forces • Parties in a conflict • indigenous population • media, diplomats, IOs, NGOs, and GOs• .....who must operate in a co-ordinated and complementary style• ideally harmonised by a Special Representative (SR) of the UN SecGen, EU or other multinational entity.• SR will seek to coordinate all efforts of civil actors.• Those entities organise themselves in a Cluster Approach, appointing a Cluster Leader for the various working fields. Wherever a Comprehensive Approach demands the participation of military expertise in these clusters, CIMIC should contribute in its civil military liaison function.
PMESII Domains (the full spectrum of the problem, the “systems”)• Political Systems - any grouping of primarily civil actors, organisations and institutions, both formal and informal, that exercises authority or rule within a specific geographic boundary or organization through the application of various forms of political power and influence.• Military Systems - the armed forces and supporting infrastructure, acquired, trained, developed and sustained to accomplish and protect national or organizational security objectives.• Economic Systems - composed of the sum total of production, distribution and consumption of all goods and services for a country or organisation.• Social Systems - the interdependent network of social institutions that support, enable and acculturate individuals and provide participatory opportunities to achieve personal expectations and life-goals within hereditary and non-hereditary groups, in either stable or unstable environments.• Infrastructure Systems - the basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community, organisation, or society.• Information Systems - the entire infrastructure, organization, personnel, and components that collect, process, store, transmit, display, disseminate, and act on information.
The instruments of power, the “tools”• Military. The military is NATO’s main instrument. It refers to the application of military power, including the threat or use of lethal and non-lethal force, to coerce, deter, contain or defeat an adversary, including the disruption and destruction of its critical military and non-military capabilities.• Political. The political instrument refers to the use of political power, in particular in the diplomatic arena co-operating with various actors, to influence an adversary or to create advantageous conditions.• Economic. The economic instrument generally refers to initiatives and sanctions designed to affect the flow of goods and services, as well as financial support to state and non-state actors involved in a crisis.• Civil. The civil instrument refers to the use of powers contained within such areas as judiciary, constabulary, education, public information and civilian administration and support infrastructure, which can lead to access to medical care, food, power and water. It also includes the administrative capacities of international, governmental and non-governmental organizations (NGO). The civil instrument is controlled and exercised by sovereign nations, IOs and NGOs.
A comprehensive approach NATO Military End-State Attained External Support to Security Apparatus Adequate Level of Internal Security Security Authorities regain ControlFocus on Military Activities Effective Security Level of Violence within Societal Norms CIMIC Internal Security Mechanism Adequate Level of Public Support for Security Security Ops Effective Stability Crisis Adequate level of Public Support for Governance governance Governance Focus for e.g. adequate level of Economic Stability International employment Community Social and Human e.g. health, education Development living conditions
Civil-military organizational levels Political – Strategic Level International Organisations United Nations Non-Governmental Non- United Nations Security Council Security Council Organisations Nations Nations North Atlantic Regional Authorities North Atlantic United Nations Council Council … United Nations Secretary General Secretary General Head of State Head of State ??? Department Peace Department Peace Strategic Strategic ??? Keeping Operations Command Keeping Operations Command Operational Level UNSRSG UNSRSG Senior Civil Ministers/Ministries Senior Civil Ministers/Ministries Representative Representative ??? ??? Political Civil Administration Political Affairs Civil Office Administration Affairs Office NATO Force NATO Force Chiefs Of Command Chiefs Of Humanitarian Force Command Administration/Defense Humanitarian Force Administration/Defense Affairs Command Parties Affairs Command Military or Paramilitary Forces Tactical Level Component Regional/Provincial ??? Component Regional/Provincial ??? Command Authorities UN Command Authorities UN Specific Local Authorities ???NORTH EAST SOUTH WEST Specific Local Authorities ??? NORTH EAST SOUTH WEST Units/Assets Units/Assets