Local Trees and Shrubs of Washington State Native American Usage
 
 
Vetch <ul><li>This American Vetch belongs to a group of annual and perennial plants that were used for forage, food, and f...
Native American Uses <ul><li>The Native Americans soaked the roots and used it as a hair wash.  </li></ul>
Camas <ul><li>Most important of Idaho’s indigenous food plants and a contributing factor of 1878. </li></ul><ul><li>Native...
Native American Uses   <ul><li>Techniques of gathering and burning of camas meadows were a form of early plant husbandry. ...
The Sword Fern <ul><li>Sword Ferns are used for… </li></ul><ul><li>Mattresses </li></ul><ul><li>Lining baking pits </li></...
Native American’s Use For  Sword Fern <ul><li>Native Americans would use the spore on the back of a Sword Fern’s leaf to e...
 
 
Broad Leaved Cattail  <ul><li>The Broad leaved Cattail is brown and shaped like a cigar,and made of tightly stiff stalks. ...
Native American Uses <ul><li>The natives used this plant to make food.Similar to Asparagus eaten like corn on the cob, and...
<ul><li>Bark: The color is Reddish/Brown. This bark is broken into large loose scales and is corn-flaky and crackles when ...
Native American Uses <ul><li>The word Sitka Spruce is called Piecea Sitchensis in Native American language. </li></ul><ul>...
The Pacific Yew By: Tuesday <ul><li>The Pacific Yew is found in the mountains of Northeastern Washington, also from the co...
Native uses Of The Pacific Yew <ul><li>Used to make bows, arrows, and whale harpoons. </li></ul><ul><li>Used for canoe pad...
By Sarina <ul><li>The Douglas fir is very big. </li></ul><ul><li>It has long flat needles. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two...
<ul><li>The Douglas fir is used to make salmon spears.  </li></ul><ul><li>It’s bark is boiled to heal infections.  </li></...
Vine Maple <ul><li>Leaves turn a bright red in the fall </li></ul><ul><li>They grow in clumps </li></ul><ul><li>There twig...
Native Uses <ul><li>Vine maple was used for weaving baskets </li></ul><ul><li>The vine maple was also used to make snowsho...
Big Leaf Maple <ul><li>Bark was made into rope.  </li></ul><ul><li>Used leaves to lay fish on while cleaning them. </li></...
Big Leaf Maple <ul><li>The little buds that fall off are a type of seed. </li></ul>
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Native american uses for local

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Native american uses for local

  1. 1. Local Trees and Shrubs of Washington State Native American Usage
  2. 4. Vetch <ul><li>This American Vetch belongs to a group of annual and perennial plants that were used for forage, food, and fodder. </li></ul><ul><li>The Vetch is a leguminous plant with small flowers that is often used for silage or fodder, Genus; Vincia. </li></ul>
  3. 5. Native American Uses <ul><li>The Native Americans soaked the roots and used it as a hair wash. </li></ul>
  4. 6. Camas <ul><li>Most important of Idaho’s indigenous food plants and a contributing factor of 1878. </li></ul><ul><li>Native people congregated at the camas meadows in spring tell late summer to trade, socialize, and gather sweet nutritious bulbs on the Camas plant. </li></ul>
  5. 7. Native American Uses <ul><li>Techniques of gathering and burning of camas meadows were a form of early plant husbandry. </li></ul><ul><li>Camas was best prepared by slow cooking for several days in a earths oven. </li></ul><ul><li>It was often dried for later use or trade. </li></ul>
  6. 8. The Sword Fern <ul><li>Sword Ferns are used for… </li></ul><ul><li>Mattresses </li></ul><ul><li>Lining baking pits </li></ul><ul><li>The leaves look like small swords. </li></ul><ul><li>Sword Fern roots can be baked </li></ul><ul><li>and eaten. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Native American’s Use For Sword Fern <ul><li>Native Americans would use the spore on the back of a Sword Fern’s leaf to ease cuts and burns. Kind of like ointment. </li></ul>SPORES
  8. 12. Broad Leaved Cattail <ul><li>The Broad leaved Cattail is brown and shaped like a cigar,and made of tightly stiff stalks. </li></ul><ul><li>The male Broad leaved Cattail is short, stubby,and has a fluffy tail which will disappear in later summer. </li></ul><ul><li>There habitat is marshes and sallow edges of ponds. </li></ul>http://www.epa.gov/owow/wetlands/types/images/cattail.jpg
  9. 13. Native American Uses <ul><li>The natives used this plant to make food.Similar to Asparagus eaten like corn on the cob, and could be boiled like potatoes.They even make it into flour. </li></ul><ul><li>If they needed insulations for walls they could use the Cattail. </li></ul>http://www.ericschreiber.com/photography/cattail.jpg
  10. 14. <ul><li>Bark: The color is Reddish/Brown. This bark is broken into large loose scales and is corn-flaky and crackles when pressed or walked on. </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit: A pendent cone, 2 ½ to 4 inches long. </li></ul><ul><li>There are needles on this tree that are sharp and prickly. </li></ul>Sitka Spruce
  11. 15. Native American Uses <ul><li>The word Sitka Spruce is called Piecea Sitchensis in Native American language. </li></ul><ul><li>The sprig of the tree is used as a charm for whaling. </li></ul><ul><li>The roots are used for basketry, rain hats, and a rope for whaling. </li></ul><ul><li>The pitch is used for canoe caulking. </li></ul>
  12. 16. The Pacific Yew By: Tuesday <ul><li>The Pacific Yew is found in the mountains of Northeastern Washington, also from the coast to the Cascade Divide, Blue Mountains, and sometimes along streams of Eastern Washington. </li></ul><ul><li>The time of the growth is very slow. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the important characteristics are the single needles, which give the twig a flattened look. </li></ul>
  13. 17. Native uses Of The Pacific Yew <ul><li>Used to make bows, arrows, and whale harpoons. </li></ul><ul><li>Used for canoe paddles, and war clubs. </li></ul><ul><li>Made into wedges for splitting logs, household utensils, combs, drum frames, digging sticks for roots and clams. </li></ul>
  14. 18. By Sarina <ul><li>The Douglas fir is very big. </li></ul><ul><li>It has long flat needles. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two kinds of Douglas fir. </li></ul><ul><li>The coastal and the mountain. </li></ul>Douglas fir
  15. 19. <ul><li>The Douglas fir is used to make salmon spears. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s bark is boiled to heal infections. </li></ul><ul><li>Also the bark is boiled to use as die so the fish can’t see the net. </li></ul>Native American uses
  16. 20. Vine Maple <ul><li>Leaves turn a bright red in the fall </li></ul><ul><li>They grow in clumps </li></ul><ul><li>There twigs go like vines </li></ul>By Cortney
  17. 21. Native Uses <ul><li>Vine maple was used for weaving baskets </li></ul><ul><li>The vine maple was also used to make snowshoes </li></ul><ul><li>It was also used to make salmon tongs </li></ul>
  18. 22. Big Leaf Maple <ul><li>Bark was made into rope. </li></ul><ul><li>Used leaves to lay fish on while cleaning them. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to build framework for sweat lodges. </li></ul>
  19. 23. Big Leaf Maple <ul><li>The little buds that fall off are a type of seed. </li></ul>

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