Networking with farmers & farmergroupsPresentation Transcript
NETWORKING WITHFARMERS &FARMERGROUPS R P SinghAssociate Director Extension Directorate of Extension Education
a few questions How will we feed the world?
How will we manage the commons?
How will we allocate the world’s biomass to meetour food, feed, fuel, and fiber needs?
How do we keep market forces fromsqueezing out small producers?
How do we make public food servicea driver of sustainability and health?
Where do individuals go forhelp in solving problems? Non-electronic Non-electronic documents Intranet documents Contacts in other offices Firm boundaryInternet Internal electronic networks Externalelectronic Co-locatednetworks Other colleagues contacts
Knowledge networkingthrough communities ofpractice Connecting people so that they collaborate, share ideas, and create knowledge
What are communities ofpractice?• Groups of people who come together to share and to learn from one another face-to-face and/or virtually.• They are held together by a common interest in a body of knowledge and are driven by a desire and need to share problems, experiences, insights, templates, tools, and best practices.
Communities are the grease in theKM wheel KM Embedding Creating knowledge knowledge CDisseminating Organizing knowledge knowledge
Two extreme communitiesof practice Face-to-face Virtual
Encourage an openinnovation attitude Closed attitude Open attitude Not all the smart people work for us. We need to The smart people in work with smart people our field work for us. inside and outside the company. If you create the most If you make the best and the best ideas in use of internal and the industry, you will external ideas, you win. will win. Chesborough 2003
AgriculturalInnovation ValueChain AAFC IC CFIAIdea Innovation Commercialized Adopted scientists company farmers producers HC municipalities consumers retailers Consumption Market FoodWaste product EC HC CFIA
Group Dialogue• Dialogue is NOT: • Discussion, deliberation, negotiation • Committee, team, task or working group • Majority wins, minority dominance, groupthink• Dialogue IS: • Free-flowing exchange of ideas among equals ( Sunstein, 2006) • All ideas are solicited and are considered
NetworkRelationships Governments Businesses People Department Practitioners EducatorsAgreements, NGOsOutputs,Inputs
Types of InformalAgreements• Group: few participants; elicit knowledge; unstructured; aggregating knowledge (CFIA Modeling Framework Group)• Communities: many participants; share knowledge; self-directed; common interest (departmental IM community)• Networks: massive participants; peer production; emergent processes; common ownership
Is there a place for family farms?
Family Farming• Versus agro-industrial farming• Family has control over resources• Family takes decisions in relation to the management of the farm
The contribution of agriculture to livelihoods isevident from the fact that 70 percent of the world’spoor people, including the poorest of the poor, and 75percent of the world’s malnourished live in ruralareas, where most of them are involved in agriculture.
So what’s wrong? •Food crisis •Environmental crisis •Climate crisis •Financial crisis All of them are interlinked…
CRISIS•Ecological: deforestation, genetic resources disappear,toxic wastes, climate change,Hunger and Poverty: • Food Production: 175 % increase between 1975 and 2005 16 % more food per person • 15 % world population undernourishedFinancial crisis interlinked Solution for one; more problems for others?
Technology and science•Green revolution did NOT improve access to food forpoor people; wonder seeds are not pro-poor, don’ttake into account the complexity of farming systems•India: poorest 30 % of population (285 million!) noincrease in food and nutrient intake during the last 25years•Environmental problems: erosion, soil intoxification,increase in pests and diseases…
Can family farming feed the world?•‘You don’t have another choice than promote small-scaleagriculture. Those small farmers don’t have another option, thereare no jobs in industry or services for them. In the short term youcan only strive for more means for small farmers, if not, you willcreate a massive emigraton from rural areas.‘• ‘There’s more, small-scale agriculture has 3 big advantages.Firstly there’s more respect for the environment, just becausethere’s no money for pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Thatkind of agriculture is more in harmony with the environment andthe climate.•Secondly, it is a labour-intensive production, creating a lot ofjobs.•And thirdly, it can be a very productive agriculture, on thecondition that those farmers have access to the know-how that isneeded.
Definition of a GroupA collection ofindividuals, themembers accept acommon task,becomeinterdependent intheir performance,and interact withone another topromote its
Various Types of GroupsFormal groups Informal Groups Small groups Large groups Primary groups Command Friendship Secondary groups groups groups Coalitions Task groups Interest groups Membership groups Reference groups
Stages of GroupDevelopment
Challeng es• Legislative• Policy• Regulatory• Financial• Infrastructure• Human resources• Cultural factors (Neish, 2007)• Intellectual Property
Road to• Success Support from senior management• Clear understandable statement of what you want to do and why• Good working relationships with corporate and legal enablers• Willingness to compromise on (Neish, 2007) issues that are not mission critical• Perseverance and
Capturing ValueBring it inside the organization Stabilize it; make it work
Conclusi ons• Social networks have both promise and peril• Consider both strengths and weaknesses• Analyze both opportunities and threats• Is it a tool in search of a problem, or does it solve a recognized problem?• What will it do (or do better) that
Thanks for your attention… Can I shed more light on the subject?