Rural Road SafetyNational Rural Transportation          Conference       April 26, 2012
Rural Road SafetyWhy is Rural Road Safety Important? Focuses on where the   majority of highway   fatalities and serious ...
Rural Road Safety• Approximately 8.4   million lane miles• Rural Roads account   for over 6 million                       ...
Rural Road Safety   • National Fatality Trends                                National Fatality Trends                    ...
Rural Road Safety• Fatality Rates Per 100 MVMT                      All    Interstate   Other              Urban   0.82   ...
Rural Road SafetyTwo Tools:• Local Road Safety Plans• Systemic Tool                            6
Rural Road SafetyLocal Road Safety PlansA locally‐focused plan addressing the uniqueconditions that contribute to safety p...
Rural Road SafetyBenefits of LRSP• An LRSP offers a proactive approach for local road   agencies to address safety issues....
Rural Road SafetySome Success Factors• Champion: A champion advocates for the LRSP and gathers the   political support to ...
Rural Road SafetyLRSP development process involves six steps: • Step 1: Establish Leadership • Step 2: Analyze Safety Data...
Rural Road Safety                                             ...
Rural Road Safety‐3.pdf
Systemic ApproachSite Analysis Approach• Substantial number of fatal crashes on local   roads• Low density of crashes rura...
Fatal crash types2005   2006         2007   2008                                  1-15
What do we mean by “systemic safety improvement”?An improvement that is widely implementedbased on high‐risk roadway featu...
Systemic Problem Identification• System‐wide crash analysis• Crash characteristics at the system level                    ...
Potential Risk Factors  Roadway Features                       Intersection Features  Number of lanes                     ...
Systemic Problem Identification• Risk Assessment  – Identify similar facilities  – Document crash history and patterns  – ...
Identifying Systemic Countermeasures • Initial list of strategies    – Low cost    – Significant crash reduction • Evaluat...
Identifying Systemic Countermeasures • Resources                     • Countermeasures –   NCHRP Report 500 series     – R...
Systemic Project Prioritization• Identify the appropriate project for high priority   locations• Consider multiple locatio...
Minnesota’s Crash Surrogates  Facility              Surrogates  Rural segments        ADT, curve density, access          ...
Benefits of Systemic Approach• States reporting staggering results in terms   of crash reductions • Best approach to addre...
Challenges to the Systemic Approach• Overcoming institutional history• Redistributing limited HSIP funds• Training/retrain...
Systemic Safety Project Selection Tool• Step‐by‐step process to conduct systemic safety analysis   and planning• Method fo...
Additional Information        Local and Rural Road Safety               202‐366‐5007     ...
Rural Road Safety
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Rural Road Safety


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Rosemarie Anderson, Federal Highway Administration, shared information about addressing rural road safety in this session at the 2012 National Rural Transportation Peer Learning Conference, April 25-27 in Burlington, VT.

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Rural Road Safety

  1. 1. Rural Road SafetyNational Rural Transportation  Conference April 26, 2012
  2. 2. Rural Road SafetyWhy is Rural Road Safety Important? Focuses on where the  majority of highway  fatalities and serious  injuries take place – rural  roads 2
  3. 3. Rural Road Safety• Approximately 8.4  million lane miles• Rural Roads account  for over 6 million 3
  4. 4. Rural Road Safety • National Fatality Trends National Fatality Trends Fataility Rates 30,000 3 25,000 2.5 Fatility Rate 20,000 2Fatalities Rural Rural 15,000 1.5 Urban Urban 10,000 1 0.5 5,000 0 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Year Year 4
  5. 5. Rural Road Safety• Fatality Rates Per 100 MVMT All Interstate Other Urban 0.82 0.48 0.93 2008 Rural 2.13 1.00 2.50 Urban 0.72 0.43 0.81 2009 Rural 1.98 0.85 2.35 Urban 0.74 0.44 0.84 2010 Rural 1.85 0.86 2.18 5
  6. 6. Rural Road SafetyTwo Tools:• Local Road Safety Plans• Systemic Tool 6
  7. 7. Rural Road SafetyLocal Road Safety PlansA locally‐focused plan addressing the uniqueconditions that contribute to safety problems and toassist local practitioners in making informed safetyinvestment decisions.  7
  8. 8. Rural Road SafetyBenefits of LRSP• An LRSP offers a proactive approach for local road  agencies to address safety issues. • Promote road safety awareness. • Develop lasting partnerships that may benefit future  projects. • Instill or enhance a sense of collaboration among  different disciplines. • Assist local agencies to better leverage funding. 8
  9. 9. Rural Road SafetySome Success Factors• Champion: A champion advocates for the LRSP and gathers the  political support to assist in its implementation. • Clear vision and mission: A strategic vision and mission unite all  stakeholders with a common goal. • Collaborative partners: Partners collaborate to implement the  plan. • Appropriate resources: Manpower and management are essential  for ensuring a plan’s success. • Open communication: The LRSP owners should foster open and  frequent communication with stakeholders, community partners,  and citizens as they develop and implement the plan.  9
  10. 10. Rural Road SafetyLRSP development process involves six steps: • Step 1: Establish Leadership • Step 2: Analyze Safety Data • Step 3: Determine Emphasis Areas • Step 4: Identify Strategies • Step 5: Prioritize and Incorporate Strategies • Step 6: Evaluate and Update the LRSP 10
  11. 11. Rural Road Safety 11
  12. 12. Rural Road Safety‐3.pdf 12
  13. 13. Systemic ApproachSite Analysis Approach• Substantial number of fatal crashes on local  roads• Low density of crashes rural and local  roadways• Difficult to isolate high crash locations 13
  14. 14. Fatal crash types2005 2006 2007 2008 1-15
  15. 15. What do we mean by “systemic safety improvement”?An improvement that is widely implementedbased on high‐risk roadway features that arecorrelated with particular severe crash types.  16
  16. 16. Systemic Problem Identification• System‐wide crash analysis• Crash characteristics at the system level Identify  Select focus  Select focus  common  crash type(s) facilities characteristics 17
  17. 17. Potential Risk Factors Roadway Features Intersection Features Number of lanes Intersection skew angle Lane width Intersection traffic control device Shoulder surface width/type Number of signal heads vs. number of lanes Median width/type Presence of backplates Horizontal curvature Presence of advanced warning signs Roadside or edge hazard rating Intersection located in/near horizontal curve Driveway density Presence of left‐turn or right‐turn lanes Presence of shoulder or  Left‐turn phasing centerline rumble stripsPedestrian‐related Features Allowance of right‐turn‐on‐red Presence of lighting Crosswalk presence Presence of on‐street parking Crossing distance Signal head type Adjacent land uses Lighting
  18. 18. Systemic Problem Identification• Risk Assessment – Identify similar facilities – Document crash history and patterns – Document physical and traffic characteristics – Conduct evaluation of system – Prioritize elements of system 19
  19. 19. Identifying Systemic Countermeasures • Initial list of strategies – Low cost – Significant crash reduction • Evaluation – Effectiveness – Implementation costs – Policies/practices/ experiences 20
  20. 20. Identifying Systemic Countermeasures • Resources • Countermeasures – NCHRP Report 500 series – Rumble strips/stripes – FHWA Website – Cable median barriers – HSM – Safety Edge – CMF Clearinghouse  – Signal, sign, and marking  – Intersection Safety Plans improvements – Roadway Departure  – Turn phase adjustments Improvement Plans – Roundabouts 21
  21. 21. Systemic Project Prioritization• Identify the appropriate project for high priority  locations• Consider multiple locations with similar risk  characteristics• Countermeasure(s) appropriate and affordable for  widespread implementation 22
  22. 22. Minnesota’s Crash Surrogates Facility Surrogates Rural segments ADT, curve density, access  density, edge rating Rural curves ADT, radius, intersection, visual  trap Rural intersections ADT, geometry, RR crossing,  commercial development Urban signals Speed, geometry, commercial  development 23
  23. 23. Benefits of Systemic Approach• States reporting staggering results in terms  of crash reductions • Best approach to address: – Rural and local roads  – Locations with few crashes• Potential applications in urban settings  24
  24. 24. Challenges to the Systemic Approach• Overcoming institutional history• Redistributing limited HSIP funds• Training/retraining staff to use new methods and  procedures• Accessing information to support identification of  crash risk factors 25
  25. 25. Systemic Safety Project Selection Tool• Step‐by‐step process to conduct systemic safety analysis  and planning• Method for balancing systemic safety improvements and  spot safety improvements• Mechanism to quantify benefits of systemic safety  improvements 26
  26. 26. Additional Information Local and Rural Road Safety 202‐366‐5007 Systemic Approach/Tool 609‐637‐4207 27
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