Chpt 1

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Chpt 1

  1. 1. Pós-Graduação em Língua InglesaOral Practice – Professor: Raquel Oliveira Por: Rachel Moura Setembro/2012
  2. 2. introduction speech productionconceptualization and formulation articulation
  3. 3. self-monitoring and repair automaticity fluency managing talking
  4. 4. The skill of speaking is complex and it involves: → a command of certain skills; → several types of knowledge;_______________________________________Speech production, in the way of utterance(sentences), is linear and happens in real time.It relies on spontaneity.
  5. 5. •discourse typeConceptualization •topic •purpose •discourse Formulation •sintax • vocabulary
  6. 6. topic• what is talking about – matter → given information comment• what wants to say about the topic → something new
  7. 7. Pronunciation stress intonation(prominence) (pitch direction)
  8. 8. In the way of producing sounds, we usesome organs. air Vocal lungs cords tongue teeth lips
  9. 9. conceptualization formulation articulation
  10. 10. • Planning time – input processformulation • utterances in a slow-down or pause or re-phrasing. • Expressing time – output processarticulation • wrong word or pronunciation’s correction
  11. 11. RetraceImmediate -and-correction repair
  12. 12. fluencyplanning articulation Pre-fabricated chunks
  13. 13. speed Pauses (natural / unnatural)blocks syllabes
  14. 14. Speakers use some production strategies (tricks)pause fillersvagueness expressionsrepeats
  15. 15. Features of fluency pauses Occur at Words and May be Usually meaningful syllabeslong, not filled transiion betweenfrequent points them
  16. 16. • Interaction turns engagement
  17. 17. • The fundamental rule is that the speakers have to respect the other’s turn, not both speaking at once in fact.→ Long silences must to be avoided;→ listen when other speakers are speaking.
  18. 18. → recognize your turn time and the otherspeaker’s turn.→ signalling when you want to say somethingand also that you’re listening to.→ holding the floor when it’s your turn→ yelding the turn
  19. 19. Gestures during the conversation (face-to-face) thatconfirm speaker’s intention.
  20. 20. On the phone, where we can’t see the other speaker’s face,expression, gestures, we have to rely on intonation, tempo andpausing, and still respecting the turn.
  21. 21. conceptualization formulation articulation self-monitoring
  22. 22. automaticityproduction strategies FLUENCY

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