A study conducted at  Thrikkaipeta village  Wayanad district Rijo P. George P 29026
 
 
Background <ul><li>Cropping pattern is the sequence of crops grown in a piece of land </li></ul><ul><li>Special features o...
methodology <ul><li>Semi structured interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Focus Group Discussions </li></ul><ul><li>PRA exercises <...
Limitations <ul><li>Demarcation of the village boundary </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative actions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dis...
 
 
 
 
Transformation in Farming practices <ul><li>Slash and burn </li></ul><ul><li>Coffee, tea estates by Europeans </li></ul><u...
The Transformation
 
Causes <ul><li>Land holdings-reorganised made way for perennial crops </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialisation of agriculture <...
Consequences <ul><li>Falling food crops </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability of farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing product qual...
Crop Matrix Crops High Yield Price return Pest and Disease Resistance Market Low Input Cost Less cultural operations and a...
A brief note on rubber <ul><li>A strict monocrop </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy investment and long bearing period </li></ul><ul>...
The Future Generation <ul><ul><li>Will they come to farming ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25% - definitely </li></ul></ul><...
measures <ul><li>Land filling of paddy fields– banned by GoK </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber board discourages rubber on highland...
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the transformation in cropping pattern .. a study conducted at Thrikkaipeta village, wayanad, Rijo P. George

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How various crops in a village have come and gone.

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the transformation in cropping pattern .. a study conducted at Thrikkaipeta village, wayanad, Rijo P. George

  1. 1. A study conducted at Thrikkaipeta village Wayanad district Rijo P. George P 29026
  2. 4. Background <ul><li>Cropping pattern is the sequence of crops grown in a piece of land </li></ul><ul><li>Special features of Kerala </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Ceiling and land redistribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preference to cashcrops </li></ul></ul><ul><li>last fifty years agriculture has changed </li></ul>
  3. 5. methodology <ul><li>Semi structured interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Focus Group Discussions </li></ul><ul><li>PRA exercises </li></ul><ul><li>A questionnaire survey conducted on youth of the village </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary data </li></ul><ul><li>Krishibhavan Basic Data Register </li></ul><ul><li>Village office Field Diary </li></ul><ul><li>Panchayat office padhathi rekha </li></ul>
  4. 6. Limitations <ul><li>Demarcation of the village boundary </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative actions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>District, Krishibhavan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No definite secondary data </li></ul><ul><li>Literature unavailable </li></ul><ul><li>Recall method </li></ul><ul><li>Biased responses from the farmers </li></ul>
  5. 11. Transformation in Farming practices <ul><li>Slash and burn </li></ul><ul><li>Coffee, tea estates by Europeans </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanisation and Green revolution Technologies were adopted </li></ul><ul><li>Presently organic agriculture is sought after </li></ul>
  6. 12. The Transformation
  7. 14. Causes <ul><li>Land holdings-reorganised made way for perennial crops </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialisation of agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>The settlers from travencore </li></ul><ul><li>Intervention by external bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Labour shortage </li></ul><ul><li>Change in climate </li></ul><ul><li>Water scarcity </li></ul>
  8. 15. Consequences <ul><li>Falling food crops </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability of farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing product quality – coffee, tea </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional employments </li></ul><ul><li>The women –direct contribution is less </li></ul><ul><li>Coping strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal Husbandry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agro forestry </li></ul></ul>
  9. 16. Crop Matrix Crops High Yield Price return Pest and Disease Resistance Market Low Input Cost Less cultural operations and attention Overall points Remarks Paddy 5 5 5 6 2 2 25 Hay Vanilla 6 3 5 4 7 4 29 Pepper 6 6 3 8 5 5 33 Old Turmeric 6 7 6 7 4 4 34 Banana 8 6 5 7 4 4 34 Ginger 7 7 4 8 5 4 35 Coffee 8 7 6 7 5 3 36 Tapioca 8 8 7 6 4 4 37 Arecanut 8 7 5 8 5 5 38 Best Coconut 7 5 6 8 7 6 39 Yam 8 7 7 7 4 6 39 Rubber 9 10 8 8 3 3 41
  10. 17. A brief note on rubber <ul><li>A strict monocrop </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy investment and long bearing period </li></ul><ul><li>Not a high altitude crop </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbourhood effect- sunlight </li></ul>
  11. 18. The Future Generation <ul><ul><li>Will they come to farming ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25% - definitely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10% - never </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>44%- if no other job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidence level related to landholding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society do not look down on farming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post graduation </li></ul></ul>
  12. 19. measures <ul><li>Land filling of paddy fields– banned by GoK </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber board discourages rubber on highlands </li></ul><ul><li>Most effective – remunerative prices </li></ul>
  13. 20. Thank you..

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