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Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
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Treaty of Versailles

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  • 1. The Treaty of Versailles The Need-to-Know Info
  • 2. Introduction <ul><li>Signed June 28, 1919 - exactly 5 years after assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Versailles was the treaty signed with Germany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of St. Germain = Austria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Trianon = Hungary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Neuilly = Bulgaria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Sevres = Turkey </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. The War Guilt Clause <ul><li>Article 231 = The War Guilt Clause </li></ul><ul><li>Germany was forced to accept FULL responsibility for the cause of the war. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Means they are accountable for all damage done to civilian populations of the Allies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany required to pay “reparations” to the tune of $33 billion (US). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When this was announced… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current German Chancellor resigned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German sailors sunk the remaining German fleet (being held in Scotland) </li></ul></ul>
  • 4.  
  • 5. Military Restrictions <ul><li>German army limited to 100,000 men. </li></ul><ul><li>German navy and air force also severely restricted in size. </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing, import, and export of weapons prohibited. </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks, submarines, and aircraft prohibited. </li></ul><ul><li>The Rhineland designated a DMZ, and west bank of Rhine River to be occupied by Allied armies for 15 years. </li></ul>
  • 6. Territorial Adjustments <ul><li>Alsace-Lorraine returned to France. </li></ul><ul><li>Poland granted a strip of land (access to the sea) from Germany (known as the Polish Corridor). </li></ul><ul><li>Other territories given/returned to Denmark (Schleswig), Poland and Czechoslovakia (Silesia). </li></ul><ul><li>Germany surrenders all colonies to League of Nations (distributes them as “mandates” to Allies). </li></ul><ul><li>Saarland (coal-rich area) controlled by League of Nations for 15 years to help pay for reparations (then decide who gets it France or Germany). </li></ul><ul><li>Free city of Danzig (seat of League). </li></ul><ul><li>Unification between Austria and Germany forbidden. </li></ul>
  • 7. The League of Nations <ul><li>The covenant of the League of Nations was included in the treaty. </li></ul><ul><li>Organization meant to arbitrate international disputes and prevent future wars. </li></ul><ul><li>More on this later… </li></ul>

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