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Short Story Elements What parts make up a story?
Story Terms <ul><li>Plot and Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul><ul><li>Point of Vi...
Plot <ul><li>Definition: what happens and how it happens in a narrative. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A narrative is any text tha...
Parts of Plot <ul><li>Exposition - establishes characters and setting. </li></ul><ul><li>Inciting Incident - propels plot ...
 
Conflict <ul><li>Definition: struggle between opposing forces. </li></ul><ul><li>Plot must contain conflict(s). </li></ul>...
Plot Techniques <ul><li>Atmosphere - overall effect of the setting and descriptive details to create an emotional response...
Setting <ul><li>Definition: time, place, and society within which the action occurs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time: day, era,...
Function of a Setting <ul><li>Creates mood and atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes action seem more real. </li></ul><ul><l...
Character <ul><li>Types of Characters: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protagonist <...
Characterization <ul><li>Definition: how an author reveals what a character is like and how they change throughout the sto...
Direct Characterization <ul><li>… and I don’t play the dozens or believe in standing around with somebody in my face doing...
Indirect Characterization <ul><li>The old man bowed to all of us in the room. Then he removed his hat and gloves, slowly a...
Types of Character <ul><li>There are two primary types of character: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flat character - only one or tw...
Analyzing Character <ul><li>Considering the following when completing a literary analysis of a character: </li></ul><ul><u...
Point of View <ul><li>Definition: the perspective from which a story is told. </li></ul><ul><li>Two main types: </li></ul>...
Theme <ul><li>A central message, concern, or insight into life that is expressed through a literary work. </li></ul><ul><l...
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Story elements power point

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Transcript of "Story elements power point"

  1. 1. Short Story Elements What parts make up a story?
  2. 2. Story Terms <ul><li>Plot and Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul><ul><li>Point of View </li></ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul>
  3. 3. Plot <ul><li>Definition: what happens and how it happens in a narrative. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A narrative is any text that tells a story. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: short story, novel, drama, epic poem, etc… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Parts of Plot <ul><li>Exposition - establishes characters and setting. </li></ul><ul><li>Inciting Incident - propels plot forward; usually introduces primary conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Action - events that complicate or intensify the central conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>Climax - moment of highest interest or emotional involvement in the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Falling Action - logical result of the climax. </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution - final outcome of the story. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Conflict <ul><li>Definition: struggle between opposing forces. </li></ul><ul><li>Plot must contain conflict(s). </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts can be internal or external: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>External conflict: conflict with an outside force (person, group, animal, nature, fate, or the supernatural). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal conflict: conflict against oneself. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Plot Techniques <ul><li>Atmosphere - overall effect of the setting and descriptive details to create an emotional response in the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>Suspense - excitement or tension. </li></ul><ul><li>Foreshadowing - hints about what will happen later on in the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Flashback - interrupts the normal sequence of events to tell about something that happened in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Surprise Ending - conclusion that the reader does not expect (use of irony). </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol - something concrete that represents something abstract. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Setting <ul><li>Definition: time, place, and society within which the action occurs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time: day, era, history, time of life, etc… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place: physical environment, weather, scenery, buildings, rooms, furniture, etc… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society: companions, dialects, customs, occupation, way of life, morality, psychological conditions, etc... </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Function of a Setting <ul><li>Creates mood and atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes action seem more real. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be the source of conflict or struggle. </li></ul><ul><li>Can symbolize an idea. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Character <ul><li>Types of Characters: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protagonist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Antagonist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minor characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stock character </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Foil character </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Round characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flat characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic characters (undergo change) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Static characters (stay the same) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Characterization <ul><li>Definition: how an author reveals what a character is like and how they change throughout the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Two methods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct presentation - the author tells the reader about the character directly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indirect presentation - the author reveals a character through a physical description, their thoughts and actions, as well as the thoughts and actions of other characters in the story. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Direct Characterization <ul><li>… and I don’t play the dozens or believe in standing around with somebody in my face doing a lot of talking. I much rather just knock you down and take my chances even if I’m a little girl with skinny arms and a squeak voice, which is how I got the name Squeaky. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From “Raymond’s Run” by T. Bambara </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Indirect Characterization <ul><li>The old man bowed to all of us in the room. Then he removed his hat and gloves, slowly and carefully. Chaplin once did that in a picture, in a bank - he was the janitor. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From “Gentleman of Rio en Medio” by J. Sedillo </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Types of Character <ul><li>There are two primary types of character: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flat character - only one or two distinguishing traits; not fully developed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Round character - fully developed character; reader may feel they exist in life. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Analyzing Character <ul><li>Considering the following when completing a literary analysis of a character: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical appearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Background / personal history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do they change? </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Point of View <ul><li>Definition: the perspective from which a story is told. </li></ul><ul><li>Two main types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Person - told from perspective of a character in the story. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third Person - told from a removed perspective. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Third Person Omniscient = all-knowing perspective. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Third Person Limited = access to inner thoughts of some characters, but not all. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Theme <ul><li>A central message, concern, or insight into life that is expressed through a literary work. </li></ul><ul><li>Stated in one or two sentences about human beings or about life. </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation uncovers theme. </li></ul><ul><li>All story elements should be interpreted in how they contribute to the development of theme. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Sleeping Beauty - true love conquers all. </li></ul>
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