The Changing Nature of Imperialism The League of Nations The Mandate System The Middle East
- The policy of imposing the rule or command of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of obtaining and occupying colonies and dependencies.
- Domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region.
- A secret agreement between Great Britain and France, and agreed to by Russia.
- Defined spheres of influence and control in Middle East for after the expected downfall of the Ottoman Empire.
- Mostly a trade agreement.
- Large area set aside for indirect rule through an Arab state or a confederation of Arab states.
Post-War Enemy Territories
- The Council of the League given responsibility over German and Turkish colonies at the end of the War.
- Solution: the Mandate system.
- Colonies became the responsibility of one of the League’s members.
- Member given the mandate of guiding them ASAP to self-governing status.
- Former colonies in the Middle East were considered close to independence.
- Class A - mandate power to transition.
- Former colonies in Africa needed “development” before being “ready” for independence.
- Class B - human rights monitored by League
- Former colonies in the Pacific (islands) were so “underdeveloped” that “guided” development was unfeasible.
- Class C - annexed by mandated power.
Middle East Mandates
- Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire.
- Iraq and Palestine mandated to Britain
- Extended British control throughout Middle East.
- For details on former German colonies see chart on page 33.
What were these “Mandates” about? How did the new concept of imperialism differ from the old?
- Why was imperialism an important concept in the world of 1919?
- What did imperialism look like before WWI?
- How did the nature of imperialism change after the events of WWI?
- Why might this have changed?