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Imperialism middle east
Imperialism middle east
Imperialism middle east
Imperialism middle east
Imperialism middle east
Imperialism middle east
Imperialism middle east
Imperialism middle east
Imperialism middle east
Imperialism middle east
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Imperialism middle east

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  • 1. The Changing Nature of Imperialism The League of Nations The Mandate System The Middle East
  • 2. Define:Imperialism <ul><li>The old definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The policy of imposing the rule or command of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of obtaining and occupying colonies and dependencies. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The new definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region. </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. Sykes-Picot Agreement <ul><li>A secret agreement between Great Britain and France, and agreed to by Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>Defined spheres of influence and control in Middle East for after the expected downfall of the Ottoman Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly a trade agreement. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large area set aside for indirect rule through an Arab state or a confederation of Arab states. </li></ul></ul>
  • 4.  
  • 5. Post-War Enemy Territories <ul><li>The Council of the League given responsibility over German and Turkish colonies at the end of the War. </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: the Mandate system. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonies became the responsibility of one of the League’s members. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Member given the mandate of guiding them ASAP to self-governing status. </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Mandate Classes <ul><li>Former colonies in the Middle East were considered close to independence. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Class A - mandate power to transition. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Former colonies in Africa needed “development” before being “ready” for independence. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Class B - human rights monitored by League </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Former colonies in the Pacific (islands) were so “underdeveloped” that “guided” development was unfeasible. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Class C - annexed by mandated power. </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Middle East Mandates <ul><li>Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Syria mandated to France </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq and Palestine mandated to Britain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended British control throughout Middle East. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See map on pg 358. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For details on former German colonies see chart on page 33. </li></ul></ul>
  • 8.  
  • 9. What were these “Mandates” about? How did the new concept of imperialism differ from the old?
  • 10. Questions <ul><li>Why was imperialism an important concept in the world of 1919? </li></ul><ul><li>What did imperialism look like before WWI? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the nature of imperialism change after the events of WWI? </li></ul><ul><li>Why might this have changed? </li></ul>

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