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They Say Responding to the words of others in academic writing Mr. Lawson  ESL 102  October 2009 Hey! You look tasty!
Overview <ul><li>Today, we're going to talk about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>how others' ideas are introduced in academic writ...
What Do You Do Well? <ul><li>Warm-Up: </li></ul><ul><li>Think about one thing that you do very well, something that is so ...
Playing Racquetball <ul><li>1) Stand in the middle of the court, with your racquet and the ball, and face the front wall. ...
How is this Related to Academic Writing? <ul><li>Reflecting on your activity, you might have realized: </li></ul><ul><li> ...
  <ul><li>&quot;...writing well means entering into a conversation with others. Academic writing...calls upon writers not ...
Problems with What  They Said? <ul><li>Please turn to a partner and discuss the following question: </li></ul><ul><li>When...
Plagiarism <ul><li>&quot;They said it better than I could.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism is presenting someone else’s...
Quoting with Citation <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Schools and colleges m...
Quoting with Citation <ul><li>&quot;Schools and colleges might be at fault for missing the opportunity to tap into street ...
Paraphrasing <ul><li>Paraphrases are useful when the main points of an original passage are important but not worth quotin...
Paraphrasing <ul><li>  </li></ul>
Paraphrasing <ul><li>Paraphrase what's being said here: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
Paraphrasing <ul><li>Paraphrase this: </li></ul><ul><li>“ If you have the opportunity to play this game of life, you need ...
Review: Unscramble <ul><li>1. Pailisargm is  presenting  semonoe eesl’s wrdos or iedas as yuor own. </li></ul><ul><li>2.  ...
Review: Unscramble <ul><li>1. Pailisargm is  presenting  semonoe eesl’s wrdos or iedas as yuor own. </li></ul><ul><li>1. P...
Review: Unscramble <ul><li>2.  Paraphrases  are ufesul wehn the mian pitnos of an oirngial psaagse are imtaornpt but not w...
Review: Unscramble <ul><li>3. A phrsparaae deos not smilpy stbisuttue snynyoms for wodrs in the oisgrinl psagase. </li></u...
Review: Unscramble <ul><li>4. Prapsaraehs msut pdorvie tiehr suocres in  citations . </li></ul><ul><li>4. Paraphrases must...
10 Minute Interview <ul><li>What's the hardest thing about using quotes in academic essays? </li></ul><ul><li>What's the h...
Adding a Quote to a Paragraph <ul><li>According to AP, &quot;Higher education is being called on to help more people to ge...
Specific Tools <ul><li>How  do  writers introduce what  they said  into academic writing? </li></ul><ul><li>What follows a...
Introducing Standard Views <ul><li>It is often said that _________.  </li></ul><ul><li>Americans today tend to believe tha...
Introducing Quotations <ul><li>X states, &quot;______________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>As the prominent philosopher X puts...
Introducing Quotations <ul><li>Use those introduction statements to craft a three sentences using this information as your...
Verbs to Introduce Paraphrases, Summaries, and Quotations <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs for making a claim: argue, ass...
Review <ul><li>Plagiarism Paraphrasing Quoting Citations Specific Vocabulary & Phrases </li></ul>
Works Cited / Used in Presentation <ul><li>Graff, Gerald, Cathy Birkenstein, and Russel Durst.  They say I say: The Moves ...
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They Say

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  1. 1. They Say Responding to the words of others in academic writing Mr. Lawson  ESL 102  October 2009 Hey! You look tasty!
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Today, we're going to talk about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>how others' ideas are introduced in academic writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how quotes, and other cited work, can be placed into academic writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>what vocabulary and phrases can introduce quotes </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What Do You Do Well? <ul><li>Warm-Up: </li></ul><ul><li>Think about one thing that you do very well, something that is so automatic that you don't have to think when you do it.   Write a list of instructions, about 4-5 items, that can tell another person how to do what you do.   When you're done, explain to your neighbor how to do what you do. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Playing Racquetball <ul><li>1) Stand in the middle of the court, with your racquet and the ball, and face the front wall. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Hit the ball off the front wall so that it bounces in the back part of the court. </li></ul><ul><li>3) After your opponent hits the ball, hit the ball off the front wall before it bounces twice. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Try to make low shots so your opponent can't hit the ball back. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How is this Related to Academic Writing? <ul><li>Reflecting on your activity, you might have realized: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the pieces are automatic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rarely think &quot;how do I do this?&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>might be hard to explain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>once had no idea how to do it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>learned how to do it through repeated action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Writing in an academic context is no different! </li></ul>
  6. 6.   <ul><li>&quot;...writing well means entering into a conversation with others. Academic writing...calls upon writers not simply to express their own ideas, but to do so as a response to what others have said&quot; (Graff, Birkenstein, and Durst xi). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Problems with What They Said? <ul><li>Please turn to a partner and discuss the following question: </li></ul><ul><li>When using ideas that others have said, what problems do writers (like yourselves) sometimes have? </li></ul><ul><li>Come up with 2-3 ideas. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Plagiarism <ul><li>&quot;They said it better than I could.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism is presenting someone else’s words or ideas as your own. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>What are some ways to avoid plagiarism? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Quoting with Citation <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Schools and colleges might be at fault for missing the opportunity to tap into street smarts and channel them into good academic work </li></ul><ul><li>Gerald Graff </li></ul><ul><li>page 297 </li></ul><ul><li>Enter BlackBoard chat. Turn this information into a quote with a citation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Quoting with Citation <ul><li>&quot;Schools and colleges might be at fault for missing the opportunity to tap into street smarts and channel them into good academic work&quot; (Graff 297). </li></ul><ul><li>MLA After quote, put citation. Last name only Page number (without any symbol/word) Period after closed parenthesis </li></ul>
  11. 11. Paraphrasing <ul><li>Paraphrases are useful when the main points of an original passage are important but not worth quoting. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>A paraphrase does not simply substitute synonyms for words in the original passage. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrases must provide their sources in citations. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Paraphrasing <ul><li>  </li></ul>
  13. 13. Paraphrasing <ul><li>Paraphrase what's being said here: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  14. 14. Paraphrasing <ul><li>Paraphrase this: </li></ul><ul><li>“ If you have the opportunity to play this game of life, you need to appreciate every moment. A lot of people don't appreciate the moment until it's passed” (West 1). </li></ul><ul><li>Put your paraphrase (+ citation) into BlackBoard chat. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Review: Unscramble <ul><li>1. Pailisargm is presenting semonoe eesl’s wrdos or iedas as yuor own. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Paraphrases are ufesul wehn the mian pitnos of an oirngial psaagse are imtaornpt but not wrtoh qunoitg. </li></ul><ul><li>3. A phrsparaae deos not smilpy stbisuttue snynyoms for wodrs in the oisgrinl psagase. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Prapsaraehs msut pdorvie tiehr suocres in citations. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Review: Unscramble <ul><li>1. Pailisargm is presenting semonoe eesl’s wrdos or iedas as yuor own. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Plagiarism is presenting someone else’s words or ideas as your own. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Review: Unscramble <ul><li>2. Paraphrases are ufesul wehn the mian pitnos of an oirngial psaagse are imtaornpt but not wrtoh qunoitg. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Paraphrases are useful when the main points of an original passage are important but not worth quoting. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Review: Unscramble <ul><li>3. A phrsparaae deos not smilpy stbisuttue snynyoms for wodrs in the oisgrinl psagase. </li></ul><ul><li>3. A paraphrase does not simply substitute synonyms for words in the original passage. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Review: Unscramble <ul><li>4. Prapsaraehs msut pdorvie tiehr suocres in citations . </li></ul><ul><li>4. Paraphrases must provide their sources in citations. </li></ul>
  20. 20. 10 Minute Interview <ul><li>What's the hardest thing about using quotes in academic essays? </li></ul><ul><li>What's the hardest thing about using paraphrases in academic essays? </li></ul><ul><li>Hello! My name is ______, and I'm (we're) doing an assignment for our class. Can I (we) ask you two quick questions? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Adding a Quote to a Paragraph <ul><li>According to AP, &quot;Higher education is being called on to help more people to get into a professional world where a college education is vital&quot; (&quot;Is Community College Tuition in California Too Low?&quot; ¶1). </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>One of the crucial problems is gaining a college education. Nowadays, higher education is necessary and crucial for us to survive in the society. However, higher education requires higher tuition. If Palomar College raises its tuition, it will take away the chance of getting a higher education from the people in its community. Therefore, Palomar College should not raise tuition, especially when people are struggling due to the economic crisis. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Specific Tools <ul><li>How do writers introduce what they said into academic writing? </li></ul><ul><li>What follows are some specific phrases and words that many academic writers actually use. Think of them as secret keys to quickly expand your writing. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Introducing Standard Views <ul><li>It is often said that _________. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans today tend to believe that ______. </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional wisdom says that _________. </li></ul><ul><li>Common sense seems to dictate that ____. </li></ul><ul><li>My whole life I have heard it said that ____. </li></ul><ul><li>An old proverb says that ______. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people assume that _____. </li></ul><ul><li>Your topic is &quot;College Students.&quot; Take three of these 'templates' and create sentences around the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: It is often said that college students party more than study. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Introducing Quotations <ul><li>X states, &quot;______________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>As the prominent philosopher X puts it, &quot;_____________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>According to X, &quot;_________________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>X herself writes, &quot;________________________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>In her book, _____, X maintains that, &quot;_____________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>In X's view, &quot;_______________________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>X agrees when she writes, &quot;_________________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>X disagrees when she writes, &quot;_____________________.&quot; </li></ul>
  25. 25. Introducing Quotations <ul><li>Use those introduction statements to craft a three sentences using this information as your source. Don't forget the citation </li></ul><ul><li>President Barack Obama has been awarded the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize. The Nobel Peace Prize Committee announced the news from Oslo, Norway, on Friday. The Peace Prize Committee said they chose President Obama for this honor because of his &quot;extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples.&quot; In particular, the Peace Prize Committee recognized Obama's commitment to work for a world without nuclear weapons, or weapons that can cause massive destruction. They praised his efforts to ease conflicts between countries and people deeply divided by religion and politics. </li></ul><ul><li>Author: Laura Davidson / Possible Actor: Peace Prize Committee </li></ul>
  26. 26. Verbs to Introduce Paraphrases, Summaries, and Quotations <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs for making a claim: argue, assert, believe, claim, insist, report, suggest </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs for expressing agreement: acknowledge, admire, agree, do not deny, endorse, praise, reaffirm, support </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs for questioning or disagreeing: complain, complicate, contradict, deny, disagree, question, refute, reject </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs for making recommendations: advocate, call for, demand, encourage, implore, plead, recommend, urge, warn </li></ul>
  27. 27. Review <ul><li>Plagiarism Paraphrasing Quoting Citations Specific Vocabulary & Phrases </li></ul>
  28. 28. Works Cited / Used in Presentation <ul><li>Graff, Gerald, Cathy Birkenstein, and Russel Durst. They say I say: The Moves that Matter in Academic Writing. New York: W.W. Norton, 2009. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Davidson, Laura. &quot;President Barack Obama Wins Nobel Peace Prize.&quot; Scholastic News Online . Scholastic, 12 October 2009. Web. 14 October 2009. </li></ul>
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