Essay 3 The Financial Crisis

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Essay 3 The Financial Crisis

  1. 1. Essay #3: The Financial Crisis Tying Our Academic Writing Together
  2. 2. Freewrite <ul><li>The Great Recession </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. (and the world) has been in a  </li></ul><ul><li>bad recession since the end of 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Economies have collapsed, and many </li></ul><ul><li>people have lost their jobs. Who is to blame for the crisis? Also, how have you, or how has your family, </li></ul><ul><li>been affected by the recession? What </li></ul><ul><li>changes have you made? Are the changes  </li></ul><ul><li>permanent changes? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Overview <ul><li>This week, we will discuss our upcoming Essay #3 by continuing to talk about: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And beginning to talk about: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective Conclusions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective transition words </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Paraphrases <ul><li>How does this author use paraphrases effectively? </li></ul><ul><li>Since the recession in 2007, the American dream has seemed to be melting before many of our very own eyes. It is sad to think that all this time , we have just been building and building only for it to all come tumbling down. Is there hope of an end to this downturn, or is this only the beginning to a tragic ending? Thomas L. Friedman, a world-renowned author and journalist , wrote an interesting article on February 7, 2009, about this economic “Crisis of 2008,” as he calls it (¶2). In this article, &quot;The Inflection is Near  ,&quot; Friedman considers this economic situation, suggesting that America’s growth model is on shaky ground and that something needs to be done about it. Friedman comes to the conclusion that we need to use “this economic slowdown to retool and reorient economies” and gives us hope that there is an inflection in sight (¶10). </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. Paraphrases Please log into BlackBoard. Under 'Documents,' please open the file titled 'Paraphrase Example.' Afterward: Click 'communication' and 'discussion board.' Note the forum titled 'More Paraphrase Practice.' Doing these paraphrases will be part of your homework.
  6. 6. Academic Language <ul><li>How does this author use academic language to effectively introduce quotes and paraphrases? </li></ul><ul><li>Since the recession in 2007, the American dream has seemed to be melting before many of our very own eyes. It is sad to think that all this time , we have just been building and building only for it to all come tumbling down. Is there hope of an end to this downturn, or is this only the beginning to a tragic ending? Thomas L. Friedman, a world-renowned author and journalist , wrote an interesting article on February 7, 2009, about this economic “Crisis of 2008,” as he calls it (¶2). In this article, &quot;The Inflection is Near  ,&quot; Friedman considers this economic situation, suggesting that America’s growth model is on shaky ground and that something needs to be done about it. Friedman comes to the conclusion that we need to use “this economic slowdown to retool and reorient economies” and gives us hope that there is an inflection in sight (¶10). </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  7. 7. Academic Language <ul><li>Log into BlackBoard and enter the &quot;Academic Language&quot; Forum. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a short paragraph about what you think caused the current economic crisis. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate your 3-fold or 4-fold paraphrase into your paragraph, using appropriate academic language to introduce it.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that your paraphrase makes sense within the context of your paragraph. NO QUOTE/PARAPHRASE DROPPING! </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  8. 8. Overview: <ul><li>Today, we will: </li></ul><ul><li>Review effective introduction paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss how to write an effective conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Make an outline from a peer's body paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>Draft a conclusion paragraph for essay #3 </li></ul><ul><li>Develop questions for on-campus interview </li></ul>
  9. 9. Effective Introductions <ul><li>What are the six 'bones' of an introduction? </li></ul>
  10. 10. A Bony Intro: An Example We spend approximately 70% of our time in school, but some people think we need more time in school. However, lengthening more hours for school days has some disadvantages students and teachers. First, students will lack private time if the school day is made longer. Second, students can study by themselves at home, so they don’t need a longer school day. Last, teachers will have to work longer—something that might make their work worse. Despite these reasons, some still want to make the school day longer; I’ll explain why that’s a bad idea.
  11. 11. An Intro’s Muscle <ul><ul><li>We spend approximately 70% of our time in school, but some people think we need more time in school. Mission Hills High School has already added 1.5 hours to its school day. However, lengthening more hours for school days has some disadvantages students and teachers. First, students will lack private time if the school day is made longer. Second, students can study by themselves at home, so they don’t need a longer school day. Last, teachers will have to work longer—something that might make their work worse. At my high school, Valley Center High School, teachers and students protested longer school days and won. Protests will continue as long as this idea is alive. Despite all the reasons against it, some still want to make the school day longer; I’ll explain why that’s a bad idea. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Writing Effective Conclusions <ul><li>A good conclusion will: </li></ul><ul><li>* Remind readers of why your thesis is important </li></ul><ul><li>* Complete the essay (tie up loose ends) </li></ul><ul><li>* Leave a strong image in the mind of your readers </li></ul>
  13. 13. Writing Effective Conclusions THREE STRATEGIES <ul><li>1) Summarize the main points of the essay </li></ul><ul><li>Using new words, remind the reader of: </li></ul><ul><li>    a) your thesis </li></ul><ul><li>    b) your supporting details </li></ul><ul><li>    c) one or two important examples </li></ul><ul><li>    d) your hook (if appropriate) </li></ul><ul><li>    </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>THESE ITEMS DO NOT NEED TO APPEAR IN THIS ORDER. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Writing Effective Conclusions THREE STRATEGIES <ul><li>2) Answer the question &quot;So what?&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>    Show your reader why the topic you've written about is important. Why did you care enough about the topic to write about it? Why should the reader care about it? How does the information you presented in the essay matter in the real world? What do you want your reader to be thinking about when s/he puts down your essay? </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT ADD NEW EXAMPLES OR IDEAS. INSTEAD, REFRAME THE IDEAS FROM YOUR ESSAY TO ANSWERS SOME OF THESE QUESTIONS.   </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Repackage; don't summarize. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Writing Effective Conclusions THREE STRATEGIES <ul><li>3) Provides a &quot;Call to Action.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>This type of conclusion gives your readers ideas how they can make a difference in the world in relation to your essay's topic.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>For example, if your essay was about the need for immigration reform, you might suggest ways in which your reader can contact people in Congress and supply them with things to write (from your essay) in their letters to people in Congress. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Writing Effective Conclusions THINGS TO AVOID <ul><li>* Don't write: &quot;In conclusion.&quot; This phrase is overused. Your essay is short; we know it's your conclusion. </li></ul><ul><li>* Don't  make claims that destroy your thesis. (If your thesis was: &quot;we need immigration reform,&quot; don't write &quot;we can improve the USA without immigration reform.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>* Don't add new ideas or new examples to your conclusion. Repackage, restate, or summarize your main points. (If you find yourself adding new information here, go backwards in your essay and add that information into one of your body paragraphs. NOW you can use it in your conclusion.) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Writing Effective Conclusions <ul><li>Useful References </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/conclusions.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cerritos.edu/fquaas/resources/conclusions.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hamilton.edu/writing/conclusions.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/acadwrite/conclude.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.uhv.edu/ac/research/write/pdf/draftconclusion.pdf </li></ul>
  18. 18. Putting it Together: Essay #3 <ul><li>Log into BlackBoard and enter &quot;Documents&quot; Section. </li></ul><ul><li>Open the &quot;Essay #3&quot; folder. </li></ul><ul><li>Open the &quot;Essay #3&quot; prompt and please read it. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>

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