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Direct method


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  • 1. DIRECT METHOD By Raquel Pastrana
  • 2. • The Direct Method, it’s sometimes called the Natural Method. Not limited to but often used in teaching foreign languages, the method refrains from using the learners' native language and uses only the target language. • It’s named “direct", because meaning should be connected directly with the target language without translation into the native language.
  • 3. HISTORY • It was established in Germany and France around 1900, and it was an answer to the dissatisfaction with the older Grammar Translation Method, which teaches students grammar and vocabulary through direct translations and thus focuses on the written language.
  • 4. One of its main proponents was the German Maximilian Berlitz, whose schools in the form of Berlitz International exist to this day.
  • 5. FEATURES • teaching concepts and vocabulary through pantomiming, real-life objects and other visual materials • teaching grammar by using an inductive approach (i.e. having learners find out rules through the presentation of adequate linguistic forms in the target language) • centrality of spoken language (including a native-like pronunciation) • focus on question-answer patterns • teacher-centering
  • 6. PRINCIPLES 1- Classroom instructions are conducted exclusively in the target language.
  • 7. • 2- Only everyday vocabulary and sentences are taught during the initial phase; grammar, reading and writing are introduced in intermediate phase.
  • 8. • 3- Oral communication skills are built up in a carefully graded progression organized around question-andanswer exchanges between teachers and students in small, intensive classes.
  • 9. • 4- Grammar is taught inductively.
  • 10. • 5- New teaching points are introduced orally.
  • 11. • 5- Concrete vocabulary is taught through demonstration, objects, and pictures; abstract vocabulary is taught by association of ideas.
  • 12. • 6- Both speech and listening comprehensions are taught.
  • 13. • 7- Correct pronunciation and grammar are emphasized.
  • 14. • 8- Student should be speaking at least 89% of the time during the lesson.
  • 15. • 9- Students are taught from inception to ask questions as well as answer them.
  • 16. Teacher’s Role Student’s Role Error Correction Use of Mother Tongue The role of the teacher is to direct class activities, encourage students to participate in class and corrects their mistakes immediately. But students and teacher are partners in the learning process. Students are very active. Oral communication skills are emphasized, there is a large amount of Learner-Learner interaction. The teacher, using various techniques, tries to get students to self-correct whenever possible Student’s native language shouldn’t be used in the classroom