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Transcript

  • 1. Building Your Speech Yes, You Can!
  • 2. The Speech to Inform—Your First Speech
    • Your demonstration speech topic is your choice.
    • The demonstration speech is still an informative speech.
    This is not you!
  • 3. How Do I Choose A Topic For My Speech?
    • What do you already know about?
    • What are you interested in?
    • What do you have an opinion about?
    • What have you been wanting to investigate?
    • What would your friends want to hear?
    • What have you or are you working on for another course?
  • 4. How Do I Know That My Topic Will Work?
    • Is it appropriate?
    • Is it overdone?
    • Will it enrich the lives of my listeners?
    • Do I CARE about the topic?
    • Does the topic fit into the time limit?
    • Can I develop responsible knowledge for this topic?
    Your instructor is always here to help!!!!
  • 5. So How Do I Inform The People?
    • Don’t overload them with too much information—ONE aspect of ONE topic!
    • Organize, organize, organize. Did I forget to mention organize?
    • Begin with familiarities.
    • Be VIVID with your language.
  • 6. Step 1: Consider Your General Purpose
    • Are you informing or persuading?
    • When the general purpose is to inform, speakers act as teachers.
    • Their goal is to communicate information clearly, accurately, and interestingly.
    • They seek to enhance the knowledge and understanding of their listeners.
  • 7. Step 1: Consider Your General Purpose
    • When the general purpose is to persuade, speakers act as advocates.
    • Their goal is to change the attitudes or actions of their audience.
    • They seek to get their listeners to believe something or to do something.
  • 8. Step 2: Develop Your Thesis Statement
    • Your Thesis Statement:
    • Should be an infinitive phrase, not a fragment.
    • Should be phrased as a statement only.
    • Should avoid figurative language.
    • Should not contain two or more unrelated ideas.
    • Should not be too vague or general.
  • 9. Step 2: Develop Your Thesis Statement
    • Does the thesis statement meet the assignment?
    • Can this thesis statement be accomplished effectively in the time allotted?
    • Is the thesis statement relevant to the audience?
    • Is the thesis statement too technical or trivial?
  • 10. What’s Wrong With These Thesis Statements?
    • To inform my audience how to make perfect popcorn every time.
    • To inform my audience about the growth of credit card fraud and methods of sound financial planning.
    • What is obsessive/compulsive disorder?
    • To inform my audience why square grooves are superior to U-shaped grooves on golf clubs.
    • Donate blood.
  • 11. Remember…
    • After you deliver your attention-grabbing introduction, your next statement always is…
    • “ Today, I’m going to inform/tell/share…”
    I’ll be listening for the thesis statement in every one of your speeches! Don’t forget!
  • 12. Step 3: Your Mapping Statement
    • Your mapping statement is an “internal preview” of your speech—a brief summary of your main points.
    • Your mapping statement must be a full sentence or sentences.
    • The mapping statement refines and sharpens the thesis statement.
  • 13. Step 3: Your Mapping Statement
    • Once you’ve secured your thesis statement, then think about three very specific main points which will support this topic. For instance:  
    • Thesis statement: “Today I’m going to share information about the endangered spotted owl.”
    • Mapping Statement: “ First, I’m going to tell you
    • about the owl’s heritage, then I’ll share vital
    • statistics about this creature. Finally, I’ll tell you
    • the endangerment status of this species.”
  • 14. Design a mapping statement for the following thesis statements…
    • Thesis statement: “Today I’m going to inform you about how to register for college.”
    • Thesis statement: “Today, I’m going to tell you about athletic programs at Penn State.”
    • Thesis statement: “Today, I’m going to share information about steak houses in Pittsburgh.
  • 15. Consider this…
    • Once you’ve written your thesis statement…
    • Then your mapping statement,
    • The body of your speech is basically outlined!
    You as a speaker—with or without the muscles! 
  • 16. Step 4: Build The Body of Your Speech—Your Preparation Outline
    • Your preparation outline must include the following labeled items:
    • An introduction.
    • A thesis statement.
    • A mapping statement.
    • 3-4 main points, including subpoints, all written in full sentences.
  • 17. OUTLINE STRUCTURE
    • I. Introduction/attention grabber
    • II. Thesis Statement
    • III. Mapping Statement
    • IV. Main Point
        • A Sub. Point
          • 1. Additional details about sub. points
        • B Sub. Point
          • 1. Additional details about sub. Points
    • V. Main Point
    • VI. Main Point
    • VII. Closing Statement