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Research & Information Literacy Guide: Education

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  1. 1. DELAWARE STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES College of Education & Sports SciencesResearch & Information Literacy Guide: Education Created by Rosamond Panda Research Consultant for Educationin collaboration with the Dean of The University Libraries Spring 2005 Updated Spring 2006
  2. 2. Objective• This guide introduces DSU students in the undergraduate, graduate, and Ed.D. in Educational Leadership programs, faculty and other users to resources relating to research in the Education field. The guide consists of variety resources including print and electronic materials, and the Internet.• This is a comprehensive guide. Please feel free to review and select any module for printing, downloading to a disk, or email to yourself.
  3. 3. Outcomes• Students and other users will be effective and efficient in searching education resources.• Students will be able to conduct basic and advance researches across the disciplines.• Students will have life-long research skills
  4. 4. Contents• Finding Books Finding Journal Articles• Research Tips Construct Searches Begin the• Search Searches Limit Search ERIC Database Limits Analyze Results Education Full-Text Electronic Journal List Interlibrary Loan Citation Styles Course Reserves Remote Access Request to Hold an Item Free Electronic Journals & Newsletters Internet Search Engines on Education Topics Evaluate Internet Resources Additional Useful Education Sites
  5. 5. Finding Books• Use DSU library Horizon Information Portal online catalog to locate books owned by the library. The catalog can be searched by general keyword, subject, title, author, video title, etc. The Library of Congress Classification call number is used at DSU to catalog and retrieve the books from the shelves.• Use The Library of Congress Subject Headings for additional search terms when searching the catalog.
  6. 6. Finding Books (Continued)• Print Reference Tools: Dictionaries, Directories, Encyclopedias, Guides, Handbooks, Statistics, Tests, Yearbooks, etc.• Encyclopedias, Dictionaries and Handbooks are resources for background information on topics.• Center for Educational Resources: Collection of books, videos, tapes, etc. for faculty and students for student teaching.• Log on to DSU web page: to access the call numbers to both reference and general book collections.
  7. 7. Finding Books (Continued)• The library of Congress Classification for Education is L-LT. Education subject class outline is as follows: L Education (General) LA History of Education LB Theory & Practice of Education LC Special Aspects of Education LD Individual Institutions: United States LE Individual Institutions: America (Except United States).
  8. 8. Finding Books (Continued) LF Individual Institutions: Europe LG Individual Institutions: Asia, Africa, Oceania. LH College & School Magazines & Papers. LJ Student Fraternities & Societies, United States. LT TextbooksLog on to FirstSearch WorldCat: This database isa catalog of books and other materials in libraries Worldwide.
  9. 9. Finding Journal Articles• Journal articles provide current information on any topic. To find articles on Education topics use DSU library subscribed indexes and abstracts electronic databases.• The list of databases are from the database aggregators; EBSCOHost and FirstSearch.• Primary Databases: Education Abstracts – Covers leading publications in the field of education. ERIC – Covers journal articles and document reports in education. ERIC contains two files – (CIJE) Current Index to Journals in Education and (RIE) Resources in Education.
  10. 10. Finding Journal Articles (Continued)ERIC Documents (Free Web Resource) –Reports and Journal articles on education topics,including full-text of many documents.MAS Ultra-School Edition – Provides full-textarticles for more than 550 popular general interestand current events publications with informationdating far back as 1975 for key magazines.Mental Measurements Yearbook – Contains fulltext information about reviews of all English-language standardized educational skills,personality, vocational aptitude, psychology.
  11. 11. Finding Journal Articles (Continued) Primary Search – Provides full text for more than 60 popular magazines for elementary school research. PsycFirst – A psychology database and related fields including education. Wilson Select Plus – A multi-disciplinary database including education.Secondary Databases Academic Search Premier, Readers Guide Abstracts and Periodical Abstracts.
  12. 12. Finding Journal Articles (Continued)Print Indexes These indexes are located on the second floor, Periodical collection. Child Development Abstracts & Bibliography. Exceptional Child Education ResourcesGo to DSU Library URL:
  13. 13. Research Tips• Searching for information is time consuming.• Use variety of sources on your topic for your paper.
  14. 14. Construct Your Search• Choose a Topic• If you are not sure of a topic use an education encyclopedia or dictionary for background information for ideas in order to choose a topic.• What is the length of the paper?• Decide on the number of reference you need on the length of the paper.
  15. 15. Begin the Search• Select the appropriate database(s) for the topic.• Formulate a search statement on the topic• Pick out the keywords from the statement. Keywords are the main ideas you use to search.• Example: I am looking for learning disability among female students in public schools. Keywords: (female students, public schools, learning disability).• Use the online or print Thesaurus for related terms on your topic. The terms in a Thesaurus are controlled vocabulary.
  16. 16. Searches• Quotation Marks – Searching with quotation marks around search terms retrieve relevant results with the terms appearing next to each other. Example: (“child development”).• Boolean Operators – “AND” “OR” “NOT” to combine two or more search terms.• “AND” This search finds results on both terms. This is a narrow search. Example: (learning and education). (teenagers and pregnancy).• “OR” This search finds results on the first and second term, and on both terms. This is a broad search. Example: (learning or education).
  17. 17. Searches (Continued)• “NOT” This search finds results on the first term but not the second. This is a narrow search. Example: (learning not education).• Parentheses – The search command inside the parentheses will be performed first, then include the term after the parentheses. Example: (child or children) and learning.• Truncation – The search retrieves all the end variations of the root word. Example: learn* finds records on: (learn, learner, learnt, learned, learning).
  18. 18. Limit Your Search• Limit by Scholarly(Peer reviewed) journals The database will search only for articles from scholarly journals.. Limit by Publication The database will search only for articles from that journal title.. Limit by Published Date Select specific months and years, the database will search only for articles within those dates.. Limit by Full-Text The database will search only for articles that
  19. 19. ERIC Database Limits• Limit by document type (EJ or ED) - EJ for Journal articles - ED for document reports. Audience - Administrators - Teachers - Students. Educational level - Higher education - Secondary education - Elementary education
  20. 20. Analyze Your Results• Select relevant titles from the search results.• Read the abstracts of the article. The abstracts is a brief annotation of the article.• If you are satisfied with the abstract, then print the article if full-text, or check the Article Linker if DSU library has holdings, and ILL request if neither of the above exist.•
  21. 21. Full-Text Electronic Journal List on Education.• The URL:
  22. 22. Interlibrary Loan• Log on to:
  23. 23. Citation Styles• APA Style Manual (American Psychological Assoc.). It is a style manual for psychology, education, and other social sciences.• MLA Style Manual (Modern Language Assoc.). It is a style manual for literature, arts and humanities.• Kathy Schrock’s Guide for Educator’s. It is a source for education topics.
  24. 24. Citation Styles (Continued)• Turabian Style Guide. This is a style manual for all subjects.• Learning Page of the Library of Congress Citing Electronic.• Chicago Manual of Style. It is a style manual for all subjects.• Electronic References & Scholarly Citations.•
  25. 25. Citation Styles (Continued)• Citing Cyberspace by James D. Lester. Ref. LB2369.L4 1998• Writing Research Papers: A Complete Guide by James D. Lester. Ref. LB2369.L4 1999.• MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers by Joseph Gibaldi. Ref. LB2369.G53 1995.• A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate L. Turabian. Ref. LB2369.T8 1996.
  26. 26. Other Services• Course Reserves Remote Access This is a restricted page, therefore a password is required. Please enter your Library Barcode (example: 221100000000) click on Login to gain access from home, dormitory rooms and other labs on campus. . Request to Hold an Item Click on Request Item. Type in your Borrower ID. Type in your DSU ID. Click on Login. Continue following the directions to submit the request.
  27. 27. Education Guide Evaluation• The purpose of the evaluation is to assess the teaching and learning process and the effectiveness of the the information. Please take a few minutes to answer the questions. It is mandatory that the evaluation is completed and submitted. The answers will not be graded. Please indicate your name, your professor’s name and class, and your status; Undergraduate (Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, Senior), Graduate (Master’s, Doctorate), Faculty/Staff, Other. Thank you for your time.
  28. 28. Essays• 1. What was covered in this guide that you already know?• 2. What do you think should have been covered in the guide?• 3. Was the guide confusing or straight forward?• 4. What was achieved in this guide?• 5. What research skills did you learn?• 6. What resource would you use to search for books? What resource would you use to search for articles?
  29. 29. Essays (Continued)• 7. What is the process used to acquire book or articles that cannot be located at DSU library?• Comments:
  30. 30. Multiple Choice/Circle the right answer• 1. Do you feel confident using ERIC and other Education electronic resources with this guide? Yes or No.• 2. Was the information too much, too little, or just right?• 3. Do you believe library instruction is important or useful? Yes or No.• 4. What resource(s) would you use to help you choose a topic for your research? A. dictionary, B. encyclopedia, C. handbook, D. all of the above.
  31. 31. Multiple Choice/Circle the right answer (Continued)• 5. Which of the citation manuals is most appropriate to use for your bibliographies/references for Education research paper? A. APA style manual, B. MLA style manual, C. Kathy Schrock’s Guide for Educator’s, D. All of the above.
  32. 32. Free Electronic Journals & Newsletters• Education journals and newsletters available on the Internet: - Education Journal & Newsletter – - Electronic Journals in the Field of Education. - Journals & Newsletters for Distance Education.
  33. 33. Internet Search Engines on Education Topics.• Academic Information - A gateway to quality educational resources. It is organized by subjects.• The Argus Clearinghouse - A selection collection of Topical Guides. ++• Educational Web Catalogs and Sites - A collection of few of the best sites for finding resources in a specific discipline.
  34. 34. Internet Search Engines onEducation Topics (Continued).• Google Web Directory – Provides educational information from K-12 grades.• Historically Black Colleges & Universities – Provides a directory of over 100 HBCU schools.• Hot Topics in Education – Popular education topics are displayed for research.
  35. 35. Internet Search Engines onEducation Topics (Continued).• Peterson’s Guide – The most comprehensive and heavily used education web guide to colleges & universities.• Ranking of Colleges & Universities – A guide that attempts to rank educational institutions in the U.S. Rankings range from quality of academics to fun elements like parties, dorms, food, etc.
  36. 36. Internet Search Engines onEducation Topics (Continued).• Scholarships – A guide to offer college bound students, parents, and counselors easy access to information on Colleges and universities in the U.S. free college scholarship and financial aid.• Yahoo Web Directory – Provides educational information.
  37. 37. Criteria for Evaluating Internet Sources.• Accuracy Is the information reliable? Is there a bibliography or reference? Is the information fact or opinion? Are there grammatical and spelling mistakes..Authority Is there an author? Can the author be contacted? Who is the publisher? Is it a recognized publisher?
  38. 38. Criteria for Evaluating Internet Sources (Continued).• Audience Who is the author addressing? Is the author addressing students or the general public?.Currency What is the date of the information? How often is the site updated?.Coverage What materials are covered? How in-depth is the information?
  39. 39. Criteria for Evaluating Internet Sources (Continued).• Objective Is the information bias? Is there any advertisement? What is the purpose of the web page?
  40. 40. Evaluating Internet Resources• The Internet sites listed for Education topics are very useful for research papers, nevertheless name three most useful sites you would use?• Anyone can put information on the Internet, therefore how would you analyze or evaluate the information on the Internet for your use?
  41. 41. Additional Useful Education Sites• Selected Internet sites on Education grouped by categories• State & National Resources Delaware Department of Education --- ERIC --- (Education Resource Information Center). 1966-Present - ERIC Annual Report --- ERIC Digest -- Education World -- Educator’s Reference Desk -- , formerly an site. Goals 2000 Legislation and Related Items -- National Center for Education Statistics (NCES -- National Library of Education (NLE) – U.S. Department of Education –
  42. 42. Additional Education Sites (Continued)• Brown v. Board of Education-• Schools, High School, Public Schools, School District, Public High Schools- SchoolMatters. http://
  43. 43. Assessment & Certification• Certification Requirements State-by-State –• National Center for Research on Evaluation Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST)-• National Center on Educational Outcomes –• National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE)-
  44. 44. Career Opportunities• Academic Employment Network –• Chronicle of Higher Education –• Google Directory –• oyment• Jobs for Educators –• Teacher Job Links –• Teaching Jobs & Administrative k-12 Positions at Public & Private Schools –
  45. 45. Discussion Groups & Distance Education• Discussion Groups• Teaching and Educational Related Listserv Listing – http://• Distance Education• Distance Education Clearinghouse – http://
  46. 46. Lesson Plans• ERIC Database –• Education World –• Educator’s Reference Desk – http://• Kathy Schrock’s Guide for Educators-Ready Reference & Copyright – http://
  47. 47. Professional Associations & Organizations• American Association for Higher Education (AAHE) – http://• American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE) – American Association of University Professors –• American Educational Research Association –• American Federation of Teachers –• Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) –• Association of Teacher Educators (ATE) –• Delaware State Education Association (DSEA) –• National Association of Elementary School Principals –
  48. 48. Professional Associations & Organizations (Continued).• National Association of Seconday School Principals –• National Education Association (NEA) –• National Parent Teacher Association (PTA) –• National School Boards Association –• National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) –• NSTA – Awards, Grants & Competitions – http://www.nsta.rog/awardscomp-53k• U.S.Distance Learning Association (USDLA) –
  49. 49. Resources for Teachers K-12• American School Directory –• Center for Education Reform –• Charter Schools –• Classroom Connect –• Education Virtual Library –• Education Week –• Home Schooling –• National Center for Learning Disabilities –
  50. 50. Resources for Teachers K-12 (Continued).• Office of Vocational Education and Adult Education – exp=0• Private Schools –• School Choice –• Special Education Resources – &•• Teaching Tips –• Web Sites and Resources for Teachers –
  51. 51. Selected Education Reference Collections, Dictionaries.• Dictionary – A reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with definitions.• – Jarvis, Peter. International Dictionary of Adult and Continuing Education. 2nd. ed., V.A.: Stylus Publishing, 1999. Ref. LC5211.J37• This is a multinational dictionary which contains some 3,500 terms defining the concepts• in adult, continuing, higher, and lifelong learning, and also trends in the field. Additional• entries included are on historical and contemporary figures and organizations.• Vergason, Glenn A. Dictionary of Special Education and Rehabilition. 3rd. ed.• Denver, Colorado: Love Publishing Company, 1990. Ref. LC3957.V47• Directory – An alphabetical or classified list of names and addresses.•• Alt Von, Kenneth A., ed. Accredited Institutions of Postsecondary Education,• Programs, Candidates. Washington, D.C.: American Council on Education, 2003-2004.• (annual). Ref. L901.A48• This directory provides a list of accredited institutions, professionally accredited programs, and candidates for accreditation.
  52. 52. Directories• Graduate Record Examinations Board and the Council of Graduate Schools.• Directory of Graduate Programs. 17th. ed. Princeton, N.J.: Educational Testing Service,• 1999. (3Vols). Ref. L901.D5133• This directory is designed as a resource for people who are considering graduate education. The directory contains more than 800 accredited graduate institutions in the• United States and Canada.•• Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools. Directory: Accredited Membership and Candidates for Accreditation. Philadelphia, P.A.: Commission on• Higher Education, Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, 2000-2001. (annual). Ref. L903.M54 M497a•• Patterson’s American Education. Schaumburg: IL.: Educational Directories, Inc., 2005. (2 vols.). (annual). Ref. L901.P3• This is a standard directory to secondary schools, and it contains 11,036 public schools• districts, 29,768 public secondary schools, 6,013 private and catholic secondary schools• and more than 15,000 middle schools in an easy-to-use and consistent format. The• entries are arranged alphabetically.
  53. 53. Encyclopedias• Encyclopedia – A comprehensive reference work with articles on subjects of a particular field. Alkin, Marvin C., ed. Encyclopedia of Educational Research. New York, N.Y.:• American Educational Research Association, Simon & Schuster, 1992. 6th. ed. (4vol. set).• Ref. LB15.E48• This encyclopedia was designed to enlighten and guide readers on matters relating to• educational research for the next decade. It is a general reference work useful to a variety of audiences. College students not yet familiar with the research on various• educational topics and requiring a starting point for the examination of relevant research should find the encyclopedia helpful.•• Charner, Kathy, Maureen Murphy, and Jennifer Ford. The Giant Encyclopedia of Kindergarten Activities. Beltsville, M.D.: Gryphon House, Inc., 2004. Ref. LB1169.G52• This encyclopedia is a compilation of activities submitted by teachers of five-year-olds that are effective, appealing, and interesting for kindergartners. It is a resource book filled with ideas to help children learn and grow.
  54. 54. Encyclopedias (Continued)• The Encyclopedia of Education. New York, N.Y.: Macmillan Press, 1971. (10 vol. set). Ref. LB15.E4• This encyclopedia was designed to provide more than 1,000 articles in educational practice. The content was intended to be informative and descriptive. The articles deal with history, theory, research, and philosophy, as well as with the structure and fabric of education.• George, Thomas Kurian, ed. World Education Encyclopedia. New York, N.Y.: Facts on File Publications, 1988. (3 vols.). Ref. LB15.W87• The encyclopedia is designed as a descriptive survey of the national educational systems of the world. It describes not so much educational theory but the actual working of the systems, which concerns all educated people. It defines the levels and characteristics of the legal, political and social foundations, etc. The encyclopedia compares but not critize; it analyzes but does not pass judgement.
  55. 55. Encyclopedias (Continued)• Gorton, Richard A., Gail T. Schneider, and James C. Fisher. eds. Encyclopedia of School Administration and Supervision. Phoenix, Ariz.: Oryx Press, 1988. Ref.LB2805.E53• The encyclopedia is intended for administrators, supervisors, school board members, and others responsible for improving school administration and supervision. The publication provides useful, summary information about a wide range of topics that hold implications for or describe some facet of the administration and leadership of the schools.• Mitchell, Bruce M., and Robert E. Salisbury. Encyclopedia of Multicultural Education. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1999. Ref. LC1099.3.M58• This encyclopedia provides educators with an easy-to-use reference work. The encyclopedia consists of more than 400 terms, phrases, concepts, U.S. Supreme Court decisions significant to the American macro-culture from the country’s various racial and ethnic backgrounds and key events, and court cases related to multicultural education. The information is arranged alphabetically, each entry is defined and discussed in keeping with its relationship to multicultural education.• Reynolds, Cecil R., and Elaine Fletcher-Janzen, eds. Concise Encyclopedia of Special Education. New York, N.Y.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1990. Ref. LC4007.E53• This encyclopedia is intended to be a handy reference for special educators, psychologists, school psychologists, diagnosticians, and other related personnel, along with parents and the handicapped themselves.
  56. 56. Guides• Guide – A handbook that offers basic information for students.• Framework for Outcomes Assessment. Philadelphia, P.A.: Commission on Higher Education Middle States, 1996. Perm. Res. Ref. LB2806.F72• The current Framework is a guide to institutions that are planning to develop or revise their assessment programs. It does not present specific applications for unique institutional missions, goals, and resources. Instead, it explains the purposes and contexts for some of the many strategies from which institutions may choose.• Johnson Publishing Company. 1998-1999 Guide to Historically Black Colleges & Universities. Detroit, Mich.: General Motors and Johnson Publishing Company, Inc., 1998. Ref. L901.G8• This guide is intended to serve as a resource for both students and parents to help get their children on the road to selecting the best college education for them. Colleges featured are four-year and within the United States, with the exceptional of one university in the Virgin Islands.
  57. 57. Guides (Continued) – Kawakami, Toyo S. Acronyms in Education and the Behavioral Sciences. Chicago, ILL.: American Library Association, 1971. Ref. LB15.K32• This guide provides the words to the acronyms combination of letters used in education and the behavioral sciences.• Peterson’s Four-Year Colleges. Princeton, N.J.: Peterson’s Publishers, 1998. Ref. L901.P447• This guide gives students and parents the most comprehensive up-to-date information on undergraduate institutions in the United States and Canada – Private Independent Schools. Wallington, Connecticut: Bunting and Lyon, Inc., 2004. Ref. L901.P68• This is a comprehensive guide to elementary and secondary schools in North American and Abroad.
  58. 58. Guides (Continued) – Sandler, Bernice R., and Robert J. Shoop. Sexual Harassment on Campus: A Guide for Administrators, Faculty, and Students. Boston, M.A.: Allyn & Bacon, 1997. Ref. LC212.862.S48 This guide is attempting to help institutions in the decision-making process dealing with sexual harassment on their campus. Included in the book is a wide range of information covering issues such as the law, the process of developing and changing policies, what policies should look like, and how to deal with complaints, both formally and informally.• Sweeney, Wilma K. The Special-Needs Reading List: An Annotated Guide to The Best Publications for Parents and Professionals. Bethesda, M.D.: Woodbine House, Inc., 1998. Ref. Z5814.C52 S84• This book is meant to guide you to publications that can empower you with the knowledge needed to achieve the most healthy, fulfilling lives possible for your child with disabilities and your family. Included in this guide are books and periodicals available from commercial sources, as well as booklets, fact sheets, newsletters, and other print materials available from national, state, local organizations and federal agencies.
  59. 59. Handbooks• Handbooks – A reference book that provides information on a particular subject.• Anson, Jack L., and Robert F. Marchesani Jr., eds. Baird’s Manual of American Fraternities. Indianapolis, Indiana: Bairds’s Manual Foundation, Inc., 1991. (20 th. ed.). Per. Res. Ref. LJ31.B163 This manual is a living and vibrant record of the more than 215-year-old American college fraternity and sororities system.• Banks, James A., and Cherry McGee Banks, eds. Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 2001. Ref. LC1099.3.H35 This handbook is divided into 11 parts. Each parts focuses on different issues on multicultural education.• Gaff, Jerry G., James L. Ratcliff, and Associates. Handbook of the Undergraduate Curriculum: A Comprehensive Guide to Purposes, Structures, Practices, and Change. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1997. Ref. LB2361.5.H35 This handbook is designed to be a useful operating manual and desk reference for individuals with responsibility for, or interest in, the curriculum. The book contains both conceptual and practical information about organizing and operating a curriculum; research, effective practices, and the opinions of leaders in the field are presented.
  60. 60. Handbooks (Continued) & Statistics• Kaye, Elizabeth A., ed. Requirements for Certification of Teachers, Counselors, Librarians, Administrators for Elementary and Secondary Schools. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2003. Ref. LB1771.W6 This handbook is valuable and useful in providing information on requirements for certification in public schools on each state in the United States.• Statistics – A collection of numerical data. Kipp, Samuel M., Derek V. Price, and Jill K. Wohlford. Unequal Opportunity: Disparities in College Access Among the 50 States. Indianapolis, Ind.: Lumina Foundation for Education, 2002. Ref. LB2351.U53 K56 This book provides a brief background on the changes in higher education over the last 30 years. It then evaluates admissibility to the different institutions in each state for
  61. 61. Tests• Tests – A series of questions or problems designed to measure knowledge or intelligence.• Impara, James C., and Barbara S. Plake, eds. Mental Measurements Yearbook. Lincoln, Neb.: The Buros Institute of Mental Measurements of The University of Nebraska, 1998. (13th. ed.). Ref. Z5814.P8 B932• The publication provides test users with descriptive information, references, and critical reviews of tests.• Levin, Tim. The GRE Biology. New York, N.Y.: Kaplin, Inc. of Simon & Schuster, 2004. (2nd. ed.). Ref. LB2367.4.K375• This book provides test preparation materials in biology.• Murphy, Linda L., Jane Close Conoley, and James C. Impara, eds. Tests In Print IV. Lincoln, Neb.: The Buros Institute of Mental Measurements of The University of Nebraska, 1994. Ref. Z5814.E9 T47• There are key differences between the Tests in Print series and the Mental Measurements Yearbook series. This publication provides useful data to people who develop, study,
  62. 62. Tests (Continued) • Postman, Robert D. How to Prepare for the Praxis I PPST/CBT. Hauppauge: Barron’s Educational Series, Incorporated, 2000. Ref. LB2367.75.P66• This book shows you how to do your absolute best on the Praxis I Teacher Certification Examinations and helps you get started in a teaching career.• PRAXIS 1/PPST Exam. United States: Arco & Thomas Learning Inc., 2002. Ref. LB2367.75.P68• This book consists of standardized examinations designed to measure the academic proficiencies of students entering or completing teacher preparation programs and individuals seeking professional certification.• Stewart, Mark Alan. GRE/LSAT/GMAT/MCAT Reading Comprehension Workbook. New York, N.Y.: Macmillan General Reference, 1995. Ref. LB2367.4.S7• This book targets reasoning to each of the four standardized exams (GRE, LSAT, GMAT, MCAT). Although the total number of passages (and questions) vary somewhat among these exams, the content, style and difficulty level among the tests are similar.
  63. 63. Yearbooks• Yearbook – A book that is published every year, containing information about the previous year. Marsh, David D., ed. ASCD Yearbook: Preparing Our Schools for the 21st. Century. Alexandra, V.A.: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1999. Ref. LB2804.A8• This yearbook offers a view of the key elements of schooling in the 21st. century and the nature of the change process that will be needed to create such schools.
  64. 64. Selected Education Text Books• The Assistant Principal’s Handbook: Strategies for Success. Ref. LB2831.92.G43• Best Teaching Practices for Reaching All Learners: What Award- Winning Classroom Teachers Do. LB1025.3.B48• 110 Experiences for Multicultural Learning. Ref. LC1099.3.P53• Problem-Based Learning in Middle and High School Classrooms: A Teacher’s Guide to Implementation. LB1027.42.K37• Reflective Practice for Educators: Professional Development to Improve Student Learning. LB1731.O78