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Anatomy unit 3 cardio and respiratory system_blood typing notes

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    • 1. ANATOMY Unit 3 Notes: Blood Typing
    • 2. (1) Antigens and Antibodies • Antigens: – The protein ID tags on the surface of all cells. – Used to identify the different types of cells. – Determine blood type. • Antibodies: – The free-floating proteins in blood used to bind to, and identify foreign cells. • Antibody & Antigen Options: – A , B , Rh (“positive”)
    • 3. (2) The Blood Types • A , B , AB, O • A+ , B+ , AB+ , O+
    • 4. (3) Donating • Can donate to anyone who has AT LEAST ALL of the same antigens you have. • Example: – Blood Type AB = A and B antigens – They can donate to anyone who at least has A and B antigens. – They can donate to… • Type AB • Type AB+
    • 5. (4) Type O • Antigens = None • Antibodies = A, B, and Rh • Can Donate To: – All blood types  – They have zero antigens so no one’s body will detect it as foreign! • Can Receive From: – Only Type O – They have every type of antibody 
    • 6. (5) Type O Positive • Antigens = Only Rh • Antibodies = A and B • Can Donate To: – All positive blood types  – They only have the Rh antigen so any positive types can take it! • Can Receive From: – Type O and O+
    • 7. (6) Type AB • Antigens = A and B • Antibodies = Rh • Can Donate To: – Type AB – Type AB+ • Can Receive From: – – – – Type A Type B Type AB Type O
    • 8. (7) Type AB Positive • Antigens = A, B and Rh • Antibodies = None • Can Donate To: – Only Type AB+ • Can Receive From: – – – – Type A and A+ Type B and B+ Type AB and AB+ Type O and O+
    • 9. (8) Type A • Antigens = Only A • Antibodies = B and Rh • Can Donate To: – Type A and A+ – Type AB and AB+ • Can Receive From: – Type A – Type O
    • 10. (9) Type A Positive • Antigens = A Rh • Antibodies = B • Can Donate To: – Type A+ – Type AB+ • Can Receive From: – Type A and Type A+ – Type O and Type O+
    • 11. (10) Type B • Antigens = Only B • Antibodies = A and Rh • Can Donate To: – Type B and B+ – Type AB and AB+ • Can Receive From: – Type B – Type O
    • 12. (11) Type B Positive • Antigens = B and Rh • Antibodies = A • Can Donate To: – Type B+ – Type AB+ • Can Receive From: – Type B and B+ – Type O and O+

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