At the end of World War One what problems remained that needed solving?
How could the damage caused by the war be repaired?
Nationalism was strong – countries wanted to rule themselves and be free of the empires that ruled them.
20 million lives had been lost. How could this be prevented in the future?.
Did the Paris Peace Conference make a sensible settlement?
On 28 June 1919, exactly 5 years after the murders at Sarajevo, which had sparked off the First World War, the most powerful men in the world met in a magnificent palace just outside Paris. The agreement they signed became known as the Treaty of Versailles.
Palace of Versailles
The Palace at Versailles just outside Paris. It was here the German empire was proclaimed
The big three British Prime Minister, Lloyd-George French Prime Minister, Georges Clemenceau US President, Woodrow Wilson
The Big Three with Vittorio Orlando – the Italian leader
The terms of the Treaty of Versailles
The following land was taken away from Germany:
Alsace-Lorraine (given to France)
Eupen and Malmedy (given to Belgium)
Northern Schleswig (given to Denmark)
Hultschin (given to Czechoslovakia)
West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia (given to Poland)
The Saar and Danzig regions were put under the control of the League of Nations.
The League also took control of Germany's overseas colonies.
Germany had to return to Russia land taken in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Some of this land was made into new states : Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia.
The German army was reduced to 100 000 men and they were not allowed any tanks.
The navy was only allowed 6 ships and no submarines.
Germany was not allowed an air force.
The Rhineland was demilitarised. The allies were to keep an army on the west Bank of the Rhine for 15 years.
Germany was made to pay £6.6 billion (pounds) in reparations.
They also lost resource abundant areas such as the Saar and Upper Selesia making it hard to rebuild their economy.
Other points to note
They were not allowed to unite with Austria.
They also had to accept the blame for causing WWI in the war guilt clause.
League of nations
Woodrow Wilson proposed the setting up of an international body that would attempt to solve problems peacefully.