At the end of World War One what problems remained that needed solving?
Problems <ul><li>How could the damage caused by the war be repaired? </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism was strong – countries wanted to rule themselves and be free of the empires that ruled them. </li></ul><ul><li>20 million lives had been lost. How could this be prevented in the future?. </li></ul>
Did the Paris Peace Conference make a sensible settlement? <ul><li>On 28 June 1919, exactly 5 years after the murders at Sarajevo, which had sparked off the First World War, the most powerful men in the world met in a magnificent palace just outside Paris. The agreement they signed became known as the Treaty of Versailles. </li></ul>Palace of Versailles
The Palace at Versailles just outside Paris. It was here the German empire was proclaimed
The big three British Prime Minister, Lloyd-George French Prime Minister, Georges Clemenceau US President, Woodrow Wilson
The Big Three with Vittorio Orlando – the Italian leader
territory <ul><li>The following land was taken away from Germany: </li></ul><ul><li>Alsace-Lorraine (given to France) </li></ul><ul><li>Eupen and Malmedy (given to Belgium) </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Schleswig (given to Denmark) </li></ul><ul><li>Hultschin (given to Czechoslovakia) </li></ul><ul><li>West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia (given to Poland) </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Saar and Danzig regions were put under the control of the League of Nations. </li></ul><ul><li>The League also took control of Germany's overseas colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany had to return to Russia land taken in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Some of this land was made into new states : Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia. </li></ul>
military <ul><li>The German army was reduced to 100 000 men and they were not allowed any tanks. </li></ul><ul><li>The navy was only allowed 6 ships and no submarines. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany was not allowed an air force. </li></ul><ul><li>The Rhineland was demilitarised. The allies were to keep an army on the west Bank of the Rhine for 15 years. </li></ul>
financial <ul><li>Germany was made to pay £6.6 billion (pounds) in reparations. </li></ul><ul><li>They also lost resource abundant areas such as the Saar and Upper Selesia making it hard to rebuild their economy. </li></ul>
Other points to note <ul><li>They were not allowed to unite with Austria. </li></ul><ul><li>They also had to accept the blame for causing WWI in the war guilt clause. </li></ul>
League of nations <ul><li>Woodrow Wilson proposed the setting up of an international body that would attempt to solve problems peacefully. </li></ul>A meeting of the League of Nations
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