Basic Environmental                                                                 Engineering & Elementary BioloDepartme...
AGENDA     Introduction to the Basic concept of    Eutrophication    -Basic Idea    -Definition     Types of Eutrophicat...
Introduction- Basic Concepts   Whats actually    Eutrophication?BASIC IDEA: - originated from greek words: eu=‘well’ and ...
Introduction- Basic Concepts     Defining Eutrophication       Can be defined as excessive nutrient load in a water body...
Getting into: Types   of Eutrophication                   Lets Browse through the different types of Eutrophication
Types of Eutrophication Two   types of Eutrophication are: √                 √ √                 √ √
Two types : A comparison    Natural Eutrophication                  Cultural Eutrophication√√ a process that occurs as a l...
Getting into- Sources Sources    of Eutrophication √ √ √Point sources are directly attributable to one influence. In  poi...
Getting into- Sources Sources     of Eutrophication √ √  Nonpoint source pollution (also known as diffuse or runoff pollu...
SOURCES- point & non point   Point Sources                             Non-point Sources√Waste water effluent (municipal ...
SOURCES Major   Sources of Eutrophication √             Major sources of excess nutrients              are agricultural ...
PICTORIAL SUMMARY OF SOURCES OFCultural Eutrophication EUTROPHICATION
Impact- Effects on Environment Effects   of Eutrophication on the Environment           Decrease in the transparency of ...
Impact- Effects on Society   Socio-economic    Consequences of    Eutrophication            Increased vegetation may imp...
IMPACT    Before Eutrophication   After Eutrophication√√
Algal bloom in a lake   EFFECTS OF EUTROPHICATION
Overgrowth of floatingAquatic plants                         EFFECTS OF EUTROPHICATION
On right: Fish mortality duelack of O2 in Indonesian lake                                EFFECTS OF EUTROPHICATION
NOW   PLAYING         Getting Real- Video footageCREDITS:           Lets understand the process SIMPLY…!Piotr SokolowskiSo...
REMEDIAL MEASURES        Reduction in the use of phosphates as builders in detergents        Reduction in the use of nit...
Bibliography- References Thanks   to the sources…!!! √  √   √   √   √
THE END…√ √ √ √ √
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Eutrophication

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An Insight to Eutrophication

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Eutrophication

  1. 1. Basic Environmental Engineering & Elementary BioloDepartment of Electronics & Designed by Soujanya Roy, Sanjoy Moitra, Monalisa, Mayurima andCommunication Engineering Krishanu
  2. 2. AGENDA Introduction to the Basic concept of Eutrophication -Basic Idea -Definition Types of Eutrophication - Natural Eutrophication - Cultural Eutrophication Sources - Point sources - Non-point sources - A brief outline Effects of Eutrophication Remedial Measures/Monitoring Bibliography
  3. 3. Introduction- Basic Concepts Whats actually Eutrophication?BASIC IDEA: - originated from greek words: eu=‘well’ and trophes=‘fed’. Thus it means ‘well fed’ or ‘nutrient rich’ - It alters the dynamics of a number of plant, animal and bacterial populations; thus, bringing about changes in community structure. - It is a form of water pollution and like all other forms of pollution is the result of human activities influencing ecological cycles. Eutrophication in the Sea of Azov. Source: SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center and ORBIMAG
  4. 4. Introduction- Basic Concepts  Defining Eutrophication  Can be defined as excessive nutrient load in a water body that support a dense growth of algae and other organisms, the decay of which depletes the shallow waters of oxygen in summer.  eutrophication may be defined as an increase in the rate of supply of organic matter to an ecosystem.  It means ‘enhanced nourishment’ and refers to the stimulation of aquatic plant growth by mineral nutrients, particularly the combined forms of phosphorus or nitrogen
  5. 5. Getting into: Types of Eutrophication Lets Browse through the different types of Eutrophication
  6. 6. Types of Eutrophication Two types of Eutrophication are: √ √ √ √ √
  7. 7. Two types : A comparison Natural Eutrophication Cultural Eutrophication√√ a process that occurs as a lake or river a process that occurs when humans ages over a period of hundreds or release excessive amounts of nutrients; thousands of years. it shortens the rate of aging to decades.
  8. 8. Getting into- Sources Sources of Eutrophication √ √ √Point sources are directly attributable to one influence. In point sources the nutrient waste travels directly from source to water. Point sources are relatively easy to regulate.
  9. 9. Getting into- Sources Sources of Eutrophication √ √ Nonpoint source pollution (also known as diffuse or runoff pollution) is that which comes from ill-defined and diffuse sources. Nonpoint sources are √difficult to regulate and usually vary spatially and temporally (with season, precipitation, and other irregular events). It has been shown that nitrogen transport is correlated with various indices of human activity in watersheds, including the amount of development. Ploughing in agriculture and development are activities that contribute most to nutrient loading.
  10. 10. SOURCES- point & non point Point Sources Non-point Sources√Waste water effluent (municipal and Runoff from agriculture/irrigation industrial) Runoff from pasture and range Runoff and leachate from waste disposal Urban runoff from unsewered areas√systems Septic tank leachate Runoff and infiltration from animal Runoff from construction sites> 20000 feedlots sq. mtrs Runoff from mines, oil fields, unsewered Runoff from abandoned mines industrial sites Atmospheric deposition over a water Overflows of combined storm and surface sanitary sewers. Runoff from construction Other land activities generating sites less than 20000 sq. mtr. contaminants.  Untreated Sewage
  11. 11. SOURCES Major Sources of Eutrophication √  Major sources of excess nutrients are agricultural fertilizers, domestic √ sewage and livestock wastes.  Agricultural fertilizers provide inorganic nutrients. √  Sewage and wastes provide both inorganic and organic nutrients.
  12. 12. PICTORIAL SUMMARY OF SOURCES OFCultural Eutrophication EUTROPHICATION
  13. 13. Impact- Effects on Environment Effects of Eutrophication on the Environment  Decrease in the transparency of water  Development of anoxic conditions (low oxygen levels)  Increased algal blooms  Loss of habitat (e.g. Sea grass beds)  Change in dominant biota (e.g. Changes in plankton and macrophyte community structure or changes in fish composition)  Decrease in species diversity  Change in the aesthetic value of the water body
  14. 14. Impact- Effects on Society Socio-economic Consequences of Eutrophication  Increased vegetation may impede water flow and the movement of boats  The water may become unsuitable for drinking even after treatment  Decrease in the amenity value of the water (e.g. it may become unsuitable f or water sports such as sailing)  Disappearance of commercially important species (such as trout)  Loss of tourism/recreation (swimming, boating)  Loss of aesthetic value: visual disamenity of algal blooms in lakes
  15. 15. IMPACT Before Eutrophication After Eutrophication√√
  16. 16. Algal bloom in a lake EFFECTS OF EUTROPHICATION
  17. 17. Overgrowth of floatingAquatic plants EFFECTS OF EUTROPHICATION
  18. 18. On right: Fish mortality duelack of O2 in Indonesian lake EFFECTS OF EUTROPHICATION
  19. 19. NOW PLAYING Getting Real- Video footageCREDITS: Lets understand the process SIMPLY…!Piotr SokolowskiSource:www.youtube.com
  20. 20. REMEDIAL MEASURES  Reduction in the use of phosphates as builders in detergents  Reduction in the use of nitrate containing fertilisers  Implementation of tertiary sewage treatment methods which remove phosphate and nitrate  Improvements in agricultural practices (economising on fertiliser use and improving land use)  Aeration of lakes and reservoirs to prevent oxygen depletion particularly during algal blooms  Restoration of natural wetlands, efficient in nutrient removal  Removing phosphate-rich plant material from affected lakes  Removing phosphate-rich sediments by dredging
  21. 21. Bibliography- References Thanks to the sources…!!! √ √ √ √ √
  22. 22. THE END…√ √ √ √ √
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