Euclid Creek east branch hike
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Euclid Creek east branch hike

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August 6, 2014 brings Mid Summer’s Night Social, a joint meeting of the Friends of Euclid Creek, the Highland Heights Green Task Force, and the Greenwood Farm Association. ...

August 6, 2014 brings Mid Summer’s Night Social, a joint meeting of the Friends of Euclid Creek, the Highland Heights Green Task Force, and the Greenwood Farm Association.
Greenwood Farm straddles Euclid Creek east branch, just below the Euclid bluestone waterfall. At the meeting, we will hike the east branch gorge in the area of the falls.
Greenwood Farm and the nearby Redstone Run Reserve are models for conserving escarpment run (lake-direct) ravines in Euclid and Richmond Heights.

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Euclid Creek east branch hike Euclid Creek east branch hike Presentation Transcript

  • Bluestone Heights Looking west from the bluestone cataract waterfall. Friends of Euclid Creek for the Photo: J. Danforth Wednesday, August 6, 6:30 pm 264 Richmond Rd, Richmond Heights © 2014 Bluestone Heights Walk back in time Look toward the Future Greenwood Farm Ravine Preserve Euclid Creek East Branch 216-524-6580 x 16 / CPosius@cuyahogaswcd.org Mid Summer’s Night Social Portage Escarpment nature and history
  • Photo: J. Danforth for the Bluestone Heights Friends of Euclid Creek Roy Larick and Claire Posius Join us at Greenwood Farm © 2014 Bluestone Heights Presentations by 216-524-6580 x 16 / CPosius@cuyahogaswcd.org Friends of Euclid Creek Greenwood Farm Association Highland Hts Green Task Force Mid Summer’s Night Social Looking west from the bluestone cataract waterfall. Greenwood Farm Ravine Preserve Euclid Creek East Branch Portage Escarpment nature and history
  • Bluestone Heights Friends of Euclid Creek for the Photo: J. Danforth © 2014 Bluestone Heights August 6, 2014 brings Mid Summer’s Night Social, a joint meeting of the Friends of Euclid Creek, the Highland Heights Green Task Force, and the Greenwood Farm Association. Greenwood Farm straddles Euclid Creek east branch, just below the Euclid bluestone waterfall. At the meeting, we will hike the east branch gorge in the area of the falls. Greenwood Farm and the nearby Redstone Run Reserve are models for conserving escarpment run (lake-direct) ravines in Euclid and Richmond Heights. Looking west from the bluestone cataract waterfall. Greenwood Farm Ravine Preserve Euclid Creek East Branch Portage Escarpment nature and history View slide
  • USGS LiDAR elevations railsandtrails.com Google Earth aerial viewer Euclid Creek’s east branch drains the Euclid bluestone terrace of western Lake and eastern Cuyahoga Counties. At Greenwood Farm, the east branch cuts through the hard bluestone to extend a gorge in the underlying soft shale. © 2014 Bluestone Heights Southeast Berea ‘redstone’ massif Highland Reserve Greenwood Farm Join us to walk the head of the gorge View slide
  • With glacial retreat, 16,000 years ago, rushing melt water generated many streams along the Portage Escarpment. Euclid Creek formed between the pre- glacial Cuyahoga and Chagrin valleys. Moraine Euclid Creek watershed © 2014 Bluestone Heights The east branch gathers headwaters forced westward along the Euclid Moraine. Portage Escarpment deglaciation The main branch begins in high on the escarpment to flow northward. ChagrinValley Cuyahoga Valley RichmondRd Mayfield Rd Greenwood Farm
  • © 2014 Bluestone Heights The Euclid Moraine & the East Branch Portage Escarpment at Euclid Creek east branch Portage Escarpment nature and history USGS LiDAR elevations railsandtrails.com Google Earth aerial viewer Highland Reserve Greenwood Farm For a short time, 14,000 years ago, the retreating ice stalled on the escarpment north edge and dropped a ribbon of fine debris. This Euclid Moraine extended from Euclid Creek westward into New York State. The moraine forced melt water westward, thereby forming Euclid Creek east branch. Several north-flowing streams, including Stevenson Brook and Claribel Creek, became tributary to the east branch. RichmondRd In early settler days, Chardon Rd was set on top of the moraine.
  • © 2014 Bluestone Heights Euclid bluestone terrace Portage Escarpment at Euclid Creek east branch As the east branch and tributaries flow across the terrace, each cuts a knick point waterfall and gorge. During the last 14,000 years, the bluestone knick points have migrated upstream approximately one mile. The east branch begins atop the Euclid bluestone, a broad expanse of hard fine sandstone. The cap rock resisted several Ice Age episodes of glacial buldozing. Now, the bluestone cap rock forms the surface of a large plain stretching from Cleveland Heights eastward to the Chagrin River—the bluestone terrace. D. Lawrence Euclid bluestone cap, Redstone Run Portage Escarpment nature and history USGS LiDAR elevations railsandtrails.com Google Earth aerial viewer Bluestone Knick Points Highland Reserve Greenwood Farm RichmondRd
  • © 2014 Bluestone Heights Greenwood Farm Ravine Preserve Greenwood Farm 264 Richmond Rd, Richmond Heights, OH 44143 Euclid Creek east branch knick point waterfall USGS LiDAR elevations railsandtrails.com Google Earth aerial viewer Portage Escarpment at Euclid Creek east br. Highland Reserve Greenwood Farm Greenwood Farm lies where the east branch falls over the Euclid bluestone. The Greenwood Farm tour explores the falls area, known geologically as a ‘knick point’. As with all Bluestone Heights tours, the Greenwood Farm hike explores the unique weave of nature and culture at a special place. Greenwood Farm RichmondRd
  • In 1798, the Connecticut Land Co. employed John Moss and others to cut Girdled Rd west from the Pennsylvania line to Euclid. The west terminus route is currently found in OH-84 and Bishop Rd (yellow). In 1798, Moss bought 720 acres on Euclid Township’s east line (blue). Moss may have wanted to take advantage of the crossroad and the east branch bluestone knick point waterfall. In 1809, Abraham Bishop acquired the knick point area and established a grist mill. In 1814, Jonathan and son Seth D. Pelton bought the mill and operated it for a number of years. Knick Point History OutlineAlso in 1798, Moss bought 84 acres on Euclid’s shoreline bulge. The area still bears the name, Moss Point. A number of transactions followed until 1908, when George and Maude Phypers bought 18.62 acres just below the knick point. They named the parcel Greenwood Farm (red). RichmondRd
  • In 1828, Euclid Township trustees established 10 school districts. District 6 centered on Peltons Corners. Euclid Dist 6 ‘Beechnut’ schoolhouse, c. 1890 When the Phypers bought in 1908, the 18.62- acre parcel held a mid-nineteenth century farmhouse. The Phypers planned to enlarge and update the house, but it burned in 1916. Early settler farmhouse, burned 1916 In 1917, the Phypers decided to build a new house. They contracted to have it built of paving brick, probably from the Buckeye Brick Co. in Eucliid. At 3,796 sq ft, the house was by far the largest in newly formed Richmond Heights. The dwelling featured a finished attic and large porch. Phypers house under construction, 1917 Garrison et al. 2005 Phypers collection Phypers collection Euclid History Museum Greenwood Farm basics
  • In 2004, the City of Richmond Heights purchased 17 remaining acres from the last residing Phypers descendants. Presently, the Greenwood Farm Historical, Cultural & Arts Association, Inc is charged to preserve the farm and grounds, and to promote local arts, culture, education and history. Greenwood Farm Historical, Cultural & Arts Association http://www.richmondheightsohio.org/GreenwoodFarm.php
  • © 2014 Bluestone Heights Escarpment Run Ravine Preserves D. Lawrence Euclid bluestone cap, Redstone Run USGS LiDAR elevations railsandtrails.com Google Earth aerial viewer Burk Run Green Creek Lilly Run Babbitt Run Bluestone knick points are also found on the north side of the Euclid Moraine, where small escarpment runs drain to Lake Erie. The escarpment runs are younger than the Euclid Creek headwaters south of the moraine. Below the knick points, the channels cut through moraine deposits, not shale. The ravines are short but voluminious, with special ecologies. Four large escarpment ravines are available for conservation within Euclid and Richmond Heights. Now is the time to preserve these ecological treasures. Greenwood Farm and the nearby Redstone Run Reserve are models for conserving escarpment run (lake-direct) ravines in Euclid and Richmond Heights. Highland Reserve Portage Escarpment at Euclid Creek E br. RichmondRd Greenwood Farm
  • © 2014 Bluestone Heights Lilly Run Escarpment Ravine Portage Escarpment at Euclid Creek east br. The main Lilly Run escarpment ravine is related to Euclid Creek east branch. The Lilly ravine is a near mirror to the east branch. Both ravines have bluestone knick points opposite each other on the Euclid Moraine. The east branch flow southwest along the moraine. Lilly Run heads northwest off the moraine and continues down the escarpment to the lake plain. The Lilly ravine is nearly hidden from public view. It is covered by just a few parcels. The ravine has the remains of an irrigation pond. The City of Euclid is assembling foreclosed parcels. Paul Kovalcik is coordinating an ecological inventory. USGS LiDAR elevations railsandtrails.com Google Earth aerial viewer Burk Run Green Creek Lilly Run Babbitt Run One possible escarpment ravine preserve covering Euclid and Richmond Heights. Highland Reserve RichmondRd
  • Bluestone Heights Looking west from the bluestone cataract waterfall. Friends of Euclid Creek for the Photo: J. Danforth Wednesday, August 6, 6:30 pm 264 Richmond Rd, Richmond Heights © 2014 Bluestone Heights Walk back in time Look toward the Future Greenwood Farm Ravine Preserve Euclid Creek East Branch 216-524-6580 x 16 / CPosius@cuyahogaswcd.org Mid Summer’s Night Social Portage Escarpment nature and history