Redstone Run Highland Reserve tour

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The Redstone Run Highland Reserve comprises 8 acres at 25309 Highland Rd, Richmond Heights. Here, the stream cuts through the hard Euclid bluestone to create a small gorge in the softer shale below. The reserve conserves local nature and history. With it, the Friends of Euclid Creek can foster education and research on important watershed issues. Join us, Tuesday, May 6, 6:30 pm for a tour of the reserve with presentations by Roy Larick, Al Klonowski and Claire Posius.

to explore and plan.

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Redstone Run Highland Reserve tour

  1. 1. Bluestone Heights View N from the plunge pool to the Cleveland Shale Friends of Euclid Creek Redstone Run Highland Reserve for the Photo: D. Lawrence Portage Escarpment nature and history Tuesday, May 6, 6:30 pm 25309 Highland Rd, Richmond Heights © 2014 Bluestone Heights Walk back in time Look toward the Future
  2. 2. Bluestone Heights View N from the plunge pool to the Cleveland Shale Friends of Euclid Creek Redstone Run Highland Reserve for the Photo: D. Lawrence Redstone Run Highland Reserve comprises 8 acres just north of Highland Rd in Richmond Heights. Here, the stream cuts through the hard bluestone to create a small gorge in the softer shale below. The reserve conserves local nature and history. With it, the Friends of Euclid Creek can foster education and research on important watershed issues. Join us to explore and plan. © 2014 Bluestone Heights Walk back in time Look toward the Future
  3. 3. Bluestone Heights View N from the plunge pool to the Cleveland Shale Friends of Euclid Creek Redstone Run Highland Reserve for the Photo: D. Lawrence Roy Larick, Al Klonowski, Claire Posius Join us at Redstone Run © 2014 Bluestone Heights Presentations by 216-524-6580 x 16 / CPosius@cuyahogaswcd.org
  4. 4. With glacial retreat, 16,000 years ago, rushing meltwater generated many streams along the Portage Escarpment. Euclid Creek formed between the pre- glacial Cuyahoga and Chagrin valleys. Portage Escarpment deglaciation Moraine For a short time, 14,000 years ago, the retreating glacial ice stalled and deposited the Euclid Moraine. This feature diverted local north-flowing streams westward to form Euclid Creek’s east branch. © 2014 Bluestone Heights The main branch begins in high on the escarpment to flow northward. The east branch gathers headwaters forced westward along the Euclid Moraine. Each branch falls over the Euclid bluestone to create a gorge in the underlying Bedford, Cleveland and Chagrin shales. The Highland Reserve lies where main branch tributary Redstone Run falls over the bluestone to cut a miniature gorge.
  5. 5. USGS LiDAR elevations railsandtrails.com Google Earth aerial viewer Berea ‘redstone’ massif Euclid Creek Redstone Run begins on a sandstone massif and cuts across sandstone and bluestone terraces. It then falls fast to the confluence of Euclid Creek’s main and east branches. At the Highland Reserve, Redstone Run cuts through the hard bluestone to create a small gorge in the softer shale below. Highland Reserve © 2014 Bluestone Heights Southeast
  6. 6. USGS LiDAR elevations railsandtrails.com Google Earth aerial viewer Euclid Creek The Redstone Run source is just west of Richmond and north of Monticello. Building stone quarried here has a pinkish color, hence the name ‘redstone’. As the Redstone, Stevenson, and Claribel streams flow across the bluestone terrace, each cuts a knick point waterfall and gorge. During the last 14,000 years, the knick points have migrated upstream nearly 1 mi. Highland Reserve Redstone building foundations survive along Richmond & Highland Rds. © 2014 Bluestone Heights Highland Rd RichmondRd North
  7. 7. Redstone Run Highland Reserve, The parcel straddles Redstone Run for 750 to 950 feet, south to north Redstone Run drains to the confluence of Euclid Creek’s main & east branches. Google Earth aerial, USGS LiDAR substrate Several feet of Euclid bluestone cap the reserve gorge. The cap rock forms the surface of a large plain stretching from Cleveland Hts eastward to the Chagrin River—the bluestone terrace The cap has resisted the buldozing effect of several glacial advances, but has lost some thickness in the process. © 2014 Bluestone Heights Photo: D. Lawrence North
  8. 8. © 2014 Bluestone Heights Google Earth aerial, USGS LiDAR substrate Bluestone knick point The Highland Reserve lies at Redstone Run’s Euclid bluestone knick point. At the knick, the stream cuts slowly through the hard bluestone and quickly throuh the softer underlying shales. The result is a knick point waterfall. South of Highland (off the reserve), the stream descends through several thin layers of bluestone. View N (downstream) from Highland Rd, across the plunge pool. A debris field of bluestone cobbles lies at the end of the pool. North of Highland, the culvert descends through massive shale layers. Emerging at high speed from the culvert, floodwaters form a substantial plunge pool. Photos: D. Lawrence Redstone Run knick point profile view east The shale waterfall is culverted under Highland Rd. A B A B North
  9. 9. In 1852, Highland was not yet a road, just a property line. This knick point has a significant history. On it, the Richmond family, of Massachusetts, established a water- powered sawmill during the early 1800s. Redstone Run is small for powering a mill. A dam raised the output. The Highland Rd crossing provided the dam site. In 1864, Frank Verbsky, Euclid Twp’s first Bohemian immigrant, bought the parcel and ran the mill for another ten years or so. The 1874 map shows the mill pond just south of Highland Rd. In 1858, the mill is shown and the parcel is more accurately defined. In 1814, Edmond Richmond bought Euclid Twp Lot 66 (160 a). In 1847, son-in-law Virgil Spring acquired 11 a in the SW corner. Edmond or Virgil began the mill. Blackmore 1852 Hopkins 1858 Titus 1874© 2014 Bluestone Heights The reserve parcel has borders nearly identical with the sawmill lot. Time for archaeology! Google Earth aerial, USGS LiDAR substrate North
  10. 10. Bluestone Heights View N from the plunge pool to the Cleveland Shale Friends of Euclid Creek Redstone Run Highland Reserve for the Photo: D. Lawrence Portage Escarpment nature and history Tuesday, May 6, 6:30 pm 25309 Highland Rd, Richmond Heights © 2014 Bluestone Heights 216-524-6580 x 16 / CPosius@cuyahogaswcd.org

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