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  • 1. MW & CMTSDESIGNPress F5 to startPress ESC to stop
  • 2. The Future is HereFAIRY TELCO INC. Prepared by: BANATANTO, Roy D. prev next
  • 3. FAIRY TELCOM INC. OBJECTIVES: Click here:  To Design a CMTS via MW to the certain cities/municipalities of Rizal. Introduction Design Proper  To offer the adaptation 4G LTE technology.  To Provides low latency and cost efficiency  To be the Fastest and Most Advanced telecom provider in the Philippines.  To Increased Average Throughput  To Adopt the next future technology.  To be the Best! Implementation/Funding prev next
  • 4. INTRODUCTONPRESENTATION AGENDA: Proposed Site location Overview Business Case Proposed Product Brands Proposed Spectrum Proposed Mobile Solution Proposed Contract price Introduction: 1 of 13 prev next
  • 5. SITE LOCATIONRizal is one of the Philippines firstclass provinces that belongsto CALABARZON (CA-vite, LA-guna,BA-tangas, R-izal, Que-ZON)Region or region IV-A in the island ofLuzon. The province enjoys a naturalbeauty of nature and a perfect settingfor investments, businessestablishments and settlements. Introduction: 1 of 13 prev next
  • 6. Proposed Network Solution:WHY WE CHOSE 4G LTE-As the future of the Fairy Telcom Inc. broadband network, 4G Long Term Evolution (LTE) allows us to offerusers more of what they want, which is untethered mobility.LTE’s high speeds, low latency, and security enhancements over 4G mean that you’ll be able to run virtuallyany Web-based application imaginable on a mobile device. Web based High-Definition video. Real-timevideo conferencing. Video telephony. Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). Location-Based-Services (LBS) andmachine-to-machine. The technology limitations that have kept many applications immobilized are nowhistory. Introduction: 3 of 13 prev next
  • 7. Overview:3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE), is the latest standard in the mobile network technology tree that producedthe GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSDPA network technologies. It is a project of the 3rd Generation PartnershipProject (3GPP), operating under a name trademarked by one of the associations within the partnership, theEuropean Telecommunications Standards Institute.The current generation of mobile telecommunication networks is collectively known as 3G (for "thirdgeneration"). Although LTE is often marketed as 4G, first-release LTE does not fully comply with the IMTAdvanced 4G requirements. The pre-4G standard is a step toward LTE Advanced, a 4th generation standard(4G) of radio technologies designed to increase the capacity and speed of mobile telephone networks. LTEAdvanced is backwards compatible with LTE and uses the same frequency bands, while LTE is not backwardscompatible with 3G systems.Huawei 3900 series LTE eNodeB is the base station in LTE radio networks. Its coverage and capacity areexpanded through multi antenna technologies, its maintainability and testability are improved, and thus itprovides subscribers with the wireless broadband access services of large capacity and high quality. Introduction: 3 of 13 prev next
  • 8. Business Case for 4G LTE Solution: Network Infrastructure Content & Aplications Content & Application Component Vendors Device Providers Providers Developers Distributors Dual Mode Chips – To Demonstrated potential Innovative Focused efforts to New, innovative GUI enable seamless 3G/4G through 4G LTE lab applications that take understand & address designs to take coexistence tests and trials advantage of LTE’s end-user requirements advantage of rich Greater Computational Possibly, multi- bandwidth and latency among consumers and multimedia content and power on board standard base stations characteristics businesses applications Improved battery life to facilitate migration Rich multimedia Willingness to take Development of new for media-intensive from and transitional content to drive eyeballs measured risks to device categories to applications coexistence of 3G to 4G to the handset screen monetize 4G LTE leverage LTE beyond the handset Introduction: 2 of 13 prev next
  • 9. TECHNOLOGY COMPARATIVE Introduction: 4 of 13 prev next
  • 10. TECHNOLOGYCOMPARATIVE Introduction: 4 of 13 prev next
  • 11. Global-RoamingCapabilities4G LTE has been selected by more than 150mobile operators worldwide as their globaltechnology for 4G services. It will support devicesthat are backwards-compatible with existing 2Gand 3G networks, to provide the best coverageexperience while traveling around the globe. Introduction: 4 of 13 prev next
  • 12. PROPOSED PRODUCT BRANDS: Introduction: 9 of 13 prev next
  • 13. WHY HUAWEI FOR CORE NETWORK AND eNOBEsystem?Category 4: Significant Progress for aCommercial Launch of LTE by a VendorWinner: Huawei TechnologiesCategory 9: Best LTE Network ElementsWinner: Huawei Technologies for HuaweiBTS3900L Introduction: 9 of 13 prev next
  • 14. Introduction: 3 of 13 prev next
  • 15. WHY ALCATEL_LUCENT FOR RAN NETWORK?Category 5: Best Network / Device TestingProduct for LTEWinner: Alcatel-Lucent for 9900 WirelessNetwork Guardian (WNG) Introduction: 9 of 13 prev next
  • 16. PROPOSED PRODUCT BRAND for Microwave: Introduction: 9 of 13 prev next
  • 17. Proposed Spectrum: Introduction: 7 of 13 prev next
  • 18. Proposed Best Spectrum: 1800MhzAdvantages of 4G LTE on 1800MHz:Better in-building coverage because of Lower frequency => superior in-building coverage, especially in the cityscape Higher cell site density in our 4G LTE on 1800MHz implementation. For those who implement 4G LTE on 2500/2600MHz, 30% more base stations isneeded to achieve the same level of in-building coverage Introduction: 5 of 13 prev next
  • 19. Expected LTE Subscribers:Shows the forecast growth in LTE subscriber between 2010 to 2015 Introduction: 6 of 13 prev next
  • 20. 2G/3G/4G LTE SOLUTION: Introduction: 9 of 13 prev next
  • 21. 2G/3G/4G LTE SOLUTION: Introduction: 9 of 13 prev next
  • 22. Proposed Contract Price: CONTRACT PRICE = $10,000,000.00 OTHERS 15% ADREW 5% ALCATEL -LUCENT HUAWEI 20% 60% HUAWEI ALCATEL -LUCENT ADREW OTHERS Introduction: 13 of 13 prev next
  • 23. DESIGN PROPERPresentation Agenda: Microwave  Equipment  Installation Standards BTS  BTS Equipment  Engineering Label Proposed RF  Design Description  MW Budget Link Analysis  MW LOS/Path loss  BTS theoretical Propagation Design Proper: 1 of 27 prev next
  • 24. MICROWAVE EQUIPMENT OptiX RTN 600 is a PDH/SDH integrated short-haul digital microwave transmission system developed by Huawei. The maximum microwave transmission capacity is STM-1. The system provides the backhaul transmission link in the mobile communication system or private network, and also networks with optical transmission equipments. prev next
  • 25. Contents 1. Equipment Overview 2. Equipment Structure 3. Equipment Protection prev next
  • 26. Contents 1. Equipment Overview • 1.1 Equipment Components • IDU • ODU • Antenna • Intermediate Frequency (IF) Cable • Hybrid coupler • 1.2 Equipment Characteristics prev next
  • 27. Equipment Components Antenna Hybrid coupler IF cable ODU Pole IDU prev next
  • 28. IDU • Indoor unit (IDU) realizes the mutual conversion between the service signal and IF analog signal. Two types of IDU are available: • IDU 610 is 1U high and supports one IDU 610 microwave direction. • IDU 620 is 2U high and supports maximum four microwave directions. IDU 620 prev next
  • 29. IF Cable • The IF cable provides -48V power for ODU and transmits the IF signal and ODU management signal between IDU and ODU. • Three types of IF cable in OptiX RTN 600: • IF jumper: connection between IDU and other IF cable. • 1/2 inch and RG-8U (1/4 inch) cable: connection between ODU and IF jumper. • RG-8U (1/4 inch) cable is used for the distance less than 180 meter. • 1/2 inch cable is used for the distance between 180m and 300m. IF transit jumper IF cable prev next
  • 30. ODU • Outdoor unit (ODU) realizes the mutual conversion between IF analog signal and RF signal. • ODU is irrelevant to the microwave transmission capacity. An ODU of the OptiX RTN 600 can support the transmission capacity from 4 E1 to one STM-1. prev next
  • 31. Hybrid Coupler • When two ODUs share one antenna, the ODUs must be connected to an RF signal coupler/ splitter (hybrid coupler). Then, the hybrid coupler is connected to the antenna. prev next
  • 32. Antenna • The antenna performs the directional transmission and reception of RF signals. The main parameters are frequency band, diameter and antenna gain. prev next
  • 33. Equipment Characteristics • PDH/SDH integrated microwave transmission system. • The modulation mode and link capacity are set through software. • Microwave link supports the SNCP. • Built-in ADM provides flexible service add/drop function. • Providing the clock tracing function. • Supporting mobile FLASH card. • The boards of IDU 610 and IDU 620 are compatible each other. prev next
  • 34. Contents • Equipment Structure • 2.1 System Diagram • 2.2 Software Structure • 2.3 IDU Structure and Boards • 2.4 ODU Interfaces and Parameters • 2.5 Hybrid coupler Parameters prev next
  • 35. System Diagram  OptiX RTN 600 is divided based on functional units. It consists of service interface unit, cross-connection unit, IF unit, control unit, clock unit, auxiliary interface unit, and ODU. Antenna RF signal Baseband Baseband E1 Service Cross- IF signal signal signal STM-1e interface connect IF unit ODU STM-1o unit unit Overhead and control bus Order wire Auxiliary Fan and External alarm interface Clock unit Control unit power -48V power supply Transparent data unit supply unit interface NM External clock network or WS signal NM serial port NM cascading port network port prev next
  • 36. Software Structure  In the OptiX RTN 600, all the board software and host software are NM software integrated together and run on the SCC board. Host software  ODU is regarded as a logical board. The ODU board software in the SCC Board software ODU board manages and controls the ODU SCC hardware through the management signal between the IDU and ODU. prev next
  • 37. PDH Microwave Overhead • When the IF board is set as PDH mode, such as 4E1/8E1/16E1, the DCC, order wire, and asynchronous transparent data interface can only use one byte. • When the IF board is changed from STM-1 mode to PDH mode, if the transparent transmission setting of DCC byte occupies the D1 byte, the manual modification is required. Set the working mode to DI mode first. Otherwise, when the IF board is changed to the PDH mode, the DCC is interrupted. prev next
  • 38. ODU -- Interface Grounding RSSI test double-screw bolt interface IF interface Antenna port Dimension: < 260 mm X 260 mm X 92 mm (width X height X depth) Weight: < 5 kg Power consumption: < 40W prev next
  • 39. ODU -- Block Diagram Control unit Up Amplifier Amplifier conversion Antenna port IF interface IF Frequency Duplexer interface synthesizer unit Down Amplifier Amplifier conversion Power unit prev next
  • 40. ODU -- Main Performance  The ODU frequency bands covers from 7G to 38G. Some commonly used frequency band indexes are listed in the table. Performance Item 7G 15G 18G 23G Frequency range 7.114- 14.501- 17.685- 22.000- (GHz) 7.743 15.257 19.710 23.608 TR spacing (MHz) 161 420 1010 1008 3.5, 7, Channel spacing 3.5, 7, 14, 3.5, 7, 14, 3.5, 7, 14, 13.75, (MHz) 28 28 28 27.5
  • 41. ODU -- Main Performance (cont.) Performance Item 7G 15G 18G 23G QPSK 25.5 24.5 24 22.5 maximum Tx (dBm) 16QAM 21 20 20 19 128QAM 15 14 14 13 minimum Tx (dBm) -4 Transceiver frequency stability ±5 (ppm) [Note]: If the transmitting power exceeds the maximum level ,the Bite Error will occur in the service.
  • 42. Microwave Antenna
  • 43. Hybrid coupler Secondary tributary port Antenna port Primary tributary port prev next
  • 44. Hybrid coupler -- Main Performance Item Performance Flatness (dB) ≤0.5 Attenuation (dB) ≤1.7 Coupling (dB) 6.5±0.6 Isolation (dB) ≥25 Standing wave ratio ≤1.2 Weight (kg) <5
  • 45. MICROWAVE INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 46. MICROWAVE INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 47. MICROWAVE INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 48. MICROWAVE INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 49. MICROWAVE INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 50. MICROWAVE INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 51. MICROWAVE INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 52. BTS EQUIPMENT • ATN950 (Outdoor) • CX600-X2 (Indoor) • BSC6900(GSM & UMTS) • BTS3900L/A • RRU3806 • RECTIFIER: TP48300A (outdoor) • Cabinet and rack installation • FCS and CTBC • Cable Layout and Routing • Antenna Installation Standards • Engineering Labels prev next
  • 53. ANT950 prev next
  • 54. CX600-X2 prev next
  • 55. CX600-X2 prev next
  • 56. BSC6900(GSM & UMTS) prev next
  • 57. BSC6900(GSM & UMTS) prev next
  • 58. BSC6900(GSM & UMTS) prev next
  • 59. BSC6900(GSM & UMTS) prev next
  • 60. BTS3900L prev next
  • 61. BTS3900L prev next
  • 62. BTS3900L prev next
  • 63. BTS3900L prev next
  • 64. BTS3900L prev next
  • 65. BTS3900A prev next
  • 66. BTS3900A prev next
  • 67. BTS3900A prev next
  • 68. RECTIFIER: TP48300A (Outdoor) prev next
  • 69. CABINET & RACK INSTALLATION prev next
  • 70. CABINET & RACK INSTALLATION prev next
  • 71. CABINET & RACK INSTALLATION prev next
  • 72. CABINET & RACK INSTALLATION prev next
  • 73. CABINET & RACK INSTALLATION prev next
  • 74. FCS and CTBC prev next
  • 75. FCS and CTBC Air Inlet Unit (AIU) Fan Monitor Box (FMB) Free Cooling Box Air Condition Monitor (ACM) Canopy prev next
  • 76. FCS and CTBC With two layers two rows of battery prev next With four layer one row of battery
  • 77. FCS and CTBC Site Configurations for FCS+CTBC prev next
  • 78. CABLE LAYOUT & ROUTING prev next
  • 79. CABLE LAYOUT & ROUTING prev next
  • 80. CABLE LAYOUT & ROUTING prev next
  • 81. CABLE LAYOUT & ROUTING prev next
  • 82. CABLE LAYOUT & ROUTING prev next
  • 83. CABLE LAYOUT & ROUTING prev next
  • 84. CABLE LAYOUT & ROUTING prev next
  • 85. CABLE LAYOUT & ROUTING prev next
  • 86. CABLE LAYOUT & ROUTING prev next
  • 87. CABLE LAYOUT & ROUTING prev next
  • 88. ANTENNA INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 89. ANTENNA INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 90. ANTENNA INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 91. ANTENNA INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 92. ANTENNA INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 93. ANTENNA INSTALLATION STANDARDS prev next
  • 94. ENGINEERING LABELS prev next
  • 95. ENGINEERING LABELS prev next
  • 96. PROPOSE RF SPECTRUM: Spectrum Band Smart + Sun Globe Fairy Telco 850 MHz 10 MHz 17.5 MHz 8Mhz 900 MHz 7.5 MHz 17.5 MHz 14Mhz 1800 MHz 37.5 MHz 12.5 MHz 16Mhz 2100 MHz 35 MHz 10 MHz 20Mhz 2300 MHz 30 MHz None 40Mhz 2500 MHz 35 MHz 45 MHz 50Mhz 3400 MHz 94 MHz 14 MHz 80Mhz 5400 MHz 123 MHz None None TOTAL 372 MHz 99 MHz 228Mhz Republic Act 7925, Article II, Section 4(c) prev next
  • 97. PROPOSED NUMBER OF CELLSITES:Legend/Note:Cell - site ClassificationGreenfield 2Rooftop/ Indoor 8Rooftop/ Outdoor 1Trunk SystemFibre OpticMW Design Proper: 2 of 27 prev next
  • 98. PROPOSED NUMBER OF CELLSITES:Legend/Note:Cell - siteClassificationGreenfield 2Rooftop/Indoor 8Rooftop/Outdoor 1Trunk SystemFibre OpticMW Design Proper: 2 of 27 prev next
  • 99. Cell-site 1: TaytayNewType Rooftop/IndoorLatitude 14°33’36.32’’NLongitude 121°8’10.23’’NProposed 40 mantennaheightMicrowave 6GhzFrequencies 6.5Ghz 7GhzDishes 0.6mantennaDiameterProposed 40mAntennaHeightSectors 3 prev next
  • 100. Cell-site 1: RF / TELECOM WORKS CHECKLIST Post - Swap Configuration S.N. Post - Swap Data GSM900 GSM1800 UMTS900 UMTS2100 WIMAX LTE ANDREW - ANDREW - 858DG65T6ESY 858DG65T6ESY / ARGUS - NPX310M / / CS72111.02 / KATHREIN - CS72111.02 / KATHREIN - ANDREW - HBX- 1 Antenna Type ARGUS - NPX310M N/A N/A 80010203V01 - Xpol Panel 80010203V01 - Xpol 6516DS-VTM / ARGUS 790-960 65° 17 dBi O°T Panel 790-960 65° 17 dBi - NPX310M O°T 2 Antenna Height 33/33/33 36/36/36 33/33/33 35/35/35 N/A N/A 3 Antenna Mechanical Tilt 4/2/1 3/N/A/4 4/2/1 3/2/3 N/A N/A 4 Antenna Electrical Tilt N/A/N/A/N/A N/A/N/A/N/A N/A/N/A/N/A 3/3/2 N/A N/A 5 Tower Height 40 40 40 40 N/A N/A 6 Antenna Azimuth / Orientation 310/90/230 120/N/A/240 310/90/230 340/40/305 N/A N/A 7 Additional Sector 0 0 N/A 0 N/A N/A 8 Number of Antenna per Sector 1/1/1 1/N/A/1 1/1/1 1/1/1 N/A N/A 9 Presence of TMA Null Null Null YES N/A N/A 10 Presence of TMB Null Null Null Null N/A N/A RRU Locations (Near Antenna or Radio 11 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Room) 12 # of RRUs N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 13 Feeder Length 38/39/39 41/N/A/38 38/39/39 40/40/40 N/A N/A 14 Feeder Type 7/8"/7/8"/7/8" 7/8"/N/A/7/8" 7/8"/7/8"/7/8" 7/8"/7/8"/7/8" N/A N/A 15 Jumper Length Antenna End 3/3/3 3/N/A/3 3/3/3 2/2/2 N/A N/A 16 Jumper Length BTS End 3/3/3 3/N/A/3 3/3/3 2/2/2 N/A N/A 17 FOC Length (BBU - RRU) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A prev next
  • 101. Cell-site 1: Proposed Diesel Generator & ATS System Site DG Configuration Dual Standby (With AC power plus 1 Genset as standby DG Model Power City PDG-75S AC Out of DG Type Single Phase Controller panel Dry Contact Fuel tank Part External Fuel Tank Capacity 1145L Diameter 1.23 m Length 2m prev next
  • 102. Cell-site 1: Ventilation Site Cooling Type Air-Conditioner ACU Brand Carrier Capacity (HP or BTU) 2.5hp Supply Type Single Phase Control Mode Auto Capacity 1145L prev next
  • 103. Cell-site 1: ACPDB LOAD SCHEDULED ACPDB LOAD SCHEDULED Main Breaker 100AT No. of AC PDB/PP-BTS 10 Branches Capacity Amps. Branches Ckt no. Brand Rating No of Pole Load Description Status Remarks 1 GE 100 2 TP48300B ON 2 GE 80 2 OB LIGHT ON 3 GE 60 2 ACU 1 ON 4 GE 60 2 ACU 2 ON 5 GE 30 2 CTBC ON 6 GE 60 2 Spare OFF 7 GE 30 2 Spare OFF 8 GE 30 2 Spare OFF 9 GE 30 2 Spare OFF 10 GE 30 2 Spare OFF prev next
  • 104. Cell-site 1: DCPDB LOAD SCHEDULEDPROPOSED DCPDB Breakers BLVD Ckt no. Brand Rating No of Pole Load Description Status REMARKS 1 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 2 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 3 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 4 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 5 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 6 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 7 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 8 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 9 NADER 16AT 1 FMS ON 10 NADER 16AT 1 CX600-X2 Main ON 11 NADER 16AT 1 CX600-X2 Redundant ON 12 NADER 16AT 1 Spare ON LLVD 13 NADER 80AT 1 14 15 16 NADER NADER NADER 80AT 80AT 80AT 1 1 1 BTS3900L ON 17 NADER 63AT 1 RTN-600 Facing TAYTAYOLD ON Replace to 16AT 18 NADER 63AT 1 RTN-600 Facing TAYTAYMED ON Replace to 16AT 19 NADER 32AT 1 RTN-600 Facing FLOODWAY ON Replace to 16AT 20 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF prev next
  • 105. Cell-site 1: DCPDB LOAD SCHEDULEDPROPOSED DCPDB Breakers BLVD Ckt no. Brand Rating No of Pole Load Description Status REMARKS 1 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 2 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 3 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 4 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 5 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 6 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 7 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 8 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 9 NADER 16AT 1 FMS ON 10 NADER 16AT 1 CX600-X2 Main ON 11 NADER 16AT 1 CX600-X2 Redundant ON 12 NADER 16AT 1 Spare ON LLVD 13 NADER 80AT 1 14 15 16 NADER NADER NADER 80AT 80AT 80AT 1 1 1 BTS3900L ON 17 NADER 63AT 1 RTN-600 Facing TAYTAYOLD ON Replace to 16AT 18 NADER 63AT 1 RTN-600 Facing TAYTAYMED ON Replace to 16AT 19 NADER 32AT 1 RTN-600 Facing FLOODWAY ON Replace to 16AT 20 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF prev next
  • 106. Rooftop/Indoor Field : Proposed Site Layout Site Name TaytayNew Site type Rooftop/ Indoor Tower 40 m height MW 3 Sectors 3 Tower Type Guyed prev next
  • 107. Rooftop/Indoor Field : Proposed Site Layout prev next
  • 108. Rooftop/Indoor Field : Proposed Site Layout MW 0.6m Facing to TaytayOLdMW 0.6m Facing to Floodway MW 0.6m Facing to TaytayMed prev next
  • 109. Rooftop/Indoor Field : Proposed Equipment Layout prev next
  • 110. Rooftop/Indoor Field : Proposed Cable Layout prev next
  • 111. Rooftop/Indoor Field : Single Line Diagram prev next
  • 112. Cell-site 2: Angono1Type Rooftop/IndoorLatitude 14°32’14.20’’NLongitude 121°9’21.27’’EProposed 30 mantennaheightMicrowave 6.6Ghz – TeresaFrequencies 6.7Ghz – Agono 2Dishes 0.6mantennaDiameterSectors 3x3Height 20 mabove sealevelTrunk Sytem Fiber Optic from TaytayNew prev next
  • 113. Cell-site 2: RF / TELECOM WORKS CHECKLIST Post - Swap Configuration S.N. Post - Swap Data GSM900 GSM1800 UMTS900 UMTS2100 WIMAX LTE ANDREW - ANDREW - 858DG65T6ESY 858DG65T6ESY / ARGUS - NPX310M / / CS72111.02 / KATHREIN - CS72111.02 / KATHREIN - ANDREW - HBX- 1 Antenna Type ARGUS - NPX310M N/A N/A 80010203V01 - Xpol Panel 80010203V01 - Xpol 6516DS-VTM / ARGUS 790-960 65° 17 dBi O°T Panel 790-960 65° 17 dBi - NPX310M O°T 2 Antenna Height 29/29/29 29/29/29 29/29/29 29/29/29 N/A N/A 3 Antenna Mechanical Tilt 3/3/3 3/3/3 3/3/3 3/3/3 N/A N/A 4 Antenna Electrical Tilt N/A/N/A/N/A N/A/N/A/N/A N/A/N/A/N/A 3/3/2 N/A N/A 5 Tower Height 40 40 40 40 N/A N/A 6 Antenna Azimuth / Orientation 310/90/230 340/40/305 310/90/230 340/40/305 N/A N/A 7 Additional Sector 0 0 N/A 0 N/A N/A 8 Number of Antenna per Sector 1/1/1 1/1/1 1/1/1 1/1/1 N/A N/A 9 Presence of TMA Null Null Null YES N/A N/A 10 Presence of TMB Null Null Null Null N/A N/A RRU Locations (Near Antenna or Radio 11 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Room) 12 # of RRUs N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 13 Feeder Length 40/40/40 40/40/40 40/40/40 40/40/40 N/A N/A 14 Feeder Type 7/8"/7/8"/7/8" 7/8"/7/8"/7/8" 7/8"/7/8"/7/8" 7/8"/7/8"/7/8" N/A N/A 15 Jumper Length Antenna End 3/3/3 3/3/3 3/3/3 3/3/3 N/A N/A 16 Jumper Length BTS End 3/3/3 3/3/3 3/3/3 3/3/3 N/A N/A 17 FOC Length (BBU - RRU) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A prev next
  • 114. Cell-site 2: Proposed Diesel Generator & ATS System Site DG Configuration Dual Standby (With AC power plus 1 Genset as standby DG Model Power City PDG-75S AC Out of DG Type Single Phase Controller panel Dry Contact Fuel tank Part External Fuel Tank Capacity 1145L Diameter 1.23 m Length 2m prev next
  • 115. Cell-site 2: Ventilation Site Cooling Type Air-Conditioner ACU Brand Carrier Capacity (HP or BTU) 2.5hp Supply Type Single Phase Control Mode Auto Capacity 1145L prev next
  • 116. Cell-site 2: ACPDB LOAD SCHEDULED ACPDB LOAD SCHEDULED Main Breaker 100AT No. of AC PDB/PP-BTS 10 Branches Capacity Amps. Branches Ckt no. Brand Rating No of Pole Load Description Status Remarks 1 GE 100 2 TP48300B ON 2 GE 80 2 OB LIGHT ON 3 GE 60 2 ACU 1 ON 4 GE 60 2 ACU 2 ON 5 GE 30 2 CTBC ON 6 GE 60 2 Spare OFF 7 GE 30 2 Spare OFF 8 GE 30 2 Spare OFF 9 GE 30 2 Spare OFF 10 GE 30 2 Spare OFF prev next
  • 117. Cell-site 2: DCPDB LOAD SCHEDULEDPROPOSED DCPDB Breakers BLVD Ckt no. Brand Rating No of Pole Load Description Status REMARKS 1 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 2 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 3 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 4 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 5 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 6 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 7 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 8 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 9 NADER 16AT 1 FMS ON 10 NADER 16AT 1 CX600-X2 Main ON 11 NADER 16AT 1 CX600-X2 Redundant ON 12 NADER 16AT 1 Spare ON LLVD 13 NADER 80AT 1 14 15 16 NADER NADER NADER 80AT 80AT 80AT 1 1 1 BTS3900L ON 17 NADER 63AT 1 RTN-600 Facing TAYTAYOLD ON Replace to 16AT 18 NADER 63AT 1 RTN-600 Facing TAYTAYMED ON Replace to 16AT 19 NADER 32AT 1 RTN-600 Facing FLOODWAY ON Replace to 16AT 20 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF prev next
  • 118. Cell-site 2: DCPDB LOAD SCHEDULEDPROPOSED DCPDB Breakers BLVD Ckt no. Brand Rating No of Pole Load Description Status REMARKS 1 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 2 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 3 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 4 NADER 63AT 1 Spare OFF 5 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 6 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 7 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 8 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF 9 NADER 16AT 1 FMS ON 10 NADER 16AT 1 CX600-X2 Main ON 11 NADER 16AT 1 CX600-X2 Redundant ON 12 NADER 16AT 1 Spare ON LLVD 13 NADER 80AT 1 14 15 16 NADER NADER NADER 80AT 80AT 80AT 1 1 1 BTS3900L ON 17 NADER 63AT 1 RTN-600 Facing TAYTAYOLD ON Replace to 16AT 18 NADER 63AT 1 RTN-600 Facing TAYTAYMED ON Replace to 16AT 19 NADER 32AT 1 RTN-600 Facing FLOODWAY ON Replace to 16AT 20 NADER 32AT 1 Spare OFF prev next
  • 119. Green Field : Proposed Site Layout Site Name Angono 1 Site type Greenfield Tower 32 mMW Facing to Angono 2 MW Facing to Teresa 1 height MW 2 Sectors 3x3 BTS Cabinet Tower Type Guyed Genset prev next
  • 120. Green Field : Proposed Site Layout prev next
  • 121. Green Field : Proposed Equipment Room Layout prev next
  • 122. Green Field : Proposed Cable Layout prev next
  • 123. C1 MW Line 1:Line 1 TaytayNewLatitude 14°33’36.32’’NLongitude 121°8’10.23’’NProposed 40 mantenna heightMicrowave 6GhzFrequenciesRange 1.61kmDestination TaytayOldDishes antenna 0.6mDiameterProposed 30mAntenna HeightSectors 3Transmit Power 32dBm prev next
  • 124. C1 MW Line 1:Line 1 TaytayNewLatitude 14°33’36.32’’NLongitude 121°8’10.23’’NProposed 40 mantenna heightMicrowave 6GhzFrequenciesRange 1.61kmDestination TaytayOldDishes antenna 0.6mDiameterProposed 30mAntenna HeightSectors 3 prev next
  • 125. C1 MW Line 1:Line 1 TaytayNewLatitude 14°33’36.32’’NLongitude 121°8’10.23’’NProposed 40 mantenna heightMicrowave 6GhzFrequenciesRange 1.61kmDestination TaytayOldDishes antenna 0.6mDiameterProposed 30mAntenna HeightSectors 3 prev next
  • 126. C1 MW Line 1: MANUAL DESIGN PARAMETERS AND COMPUTATIONS CONDITION Approximate Path Length 1.6km Reliability requirement 99.9999% Configuration Non-protected (1 + 0 ) Traffic capacity 1 x E3 with a rate of 34.368 Mbps and a capacity of 480 channel. SITE A Latitude 14°33’36.32’’N Longitude 121°8’10.23’’E SITE B Latitude 14°34’27.13’’N Longitude 121°8’36.66’’E prev next
  • 127. C1 MW Line 1: MANUAL DESIGN PARAMETERS AND COMPUTATIONS Computation for azimuth angle C = Longitude B – Longitude A = LOB – LOA = 121˚ 8’ 36.66” - 121˚ 8’ 10.22” = 0˚ 32’ 30” ½C = 0˚ 16’ 15” (LB + LA) = 09˚ 18’ 15.92” + 8˚ 41’ 20.26” = 17˚ 59’ 36.18” ½(LB + LA) = 8˚ 59’ 48.09” (LB - LA) = 09˚ 18’ 15.92” - 8˚ 41’ 20.26” = 0˚ 36’ 55.66’’ ½(LB – LA) = 0˚ 18’ 27.83” Log tan ½ (Y+X) = log cot ½ C + log cos ½ (LB – LA) – log sin ½ (LB + LA) prev next
  • 128. C1 MW Line 1: MANUAL DESIGN PARAMETERS AND COMPUTATIONS tan½ (Y+X) = log -1 [log cot ½ C + log cos ½ (LB – LA) – log sin ½ (LB + LA)] Azimuth Angle ½ (Y+X) = tan -1 {log -1[log cot ½ C + log cos ½ (LB – LA) – log sin ½ (LB + LA)]} Y = ½ (Y+X) + ½ (Y-X) ½ (Y+X) = tan -1 {log -1 [log cot 0˚ 16’ 15” + log cos 0˚ 18’ 27.83” – log sin 8˚ 59’ 48.09”]} Y = - 89˚ 56’ 10.69” - 7˚ 34’ 20.91” ½ (Y+X) = 89˚ 56’ 10.69” Y = 262˚ 28’ 28.4” or 97˚ 31’ 31.6’’ Log tan ½ (Y-X) = log cot ½ C + log sin ½ (LB – LA) – log cos ½ (LB + LA) tan ½ (Y-X ) = log -1[log cot ½ C + log sin ½ (LB – LA) – log cos ½ (LB + LA)] X = ½ (Y+X) – ½ (Y-X) ½ (Y-X) = tan -1{log -1 [log cot ½ C + log sin ½ (LB – LA) – log cos ½ (LB + LA)]} X = 89˚ 56’ 10.69”- 7˚ 34’ 20.91” ½ (Y-X) = tan -1{log -1 [log cot 0˚ 16’ 15”+ log sin 0˚ 2’ 6”- log cos 8˚ 59’ 48.09”]} X = 82˚ 21’ 49.78” ½ (Y-X) = 7˚ 34’ 20.91” Y = 262˚ 28’ 28.4” Log tan ½ (Z) = log tan ½ (LB – LA) + (Y+X) – log sin ½ (Y-X) tan½ (Z) = log -1[log tan ½ (LB – LA) + (Y+X) – log sin ½ (Y-X)] ½ (Z) = 2 {tan -1[log tan 0˚ 2’ 6” + log sin 89˚ 56’ 10.69” - log sin 7˚ 34’ 20.9”]} ½ (Z) = 0˚ 31’ 52.26” + 7˚ 34’ 20.91” D = Z *111.12 X = 82˚ 21’ 49.78” Where: D = distance in km. D = 0˚ 31’ 52.26” *111.12 prev next D = 1.6 km
  • 129. C1 MW Line 1: MANUAL DESIGN PARAMETERS AND COMPUTATIONS Radio Configuration = Outdoor Mounted RF Module (ODU) Free Space Loss (FSL): Transmit Power = 32 dBm For Low Band: Receiver Threshold (1 x E3 at 6 GHz) = -86 dBm FSL = 92.45 + 20 log10 (f * d) FSL = 92.45 + 20 log10 (7.89 * 1.66) Flexible Waveguide loss: FSL = 145.81 dB Low band frequency = (0.2624 dB/m) (0.6) For High Band: = 0.1574 dB FSL = 92.45 + 20 log10 (f * d) High band frequency = (0.2624 dB/m) (0.6) FSL = 92.45 + 20 log10 (8.20 * 59) FSL = 146.14 dB = 0.1574 dB Antenna used = 0.6 m in diameter (6 GHz) with Mid Band Gain of Where: f = frequency 37.5 dB d = path length in Km Waveguide used = WR112 (0.6 m flexible waveguide in site A and site B) Connector Loss = 0.5 dB Where: f = frequency prev next d = path length in Km
  • 130. C1 MW Line 1: LINK BUDGET CALCULATIONComputation for Low Band Frequency Computation for High Band Frequency(5.89 GHz) (6.20 GHz) prev next
  • 131. C1 MW Line 1: LINK BUDGET CALCULATION Dispersive Fade Margin Dispersive Fade Margin at 1 x E3 is 90 dB. Interference Fade Margin Assume that no interference fade margin is given; therefore it is not included in the computation prev next
  • 132. C1 MW Line 1: LINK BUDGET CALCULATION prev next
  • 133. C1 MW Line 1: LINK BUDGET CALCULATION Rain Losses CCIR/ITU-R Recommendation 530 rain attenuation For Low Band Frequency (5.89 GHz) M = (log10 f1 – log10 fx)/ (log10 f1 – log10 f2) note: f1 < fx <f2 M = (log10 7 – log10 7.89)/ (log10 7 – log10 10) M = 0.33 k = log10 k = log10-1[log10k1 – M (log10k1 – log 10k2)] k = log10-1 [log10 0.00887 – 0.33(log10 0.00887 – log10 0.00265)] k = 0.00593604 α = α1 – M (α1 – α2) α = 1.276 – 0.33 (1.276 – 1.332) α = 1.29448 prev next
  • 134. C1 MW Line 1: LINK BUDGET CALCULATION For High Band Frequency (6.20 GHz) FOR MORE COMPUTATION PLEASE REFER TO THE PRINTED DUCO M = (log10 f1 – log10 fx)/ (log10 f1 – log10 f2) note: f1 < fx <f2 Antenna Misalignment M = (log10 7 – log10 8.20)/ (log10 7 – log10 10) A 0.5dB overall in the link budget to compensate the M = 0.44 misalignment of the antenna during installation k = log10-1 [log10k1 – M (log10k1 – log 10k2)] k = log10 -1 [log10 0.0087 – 0.44(log10 0.0087 – log 10 0.00265)] k = 0.005212732 α = α1 – M (α1 – α2) α = 1.276 – 0.44(1.276 – 1.332) α = 1.30064 prev next
  • 135. C1 MW Line 2:Line 1 TaytayNewLatitude 14°33’36.32’’NLongitude 121°8’10.23’’EProposed 40 mantenna heightMicrowave 6.5GhzFrequenciesRange 1.77kmDestination TaytayMedDishes antenna 0.6mDiameterProposed 35mAntenna HeightSectors 3 prev next
  • 136. C1 MW Line 2:Line 1 TaytayNewLatitude 14°33’36.32’’NLongitude 121°8’10.23’’NProposed 40 mantenna heightMicrowave 6.5GhzFrequenciesRange 1.77kmDestination TaytayMedDishes antenna 0.6mDiameterProposed 35mAntenna HeightSectors 3 prev next
  • 137. C1 MW Line 2:Line 1 TaytayNewLatitude 14°33’36.32’’NLongitude 121°8’10.23’’NProposed 40 mantenna heightMicrowave 6.5GhzFrequenciesRange 1.77kmDestination TaytayMedDishes antenna 0.6mDiameterProposed 35mAntenna HeightSectors 3 prev next
  • 138. C1 MW Line 3:Line 1 TaytayNewLatitude 14°33’36.32’’NLongitude 121°8’10.23’’NProposed 40 mantenna heightMicrowave 7GhzFrequenciesRange 2.09kmDestination FloodwayDishes antenna 0.6mDiameterProposed 30mAntenna HeightSectors 3 prev next
  • 139. C1 MW Line 3:Line 1 TaytayNewLatitude 14°33’36.32’’NLongitude 121°8’10.23’’NProposed 40 mantenna heightMicrowave 7GhzFrequenciesRange 2.09kmDestination FloodwayDishes antenna 0.6mDiameterProposed 30mAntenna HeightSectors 3 prev next
  • 140. C1 MW Line 3:Line 1 TaytayNewLatitude 14°33’36.32’’NLongitude 121°8’10.23’’NProposed 40 mantenna heightMicrowave 7GhzFrequenciesRange 2.09kmDestination FloodwayDishes antenna 0.6mDiameterProposed 30mAntenna HeightSectors 3 prev next
  • 141. Theoretical Propagation: Proposed 228Mhz Spectrum F1 57Mhz F2 144Mhz F3 171Mhz F4 228Mhz prev next
  • 142. Theoretical Propagation: Proposed 228Mhz Spectrum F1 57Mhz F2 144Mhz F3 171Mhz F4 228Mhz prev next
  • 143. Theoretical Propagation: Frequency Reuse Proposed 228Mhz Spectrum F1 57Mhz F2 144Mhz F3 171Mhz F4 228Mhz prev next
  • 144. Theoretical Propagation: Frequency ReuseProposed 228MhzSpectrumF1 57MhzF2 144MhzF3 171MhzF4 228Mhz prev next
  • 145. CELLSITE 3 prev next
  • 146. CELLSITE 4 prev next
  • 147. CELLSITE 5 prev next
  • 148. CELLSITE 6 prev next
  • 149. CELLSITE 7 prev next
  • 150. CELLSITE 8 prev next
  • 151. CELLSITE 9 prev next
  • 152. CELLSITE 10 prev next
  • 153. CELLSITE 11 prev next
  • 154. GENERAL PROCESS FLOW Site Development Start and Construction Marketing and RNE Collaboration Telecom Works Site Hunting and Survey Site Optimization Joint Technical SiteSurvey/ Deliberation Site Acceptance Approval of Site End Plans and Pre-con Word: 1 of 5 Word: 1 of 5
  • 155. Marketing and RNE CollaborationFairytelco Marketing RNE TNE Start Validate: is target areaTarget area nomination Receives target areas already covered N ? Feedback to Marketing; Y target area is already coveredSign-off; agrees on the Generate coverage plots Prepare link-upprojected coverage area and NP transmission solution plan Produce the SR document Endorse to TNE Endorse link-up transmission solution plan to PMI Endorse SR to SAQ / PMI W A
  • 156. GENERAL PROCESS FLOW Site Development Start and Construction Marketing and RNE Collaboration Telecom Works Site Hunting / Survey Site Optimization Joint Technical SiteSurvey/ Deliberation Site Acceptance Approval of Site EndPlans and Pre-con
  • 157. Site Hunting and Survey FAIRYTELCO-RNE SUBCON Receives SR from A Network Engineering All Conducts site hunting possible within SR (100m sites are Y diameter area) Validate site location within SR if possible as one of site candidates Provide RNE coordinates N of site outside SR for verification Possible as 1. Conduct initial negotiation with owner one of site candidate? Y 2. Verify property docs with owner N Check clearance for ATO, zoning and Inform SAQ that other local restrictions site location is not valid Finalize all site candidates Send survey invitation and schedule to the technical survey team B
  • 158. GENERAL PROCESS FLOW Site Development Start and Construction Marketing andRNE Collaboration Telecom Works Site Hunting / Survey Site OptimizationJoint Technical SiteSurvey/Deliberation Site Acceptance Approval of Site End Plans and Pre-con
  • 159. Joint Technical Site Survey/Deliberation Transmission FAIRY TELCO Radio Network/SUBCON Network/SUBCON Civil Works & Power/ SUBCON*Endorsementfrom TNE W*Endorsementfrom RNE B Initiates survey of candidate sites Conducts joint technical site survey based on the minimum requirements set forth by Fairy Telco Inc. (RNE/TNE/SAQ/CIVIL WORKS and POWER) Fill up the site deliberation sheet (SDR); Deliberate site options and ranking (rank 1 as the most feasible); Sign-off of technical survey team in the SDR Produce SDR,TSR and TSSR (6 options per search ring) Endorse to Network Engineering the SDR, TSR and TSSR (6 options per SR) for approval C
  • 160. GENERAL PROCESS FLOW Site Development Start and Construction Marketing andRNE Sign-off of SR Collaboration Telecom Works Site Hunting / Survey Site Optimization Joint Technical SiteSurvey/ Deliberation Site Acceptance Approval of Site End Plans and Pre-con
  • 161. Approval of Site Plans and Pre-conFAIRYTELCO/SUBCON RNE TNE CW & P Engg C Review and approve all site options based on SDR Secure MOC and barangay clearance based on rank 1 1. secure as-built, then proceed for SI (RT) 2. Conduct segplan, then proceed for SBT (GF) RNE/ TNE/ CWE/ PE, Drop site option Produce technical Y approve? N site plans of approved final site option Endorse technical site Review technical site plans plans for approval Revise plans and Y Needs submit to Engineering revision? N Approve technical site plans RNE/RNO/TNE/Core Engineering Endorse approved plans and Engg documents Prepare engineering Documents to Fairy Telco: to Fairy Telco for implementation D 1. E1 transmission allocation for backhaul (TWO) 2. BTS parameters (per site) 3. BSC port assignments
  • 162. GENERAL PROCESS FLOW Site Development Start and Construction Marketing and RNE Collaboration Telecom Works Site Hunting / Survey Site Optimization Joint Technical SiteSurvey/ Deliberation Site Acceptance Approval of Site End Plans and Pre-con
  • 163. Site Development and Construction / Telecom Works FAIRY TELCO SUBCON/ CIVIL WORKS SUBCON / TELECOM WORKS Receives approved Site construction Telecom worksD technical plans from process process Network Engineering Issue Ready Issue Ready for Telecom to Build Works Installation (RFTI) (RTB) Site integration/ Site completed on-airAcquired permits1. Social acceptability Endorsement2. Precon permits PAT PAT to Radio Network OptimizationAfter site construction completed, secure post construction permits; PAC PAC requirements: E1. Log book2. As-built plans FAT FAT FAC FAC FAC
  • 164. GENERAL PROCESS FLOW Site Development Start and Construction Marketing andRNE Sign-off of SR Collaboration Telecom Works Site Hunting / Survey Site OptimizationSite Deliberation Site Acceptance Approval of Site EndPlans and Pre-con
  • 165. Site Optimization and Acceptance BTI-RNE BTI-RNO Receives endorsement of site for optimization E Conducts site audit Conduct the required rectification/ correction to Implemente follow approved d as plan planned? NReceives site audit report Y Endorsement of site audit report to Radio Network Engineering Updates database and RF planning tool Conducts RF acceptance test RFAC End
  • 166. Implementation PlanPlanning for the InstallDocumentation ready for installation, preliminary restoration plans readyTest plan completeSchedule and start date set for installation, all parties notifiedComponents ordered and delivery date set, plans made for receiving materials (time, place) arrangesecurity if let outside or on construction siteContractor plans reviewed with contractorsLink tour with contractorsConstruction plans reviewed with contractor(s)Components chosen reviewed with contractor(s)Schedule reviewed with contractor (s) Word: 1 of 5 prev next
  • 167. Implementation PlanPlanning for the InstallSafety rules reviewed with contractor(s)Excess materials being kept for restoration reviewed with contractor(s)Test plan reviewed with contractor(s) Word: 1 of 5 prev next
  • 168. Implementation Plan Before starting the install:a) All permits available for inspectionb) Sites prepared, power availablec) All components on site, inspected, security arranged if necessaryd) Contractor availablee) Contractor availablef) Safety rules posted on the job site Word: 1 of 5 prev next
  • 169. Implementation Plan Before starting the install: After completion of cable plant installation:a) Inspect workmanshipb) Review test data on cable plantc) Set up and test communications systemd) Update and complete documentation Maximum of 6 months for the overall completion Word: 1 of 5 prev next
  • 170. TIMELINE: Our project development plan Inspection Network Design Equipment Supply and Installation Work Testing Commisioning Word: 1 of 5 prev next
  • 171. Product Design Constraints andRequirements  DesignEngineers must consider a multitude of technical, economic, social, environmental, and political constraints when they design products and processes.  Theremust be clear evidence in your design project that you have addressed the constraints that are relevant to your project. prev next
  • 172. Effect of Constraints Better Designs Constraint Limits Design Changes Design Changes prev next
  • 173. Functional Constraints• Overall Geometry – size, width, space, arrangement• Motion of parts – type, direction, velocities, acceleration, kinematics• Forces involved – load direction, magnitude, load, impact• Energy needed – heating, cooling, conversion, pressure• Materials to be used – flow, transport, properties• Control system – electrical, hydraulic, mechanical, pneumatic• Information flow – inputs, outputs, form, display prev next
  • 174. Safety Constraints • Operational – direct, indirect, hazard elimination • Human – warnings, training • Environmental – land, sea, air, noise, light, radiation, reaction, transport prev next
  • 175. Quality Constraints • Quality assurance – regulations, standards, codes • Quality control – inspection, testing, labeling • Reliability – design life, failures, statistics prev next
  • 176. Manufacturing Constraints • Production of components – factory limitations, means of production, wastes • Purchase of components – supplier quality, reliability, quality control, inspection • Assembly – installation, foundations, bolting, welding • Transport – material handling, clearance, packaging prev next
  • 177. Timing Constraints • Design schedule – project planning, project control • Development schedule – design detailing, compliance tests • Production schedule – manufacture, assembly, packing, transport • Delivery schedule – delivery date, distribution network, supply chains prev next
  • 178. Economic Constraints • Marketing analysis – size of market, distribution, market segments • Design costs – design team computing, information retrieval • Development costs – design detailing, supplier costs, testing costs • Manufacturing cost - tooling, labor, overhead, assembly, inspection • Distribution costs - packing, transport, service centers, spare parts, warranty • Resources – time, budget, labor, capital, machines, material $ prev next
  • 179. Ergonomic Constraints • User needs – type of operation, instructions, warnings • Ergonomic design – man-machine relationships, operation, height, layout, comfort, lighting • Cybernetic design – controls, layout, clarity, interactions prev next
  • 180. Ecological Constraints • General environmental impact – impact on natural resources, social resources • Sustainability – political and commercial consequences, implications for following generations • Material selection –solid, liquid, gas, stability, protection, toxicity • Working fluid selection – fluid, gas, flammability, toxicity prev next
  • 181. Aesthetic Constraints • Customer appeal – shape, color, texture, form, feel, smell, surprise and delight features • Fashion – culture, history, trends • Future expectations – rate of change in technology, trends, product families prev next
  • 182. Life-Cycle Constraints • Distribution – means of transport, nature and conditions of dispatch, rules, regulations • Operation – quietness, wear, special uses, working environments • Maintenance – servicing intervals, inspection, exchange and repair, cleaning, diagnostics • Disposal – recycle, scrap prev next
  • 183. Life-Cycle Constraints • Distribution – means of transport, nature and conditions of dispatch, rules, regulations • Operation – quietness, wear, special uses, working environments • Maintenance – servicing intervals, inspection, exchange and repair, cleaning, diagnostics • Disposal – recycle, scrap prev next
  • 184. Radio Control Law MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR NO. 20-12-92 SUBJECT: IMPLEMENTING GUIDELINES FOR CELLULAR MOBILE TELEPHONE SYSTEM (CMTS) OPERATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES prev next
  • 185. Legal/Ethical Constraints • Regulations – OSHA, FAA, FDA • Ethics – public safety, health, welfare and integrity • Intellectual Property – patents, trademarks, copyrights prev next
  • 186. Thank You poh!! prev next