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  1. 1. Chapters 7-9 1890’s-1960’s Great Expectations Making it Happen War and Peace
  2. 2. Chapter 7 Establishing Waterways of California In California’s second forty years as a state, and with activity also in the 1890’s, the public works infrastructure was established. Dams, aqueducts, reservoirs, power plants, industrial sites, bridges, roadways, public buildings, and stadiums were created during this changing period to help serve the growing population. Much of this public infrastructure began with the waterways. Since much of the rainfall was in the northern part of the state, and the Central Valley and below was a semi arid steppe with soil baked to such a hardness, they realized that for most of California to inhabitable and a productive place to live, a large statewide system would need to be put into play.
  3. 3. Chapter 7 Early Architecture of California As Europe was plunging itself into war, San Diego and San Francisco established architectural and planning “paradigms” that would inspire the rest of the states vibe for architecture for years to come. Established was the feel of Harbor side cities embellished by Italian and Spanish inspired buildings as well as palm- lined streets and boulevards, sunny plazas.
  4. 4. Chapter 7 Population, Economics, and Migration of Early California During the public works and establishing infrastructure, the California population was as well rising to a steady growth of 2.3 million by 1910. In the first decade of the 20th century most of this population was in the San Francisco Bay Area LA entered this century with a mere population of 102,479 yet than began to rise well into the next three decades to a staggering 1,238,048 in population This new population was mostly a wave of newcomers migrating from the Midwest. Nine tenths of LA’s population was of European descent.
  5. 5. Chapter 8 California in the Great Depression The great Depression came to California somewhat late, due to its diversity. California was extremely diversified into agricultural, industrial, entertainment, tourist, and service aspects– there fore making it harder for the Depression to hinder the state completely.
  6. 6. Chapter 8 Labor In California The first riots and sandlot riots that began in 1870, as well as the influence of the Workingmen's party, the second constitutional convention would arise, laying out the foundation for California’s labor. The Gold Rush was California’s first epic labor movement Where men of every social background sought their personal fortunes In order to gain more wealth, physical work was of no disgrace, which eventually established a labor-oriented “egalitarianism” into the California labor formula.
  7. 7. Chapter 8 Riots and Strikes Violent confrontations between capital and labor during the 1930’s 1927– Mexican American field workers organized the Confederation of Mexican Workers made up of 2,746 protestors. CAWIU Canner and Agricultural Workers Industrial Union, protested in January 1930 July & August 1931 CAWIU organized a strike of two thousand workers August 13,1913 deadly riot in Yuba County for migrant workers July 22, 1916 a bomb went off on lower Market Street in San Francisco in the course of Preparedness day that readied Americans' for war.
  8. 8. Chapter 9 Military Influence onto California Since California was seized as an act of war in 1846, and governed by the military in 1850, the state has always remained close to the military. As the US was becoming a global military power (and a sea power) military importance of California increased.
  9. 9. Chapter 9 Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 Even before pearl harbor, the War department was increasing its presence in California. However, after their efforts became increasingly forward: upgrading installations, purchasing property, commissioning their construction of 50,000 planes, etc… This attack threw California, as well as the entire coast, into panic and went onto alert.
  10. 10. Chapter 9 The White California Movement They began gaining strength and soon the prohibition of Japanese immigrants owning land began. It urged on a horrible level of racism, and although it was not universal throughout the state, it still made a tint on the population This movement in short represented the common and even vulgar side of Californian identity. This racism could even be seen as being based on envy, for Japanese immigrants were vital handworker's and laborers.