Chapters 7-9 1890’s-1960’s
Making it Happen
War and Peace
Establishing Waterways of California
In California’s second forty years as a state, and with activity
also in the 1890’s, the public works infrastructure was
Dams, aqueducts, reservoirs, power plants, industrial sites,
bridges, roadways, public buildings, and stadiums were
created during this changing period to help serve the growing
Much of this public infrastructure began with the waterways.
Since much of the rainfall was in the northern part of the
state, and the Central Valley and below was a semi arid steppe
with soil baked to such a hardness, they realized that for most
of California to inhabitable and a productive place to live, a
large statewide system would need to be put into play.
Early Architecture of California
As Europe was plunging itself into war, San Diego and
San Francisco established architectural and planning
“paradigms” that would inspire the rest of the states vibe
for architecture for years to come.
Established was the feel of Harbor side cities embellished
by Italian and Spanish inspired buildings as well as palm-
lined streets and boulevards, sunny plazas.
Population, Economics, and Migration of Early
During the public works and establishing infrastructure,
the California population was as well rising to a steady
growth of 2.3 million by 1910.
In the first decade of the 20th century most of this
population was in the San Francisco Bay Area
LA entered this century with a mere population of 102,479
yet than began to rise well into the next three decades to a
staggering 1,238,048 in population
This new population was mostly a wave of newcomers
migrating from the Midwest.
Nine tenths of LA’s population was of European descent.
California in the Great Depression
The great Depression came to California somewhat
late, due to its diversity.
California was extremely diversified into agricultural,
industrial, entertainment, tourist, and service aspects–
there fore making it harder for the Depression to hinder
the state completely.
Labor In California
The first riots and sandlot riots that began in 1870, as
well as the influence of the Workingmen's party, the
second constitutional convention would arise, laying out
the foundation for California’s labor.
The Gold Rush was California’s first epic labor
Where men of every social background sought their
In order to gain more wealth, physical work was of no
disgrace, which eventually established a labor-oriented
“egalitarianism” into the California labor formula.
Riots and Strikes
Violent confrontations between capital and labor during
1927– Mexican American field workers organized the
Confederation of Mexican Workers made up of 2,746
CAWIU Canner and Agricultural Workers Industrial Union,
protested in January 1930
July & August 1931 CAWIU organized a strike of two
August 13,1913 deadly riot in Yuba County for migrant
July 22, 1916 a bomb went off on lower Market Street in San
Francisco in the course of Preparedness day that readied
Americans' for war.
Military Influence onto California
Since California was seized as an act of war in
1846, and governed by the military in 1850, the
state has always remained close to the military.
As the US was becoming a global military power
(and a sea power) military importance of
December 7, 1941
Even before pearl harbor, the War department was
increasing its presence in California. However, after their
efforts became increasingly forward: upgrading
installations, purchasing property, commissioning their
construction of 50,000 planes, etc…
This attack threw California, as well as the entire coast,
into panic and went onto alert.
The White California Movement
They began gaining strength and soon the prohibition
of Japanese immigrants owning land began.
It urged on a horrible level of racism, and although it
was not universal throughout the state, it still made a
tint on the population
This movement in short represented the common and
even vulgar side of Californian identity.
This racism could even be seen as being based on envy,
for Japanese immigrants were vital handworker's and