Educational Strategies forTeachers to help Students withADHDLisa WilmothEDCI-5300
Introduction• This PowerPoint will explore the strategiesand practices toward teaching children withADHD.As the growing number of childrendiagnosis , teachers need to understand thestruggles of a student with ADHD, andprovide structural routines in the classroomto help provide success with these students.
Identifying Children with ADHD• ADHD usually begins in early childhood andcontinue into adulthood.• ADHD occurs in 3 to 5 % of elementary –schoolaged children.• More common in males than female.• According to DSM-IV, ADHD can be defined bybehavior exhibited.• Poor sustained attention and hyperactivity-impulsiveness.
Exhibited Behaviors• Fidgeting or squirming in their seat• Difficulty remaining seated when require to do so• Difficulty sustaining attention• Difficulty following instruction• Blurting out before being ask• Shifting one activity to another before completing• Losing things and making careless mistakes• Difficulty listening to others without distraction orinterruption• Delaying gratification and mood swings
Overall Strategy• Most teachers have found using the three-prongedstrategy is helpful.• 1. Identifying the unique needs of the student:Assess the educational needs in the classroomConsider both academic and behavioral needsUsing assessmentsLearning style inventoriesClassroom observation2. Instructional Practices:Content,age appropriate,gain the attention of the child3.Children who receive special education services:Consult other educators and parents
Teaching-related Practices• Review info on previous topics and describecurrent lessons.• Summarizing various activities planned.• Set learning expectation• Set behavioral expectation in classroom• Identify material need for lessons• Refer resources that will help master the lesson• Simplify the instruction and expectation
Conducting Lessons• Structure and consistency areimportant.• Be supportive whenparticipation in the classroom• Identify students who needassistance.• Help students stay focus• Lower noise level anddistraction.• Breakdown assignments in tosmaller units• Allow extra time forcompletion of test or lesson
Cont.• In addition to the general strategies differentstudents with ADHD have different ways oflearning and retaining information.Effective teachers need to identify areas inwhich each student requires extra assistanceand provide opportunities for the children tomaster a academic success. Facilitatinggoals for the different subject will helpimproving their success as well.
Organizational Skills• Assignment notebook• Color code folders fordifferent subjects• Homework Partner• Keep desk and book bagclean out periodically• Visual aids in theclassroom to remindstudents of the materialbeing learned.
Cont.• Time management when completing assignment• Use a calendar to schedule assignments• When using worksheets reveal only one questionat a time.• Check to make sure student is understanding task.• Allow student to ask question.• Monitor work
Behavioral Intervention• Children with ADHD often actsimmaturely and have difficultylearning how to control theirimpulsiveness andhyperactivity. They may havedifficulty forming friendshipsand thinking through socialconsequences of their action,With intervention the studentslearns how to control theirbehavior and be more effectivein the classroom.
Cont. Behavioral Intervention• Praise when positive behavior is displayed immediately.• Be consistent to avoid confusion.• Ignore unintentional behavior• Remove any nuisance items in the room that might distractthe student• Permit the student to leave class for a moment for abreak( library, run a errand)• Encouragement from the teacher can help prevent studentsfrom becoming frustrated with an assignment.• Keeping parents involved play a critical roles in thesuccess of the student
Classroom AccommodationChildren with ADHD often have difficulty adjustingto the structured environment of a classroom .Seat the child near the teacherPlace student near a role model studentAllow the student to work in a low distract area.Make sure seating is the right size for the student.Make sure the child has the necessary tools fortheir assignment.Allow extra time if needed
Conclusion• When teachers are more aware of thestruggles of a student with ADHD, theycan better help the students in the classroomand establish a calm structured learningenvironment. School personnel have animportant role to play in enabling studentsto have a successful school career.
Reference• How Can Teachers Help Students With ADHD?(2002) Retrieved Oct. 21,2006, from EducationWorld• Web site: http://www.education-world.com• About Attention Deficit/HyperactivityDisorder(2006) Retrieved Oct. 14,2006,• from Child development• Web site: http://www.childdevelopmentinfo.com
References continuedAmerican Psychiatric Association(1994). Diagnosticand statistical manual of mental disorder(4thed.)Washington,DC: American PsychiatricAssociation.Forness,S.R.& Kavale ,K.A. ( 2001).ADHD and areturn to the medical model of special education,education and treatment of children,24(3),224-247Stevens,S.H. (1997) Classroom success for the LDand AHDH child.Winston-Salem,NC :John F.Blair.
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