• Save
The Basics of Psychology
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

The Basics of Psychology

on

  • 2,154 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,154
Views on SlideShare
2,154
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

The Basics of Psychology The Basics of Psychology Presentation Transcript

  • The Basics of Psychology Samantha Roy EDU 290 Dr. William Merrill
  • The History and Scope of Psychology  Psychology’s Roots-  Philosophy  Biology  Philosophy’s questions and biology’s methods = psychology Image from:Exploring Psychology in Modules by David. G Myers http://www.nctc.edu/Libraries/Home_Page/Psych_head.sflb.ashx
  • Psychology’s Birth – 1879  Wilhelm Wundt- created the first psychology lab  University of Leipzig (Germany)  Father of Experimental Psychology  Founder of Modern Psychology  Psychology-  the scientific study of behavior and mental processes  Behavior-  anything an organism does that is an observable or recordable action  Mental Processes-  internal subjective (debatable) experiences inferred from behavior Exploring Psychology in Modules by David. G Myers View slide
  • Philosophers  John Locke (1632-1704)  at birth the mind is a blank slate  empiricism- rely on observation and experimentation  William James  1st psychology textbookExploring Psychology in Modules by David. G Myers Image from: http://assetebooks.com/resources/The%20Principles%20of %20Psychology.JPG View slide
  • Biology - Pavlov (Russian Physiologist)  discovered the learning principles  classical conditioning unconditioned stimulus (US)  conditioned stimulus (CS)  unconditioned reflex (UR)  conditioned reflex (CR)   came up with the dog experiment Exploring Psychology in Modules by David. G Myers Image from: http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/pavlov/images/serie2.
  • Biology- Freud (Austrian Physician)  Personality Theorist  three different components  Id  all of the biological components of personality  immediate satisfaction  Ego  the mediator between the id and the superego  Superego  uses morals to do what is right Image and information: http://www.simplypsychology.org/psyche.html
  • Biology - Piaget (Swiss Biologist)  Developmental Psychology  Cognitive Theory  Sensorimotor stage (birth to 2 years) Key component – Object  permanence  Pre-operational stage (2 to 7 years) Key component – egocentrism   Operation stage (7 to 11 years) Key component - conservation   Formal operational stage (11 years and on) Key component – abstract  reasoning http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html Image from: http://www.stelizabeth.com/Resources/
  • Biology – Erik Erikson 8 stages of Psychosocial development  1. Trust vs. Mistrust (birth to 1 year)  2. Autonomy vs. Shame & doubt (2-3 years)  3. Initiative vs. Guilt (3-5 years)  4. Industry vs. Inferiority (6-12 years)  5. Identity vs. Role Confusion (13-18 years)  6. Intimacy vs. Isolation (young adulthood)  7. Generativity vs. Stagnation (middle adulthood)  8. Ego Integrity vs. Despair (old age)www.simplypsychology.com.org/erik-erikson.html
  • Four Primary Perspectives  1) Behavioral i) only relies on observable behaviors to determine influences of the environment on behavior  2) Cognitive i) thought is what influences behavior Images from: http://helpingpsychology.com and Exploring Psychology in Modules by David. G Myers http://fhuhs.org/departments/socialstudies/
  • Four Primary Perspectives  3) Neuroscience i) how biology and neurochemistry affect behavior  4) Psychodynamic i) how unconscious thoughts and conflicts influence behavior Exploring Psychology in Modules by David. G Myers Image from: http://www.personal.psu.edu/
  • Big Issue in Psychology  a) Nature vs. Nurture  Nature –  inherited and genetic  Nurture –  all of the environmental issues after birth  example – all of your experiences  What concept do you believe has the largest impact on a child? Exploring Psychology in Modules by David. G Myers
  • Nature vs. Nurture http://www.simplypsychology.org/naturevsnurture.html
  • Subfields of Psychology a) Developmental i) mental and physical changes throughout a persons life with a particular emphasis on the earlier stages in life b) Clinical i) Studies, assesses, treats people with psychological disorders Exploring Psychology in Modules by David. G Myers
  • Subfields of Psychology cont. c) Industrial/Organizational i) applied to work, selection, leadership, management, work and family conflicts, organizational culture, and performance d) Sports i) mental aspects of sports and competition to maximize performance Exploring Psychology in Modules by David. G Myers
  • Fun Facts about psychology!  Placebo pills can have just as much effect on a human as the actual treatment  Freud is taught at a number of universities, expect for in their psychology department  Almost all identical twins are not considered “identical”  A lot of people déjà vu about a conversation or a dream  You can only remember 3 to 4 things at a time  You are hard wired for imitation and empathy www.psychologytoday.com Exploring Psychology in Modules by David. G Myers