These are some of the agricultural products grown just for production of BIOFUELS :₰ switchgrass , soybeans , corn : USA₰ sugar cane : BRAZIL₰ sugar beet & wheat : EUROPE₰ palm oil : South-East Asia
•ADVANTAGES Biomass used as a fuel reduces need for fossil fuels forthe production of heat, steam, and electricity forresidential, industrial and agricultural use. Biomass is always available and can be produced as arenewable resource. Biomass fuel from agriculture wastes maybe asecondary product that adds value to agricultural crop. Growing Biomass crops produce oxygen and use upcarbon dioxide.
The use of waste materials reduce landfilldisposal and makes more space for everythingelse. Carbon Dioxide which is released whenBiomass fuel is burned, is taken in by plants. Less money spent on foreign oil
•DISADVANTAGES Agricultural wastes will not be available if thebasic crop is no longer grown. Additional work is needed in areas such asharvesting methods . Land used for energy crops maybe in demand forother purposes, such asfaming, conservation, housing, resort or agriculturaluse. Some Biomass conversion projects are from animalwastes and are relatively small and therefore arelimited.
Research is needed to reduce the costsof production of Biomass based fuels.Its expensive and requires a lot ofresources to convert the raw materialsto an energy source. Is in some cases is a major cause ofpollution.
CONCLUSIONBiofuel production has lead to : rural electrification improving agriculture job creation women empowerment power to local community
Engine driven oil expeller An hour of pedaling activity converts Biodiesel plant to power butter vegetable oil to biodiesel in an Indian village.processing equipment, Ghana, initiated The fuel is used to run irrigation pumps, tillers, by women’s group and UNIFEM rice hulling mills and generate electricity.