Britannica Editors - March 13, 2012 For 244 years, the thick volumes of the Encyclopaedia Britannica have stood on the shelves of homes, libraries, and businesses everywhere, a source of enlightenment as well as comfort to their owners and users around the world.They’ve always been there. Year after year. Since 1768. Every. Single. Day.But not forever.Today we’ve announced that we will discontinue the 32-volume printed edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica when our current inventory is gone.A momentous event? In some ways, yes; the set is, after all, nearly a quarter of a millennium old. But in a larger sense this is just another historical data point in the evolution of human knowledge.For one thing, the encyclopedia will live on—in bigger, more numerous, and more vibrant digital forms. And just as important, we the publishers are poised, in the digital era, to serve knowledge and learning in new ways that go way beyond reference works. In fact, we already do.
iPads even a 2 year old can use
Is a 2 year old a model for researchers?
Angry birds Rio
Top 10 in 2011
Angry birds seasons
What is happening in the academy
Mobile and tablets vs print
Read short segments
Can use dense complex
Our mutual friend
annotations – an
Our mutual friend 985 p
Access to lots of
information – reliable,
Quality – role of scholarly
Marginalia, the print
Locking up access to information
• Deep web
• When is open really open
• Risks to research, teaching and learning
• Locking up is more thank big
publishers….electoral rolls and more
• Up to 75% of government “publications”
disappear in a decade
• Joseph Konrath “Amazon will destroy you”
• Emma Wright. “The future of the book
– Publishing quality
– Reading (esp children)
– Market and value
• Neil Gaiman - publishers must be like
Remembering and knowing
• Students operate in print and e environments
• Garland study
– Small differences but
– More repetition required for digital texts to impart the
– Book readers digest material more easily
(Szalavitz, Maria “Do e-books make it harder to
remember what you just read?”)
• What is a publication? What is Data?
• Open access
A future narrative
• Digital coevolution
• Nicholas Carr “Is
Google making us
Google: licence to hunt
data vs publishing
But a total conversion will be
slow in coming, because
scientists still have every
economic incentive to submit
their papers to high-prestige
subscription journals. The
subscriptions tend to be paid for
by campus libraries, and few
individual scientists see the
costs directly. From their
perspective, publication is
(Van Noorden, 2013)
• President Obama‟s Executive Order
directs government-held data be made
more accessible to the public and to
entrepreneurs and others as fuel for
innovation and economic growth. (9 May
Selected National Statistics 2010-2011
• 1,491 public library service points
• Over 182 million items were lent to more
than 10 million members of Australia‟s
• Over 114 million customer visits annually,
or more than 9 million per month
(State Library of Queensland, 2012)
• Started with information literacy
• Now digital literacy
• Next??? – rights management, data
• Canary in the knowledge
Thorpe Jim Canary in the coal mine… wear a mask!
• Will a design for a 2 year old suit
• Is the battle for quality worth fighting for?
• Collaboration a new alternative?
• ALIA paper – themes
golden age of
• MOOCs new
environment – many
Small beauty By SharonPerrett
• In the UK
– 293 libraries (258 buildings and 35 mobiles)
are currently under threat or have been
closed/left council control since 1/4/13 out of
c.4265 in the UK.
– 78 libraries and 14 mobiles (est.) were lost in
– 201 library service points were lost 2011/12
• Are we “run over by technology”?
• Sir Bruce Williams Boyer lecture 1982
• What must we do to demonstrate value?
• Elliot – collection value, public libraries
… the electronic screen lends the text within
its frame the eternally pristine appearance of
a newly cut page, and this produces in me a
distancing feeling that, like Brecht‟s dramatic
techniques, allows me a freer reading,
uncluttered by the sense of labouring under
previous perusals by myself and others.
Alberto Manguel cited in Barmé
Either you print things out, and find yourself
oppressed by piles of documents you‟ll
never read, or you read online, but as soon
as you click onto the next page you forget
what you‟ve just read, the very thing that has
brought you to the page now on your screen
Alberto Manguel cited in Barmé
ALIA (2013) Library and information services: the future of the profession themes and
scenarios 2025, Discussion paper. Canberra: ALIA http://aliafutures.wikispaces.com/
Barmé, G. R. (2011) “Slow reading and fast reference, East Asian history 37.
Boston College, Daniel R. Coquillette Rare Book Room (2010) Recent additions to
the collection – Fall 2010: An illustrated guide to the exhibit.
Britannica Editors (2012) Change: It‟s Okay. Really. Encyclopaedia Britannica Blog.
Brockman, J. ed. (2012) How is the Internet changing the way you think? Allen &
Unwin. (also see review by Appleyard at
Elliott, V. (2010) „Why then we rack the value‟ Building Value Frameworks for
Academic Libraries, presentation to CAUL.
Gainman, N. (2013) Keynote presentation to London Book Fair‟s Digital Minds
Harkaway, N. (2012) ... everything looks like a nail... Futurebook blog.
Intel (2012) What happens in an Internet minute?
Konrath, J. (2012) Amazon Will Destroy You, blog.
Murphy, S. (2012) Top 10 Apps Downloaded in 2011, Mashable.
Miller, C. et al (2013) http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2013/05/01/parents-childrenlibraries-and-reading/
Plato's Phaedrus from Plato in Twelve Volumes, Vol. 9, translated by H.N. Fowler. Ca
mbridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1925.
Rainie, L. (2012) The Shifting Education Landscape: Networked Learning, Pew
Samtani, H. (2013) “Librarians Take Aim at Pew Study on Parents and Libraries”
School Library Journal http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2013/05/research/librarianstake-aim-at-pew-study/
State Library of Queensland (2912) Australian public libraries statistical report 20102011. Brisbane: the Library.
Szalavitz, M. (2012) Do E-Books Make It Harder to Remember What You Just Read?
telstarlogistics (2010) A 2.5 Year-Old Has A First Encounter with An iPad, YouTube.
Tenopir, C. (2013) Scholarly Reading in a Digital Age: Some things change, some
stay the same. Presentation given at ANU.
Van Noorden, R. (2013) “Open access: The true cost of science publishing” Nature
27 March 2013 Corrected: 5 April 2013 http://www.nature.com/news/open-accessthe-true-cost-of-science-publishing-1.12676
West, M. (2013) Benchmarking Australian science performance. Canberra: Office of
the Chief Scientist. http://www.chiefscientist.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/OPS6-Paperfor-print.pdf
Wikipedia (2012) “Is Google making us stupid?”.
Wright, E. (2010) The Future of the Book Business: A Classicist‟s View, Futurebook