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  • Britannica Editors - March 13, 2012 For 244 years, the thick volumes of the Encyclopaedia Britannica have stood on the shelves of homes, libraries, and businesses everywhere, a source of enlightenment as well as comfort to their owners and users around the world.They’ve always been there. Year after year. Since 1768. Every. Single. Day.But not forever.Today we’ve announced that we will discontinue the 32-volume printed edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica when our current inventory is gone.A momentous event? In some ways, yes; the set is, after all, nearly a quarter of a millennium old. But in a larger sense this is just another historical data point in the evolution of human knowledge.For one thing, the encyclopedia will live on—in bigger, more numerous, and more vibrant digital forms. And just as important, we the publishers are poised, in the digital era, to serve knowledge and learning in new ways that go way beyond reference works. In fact, we already do.
  • http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/communications/internet-minute-infographic.html
  • http://www.public-domain-image.com/sport-public-domain-images-pictures/fishing-and-hunting-public-domain-images-pictures/camouflaged-hunters-hunt-birds-at-night.jpg.html
  • http://datavisualization.ch/showcases/just-landed-a-twitter-visualization-in-processing/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/blprnt/sets/72157627854698933/?page=2http://datavisualization.ch/showcases/obama-one-people/http://mashable.com/2010/07/21/twitter-moods-map/http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XhmeEEnGjAE
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/blprnt/6281316931/in/set-72157627854698933/
  • http://mashable.com/2010/07/21/twitter-moods-map/
  • http://www.nature.com/news/open-access-the-true-cost-of-science-publishing-1.12676
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2013/05/09/landmark-steps-liberate-open-data
  • http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2013/05/01/parents-children-libraries-and-reading/
  • http://www.publiclibrariesnews.com/2010/11/let-cilip-know-of-cuts-in-your-library-service.html
  • Sir Bruce Williams Boyer lecture 1982 – title of his 4th lecture

Transcript

  • 1. The future of libraries (and us) Northern Sydney District Teacher Librarian Association
  • 2. http://blogs.murdoch.edu.au/ katelyncollins/category/week-5 CC BY 2
  • 3. Times of change 3
  • 4. Winds of change Change: It’s Okay. Really. Since 1768. Really. http://www.britannica.com/blogs/2012/03/change/
  • 5. 5
  • 6. Pew research http://www.pewinternet.org/Presentations/2012/Mar/NROC.aspx
  • 7. iPads even a 2 year old can use them Is a 2 year old a model for researchers?
  • 8. App world Angry birds Facebook Skype Angry birds Rio Google Maps iBooks Top 10 in 2011 Angry birds seasons Fruit ninja Talking Tom Twitter http://mashable.com/2011/12/23/top-10-apps/#4008910-Twitte
  • 9. What is happening in the academy mrkuroud.tumblr.com/
  • 10. After ipad? http://politicsjob.blogspot.com.au/2011/10/look-like-pro-clear-off-that-messy-desk.html
  • 11. Dense information Mobile and tablets vs print Read short segments Can use dense complex publication Our mutual friend 4224p, 2668p annotations – an impossible dream Our mutual friend 985 p Access to lots of information – reliable, long term? Quality – role of scholarly publishers Many versions Marginalia, the print experience
  • 12. Locking up access to information • Deep web • When is open really open • Risks to research, teaching and learning and collaboration • Locking up is more thank big publishers….electoral rolls and more • Up to 75% of government “publications” disappear in a decade
  • 13. Debates • Joseph Konrath “Amazon will destroy you” • Emma Wright. “The future of the book business” – Publishing quality – Reading (esp children) – Market and value • Neil Gaiman - publishers must be like dandelions
  • 14. Remembering and knowing • Students operate in print and e environments • Garland study – Small differences but – More repetition required for digital texts to impart the same information – Book readers digest material more easily (Szalavitz, Maria “Do e-books make it harder to remember what you just read?”)
  • 15. Game changes • Google • What is a publication? What is Data? • Open access 15
  • 16. A future narrative • Digital coevolution (Nick Harkaway) • Nicholas Carr “Is Google making us stupid?”
  • 17. Google: licence to hunt http://www.public-domain-image.com/sport-public-domain-images-pictures/fishing-and-hunting-public-domain-images-pictures/camouflaged-hunters-hunt-birds-at-night.jpg.html 17
  • 18. data vs publishing http://datavisualization.ch/showcases/just-landed-a-twitter-visualization-in-processing/
  • 19. 19
  • 20. 20
  • 21. Australian National Data Service 21
  • 22. 22
  • 23. Open access But a total conversion will be slow in coming, because scientists still have every economic incentive to submit their papers to high-prestige subscription journals. The subscriptions tend to be paid for by campus libraries, and few individual scientists see the costs directly. From their perspective, publication is effectively free. (Van Noorden, 2013) 23
  • 24. 24
  • 25. Government informaiton • President Obama‟s Executive Order directs government-held data be made more accessible to the public and to entrepreneurs and others as fuel for innovation and economic growth. (9 May 2013) 25
  • 26. Libraries 26
  • 27. 27
  • 28. Selected National Statistics 2010-2011 • 1,491 public library service points • Over 182 million items were lent to more than 10 million members of Australia‟s public libraries. • Over 114 million customer visits annually, or more than 9 million per month (State Library of Queensland, 2012) 28
  • 29. Reading 29
  • 30. 30
  • 31. Roles • Started with information literacy • Now digital literacy • Next??? – rights management, data management • Canary in the knowledge coal mine? Thorpe Jim Canary in the coal mine… wear a mask! http://www.flickr.com/photos/studiomiguel/3946174063 / 31
  • 32. • Will a design for a 2 year old suit academic publishing? • Is the battle for quality worth fighting for? • Collaboration a new alternative?
  • 33. Futures thinking National context (West, 2013) 33
  • 34. • ALIA paper – themes convergence, connection, the golden age of information • MOOCs new environment – many opportunities beyond traditional academic outcomes Small beauty By SharonPerrett http://www.flickr.com/photos/81494696@N00/287199385/ 34
  • 35. But • In the UK – 293 libraries (258 buildings and 35 mobiles) are currently under threat or have been closed/left council control since 1/4/13 out of c.4265 in the UK. – 78 libraries and 14 mobiles (est.) were lost in 2012/13 – 201 library service points were lost 2011/12 35
  • 36. • Are we “run over by technology”? • Sir Bruce Williams Boyer lecture 1982 • What must we do to demonstrate value? • Elliot – collection value, public libraries contingent valuation 36
  • 37. … the electronic screen lends the text within its frame the eternally pristine appearance of a newly cut page, and this produces in me a distancing feeling that, like Brecht‟s dramatic techniques, allows me a freer reading, uncluttered by the sense of labouring under previous perusals by myself and others. Alberto Manguel cited in Barmé
  • 38. Either you print things out, and find yourself oppressed by piles of documents you‟ll never read, or you read online, but as soon as you click onto the next page you forget what you‟ve just read, the very thing that has brought you to the page now on your screen Alberto Manguel cited in Barmé
  • 39. References • • • • • • ALIA (2013) Library and information services: the future of the profession themes and scenarios 2025, Discussion paper. Canberra: ALIA http://aliafutures.wikispaces.com/ Barmé, G. R. (2011) “Slow reading and fast reference, East Asian history 37. http://www.eastasianhistory.org/37/barme Boston College, Daniel R. Coquillette Rare Book Room (2010) Recent additions to the collection – Fall 2010: An illustrated guide to the exhibit. http://www.bc.edu/content/dam/files/schools/law_sites/library/pdf/RBR_items/pdf/F10 RecentAcqsExhibitHandout.pdf Britannica Editors (2012) Change: It‟s Okay. Really. Encyclopaedia Britannica Blog. http://www.britannica.com/blogs/2012/03/change/ Brockman, J. ed. (2012) How is the Internet changing the way you think? Allen & Unwin. (also see review by Appleyard at http://www.newstatesman.com/books/2012/01/appleyard-internet-book) Elliott, V. (2010) „Why then we rack the value‟ Building Value Frameworks for Academic Libraries, presentation to CAUL. http://www.caul.edu.au/content/upload/files/best-practice/caul20101elliott-value.pdf
  • 40. • • • • • • • • Gainman, N. (2013) Keynote presentation to London Book Fair‟s Digital Minds Conference. http://www.sfsignal.com/archives/2013/05/video-neil-gaimans-keynoteat-the-2013-london-book-fairs-digital-minds-conference/ Harkaway, N. (2012) ... everything looks like a nail... Futurebook blog. http://www.futurebook.net/content/everything-looks-nail Intel (2012) What happens in an Internet minute? http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/communications/internet-minuteinfographic.html Konrath, J. (2012) Amazon Will Destroy You, blog. http://jakonrath.blogspot.com.au/2012/02/amazon-will-destroy-you.html Murphy, S. (2012) Top 10 Apps Downloaded in 2011, Mashable. http://mashable.com/2011/12/23/top-10-apps/#4008910-Twitter Miller, C. et al (2013) http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2013/05/01/parents-childrenlibraries-and-reading/ Plato's Phaedrus from Plato in Twelve Volumes, Vol. 9, translated by H.N. Fowler. Ca mbridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1925.
  • 41. • • • • • • Rainie, L. (2012) The Shifting Education Landscape: Networked Learning, Pew Research. http://www.pewinternet.org/Presentations/2012/Mar/NROC.aspx Samtani, H. (2013) “Librarians Take Aim at Pew Study on Parents and Libraries” School Library Journal http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2013/05/research/librarianstake-aim-at-pew-study/ State Library of Queensland (2912) Australian public libraries statistical report 20102011. Brisbane: the Library. http://www.nsla.org.au/sites/www.nsla.org.au/files/publications/Aust_Pub_Lib_Stats_ 2010-11.pdf Szalavitz, M. (2012) Do E-Books Make It Harder to Remember What You Just Read? TimeHealthland. http://healthland.time.com/2012/03/14/do-e-books-impair-memory/ telstarlogistics (2010) A 2.5 Year-Old Has A First Encounter with An iPad, YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pT4EbM7dCMs Tenopir, C. (2013) Scholarly Reading in a Digital Age: Some things change, some stay the same. Presentation given at ANU. 41
  • 42. • • • • Van Noorden, R. (2013) “Open access: The true cost of science publishing” Nature 27 March 2013 Corrected: 5 April 2013 http://www.nature.com/news/open-accessthe-true-cost-of-science-publishing-1.12676 West, M. (2013) Benchmarking Australian science performance. Canberra: Office of the Chief Scientist. http://www.chiefscientist.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/OPS6-Paperfor-print.pdf Wikipedia (2012) “Is Google making us stupid?”. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Is_Google_Making_Us_Stupid%3F Wright, E. (2010) The Future of the Book Business: A Classicist‟s View, Futurebook blog. http://www.futurebook.net/content/future-book-business-classicist‟s-view 42