Romani ais the only Latincountry in Central- Eastern
Romaniais located inSouth-EastCentral Europe,north of theBalkanPeninsula, onthe LowerDanube, withinand outside theCarpathian arch,bordering on theBlack Sea.
Buzău is the county seat of Buzău County, Romania, in the historical region of Wallachia. Buzău County: Area: 81,3 km 2 Population(2002) : 134,227Buzău -Coat of arms
History Objectives • The first documentary attestation of Buzau is from 372, April 12, in a Papal Document “ The Passion of Saint Sava the Goth”, chased and drowned in the waters of river Musaios (Buzeos – Buzau). This document is kept in the Vatican Library and also, in the San Marco Library from Venice.The economical wealth ofthis region had determinedthe building, in the 4thcentury, of a Camp of theEastern Roman Empire.
•From the same period datesthe Thesaurus fromPietroasa, the most eloquenttestimony of the civilizationreached by the inhabitants ofthis part of the world.•Was discovered in 1837 inthe ruins of a Roman castrum.•Was the biggest thesaurusfrom all the world, approx. 40kg gold.•The thesaurus contains 26pieces, from dacic and vizigotperiod.
The Monteoru Culture, from the Bronze Age (sec. II i.Hr), can be considered theReligious object (bronze development nucleus ofage) this culture in the whole Europe. In Cârlomanesti – Niscov, in the place of a former Dacian Fortress, many statues, of an important artistic value, have been discovered,The Dacian wolf with wild boar between them remarkablefangs", representing the Dacian is: "The Dacian wolf with
•Having a strategic positionBuzau, was also a defense centeragainst the Turks, tartars andothers. The fortresses fromBradu and Berca are proofs ofthe local resistance .
• Buzau became in 1500 the center of the Bishopric from this region and a cultural center, because of the printing house, singers’ school, icon painters’ school, seminars.• From the same period dates rupestrial complex from Alunis si Bozioru, made of cells, church, stone crosses, stone galleries.
Architectonic ObjectivesThe Communal Palace of Buzau (1899-1903)Built in Italian palaces styleHas a high tower (30m)Now is the administrative seat of the
The Justice Palace of Buzau (1909 – 1912)The Marghiloman Palace (1897)
The County Library of Buzau (1893) The History Museum of Buzau (1895)
The National College B.P.Hasdeu Buzău(1889-1890)
TheAdministrative Palace ofRâmnicu Sărat – theheadquarters of the City Hall (1895 – 1898) The Palace of Constantin Brâncoveanu - Râmnicu Sărat (1691-1697)
Religious Objectives• The Episcopal Cathedral(1649)• The Episcopal Palace (1844)• The Theological Seminar
Churches• The Banu Church (1722)• The Saint Ingeri Church (1833)• The Saint Sava Cathedral (1991 )
The BanuMonastery (1549) The Cârnu Monastery (1643)
Emblematic treasure The public garden in Buzau since 1852 “Crâng” Park
The Stone Sculpture CampCreated as an open air museum between 1970 – 1985 with 256 sculptures
The Muddy Volcanoes of Berca• Since 1924, the Volcanoes have been declared monuments of nature• They represent one of the most interesting geological and botanical reserves in Romania.• They also represent one of the rarest phenomena in the world
The Alive Fire from Lopatari•On the Slănic Valley, near byLopătari, there is the impressivephenomenon at 700 m above sealevel: The Alive Fire•In fact,there are blue flameswhich burn in the deep cracks ofsoil.•This phenomenon is knownsince roman period