Philosophical foundation of educ.


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Philosophy provides educators, teachers, and curriculum makers with framework for planning, implementing, and evaluating curriculum in schools

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Philosophical foundation of educ.

  1. 1. Philosophical Foundation <br />of <br />Curriculum<br />Prepared by:<br />Rowena M. Tivoli<br />MAED Student<br />
  2. 2. Philosophy provides educators. teachers and curriculum makers with framework for planning, implementing and evaluating curriculum in schools. It helps in answering what schools are for, what subjects are important, how students should learn and what materials and methods should be used. In decision making, philosophy provides the starting point and will be used for the succeeding decision making.<br />
  3. 3. The philosophy of curriculum planner, implementer, or evaluator reflects his or her life experiences, <br />common beliefs, social and economic background and education.<br />For example, JOHN DEWEY (1916) looks at<br />“education as a way of life” a laboratory in which philosophy becomes concrete and is tested<br />
  4. 4. Suggestions<br />from Subject Specialists<br />Studies of<br />Learners<br />Studies<br /> of Contempo-rary Life<br />School Purposes<br />Use of Psycho-<br />logy of Learning<br />Use of Philosophy<br />
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  7. 7. Philosophical Foundations of Education The most remarkable thing about philosophy…is that the questions raisednever seem to get answered.<br />
  8. 8. Idealism<br />- The most significant philosophy…most of the world’s religions are based on idealism- Idealism as idea-ism- Plato—the Academy opened in 397 B.C., believed that material things are of littleconsequence…the everyday world of things and objects is a shadowy copy of the true idea which the soul carries within itself from heaven, reason is rooted in a spiritual soul<br />- No discipline problems, because the teacher knows the content well, likes to teach, and knows the students- The idealist philosophy views the school as representing the community<br />
  9. 9. Idealist philosophers <br />- Plato, Descartes, Kant, Spinoza, Leibniz, Hegel, Schopenhauer- Students are encouraged to stretch themselves through higher-level thinking to become truth seekers- The teacher will devote considerable time and energy to the one who goes astray<br />
  10. 10. Realism <br />- Objects exist regardless of how we perceive them- Focuses on the scientific method and personal experience- The crux of realism is science—empirical, objective, and experimental…with precisemeasurements<br />
  11. 11. Realist philosophers<br />- Aristotle, Comenius, Pestalozzi, Herbart, Montessori, Hobbes, Bacon, Locke- Thomas Jefferson and Horace Mann embraced realism- Accountability in the schools is an outgrowth of realism<br />
  12. 12. Existentialism<br />- Focuses on the individual- Not a logical theory, but one that can be felt as an attitude or mood- Awareness, anxiety, choice take on special meaning- Revolt against the traditional philosophical stance- A way of life which involves one’s total self in complete seriousness about the self<br />
  13. 13. Existentialist philosophers <br />- Kierkegaard, Sartre, Nietzsche- Kierkegaard—themes of passionate choice, absolute freedom, total responsibility- Life must be understood backward, but lived forward- The theory focuses on value questions<br />
  14. 14. The End<br />Thank you for listening<br />
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