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    Dance, Theater, And Cinema Dance, Theater, And Cinema Presentation Transcript

    • Dance, Theater, Cinema in Modern Culture Art IV Mrs. Rowena M. Tivoli
    • Theater
      • Place for plays-a building, room, or other setting where plays or other dramatic presentation are perform
      Corbis/Roger Wood Theater at Epidaurus This theater in Epidaurus, Greece, was designed by Polyclitus the Younger around 350 bc. A late classical structure, it featured stone benches instead of the wood benches found in earlier theater construction. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Reference Library 2004. © 1993-2003 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
      • One of the oldest and most popular forms of entertainment, in which actors perform live for an audience on a stage or in an other space designated for the performance.
      • © 1993-2003 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
    • Elements of Theater :
      • Fundamental to the theater experience is the act of seeing and being seen; in fact, the word theater comes from the Greek word theatron, meaning " seeing place ." Throughout the history of world cultures, actors have used a variety of locations for theater, including amphitheaters, churches, marketplaces, garages, street corners, warehouses, and formal buildings. It is not the building that makes theater but rather the use of space for actors to imitate human experience before audiences.
      • In addition to the actor and the audience in a space, other elements of theater include a written or improvised text, costumes, scenery, lights, sound, and properties (props ). Most theatrical performances require the collaborative efforts of many creative people working toward a common goal: the production.
      • © 1993-2003 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved
    • Mask of Comedy and Tragedy
      • Masks of Comedy and Tragedy
      • These two masks have come to symbolize the theater and its two major dramatic categories, comedy and tragedy. Masks have played an important part in the history of drama since the time of the ancient Greeks. They were originally used to allow the actors to clearly convey emotions such as anger, joy, or sorrow to the entire audience, and they made it easier for men to portray female characters .
      • Microsoft ® Encarta ® Reference Library 2004. © 1993-2003 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
    • Purposes of Theater
      • Theater can serve many ends. It can be designed to entertain , instruct , motivate, persuade, and even shock . But whatever the intentions of the director, performers, and crew, the result depends on the interaction with an audience. The audience for theater differs from the reader of a novel or the viewer of a painting in that it assembles as a group at a given time and place to share in the performance with the actors and all the surrounding elements of light, sound, music, costumes, and scenery. The audience affects the performance by providing the performers with immediate feedback, such as laughter, tears, applause, or silence. Each night there is continuous interaction between the auditorium and the stage.
      • Some audiences want only to be entertained. Others want the theater to provide new insight and understanding about political, social, or personal issues . Throughout history theater has reflected and, at times, commented on the society in which it takes place.
    • Modern theater Production
      • Theater Companies
      • Example:
      • The Everett Collection, Inc.
      • Nicholas Nickleby
      • Roger Rees, bottom, and David Threlfall, top, appeared in the television adaptation of the Royal Shakespeare Company’s stage production of Nicholas Nickleby. The play, which aired in the United States in January 1983, was adapted from the novel of the same name by 19th-century English writer Charles Dickens. England’s Royal Shakespeare Company has received international acclaim for its performances of modern and classic works.
      • Microsoft ® Encarta ® Ref
    • Theater Personnel
      • The Producer
      • In commercial and nonprofit theaters, the producer is the person who puts together the financing, management staff, and the artistic team to produce the show.
      • The Director
      • Directors assume responsibility for the overall interpretation of a script, and they have the authority to approve, control, and coordinate all the elements of a production.
      • The Performers
      The actor is the creative artist most identified by audiences with their experience of theater. Actors portray their characters’ wants and needs through believable personal behavior that mirrors the characters’ psychological and emotional lives within the world of the play. THE BETTMANN ARCHIVE/UPI Scene from Marat/Sade This scene is from the Royal Shakespeare Company’s 1966 production of a play by Peter Weiss called The Persecution and Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat as Performed by the Inmates of the Asylum of Charenton under the Direction of the Marquis de Sade. Marat/Sade, as it is known, is an unusual production; the actors are supposed to be the actual inmates performing the play, and the audience is supposed to be the 18th-century nobility watching them. This idea pulls the audience into the play itself, rather than allowing it to be passively entertained. The actors’ roles are demanding, since each actor is playing two characters. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Reference Library 2004. © 1993-2003 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
    • The Designers
      • Designers collaborate with directors to create an environment for a play. That environment may be a well-appointed living room or a run-down tenement apartment, or it may be a nightclub setting or an empty stage for a chorus-line audition. The designers' work is to shape and fill the stage space and to make the play's world visible and interesting. In the modern theater various artists are responsible for different design effects. There are four principal types of designers: scene, costume, lighting, and sound.
    • The Scene designer
      • Oregon Shakespeare Festival/David Cooper
      • A Midsummer Night’s Dream
      • Fairies emerge from doorways in space, and Bottom’s bed hangs suspended before the moon in this 1998 production of A Midsummer Night’s Dream at the Oregon Shakespeare Festival in Ashland, Oregon. The set, lighting, staging, and costumes all combine to intensify the play’s enchanted, unreal atmosphere.
      • THE BETTMANN ARCHIVE/Ron Scherl
      • Scene from La Bohème
      • In this scene from La Bohème, an opera by Italian composer Giacomo Puccini, the set designer has recreated a romantic version of a 19th-century street in Paris.
    • The Lightning Designer
      • Modern stage lighting affects what audiences see. Carefully planned lighting can establish mood and color, control the audience's focus of attention, and enhance the meaning of the play.
    • Sound Designer
      • The sound designer is the theater's newest artist. The technological capability today for both live and recorded sound has brought the sound designer onto the director's creative team to provide sounds of nature, such as rain or dogs barking; locations, such as doorbells, trains, or airplanes; and abstract sounds to underscore moods of romance or treachery, for example. Working with the director, the sound designer plots the effects required by the script and adds a creative element to enhance atmosphere and psychological meaning. The technology available to the sound designer includes tape recorders and playback units, microphones and turntables, mixers and amplifiers, elaborate speaker systems, and control consoles.
    • Costume Design Woodfin Camp and Associates, Inc./Clive Barda Costume Design The elaborate costuming worn by these actors enhances a production of Phantom, in New York City. In theater production, carefully chosen costumes help convey a sense of a character’s identity, as well as set the mood and time period of the work being performed. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Reference Library 2004. © 1993-2003 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
      • Cinema- Place where movies are
      • shown; a building, room,
      • or other setting where
      • movies are shown
    • DANCE
      • It is an art performed by individuals or group of human beings, in which the human body is the instrument and movement is the medium, the medium is the stylized, and the entire dance work is characterized by form.
      • - Historian Richard
    • Motion Picture
      • Is a series of images that are
      • projected onto a screen to create
      • the illusion of motion.
      • Motion pictures-also called movies, films, or the cinema-are one of
      • the most popular form of entertainment
      • enabling people to immerse
      • themselves in an imaginary world for
      • a short period of time.
    • MOTION PICTURE
      • WAS INTRODUCED IN 1896
      • WRAR’S KINEOPTOSCOPE WAS THE EARLIEST ADVERTIZED TO CHESTER PEOPLE
      • TEMPERANCE HALL,GEORGE STREET
      • 27 th -29 th January 1897
      • 5 DV CAMERA
      • FASTER AND BUDGET FRIENDLY COMPARE TO FILM
      • 120 DEGREE CAMERA SETTING
    •