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  • Note the bird looks both east and west
  • Russian History Part 2, Class 2

    1. 1. Russian History The Rulers and other Major Players 19th Century<br />Instructor – Joe Boisvert<br />October 2, 2009<br />
    2. 2. 19th Century Russia<br />
    3. 3. The Romanov Dynasty<br />House of Romanoff-Holstein-Gottorp<br />1797<br />
    4. 4. 19th Century Russian Rulers<br />Paul I, Emperor Of All Russia 1796-1801<br />  <br />Nicholas I, Emperor Of All Russia 1825-1855<br />Alexander II, Emperor Of All Russia 1855-1881<br />Alexander III, Emperor Of All Russia 1881-1894<br /> Alexander I, Emperor Of All Russia 1801-1825<br /> Nicholas II, Emperor Of All Russia 1894-1917<br />
    5. 5. Emperor and Autocrat of All the RussiansKing of Poland; Grand Duke of Finland;<br />Grand Duke of Lithuania<br />Alexander I<br />March 1801 – December 1824<br />
    6. 6. Russian Postcard Napoleon in Russia<br />
    7. 7. Reign 1825 - 1855<br />Monument to Nicholas I on St. Isaac&apos;s Square<br />
    8. 8. Four week Protest Pushing for Action Against the Government<br />Goal was to get Constantine as Ruler not Nicholas 1<br />2000 Rebels Marched on Senate, Nicholas Acted and Had the Mob Surrounded by Loyalist Troops, Eventually Using Force to End Uprising<br />Decembrist Protest 1825<br />
    9. 9. Alexander II of Russia (1818-1881)<br />Emperor (tsar) of Russia (1855-1881). <br />He was responsible for the emancipation of the serfs <br />Important reforms that modernized and Westernized Russia&apos;s institutions. <br />
    10. 10. Alexander 11 - Last of the Enlightened Despots <br />Quasi Liberalism<br />His Goal was to bring Mother Russia into Closer Alignment with Central Europe<br />
    11. 11. During his Reign in 1879“The Terror “ Beganalso known as “the People’s Will” Paul 11 brought about Major Reforms These Reforms ended with his Assassination in 1881<br />
    12. 12. The Reforms of Alexander 11 were Ultimately Unsuccessful as were the attempts by Peter the Greats a Century Earlier<br />
    13. 13. Question: Would there have been a Russian Revolution if Alexander 11had lived and his reforms had been successful or was he responsible for Planting the Seeds of The Revolution<br />
    14. 14. ALEXANDER III (ALEXANDER ALEXANDROVICH)<br />Born -1845 Died - 1894<br />EMPEROR OF ALL RUSSIA 1881-1894<br />The second son of Alexander II was born in St. Petersburg on<br /> February 26, 1845. <br />Alexander IIIbecame official heir to the throne after the <br />death of his elderbrother, Nicholas, in 1865. <br />Ended the Terror with Crack Down<br />He came to the throne on March 1, 1881, at the age 36 after <br />the assassination of his father and was crowned in the<br />Dormition Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin on May 15, 1883.<br />
    15. 15. Alexander the 111Intensified Police Powers<br />
    16. 16. Alexander III Alexandrovich Romanov<br />
    17. 17. Alexander III&apos;s reign coincided with an industrial revolution in Russia <br />The strengthening of capitalism. <br />His domestic policy was particularly harsh, <br />directed not only against revolutionaries but other liberal movements. <br />Fearing an attempt on his life, he refused to live in the Winter Palace; <br />He married the Danish Princess Dagmar (Maria Feodorovna) and had six children. <br />Alexander III died Unexpectedly on October 20, 1894,<br />
    18. 18. The End of the 19th<br />Century was Marked <br />By Strong Anti-Semitic Actions 215 Pogroms<br />Nobles in Control of Armies<br />Paul 111 Unexpectedly Dies<br />
    19. 19. Nicholas the 11 Had From the Beginning of His Rule the Appearance of WeaknessHowever he was a Strong conservative and firmlyBelieved in the Essential Justice of the Autocracy<br />
    20. 20. Marie<br />Anastasia<br />Alexei<br />Nicholas II<br />The Last Tsar of Russia<br />Nicholas 2nd<br />The Last Romanov<br />Olga<br />Tatiana<br />
    21. 21. St. Petersburg - Grave of Tsar Nicholas II<br />Tsar Nicholas 2nd<br />
    22. 22. World War I — Russia<br />Russia entered the first world war with the largest army in the world, standing <br />at 1,400,000 soldiers; when fully mobilized the Russian army expanded to over 5,000,000 soldiers (though at the outset of war Russia could not arm all its soldiers, having a supply of 4.6 million rifles).<br />