Russian history 1917  1924  Class Two - Year 3 (Fall 2010)
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Class Two, Year Three, From the Russian Revolutions to the Russian Civil War. The characters, the casualties, the costs in human lives. Discussion of the highlights of this horrible tragedy in ...

Class Two, Year Three, From the Russian Revolutions to the Russian Civil War. The characters, the casualties, the costs in human lives. Discussion of the highlights of this horrible tragedy in Russian and World History.



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Russian history 1917  1924  Class Two - Year 3 (Fall 2010) Russian history 1917 1924 Class Two - Year 3 (Fall 2010) Presentation Transcript

  • The ProvisionalGovernment then the Bolsheviks - Revolution then Civil War
    Major Players 1917 Communist Revolution
    • In response to Russia’s defeat on the front, Czar Nicholas II was dethroned in the first stage of the revolution in March 1917
    • A new government of mixed liberal-conservative complexion came into being. (ProvisionalGovernment) View slide
    • As political deadlock and defeats on the front WW1 continued, the socialists gained in popularity and their radical wing, the Bolshevik party, under Lenin, called for immediate peace and apportionment of land to the peasants. View slide
    • In November 1917, the Bolsheviks seized power.
    • The new government concluded an armistice with Germany in December 1917 and a separate peace treaty with Germany in March 1918, but slid into a protracted civil war with its opponents.
    Russian Revolution Many Small Revolutions
  • Provisional Government in 1917 Ruled for Eight Months
    Provisional Government
    Alexander Kerensky, the Russian Socialist
    revolutionary leader and premier,
    who was later exiled by Bolsheviks, salutes and reviews his troops as leader of the Russian Provisional Government.
  • V I Lenin 
    • Lenin was one of the leading political figures and revolutionary thinkers of the 20th century, who masterminded the Bolshevik take-over of power in Russia in 1917, and was the architect and first head of the USSR.
    Altered Photo ?
    Assassination attempt in 1918 greatly weaken Lenin physically.
    Lenin with
    Wig and Beardless
  • Actually Two
    Revolutions in
    1917 the First One was
    Won by the White
    Army the Second by
    The Red Army
    Socialists versus Communists
    October 1917 Revolution
  • October Revolution led by Lenin
  • Trotsky in October Revolution
    • Inflexible will-power, his sense of responsibility, care for the future of his country further development of the Land of Soviets let Lenin work right up to the end.
    • Lenin had the strength to overcome the suffering inflicted by his disease, and to accomplish that which seemed beyond the bounds of human possibility-to create in just a month and a half an entire collection of outstanding works despite his serious ailment.
    Lenin had His strength and Will Power till the end.
  • Russian Civil War... (1918-20), conflict in which the Red Army successfully defended the newly formed Bolshevik government against various Russian and interventionist anti-Bolshevik armies.
    White Army versus the Red Army
    Trotsky Formed the Red army
  • Women of the Red Army - Russian Revolution - October revolution - Soviet Power - Communism -Bolshevik Party
  • The United States intervened in the Russian Civil War between 1918 and 1920. The stated objectives of the intervention were to, assist the Czech Legion in Siberia, reopen the Eastern Front against the Germans, and support democratic forces in Russia. 
    • The architect of the Red Army's formation was Trotsky who was appointed People's Commissar for the Army and Navy in March 1918 and remained in that position until 1925. 
    • During the civil war, the Red Army saw action on a wide variety of fronts, mostly in the south and east. Relying heavily on the Imperial Army's arsenals of weapons and drawing on food supplies and horses from the interior, it vastly outnumbered its foes. From 700,000 in 1918 to 3 million a year later.
    Red Army in the Russian Civil War
  • The White Russian forces would typically be formed from a remnant of the former Tsarist Army that had been kept intact by a combination of circumstance and charismatic leaders.
    These were typically formed from a core of professional officers and non-commissioned officers who had only known a military life and were personally dedicated to their respective generals.
    The White Russian Armies 1917-1923
  • Lenin Led Bolshevik take over in October 1917. Ruthless Leader during Three Years of Civil War
    Lenin was ruthless however he was also pragmatic
    Shortly before his death started to oppose Stalin, Lenin one of the only ones strong enough to stop Stalin
    • Symbols of Communism The main ideal of communism is expressed through the symbols chosen to represent the movement. The hammer and the sickle (a farming tool with a hooked blade used to cut grain) are the two main party symbols.
    • The tools are representative of the industrial and agricultural workers, respectively. And, the combination of the tools illustrates the harmony of the two groups working together
    The hammer and the sickle
  • 1923
    Lenin's Last Years (December 1922 - January 1924)
  • Summarize
    The Revolution in 1905 was unsuccessful
    The first Revolution in 1917 was won by the Socialist Provisional Government they stayed in power eight months
    Overthrown by the Bolsheviks during the October Revolution led by Lenin, Trotsky
    Followed by three years of Civil War – The Red versus the White
    Civil War followed the Revolutions
  • The Price in Blood!Casualties in the Civil War
            At least 618,000 Americans died in the Civil War, and some experts say the toll reached 700,000. The number that is most often quoted is 620,000. At any rate, these casualties exceed the nation's loss in all its other wars, from the Revolution through Vietnam.        
    For Comparison the Costs in Lives the American Civil Was
  • The Union armies had between 2,500,000 to 2,750,000 men. Their losses, by the best estimates:
    Battle deaths:110,070
    Disease, etc.:250,152
    Total 360,222
    The Confederate strength, was from 750,000 to 1,250,000.
    Its estimated losses:
    Battle deaths:94,000
    Disease, etc.:164,000
  • Deaths from Russian Civil War
  • Another Indication of the Scale of the Russian Tragedy was that there were over Seven Million Homeless Children
    Russian Civil War included Deaths at a tremendous rate because of MANY factors including troops returning from WW2 spread all over Russia. The Civil War was fought across the entire 5,000 plus miles of Russia.
  • Russia and Russian Have had more than their share of suffering!
    In the seven decades following the Revolution, the Russian People have suffered from authoritrian rule, totalitarian politics, outbursts of terror and morbid distrust of its Neighbors.
  • The Old and the New Russian Army – The End Class Two