E6 class six conclusion to new kingdom, where did the egyptian monuments go and review of ahmose iii and rames iiPresentation Transcript
E-6 ANCIENT EGYPTIANHISTORY – THE NEWKINGDOM A SUMMARY –FALL 2011 AND SPRING2012 – CLASS SIXEDITED FEB 2012Joe Boisvert – Adjunct Professor GCS College
Obelisks were prominent in thearchitecture of the ancient Egyptians Placed the obelisks in pairs at the entrance of temples. These obelisks The word "obelisk" as used in are now dispersed English today is of Greek rather around the world, than Egyptian origin and fewer than because Herodotus, the Greek traveller, was one of the first half of them classical writers to describe the remain in Egypt objects. A number of ancient Egyptian obelisks are known to have survived, plus the "Unfinished Obelisk" found partly hewn from its quarry at Aswan
Obelisks Spread Around the World Egypt – 9 Pharaoh Tuthmosis , Karnak Temple, Luxor Pharaoh Ramses II Luxor Temple Pharaoh Hatshepsut Karnak Temple, Luxor Pharaoh Senusret I, Al-Masalla area Pharaoh Ramses III Luxor Museum Pharaoh Ramses II, Gezira Island, Cairo, 20.4 m Pharaoh Ramses IIObelisk in Place de la Concorde, Paris Israel – 1 Caesarea obelisk, Cairo International Airport16.97 m Pharaoh Seti II Karnak Temple, Luxor, 7 m Pharaoh Senusret I, Faiyum (ancient site of Crocodilopolis, 12.9 m France – 1 Pharaoh Ramses II, Luxor Italy – 11 (includes the only one located in the Vatican City) Rome — 8 ancient Egyptian obelisks (see List of obelisks in Rome) Piazza del Duomo, Catania (Sicily) Boboli Gardens (Florence) Urbino
Obelisk All Over Slide 2 Poland – 1 Ramses II, Poznań Archaeological Museum, Poznań (on loan from Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Berlin) Turkey – 1 Pharaoh Tuthmosis III, in Square of Horses United Kingdom – 4 Pharaoh Tuthmosis III, "Cleopatras Needle", on Victoria Embankment, London Pharaoh Amenhotep II, in the Oriental Museum, University of Durham Pharaoh Ptolemy IX, Philae obelisk, at Kingston Lacy, near Minster, Dorset Pharaoh Nectanebo II, British Museum, London (pair of obelisks) United States – 1 Pharaoh Tuthmosis III second obelisks, "Cleopatras Needle, in Park, New York
Obelisk in Istanbul, Turkey The Obelisk of Tuthmosis III, Istanbul, Turkey
Rome Has the Most Obelisks The Roman Emperors brought a good number to Rome, the city with the worlds record with 13 obelisks (12 in Rome and 1 in the Vatican City) and also to Constantinople. When the Roman Empire was in decline, one by one the obelisks began to fall, remaining buried until the Renaissance when there began to be interest in them again.
Cleopatras NeedleLondon obelisk (aka Cleopatras Needle):Located on the banks of the River Thames, thisobelisk was transported to London and erectedin 1878 under the reign of Queen Victoria.The obelisk originally stood in the Egyptian cityof On, or Heliopolis (the City of the Sun).The Knights Templars land extended to thisarea of the Thames, where the Templars hadtheir own docks. Either side of the obelisk issurrounded by a sphinx, also symbolism datingback to the ancient world
Obelisk in Paris One of the two Luxor obelisks in the Place de la Concorde in Paris
Washington Obelisk (aka Washington Monument):Standing at 555 feet, the Washington Monument is thetallest obelisk in the world and also the tallest standingstructure in Washington DC.The monuments cornerstone, a 12-ton slab of marble,was donated by the Grand Lodge of Freemasons. Likethe Vatican obelisk, the Washington monument too issurrounded by a circle denoting the female.It was designed by Robert Mills, an architect of the1840s. The actual construction of the monument beganin 1848 but was not completed until 1884, almost 30years after the architects death. This hiatus inconstruction happened a lack of funds, and theintervention of the American Civil War.
Washington Monument is an obelisk near thewest end of the National Mall in Washington,D.C – Not Egyptian Built to commemorate the first U.S. president, General George Washington. The monument, made of marble, granite, and bluestone gneiss, is both the worlds tallest stone structure and the worlds tallest obelisk, standing 555 feet 51⁄8 inches (169.294 m).
Steeples Taken From Design ofObelisks Christians should know the steeples on churches are from the old Obelisk and is Baal worship.
Battle Monument Bunker Hill,Boston, Massachusetts Bunker Hill Monument, Charlestown, Massachusett s built between 1827 and 1843.
Battle Monument in Vermont The Bennington Battle Monument in Bennington, Vermont, 1889.
9 de Julio Avenue & the Obelisk. Buenos Aires,Argentina
In ancient Egyptdwarves wereregarded favorablyand could attainpositions ofpower; Seneb wasapparently chief of theroyal textile worksunder pharaoh PepiII. The modern dayEgyptian governmenthas used this image intelevised familyplanning campaigns
Ramesses II (Ramessesthe Great; also RamessesII)
Hatshepsut, Queen ExtraordinaireDaughter of Tuthmosis I, her name means foremost of noble ladies. Shecrowned herself pharaoh at the death of her husband, and dressed like aman (along with the traditional fake beard). The 21-year rule of this builderpharaoh Egypt was the most peaceful, said Wael.
Mummy Identified as Queen HatshepsutBERLIN -- A German university said Friday that researchers havediscovered a carcinogenic substance in a flask of lotion believed tohave belonged to Queen Hatshepsut, who ruled Egypt 3,500 yearsago – raising a possibility she may have accidentally poisoned herself.
Medical Research of Her DeathThe University of Bonn said it spent two years researchingthe dried-out contents of the flask, which is part of itsEgyptian Museums collection and bears an inscription sayingit belonged to Hatshepshut.It said the flask contains what appears to have been a lotionor medicine used to tackle skin disorders such as eczema.The contents included palm and nutmeg oil, along with fattyacids of the kind that can relieve such disorders. There areknown to have been cases of skin diseases in Hatshepsutsfamily, the university said.Researchers also found benzopyrene, an aromatic and highlycarcinogenic hydrocarbon.
Egyptian Jackal God of the Dead AnubisAnubis In Egyptian mythology, a jackal-headed god. Son of Nephthysand Osiris, he conducted the souls of the dead to the underworld and presidedover mummification and funerals. Anubis accompanied Osiris on his worldconquest and buried him after his murder.