E-2,Egyptian History Class 2 - New Kingdom, Adjunct Professor Joe Boisvertr


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Review of Old Kingdom for Class two for Gulf Coast State College Encore Program, Study of Ancient Egypt, Adjunct Professor Joe Boisvert

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E-2,Egyptian History Class 2 - New Kingdom, Adjunct Professor Joe Boisvertr

  1. 1. Egyptian History Class 2<br />Joe Boisvert<br />Adjunct Professor<br />Gulf Coast State College<br />
  2. 2. Review Old Kingdom<br />People emerged from Neolithic hunting and gathering to form Agricultural Based Society, beginning of civilization.<br />People united and formed populations centers to support Agriculture<br />Armies formed and Egypt United as one Country<br />Progressed from Bit Burial to Mastabas to Pyramids<br />Center of Culture near present day Cairo<br />
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  6. 6. Royal House New Kingdom<br />
  7. 7. Mythology – ReligionDeath and Resurrection<br />Isis and Osiris Founded Egypt<br />Osiris was murdered by brother Seth and his body parts scatter all over the Nile<br />Isis with the help of Horus<br /> found Osiris Body Parts and with help from the God made him come to life again.<br />Because Osiris arose from the dead and ruled Egypt as a God, the Pharaohs also believed since they were Gods on Earth could be resurrected to live eternally.<br />They believed the next life was a continuation of this one just nicer and forever.<br />
  8. 8. Principal Gods of Egypt <br />Horus<br />Isis<br />Osiris<br />
  9. 9. The god of Thebes, Amon, he was shown as human.<br />Amon<br /> (Amen, Amun, Ammon, Amoun)<br />Symbols: ram, goose, bullCult Center: Thebes, Hermopolis<br />Akenation Changes completely from Amon to Believe in Aten<br />
  10. 10.  Starting in the reign to Thutmosis IV, a movement began in the royal house to pay homage to a purer form of the sun. The sun-disc Aten slowly became the god of the pharaohs. The situation came to a head during the reign of Akhenaten. <br />
  11. 11. At Deir el-Bahari on the west bank of Thebes, Queen Hatshepsut built a unique funerary temple.<br />
  12. 12. Thebes<br />
  13. 13. Reconstruction of What Ancient Karnack Temple Complex would look like<br /> "The Most Select of Places"<br />
  14. 14. Ramses 2 – Thebes is the Land of Death or the Dead<br />Died in approximately 1224 BC, New Kingdom<br />Theban Tomb Cut into Rock Moved in the 20th Century to save it from flooding by new Aswan Dam<br />Ramseum Statutes more than 57 Feet High<br />The poet Shelly calls Ramses the King of Kings<br />Pharaohs Tomb had boats for them to sail on the Nile forever <br />The Tombs contained a Throne for the Pharaoh to rule from for ever.<br />
  15. 15. Ancient Abydos, located in Upper Egypt, famous for the temple of Seti I and the Ramses 11, began its career as the most important cult center in ancient Egypt<br />
  16. 16. Ramses 2ndTemple after being Moved Because of Aswan Damn<br />
  17. 17. Seti 1st the Father and His Son Ramses 11 Working the Abydos Bull <br />
  18. 18. First Hall of Seti 1st New Kingdom<br />
  19. 19. Wall Carvings Ramses 2nd<br />
  20. 20. Seti 1 and Ramses 11 Kept the Kings List<br />
  21. 21. Kings List<br />
  22. 22. Monumental Statues – Ramses 11<br />
  23. 23. Aerial view of Karnack temple (right of centre), the river Nile and the Theban Hills. This vast complex of ruined temples, statues, buildings is located on the banks of the river Nile in the ancient city of Thebes, now Luxor. Construction of the temple first began in the 16th Century BC by the pharaoh Thutmose I<br />
  24. 24. Converted to Coptic <br />Christian After Roman Occupation<br />The End Class Two<br />