Egyptian Gods Partial List
Atum In the
Atum is the
Ra is the eagle god of the sun.
Anubis god of the dead
Bastet is the Cat goddess.
Sehkmet goddess of fire, war
Nut is the goddess of sky and
stars, mother of gods.
Geb is the green god of Earth.
Horus is the god with falcon's
head, god of pharaohs.
Osiris is the god of the afterlife.
Isis is the goddess of magic and
healing, wife of Osiris.
Egyptian Gods Continued
Seth is the god of deserts and evil.
Thoth is the scribe god.
Ma'at is the goddess of truth.
Amun is the god ofThebes, king of gods in New
Wadjet is the goddess of pregnancy and
motherhood, goddess in snake form.
Anuket is the goddess of river Nile.
Hathor is the goddess of the moon and children.
Ptah is the creator god
Bes is the dwarf god of safe journey
The Egyptians worshipped Scarab Beetles and
Ptah (Pteh, Peteh) was
(Hikuptah, Memphis) god
of craftsmen, pottery and
believed that he was a god
who created everything
from artifacts to the world
egg to the other deities
of the Mouth ceremony
was believed to have been
devised by him. He was a
god of creation and rebirth.
Isis Symbols: throne, kite,
Myths: "Isis and Osiris",
"Isis and the Seven
Cult Center: Heliopolis,
Isis was the sister
of Osiris (who was also
her husband), the
of Nut and Geb and the
mother of Horus the
(Asar,Wesir, Ausar, Unnefer)
Symbols: crook and flail, djed, White
and Atef Crowns, bull, mummified form,
throne, Bennu (phoenix)
Cult Center: Abydos, Busiris
Myths: "Isis and Osiris"
A god of the earth and vegetation,
Osiris symbolized in his death the yearly
drought and in his miraculous rebirth
the periodic flooding of the Nile and the
growth of grain. He was a god-king who
was believed to have given Egypt
Symbols: Seth-animal, pigs, donkeys, fishes
Cult Center: Tanis, Ombos
Links: the Ennead of Heliopolis
Regarded as the Lord of Lower
Seth was represented by a big-eared
imaginary animal with
red hair resembling a donkey or
maybe an aardvark.
He was associated with the desert and
storms. The Greeks
associated Seth with their god,
(Hor, Heru, Her)
Symbols: hawk/falcon, bull,
Double Crown,Winged Disk,Udjat,
Sphinx, weapons, iron, blacksmiths
Cult Center: Edfu, Buto
Myths: Isis and Osiris
The falcon-headed god, the kings
of Egypt associated themselves
with Horus. Horus was among the
most important gods of Egypt,
particularly because the Pharaoh
was supposed to be his earthly
embodiment. Kings would
eventually take the name of Horus
as one of their own.
Mastabas First Burial Tombs
At first, the kings of Egypt were buried in what are known as
mastabas in southern Egypt, mainly at a place called Abydos.
Mastaba is an Arabic word meaning bench, because these
tombs looked like a bench.
They consisted of a pit where the dead were buried in the
ground covered by stones above ground.
Later mastabas sometimes had many rooms below ground
and many above ground for the storage of items that the dead
person wished to take with him or her into the afterlife.
Mastabas First Burial Tombs
(Bench Like Shape)
• Tomb was discovered at the Middle Nile
River in Upper Egypt.
•.The site was built about 3150 BC.
•Three rooms of the tomb contained about
700 jars and inside the jars was discovered a
residue of an early form of herbal wine.
•The recipes identified within the pots
illuminate a long history of the Egyptian use
of grape wines.
The tomb, has been attributed to one
of the earliest of Egyptian kings,
Scorpion I, from Dynasty 0
Tomb, has been attributed to
one of the earliest of Egyptian
kings, Scorpion I, from First
Beasts of burden found nestled in
graves dating back 5,000 years. One of
the earliest Egyptian kings carried
his "beasts of burden" into the
Link to National Geographic Section on Pyramids
Step Pyramid of Saqqara, Egypt's
Oldest Pyramid built 4,800 years
King Djoser, who reigned from
2630 bc to 2611 bc Built the
1. Built a more elaborate royal
tomb known as the Step
2. This tomb started out as a
mastaba, but its architect,
Imhotep, first expanded the
mastaba then topped it with
successively smaller mastabas.
Djoser’s Tomb – Step Pyramid
The Step Pyramid and later pyramids
of the 3rd Dynasty were constructed
of small, almost brick-sized stones
that were laid in vertical courses and
inward-leaning to create the sloped
In the end, Djoser’s tomb looked like a
rectangular wedding cake with six
The ancient Egyptians loved pyramids.There are
sixty-seven, of various sizes, scattered around the city
of Cairo alone.
The most famous, and largest, are at Gizeh, where
what is believed to be the three tombs of Khufu,
Khafre, and Menkure, are lined up side by side.
Djoser Step Pyramid in Saqqara
2630 bc to 2611 bc
King Snefru Pyramid in Meydum
King Sneferu, the father of Khufu,
built the initial true pyramids,
developing the new technique
during construction.The earliest
true pyramid, at the town of
Maydom, began as a step pyramid
with inward-leaning walls and
The Bent Pyramid at Dahshur
Would have surpassed the height of the Great
Pyramid had it been completed as designed, but
the foundations could not support the weight
and the plans had to be changed.
Egyptian pyramids were modeled on a sacred,
pointed stone called the benben. The benben
symbolized the rays of the sun; ancient
texts claimed that pharaohs reached the
heavens via sunbeams. (National Geographic.