A 5 The Space Race Cold War class 5 The Space War


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Attempt to answer did the Cold War start the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union. Broad overview of the space race and major miles stones such as the first in space the first human in space and the trip to the moon.

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A 5 The Space Race Cold War class 5 The Space War

  1. 1. A5 THE HISTORY OFRUSSIA THE COLD WARSPACE RACE – CLASS 5ENCORE – FALL 2011 –SPRING 2012Joe Boisvert – Gulf Coast State College
  2. 2. Nazi SpaceProgramThe official picture:A4 (V2) as a missile.According to anunofficial agendafrom Peenemündethis was only a firststep on the road tospace flight. Sketchmade inPeenemünde.
  3. 3. Both the USSR and the USBenefited From German Scientist The US let in German Scientist before, during and after the WW2. We developed the “bomb” first in great part due to German Scientist. German Rocket Science also key! The USSR Captured Many German Scientist after WW2 – Due to Spying and the use of Captured German Scientist and Equipment the USSR developed Atomic Weapons Capability and started Space Race
  4. 4. Dr. Werner von Braun, left, the head of the Nazi rocket program, was brought toAmerica after the war because our government considered his knowledge andexpertise too vital to fall into enemy hands.
  5. 5. The Space Race – Soviet vs US During the Cold War, both the United States and the Soviet Union endeavored to demonstrate their power. The space race served as an opportunity for the two nations to showcase their scientific and technological capabilities. Amidst propaganda, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. competed for superiority in space as they constantly tried to top each other.
  6. 6. Spying From SpaceThe race to employ spy satellites hasbeen ongoing. It dates back to the verybeginnings of the space age.The Soviets and ourselves were lockedin a data gathering race that is stilltaking place at this very moment, butthe stage has changed and there are alot more players now.
  7. 7. Fighting and Spying from SpaceThe very first space craft to havea weapon on it was launchedfrom the old Soviet Union.The MOL program in the 60’s theUS was able to see an object thatwas under 2 inches in size from100 miles up in spaceThe Soviet Union later developedone capable of seeing an object3” from 300 Miles
  8. 8. US had U-2 Spy PlanesDuring the cold war we developed the U-2 spy plane.In its day it was a miracle.It could fly at over 60,000 feet and was thought to besafe since it was felt that this was beyond the range ofSoviet antiaircraft missiles.We began flying this plane over the old Soviet Union togather data on their missiles and such, but as we did,the Soviets were advancing the capabilities of theirdefensives and were able to increase the range of theirantiaircraft missiles and shoot down one of our U-2 spyplanes.
  9. 9. Soviet Zenit SpySatelliteBoth countrieshad secretspying programbased in Spacefrom almost thebeginning
  10. 10. . Then Space Flight with Animals. Due to the fear of burn-up in reentry and contamination by space germs, the first space flights planned were in the form of unmanned satellite launches In 1957 the Soviets successfully launched the unmanned satellite, Sputnik I, into orbit sending millions of Americans into shock
  11. 11. Sputnik Program – Soviet Union The second Sputnik satellite (Sputnik 2) was launched on November 3, 1957. It carried a dog named Laika. Information was sent back for about a week and the dog was put to sleep. The last Sputnik (Sputnik 3) was launched on May 15, 1958. It was in orbit for 2 years. This Sputnik was intended to be a space laboratory to study the Earth’s magnetic field and radiation belt. This one could actually hold cameras and other data transmitters. It was the most technological of the three. The Sputnik satellites started the space travel development. That is how the U.S. started to develop new spacecrafts. If it weren’t for Sputnik, we wouldn’t have been the first people on the moon.
  12. 12. In conclusion, Sputnik started the space race.It started a huge revolution. Sputnik changedour world.
  13. 13. Sheppard First US Astronaut in SpaceCold War rival USSR had flown cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin first --less than a month before on a flight that was higher and longer --and some in the nascent NASA thought the space race wasalready lost.
  14. 14. Cape Canaveral, FloridaCrowds of Americans watch the first MannedFlight
  15. 15. Chinese Space ProgramThe succesful launching of the Shenzhou V, the Divine Vessel,on 15 October 2003, withtaikonaut Yang Liwei on board,marked a giant leap forward in the Chinese space program thatsaw its origins in the 1960s.
  16. 16. China launched its second manned spacecraft,The launch is part of a more encompassing spaceprogram that includes space walks, the docking of acapsule with a space module and the launch of apermanent space lab.
  17. 17. The United States Reaches the Moon 1969Kennedys goal was accomplished with the Apollo 11 mission whenastronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed their Lunar Module (LM)on the Moon on July 20, 1969 and walked on its surface
  18. 18. Moon Walk 1969
  19. 19. “Most of the space program were relatedto the Cold War crises of the early 1960s,in which space flight served as a surrogatefor face-to-face military confrontation
  20. 20. The end of the Cold War rivalry in space between the two greatsuperpowers is easy to spot: It was the famous handshakebetween Soviet space commander Alexei Leonov and Nasaastronaut Tom Stafford when their two vehicles docked together inorbit.