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A 2 The Key Atomic Bomb Events of the Cold War, class 2, Fall 2011 and Spring 2012

The events of the Cold War including the civilian "Duck and Cover", propaganda film and the many books and movies about the Cold War. Discussion of Nuclear Arms Race and Nuclear Treaties and current ...

The events of the Cold War including the civilian "Duck and Cover", propaganda film and the many books and movies about the Cold War. Discussion of Nuclear Arms Race and Nuclear Treaties and current status of Nuclear Weapons Stockpiles. Lists of the Nuclear Tests and the damages an Atomic Bomb can cause.
Adjunct Professor Joe Boisvert



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    A 2 The Key Atomic Bomb Events of the Cold War, class 2, Fall 2011 and Spring 2012 A 2 The Key Atomic Bomb Events of the Cold War, class 2, Fall 2011 and Spring 2012 Presentation Transcript

    • Russian History -The Key Events of the Cold War
      Class 2
      Joe Boisvert
      Adjunct Professor –
      Gulf Coast State College
    • The Public was Buried in Information About the Cold War
      The Cold War has been an extremely Important topic that cut across all forms of entertainment , TV, Spy Novel, Mysteries, Movies.
      The public was buried in Information about the Cold War everyday in the News on TV Documentaries in Newspapers and in documentary shorts shown in Movie theaters and in schools.
    • Many Movies About the “Bomb”
    • Everyone Learned to Fear the Atomic Bomb
      In School I was taught all about “Duck and Cover”, in case of Atomic Attack.
      I went to elementary school in the fifties and we were fed lots of incorrect information about Nuclear Contamination and we all had a genuine fear of the “Bomb”
      The Government and the Civil Defense were sincere in their desire to prepare the public for the pending attack. However staying away from windows and ducking under a desk was not much protection from the effects of a Atomic Bomb Attack.
    • Rising Fear of Attack by the Soviet Union
      Released at the onset of the Cold War era, the pamphlet was in line with rising fears that the Soviet Union would launch a nuclear attack against the United States, and outlined what to do in the event of an atomic attack.
    • Six Survival Secrets For Atomic Attacks from Propaganda Training Films 1950’s
      Always Put First Things First And
      1. Try To Get Shielded If you have time, get down in a basement or subway. Should you unexpectedly be caught out-of-doors, seek shelter alongside a building, or jump in any handy ditch or gutter.
      2. Drop Flat On Ground Or Floor To keep from being tossed about and to lessen the chances of being struck by falling and flying objects, flatten out at the base of a wall, or at the bottom of a bank.
      3. Bury Your Face In Your Arms When you drop flat, hide your eyes in the crook of your elbow. That will protect your face from flash burns, prevent temporary blindness and keep flying objects out of your eyes.[
    • Never Lose Your Head And (17)
      4. Don't Rush Outside Right After A Bombing After an air burst, wait a few minutes then go help to fight fires. After other kinds of bursts wait at least 1 hour to give lingering radiation some chance to die down.
      5. Don't Take Chances With Food Or Water In Open Containers To prevent radioactive poisoning or disease, select your food and water with care. When there is reason to believe they may be contaminated, stick to canned and bottled things if possible.
      6. Don't Start Rumors In the confusion that follows a bombing, a single rumor might touch off a panic that could cost your life.
    • After the Atomic Bomb
      was Dropped on Japan
    • The area of the destruction caused by the bomb was about 4 square miles. In this area an estimated 48,000 buildings were completely destroyed. More damage occurred from the fires generated by the explosion over the next several days. Japan 1945
    • Radioactive Fallout
      One of the effects of nuclear weapons detonated on or near the earth's surface is the resulting radioactive fallout.
      Immediately after the detonation, a great deal of earth and debris, made radioactive by the blast, is carried high into the atmosphere, forming a mushroom cloud.
      The material drifts downwind and gradually falls back to earth, contaminating thousands of square miles. This page describes the fallout pattern over a seven-day period. 
    • Nuclear Test Sites
      1949 to 1990
      Top Secret
      • Johnston Island (US) -- 12 tests
      • Christmas Island (UK & US) -- 30 tests
      • Malden Island (UK) -- 3 tests
      • Fangataufa Atoll (France) -- 12 tests
      • Mururoa Atoll (France) -- 175 tests
      • Nevada (US) -- 935 tests
      • Colorado (US) -- 2 tests
      • New Mexico (US) -- 2 tests
      • Mississippi (US) -- 2 tests
      • South Atlantic Ocean (US) -- 12 tests
      • Algeria (France) -- 17 tests
      • Alaska (US) -- 3 Tests
      Russia (USSR) -- 214 tests (many at Novaya and Zemlya)
      Ukraine (USSR) -- 2 tests
      Kazakhstan (USSR) -- 496 tests
      Uzbekistan (USSR) -- 2 tests
      Turkmenistan (USSR) -- 1 test
      Pakistan (Pakistan) -- 2 tests
      India (India) -- 4 tests
      Lop Nur (China) -- 41 tests
      Marshall Islands (US) -- 66 tests
      Australia (UK) -- 12 tests
    • Since 1945 there have been a total of 2,057 known nuclear tests worldwide. The United States and the former Soviet Union conducted the majority of these with the U.S. performing 1,030 tests from 1945 - 1992
      The Soviet Union carrying out 715 between 1949 and 1990.
    • Nuclear Armed States NWS with Treaties
      China: About 240 total warheads. 
      France: Fewer than 300 operational warheads. 
      Russia: Approximately 2,400 operational strategic warheads , approximately 2,000 operational tactical warheads, and approximately 7,000 stockpiled strategic and tactical warheads.
      United Kingdom: Fewer than 160 deployed strategic warheads, total stockpile of up to 225. 
      United States: 5,113 active and inactive nuclear warheads and approximately 3,500 warheads retired and awaiting dismantlement. The 5,113 active and inactive nuclear warhead stockpile includes 1,968 strategic warheads, approximately 500 operational tactical weapons, and approximately 2,645 inactive warheads.
    • NWS without Treaties
      India: Up to 100 nuclear warheads. Israel: Between 75 to 200 nuclear warheads.Pakistan: Between 70 to 90 nuclear warheads.
    •  Nuclear warhead stockpiles of the United States and the Soviet Union/Russia, 1945-2006. These numbers are total stockpiles
      The high for the USA is 32,040 in 1966; the high for the USSR is 45,000 in 1986
    • The End of Cold War
       The Soviets were not helped by their aged leadership either: Brezhnev, virtually incapacitated in his last years, was succeeded by Andropov and Chernenko, neither of whom lasted long.
      After Chernenko's death, Reagan was asked why he had not negotiated with Soviet leaders. Reagan quipped, "They keep dying on me".
    • Gorbachev reforms Mikhail Gorbachev, perestroika, and glasnost
      Despite initial skepticism in the West, the new Soviet leader proved to be committed to reversing the Soviet Union's deteriorating economic condition instead of continuing the arms race with the West. 1987
    • Nuclear Deterrence.
      The military strategic implications of atomic bombs were closely related to the general East-West climate and the development of two hostile blocs of countries.
      The Soviet Union continued its occupation of Eastern Europe and the United States decided to become the leading country to contain Soviet power.
      In the military realm, the Strategy of Containment was closely related to nuclear deterrence.
    • Repercussions of Cold War
      Division of East and West
      Berlin Air Lift
      First US vs. USSR Tanks in Berlin
      Then Across Iron Curtain
      Almost 40 Years of Eyeball to
      Eyeball Confrontation
    • Some Major Cold War Events
      Korean War
      Cuban Missile Crisis (Kennedy vs Khrushchev)
      Bay of Pigs
      Viet Nam
      Afghanistan (Russia vs. the Taliban) CIA helping the enemies of the USSR
      Gary Powers Spy Trial
      Spying from Outer Space via Satellites
      Space War
      Arms Race
    • The End Class 2