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    World braille usage refreshed World braille usage refreshed Presentation Transcript

    • World Braille Usage Refreshed by Mary Schnackenberg, President and Dr. Judith M. Dixon, Secretary International Council on English Braille (ICEB) National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
    • Think Globally, Act Locally
      • Audience
      • History
      • Data collection
    • Audience
      • Transcribers
      • Braille producers
      • Braille readers
      World Braille Usage lists the braille codes used to represent the world’s various languages.
    • History
      • First published by UNESCO in 1953
      • Revised in 1990 by the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS), Library of Congress, in Washington, D.C.
      • Second edition:
        • 124 print pages
        • 97 languages
    • Data Collection
      • In 1984 questionnaires were sent out to 590 organizations
      • 85 countries listed
      • 3,000 print copies distributed
    • Goals of Third Edition
      • New countries
      • Hundreds of languages
    • Opportunities of Third Edition
      • Outputs in hard-copy print or paper braille
      • Displayable on electronic braille devices
      • Contains updated braille International Phonetic Alphabet
      To hold the “master” of World Braille Usage online:
    • Who Are We Surveying?
      • Call for participating braille authorities will be sent out in June 2010
      • NLS has set up a web page to capture responses: www.nlstalkingbooks.org/wbu
      Goal is to establish at the outset which organization in each country is the “braille authority” for that country or for each language spoken in that country.
    • Exclusions and Inclusions
      • Codes for mathematics and science
      • Braille shorthand systems
      • Details about formats of braille
      Same policies of inclusions and exclusions for the next edition. Exclusions:
    • The Survey Questions
      • Survey not written yet
      • Follow-up process will be in place
      • Surveys in languages other than English will be provided, if necessary
    • Data Entry of the Survey Responses and Publication
      • Difficult to estimate how long it will take
      • Goal is to complete World Braille Usage by next General Assembly of ICEB