World braille usage refreshedPresentation Transcript
World Braille Usage Refreshed by Mary Schnackenberg, President and Dr. Judith M. Dixon, Secretary International Council on English Braille (ICEB) National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
Think Globally, Act Locally
World Braille Usage lists the braille codes used to represent the world’s various languages.
First published by UNESCO in 1953
Revised in 1990 by the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS), Library of Congress, in Washington, D.C.
124 print pages
In 1984 questionnaires were sent out to 590 organizations
85 countries listed
3,000 print copies distributed
Goals of Third Edition
Hundreds of languages
Opportunities of Third Edition
Outputs in hard-copy print or paper braille
Displayable on electronic braille devices
Contains updated braille International Phonetic Alphabet
To hold the “master” of World Braille Usage online:
Who Are We Surveying?
Call for participating braille authorities will be sent out in June 2010
NLS has set up a web page to capture responses: www.nlstalkingbooks.org/wbu
Goal is to establish at the outset which organization in each country is the “braille authority” for that country or for each language spoken in that country.
Exclusions and Inclusions
Codes for mathematics and science
Braille shorthand systems
Details about formats of braille
Same policies of inclusions and exclusions for the next edition. Exclusions:
The Survey Questions
Survey not written yet
Follow-up process will be in place
Surveys in languages other than English will be provided, if necessary
Data Entry of the Survey Responses and Publication
Difficult to estimate how long it will take
Goal is to complete World Braille Usage by next General Assembly of ICEB