Water and the Rotary-USAID International H2O Collaboration presentation


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Water and the Rotary-USAID International H2O Collaboration presentation

  1. 1. Rotary International Institute, Bellevue, Washington October 2, 2010 Water and the Rotary-USAID International H 2 0 Collaboration: What We’ve Learned About Partnership John Borrazzo U.S. Agency for International Development
  2. 2. Water (and Sanitation!) <ul><li>WHY? The need </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT? The solution </li></ul><ul><li>HOW? The role of partnership </li></ul><ul><li>WHO? The International H 2 0 Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT NEXT? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Problem: Facts and Figures <ul><li>Approximately 900 million people lack access to an improved source of drinking water. </li></ul><ul><li>2.5 billion people lack access to basic sanitation – 1.5 billion defecate openly. </li></ul><ul><li>1.5 million children under the age of 5 die each year as a direct consequence of diarrhea linked to inadequate water supply, sanitation, and hygiene. </li></ul><ul><li>1.4 billion people live in river basins where water extractions exceed recharge – and this will only worsen in the face of population increases and climate change. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Problem: Facts and Figures WHO/UNICEF, 2010
  5. 5. The Problem: Facts and Figures WHO/UNICEF, 2010
  6. 6. The Human Face of the Problem
  7. 7. The Human Face of the Problem
  8. 8. The Human Face of the Problem
  9. 9. The Human Face of the Problem
  10. 10. The Human Face of the Problem
  11. 11. The Human Face of the Problem
  12. 12. Solutions…old news?
  13. 13. <ul><li>Political will </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate human, institutional, and financial resources </li></ul><ul><li>Normative behavior change </li></ul><ul><li>Consideration of the broader water resources context </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence of what works where </li></ul>Sustainable solutions require…
  14. 14. USAID’s Integrated Approach Water Supply, Sanitation, Hygiene Water Resources Management Water Productivity
  16. 16. USAID Water Sector funding
  17. 17. Traditional USAID Approach to Providing Assistance resources Project Implementer
  18. 18. Global Development Alliances <ul><li>Alliances are co-designed , co-funded , and co-managed by partners so that the risks, responsibilities, and rewards of partnership are equally shared. </li></ul>
  19. 19. US Resource Flows to the Developing World in the 1960s: $5.1 Billion Private Flows 29 % Public Flows 71 % Public Flows 16.8 % Private Flows 83.2 % US Resource Flows to the Developing World in 2005: $164 Billion Need for Partnerships
  20. 20. USAID Partners Investors Local/ National Governments NGOs Implementers Local/ Regional Business Think Tanks Multinational Corporations Donors Foundations Universities Shared Objectives Religious Institutions Diaspora
  21. 21. GDA Principles Share resources, risks, and responsibilities Innovative approaches to working with new partners Jointly defined problem and solution Mutual Investment Goal of 1:1 leverage of cash, expertise, systems, networks and other resources Significant and sustainable development impact Public good
  22. 22. Alliances from 2001 - 2009 Over 1000 Alliances to date (300 active) Average GDA Leverage: 2.7:1 More than 3,000 distinct partners
  23. 23.
  24. 24. Respective Assets <ul><li>Policy influence </li></ul><ul><li>Development expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Convening power </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term in-country technical presence </li></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Grassroots membership </li></ul><ul><li>Local decisionmakers </li></ul><ul><li>Proven leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Links between developed and developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul>USAID Rotary
  25. 25. <ul><li>Launch in March 2009… </li></ul><ul><li>“ We intend this joint effort to be a model for future alliances with other strategic partners and in this way to enhance our contribution to world understanding, goodwill, and peace.” </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Boyd, Chair International H 2 O Collaboration Steering Committee, Rotary International President, 2006-2007 </li></ul><ul><li>“ The service ethic and commitment of Rotary clubs in these countries will be complemented by USAID’s development expertise and technical leadership.” </li></ul><ul><li>Alonzo Fulgham, USAID Acting Administrator, 2009 </li></ul>
  26. 26. Collaboration Funding <ul><li>Parallel funding model </li></ul><ul><li>US$2 million per pilot country, totaling US$6 million overall funding. </li></ul><ul><li>Per pilot country: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US$1 million from USAID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US$1 million from Rotary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One US$500,000 Rotary Foundation Grant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US$500,000 Rotarian and District donations </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Pilot Countries: Dominican Republic <ul><li>Working with Save the Children and ENTRENA </li></ul><ul><li>Installing plastic bio-sand water filters </li></ul><ul><li>Providing boreholes, mechanized water systems, latrines </li></ul><ul><li>Providing hygiene training </li></ul>
  28. 28. Pilot Countries: Ghana <ul><li>Working with Relief International and Community Water & Sanitation Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Providing boreholes, mechanized water systems, latrines and water closets </li></ul><ul><li>Rainwater harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Providing hygiene training </li></ul>
  29. 29. Pilot Countries: Philippines <ul><li>Working with Philippine Sanitation Alliance, Winrock International, Development Alternatives Incorporated </li></ul><ul><li>Constructing water supply systems </li></ul><ul><li>Addressing wastewater and solid waste management </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing a septage collection, treatment and reuse program </li></ul>
  30. 30. The Opportunity… <ul><li>Increase scale </li></ul><ul><li>Improve effectiveness and efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Increase sustainability and systemic change </li></ul>
  31. 31. Critical Success Factors to Date <ul><li>Need solid guidance to the field </li></ul><ul><li>Need to coordinate administrative process and funding cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Agree early on monitoring and evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Build trust </li></ul>
  32. 32. What next? <ul><li>Think big </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget about sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on outcomes, not inputs/outputs </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that sustainability is a core value </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace new / additional partners </li></ul><ul><li>Accept that there’s always more to learn </li></ul>
  33. 33. Working together, we can do it!