A bride from the late 1800swearing a black or darkcolored wedding dress.• European and Americanbrides had been wearinga plethora ofcolors, includingblue, yellow, and practicalcolors like black, brown, orgray.
White wedding gowns and veils, credited to Queen Victorias choice to wear a white wedding dress at her wedding to Prince Albert in 1840 Implication:"a connotation of innocence and sexual purity.”
1. SOMETNINOLD Inherit every bliss and happiness2. SOMETNINGNEW To symbolize new life3. SOMETNINGBORROWED To symbolize that the bride would enjoy a happy marriage too4. SOMETNINGBIUE To symbolize purity5. Silver sixpence in your shoe To symbolize good fortune
Exchange of wedding vows Promises each partner in a couple makes to the other
Exchange of wedding rings The Romans believed a vein in this particular finger, called "vena amoris" (a.k.a. the "vein of love"), leads directly to the heart. By wearing rings on the fourth finger, symbolically declares their eternal love for each other.
A public proclamation of marriage by an authority figure or leader
Flower girl and page boy Usually 4-8 years old child Flower girl is the angel in the wedding, carrying happiness and blessing to the bride. Symbolize the blessing to have children
Speeches / Toasts From the groom, best man, father of the bride and possibly the bride wishing the couple well.
Wedding cake Distribution of cake among the guests by only the bride because consuming the cake would ensure fertility.
The bride and groom would share a piece of cake before distributing it to the guests to symbolize their union and their promise to forever provide for each other.
“Three Letters”Betrothal Letter• Formal document of the engagementGift letter• Listing types and quantity of giftsWedding Letter• Confirmation of the formal acceptance of the bride into the groom’s family
Proposing If parents of a young man identify a woman as the wife of their son, then they will find a matchmaker present their request to the identified woman’s parentsBirthday matching The matchmaker would ask for the girl’s birthday and birth hour record to assure the compatibility of the potential bride and groomPresenting Betrothal Gifts If the match was predicted to be auspicious, the matchmaker would take gifts to the girls parents and tell them that the process could continue.
Presenting Wedding Gifts Prolific gifts were presented again to the girls family, symbolizing respect and kindness towards the girls family as well as the capability of providing a good life for the girl. Choosing wedding date Male side asks a fortune-teller and proposes a lucky wedding date, then goes to female side to ask for confirmation. Wedding ceremony
For the brideBathing with pumelo“hair dressing” ritualRed wedding dress, shoes and her face needto be covered by a red cloth.Phoenix decoration
For the groom“Capping” ritualLong gown, red shoes and a red silksash with a silk ball on his shoulderDragon decoration