The Concepts Remember Modern Studies follows the 7 Key Concepts of  Equality, Ideology, Need, Participation, Power, Repres...
The THREE Units of  Changing Society in the UK The Family The Elderly The Working Population and the Unemployed
The Concepts and Units of  Changing Society in the UK The Family The Elderly The Working Population and the  Unemployed EQ...
The Working Population and Unemployment <ul><li>What you will learn: </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the Employed and Unemployed...
Why do people want a Job? <ul><li>Meet their own and families basic needs </li></ul><ul><li>Pay & Money to increase their ...
What is Unemployment? <ul><li>THE UNEMPLOYED ARE THOSE: </li></ul><ul><li>Who do not have a job of any kind </li></ul><ul>...
The UK Population 58.7 Million People 2001 30.2 Million Women 28.5 Million men The working population = Women aged 16-60  ...
Political Parties and Unemployment Factors affecting Employment 1979 – 1997 – Conservatives lower taxes Lower taxes Compan...
Political Parties and Unemployment RECESSION Factors affecting Unemployment BUT ON THE OTHER HAND  Lower taxes Companies a...
Unemployment in EU countries 2001 “ Unemployment in the UK in 2001 was amongst the worst in the European Union” I disagree...
Now complete the remainder of your worksheet <ul><li>What you have learned: </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the Employed and Une...
The Causes of Unemployment <ul><li>What you will learn today: </li></ul><ul><li>Primary, Secondary and Tertiary (Services)...
Types of Employment Structural Unemployment Primary Secondary Tertiary Service Sector Trends Possible reasons is outsourci...
Moving East
Cyclical Unemployment RECESSION Factors affecting Unemployment 1990s Scotland was not as badly hit as SE England  Lower ta...
Regional Differences in Employment Where? Lower unemployment Higher unemployment All sources from the Scottish Executive W...
Employment by Age
Employment by Qualifications S’Grades Highers/College Uni & Phd’s
Now complete Tasks 1-7 from your worksheet – then do extension map of UK unemployment or MIND MAP <ul><li>What you have le...
On your own map of the UK, draw in the boundaries shown on the map here, then construct your own key as shown using colour...
Meeting the needs of the Unemployed <ul><li>What you will learn today: </li></ul><ul><li>The Needs of the Unemployed </li>...
Meeting the needs of the Unemployed <ul><li>The 3 basic needs of the unemployed are: </li></ul><ul><li>Employment Needs  –...
Meeting the needs of the Unemployed <ul><li>There are other needs that the Unemployed have: </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Ne...
What can Councils and the Private Sector do to Help? Read the paragraph  HELP FROM COUNCILS AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR  on pag...
JOB SEEKERS ALLOWANCE (JSA) This benefit was put in place to replace the ‘brew’ system in 1996 It is provided by the Gover...
Meeting the needs of the Unemployed <ul><li>What you have learned today: </li></ul><ul><li>The Needs of the Unemployed </l...
Meeting the needs of the Unemployed – Compare Source ES – textbook page 39 Question 5 The opinions of the Government spoke...
Meeting the needs of the Unemployed – Getting a JOAB Most Young people have one thing in common when they are looking for ...
Meeting the unemployed needs HELP TO GET A JOB Emma Padden CASE STUDY AGE:  17 LIVES:  Glasgow JOB:  Facilities assistant ...
Meeting THE STORY:  When Emma left school last summer, she was determined to find a job and she visited her local Careers ...
Meeting EMMA SAYS:  “I was keen to get a job as soon as I left school and I was really pleased when Allianz Cornhill took ...
Meeting HER BOSS SAYS : Susan Warwick, facilities team leader, and Emma’s line manager, said: “Emma was given the job foll...
Skillseekers <ul><li>Training provided by a range of organisations </li></ul><ul><li>To receive any benefits/allowances wh...
Modern Apprentice Ships Worksheet Activities 1-4, Read textbook page 40 -  FACTFILES
The ‘New Deal’ Idea of the New Deal came from the USA where many oppose it <ul><li>The New Deal is only available to those...
Activities  Worksheet Activities 5 - 7 Casestudy of Rambai Textbook Extension
Meeting the needs of the unemployed <ul><li>One of the main sources of help for the unemployed is the Job Centre and the J...
Job Centres and Job Clubs The job centre has expanded in recent years to using self service job points and the internet to...
Job Clubs <ul><li>What goes on at a job club meeting?  The possibilities are myriad. Your gatherings can be part support g...
Activities  Job Centres and Job Clubs Worksheet Activities 1-6 When finished return the Green Textbook and collect a Chang...
Pages 44 & 45, use the fact files on Job Clubs & Job Centres to copy and complete these mind maps – use colours to help yo...
Locate in Scotland <ul><li>Get Financial Help </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled Labour </li></ul><ul><li>Low Wages </li></ul><ul><...
New Technology & Employment <ul><li>What you will learn today: </li></ul><ul><li>The Nature and impact of New Technology <...
New Technology!! New technology mainly helps make work and life easier.  If you imagine you Home, and all the equipment it...
Newspaper Industry & New technology  Introduction of new technology Printing Press Less Operators PCs - DTP Less Craftsmen...
Banking & New Technology. How have Banks Changed? What impact has this had on its employees and services? Open 9.30am-3.30...
Activities  <ul><li>Worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Questions 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Copy What you will earn box page 47 </li><...
Today  <ul><li>What will you learn today </li></ul><ul><li>The Difference between Sex and Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Why wom...
Inequalities in the Workplace: Gender! SEX Spot the Difference?
Male & Female Roles? Gender Stereotypes Where do we learn these stereotypes from?
Nature or Nurture  What is Male and Female? Who decided Blue for boys and pink for girls? We learn this behaviour througho...
Gender & Sex in the Workplace (factfile pg 66) Equal Pay Act 1970 Sex Discrimination Act 1975 & 1986 The purpose of the Eq...
Evidence Women are still discriminated against <ul><li>Only 1/3 rd  of Managers are Women </li></ul><ul><li>but </li></ul>...
Why Women are disadvantaged?  Child Care Issues and Lone female Parents is one accepted theory Even today women still look...
Extension Table 11.2 Evidence to support the view that women are under-represented in promoted posts in the police is that...
Inequality amongst the unemployed <ul><li>What you will learn? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is likely to be discriminated against...
Inequality amongst the unemployed We quickly want to complete this worksheet today so we can spend the remainder of the pe...
Inequality amongst the unemployed Question 1 – Which groups of people may face particular difficulties when looking for a ...
Activities  <ul><li>Worksheet Questions 2&3  – Why is it wrong to assume that disabled people will be unable to work? & Gi...
Activities  <ul><li>Worksheet Questions 4 & 5 –  When was the  disability discrimination act  introduced? & In what areas ...
Activities  <ul><li>Worksheet Question 6 –   </li></ul><ul><li>Three possible reasons that older workers are often turned ...
Making Ends Meet <ul><li>Worksheets & textbook </li></ul><ul><li>Use pages 54 & 55 of textbook to complete Activities 1-4 ...
Activities  <ul><li>Worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Questions 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Copy What you will earn box page 47 </li><...
Activities  <ul><li>Worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Questions 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Copy What you will earn box page 47 </li><...
Activities  <ul><li>Worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Questions 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Copy What you will earn box page 47 </li><...
Activities  <ul><li>Worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Questions 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Copy What you will earn box page 47 </li><...
Activities  <ul><li>Worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Questions 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Copy What you will earn box page 47 </li><...
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Employment & Unemployment Changing Society Tb

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Employment & Unemployment Changing Society Tb

  1. 1. The Concepts Remember Modern Studies follows the 7 Key Concepts of Equality, Ideology, Need, Participation, Power, Representation and, Rights and Responsibilities. CHANGING SOCIETY – THE UK This Unit of your Modern Studies Standard Grade covers the concepts of EQUALITY, IDEOLOGY and NEED.
  2. 2. The THREE Units of Changing Society in the UK The Family The Elderly The Working Population and the Unemployed
  3. 3. The Concepts and Units of Changing Society in the UK The Family The Elderly The Working Population and the Unemployed EQUALITY -The differences between peoples, and how these are measured? IDEOLOGY – People have different views about issues in our country? NEED – We all have basic needs. How and who meets our needs? Who Should?
  4. 4. The Working Population and Unemployment <ul><li>What you will learn: </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the Employed and Unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>Why People want to work </li></ul><ul><li>The nature and causes of Unemployment </li></ul>TITLE AND DATE
  5. 5. Why do people want a Job? <ul><li>Meet their own and families basic needs </li></ul><ul><li>Pay & Money to increase their quality of life - this depends on Job Level? </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoyment and Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Company of Work Colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>The reward of doing a good job </li></ul><ul><li>To satisfy their own ambitions </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is Unemployment? <ul><li>THE UNEMPLOYED ARE THOSE: </li></ul><ul><li>Who do not have a job of any kind </li></ul><ul><li>They must sign on as being available for work </li></ul><ul><li>They must receive benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Some people choose NOT to register as unemployed? </li></ul><ul><li>Housewives or househusbands, who stay at home for family reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Have no fixed address , so cannot claim benefits and not included in unemployment figures </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal aliens or immigrants , so do not want to be registered due to criminal charges that they may be accused of or fear of deportation </li></ul>
  7. 7. The UK Population 58.7 Million People 2001 30.2 Million Women 28.5 Million men The working population = Women aged 16-60 (from 2010 will be same as men) Men aged 16-65 The UK has a Labour Force of 29.1 million people 29.1 Million are: Employed, Self-employed, on training schemes or seeking work (UNEMPLOYED) The 29.6 Million non- working population are made up of: Retired people, children up to 16, students, those to ill to work, those who choose not to work and those who are carers of sick relatives Copy down the above information, then read pages 32-34 of Changing Society textbook and start worksheet questions 1-4
  8. 8. Political Parties and Unemployment Factors affecting Employment 1979 – 1997 – Conservatives lower taxes Lower taxes Companies and individuals have more money to spend Companies and individuals will buy more goods and services or invest in new enterprises More jobs will be created Less people are unemployed More jobs will be created Less benefits the Government has to pay Government saves money and gets more taxes paid in GROWTH
  9. 9. Political Parties and Unemployment RECESSION Factors affecting Unemployment BUT ON THE OTHER HAND Lower taxes Companies and individuals have more money to spend No increased spending, cheaper imports from abroad bought Less jobs will be created More people are unemployed less jobs will be created More benefits the Government has to pay Government has to spend more to reduce unemployment Raise taxes
  10. 10. Unemployment in EU countries 2001 “ Unemployment in the UK in 2001 was amongst the worst in the European Union” I disagree that unemployment in the UK was amongst the worst in the European Union as (how many other countries had a higher rate of unemployment, give some examples) However the UK did not have best unemployment rate as (do the same again) (for 1998)
  11. 11. Now complete the remainder of your worksheet <ul><li>What you have learned: </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the Employed and Unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>Why People want to work </li></ul><ul><li>What you will learn next: </li></ul><ul><li>The nature and causes of Unemployment </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Causes of Unemployment <ul><li>What you will learn today: </li></ul><ul><li>Primary, Secondary and Tertiary (Services) </li></ul><ul><li>Relocation of Industry and its affects </li></ul><ul><li>Employment and Recession </li></ul><ul><li>Regional differences and Unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Resources you need are your jotter, worksheet and Changing Society Textbook pages 36 & 36 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Types of Employment Structural Unemployment Primary Secondary Tertiary Service Sector Trends Possible reasons is outsourcing to the far east countries This first affected PRIMARY and SECONDARY Industry, but is even now affecting the Service Sector See figure 5.3 on page 36
  14. 14. Moving East
  15. 15. Cyclical Unemployment RECESSION Factors affecting Unemployment 1990s Scotland was not as badly hit as SE England Lower taxes Companies and individuals have more money to spend No increased spending, cheaper imports from abroad bought Less jobs will be created More people are unemployed less jobs will be created More benefits the Government has to pay Government has to spend more to reduce unemployment Raise taxes
  16. 16. Regional Differences in Employment Where? Lower unemployment Higher unemployment All sources from the Scottish Executive Website
  17. 17. Employment by Age
  18. 18. Employment by Qualifications S’Grades Highers/College Uni & Phd’s
  19. 19. Now complete Tasks 1-7 from your worksheet – then do extension map of UK unemployment or MIND MAP <ul><li>What you have learned: </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the Employed and Unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>Why People want to work </li></ul><ul><li>The nature and causes of Unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>What you will learn next: </li></ul><ul><li>The Needs of the Unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>How the Government attempts to meet these needs? </li></ul>
  20. 20. On your own map of the UK, draw in the boundaries shown on the map here, then construct your own key as shown using colour pencils, and record the regional differences of unemployment across the UK
  21. 21. Meeting the needs of the Unemployed <ul><li>What you will learn today: </li></ul><ul><li>The Needs of the Unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>How the Government attempts to meet these needs? </li></ul>
  22. 22. Meeting the needs of the Unemployed <ul><li>The 3 basic needs of the unemployed are: </li></ul><ul><li>Employment Needs – to get a job </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Needs – To support themselves and family </li></ul><ul><li>Training Needs – to enable more success at getting a job </li></ul>
  23. 23. Meeting the needs of the Unemployed <ul><li>There are other needs that the Unemployed have: </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Needs – Depression and low self esteem can lead to self harming and suicide, rates are higher among the unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>Health Needs – Strong link between unemployment, poverty and poor health </li></ul><ul><li>Community Needs – in areas of high unemployment many communities begin to break down, for example: </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled people move away, shops close, Amenities (local services) decline like bus services and libraries, housing areas deteriorate, vandalism, drug abuse and crime increases, Public services are reduced, no new jobs are created as employers do not set up business there, rioting with gangs creating ‘no-go’ areas </li></ul>
  24. 24. What can Councils and the Private Sector do to Help? Read the paragraph HELP FROM COUNCILS AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR on page 38 Write the heading ‘ Meeting the Needs of the Unemployed’ , copy and complete the following paragraph before doing worksheet activities 1 & 2 Local councils can help the u______________, but not by giving them money. They may offer concessions to them for many of the services that local councils provide, like L___________ F___________, and cheaper F________ on public transport. They may also fund local support groups in the areas C_______________ C_________ Private companies can also offer concessions to the unemployed, two examples that regularly make tickets cheaper are C___________ and F________________ C_________.
  25. 25. JOB SEEKERS ALLOWANCE (JSA) This benefit was put in place to replace the ‘brew’ system in 1996 It is provided by the Government through Job Centres JSA is only for those who are unemployed and actively seeking employment, which must be proved For a single person aged 18-24 who lives alone, the current rate (2006) of job seekers allowance is £45.50 per week, could you live on that. The Job centre will also demand that you have regular, normally fortnightly, meetings with an Employment Service Adviser to record your activities with your job search, and provide help. Now complete the remainder of your worksheet Qs 3-6
  26. 26. Meeting the needs of the Unemployed <ul><li>What you have learned today: </li></ul><ul><li>The Needs of the Unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>How the Government attempts to meet these needs? </li></ul><ul><li>What you will learn next: </li></ul><ul><li>How to get a job </li></ul><ul><li>Skill Seekers and New Deal </li></ul>
  27. 27. Meeting the needs of the Unemployed – Compare Source ES – textbook page 39 Question 5 The opinions of the Government spokesperson and the Unemployed person are different. They disagree as the spokesperson thinks that Job Seekers Allowance (JSA) is a better service and the Unemployed person does not. The spokesperson says people are better supported, getting benefits and job seeking advice from the one place, whereas the unemployed person thinks that it is pointless to have these plans as there are very few jobs out there. The spokesperson stated that the JSA helps people get a job quicker and meets their basic financial needs, However the unemployed person thinks that more time and money should be invested by the Government to create more jobs.
  28. 28. Meeting the needs of the Unemployed – Getting a JOAB Most Young people have one thing in common when they are looking for work – they are all roughly just as experienced as each other when it comes to working, it’s a lot different from school. Draw the table below and list the supports that each have to help you be organised in each setting. School Work Bells to remind you where to be and at what time. Watch the Bitesize Video on Employment to re-cap learning so far and to see what’s next
  29. 29. Meeting the unemployed needs HELP TO GET A JOB Emma Padden CASE STUDY AGE: 17 LIVES: Glasgow JOB: Facilities assistant EMPLOYER: Allianz Cornhill Insurance, Glasgow HOBBIES: Shopping; socialising with friends; listening to music MOVIES: No favourites in particular BANDS: No favourites in particular ESSENTIAL POSSESSION: Mobile phone
  30. 30. Meeting THE STORY: When Emma left school last summer, she was determined to find a job and she visited her local Careers Scotland office for advice. Her careers adviser put her in touch with Glasgow training provider, Microcom Limited, who organised a number of interviews. Emma also started her SVQ Level 2 in Administration. Late last year her persistence paid off, when Emma got a job with Allianz Cornill Insurance. The company employs thousands of people throughout the UK, and its Glasgow office has 70 staff. Emma is one of three facilities assistants, providing a range of administrative support to a team of underwriters. She started her new job on December 1 2003 and has settled in well to her new surroundings.
  31. 31. Meeting EMMA SAYS: “I was keen to get a job as soon as I left school and I was really pleased when Allianz Cornhill took me on last year. I enjoy my work very much. It is good to have lots of variety and to be able to do different things. I have to file, deal with data, organise the mail and generally help out, so I have plenty to do. “As part of my training, I am doing my SVQ Level 2 in Admin which is quite useful. I will probably go on to study for the Level 3 afterwards as I think it is a good qualification to have. It helps me in my work.”
  32. 32. Meeting HER BOSS SAYS : Susan Warwick, facilities team leader, and Emma’s line manager, said: “Emma was given the job following interviews with about half a dozen candidates. I think a combination of her personality and attitude helped get her the job. “She is also studying for her SVQ in Administration which is useful. It is adding to her skills and knowledge and helps give her a broader understanding of work.” TRAINEE’S PLANS FOR THE FUTURE : Emma plans to learn more about the insurance industry and hopefully progress within the company. Eventually, she would like to deal with claims.
  33. 33. Skillseekers <ul><li>Training provided by a range of organisations </li></ul><ul><li>To receive any benefits/allowances when you are aged 16-18, you must be on Skillseekers </li></ul><ul><li>You get paid – not a lot – possible more if on a placement </li></ul><ul><li>Training and Work Experience offered, when completed Skillseekers normally get full time employment from this, again normally with the placements they have been a Skill Seeker on. </li></ul><ul><li>BUT….. Some do not get a job, and those employers who do not keep Skillseekers on can be accused of using then as cheap labour. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Modern Apprentice Ships Worksheet Activities 1-4, Read textbook page 40 - FACTFILES
  35. 35. The ‘New Deal’ Idea of the New Deal came from the USA where many oppose it <ul><li>The New Deal is only available to those who have been on JSA for 6 months </li></ul><ul><li>Employers get money for taking people on but must ensure they get 1 day training/week </li></ul><ul><li>If no job is secured you then must work for a voluntary agency to receive your JSA </li></ul><ul><li>You can also work with other local agencies to improve the environment, e.g, community centres </li></ul><ul><li>You can also take on a Full Time training or Further Education course </li></ul>Complete activities 5-7 & case study of Rambai
  36. 36. Activities Worksheet Activities 5 - 7 Casestudy of Rambai Textbook Extension
  37. 37. Meeting the needs of the unemployed <ul><li>One of the main sources of help for the unemployed is the Job Centre and the Job Clubs that they run. </li></ul><ul><li>Today we will discover the role and services that the Job Centre can offer the unemployed in Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>First of all complete any missing activities from the previous lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>You have to use the Green textbook “living in a changing society”, it is a bit dated but the services are still the same that the Job Centre provides. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Job Centres and Job Clubs The job centre has expanded in recent years to using self service job points and the internet to search for jobs, to make it more accessible
  39. 39. Job Clubs <ul><li>What goes on at a job club meeting? The possibilities are myriad. Your gatherings can be part support group, part think tank. The idea is to share each others' job-hunting and career experiences and encourage each other in the quest. What works? What doesn't? Who's hiring? Who's not? </li></ul><ul><li>Members spend a few minutes at the beginning of the meeting sharing results and accomplishments of the previous week's job hunting. </li></ul><ul><li>Members ask the group for support in specific areas. This portion of the meeting is a problem-solving and brainstorming session. Members can ask for advice, support, leads, ideas, strategies, and direct assistance. It's in this section of the meeting where a professional facilitator may be the most useful. </li></ul><ul><li>The meeting ends with members stating their job-search goals for the upcoming week. Members should set goals that can realistically be accomplished by the time of the next meeting. Here, it may be helpful to lay out some good benchmarks, such as a productive yet realistic number of contacts that members should strive to add to their networks each week. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Activities Job Centres and Job Clubs Worksheet Activities 1-6 When finished return the Green Textbook and collect a Changing Society textbook and study pages 44-45
  41. 41. Pages 44 & 45, use the fact files on Job Clubs & Job Centres to copy and complete these mind maps – use colours to help you How can a job club help? To join you have to Be on time Apply for so many jobs per day How can job centres help? Design a leaflet to advertise how a Job Club and Job Centre can help unemployed people, and to encourage unemployed people to visit these places.
  42. 42. Locate in Scotland <ul><li>Get Financial Help </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled Labour </li></ul><ul><li>Low Wages </li></ul><ul><li>Few Strikes </li></ul><ul><li>Good roads, networks & Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Stable Country </li></ul>
  43. 43. New Technology & Employment <ul><li>What you will learn today: </li></ul><ul><li>The Nature and impact of New Technology </li></ul><ul><li>How new technology has affected employment in offices and the newspaper industry </li></ul>
  44. 44. New Technology!! New technology mainly helps make work and life easier. If you imagine you Home, and all the equipment it has to help you with housework, you may understand better how New Technology effects the workplace: Do you like doing the washing?
  45. 45. Newspaper Industry & New technology Introduction of new technology Printing Press Less Operators PCs - DTP Less Craftsmen More Colour in press More variety Trade Unions Pay offs
  46. 46. Banking & New Technology. How have Banks Changed? What impact has this had on its employees and services? Open 9.30am-3.30pm (closed lunch 1-2pm)
  47. 47. Activities <ul><li>Worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Questions 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Copy What you will earn box page 47 </li></ul><ul><li>Define Technology? </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages and </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of new Technology </li></ul><ul><li>New Office technology </li></ul><ul><li>Working from home </li></ul><ul><li>Banking Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Extension Exercise </li></ul>
  48. 48. Today <ul><li>What will you learn today </li></ul><ul><li>The Difference between Sex and Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Why women face disadvantages in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Laws to protect women's rights at work </li></ul><ul><li>Enquiry Skills Practice Questions </li></ul>
  49. 49. Inequalities in the Workplace: Gender! SEX Spot the Difference?
  50. 50. Male & Female Roles? Gender Stereotypes Where do we learn these stereotypes from?
  51. 51. Nature or Nurture What is Male and Female? Who decided Blue for boys and pink for girls? We learn this behaviour throughout our lives, as we grow up. Gender is the preference towards what is seen as more male or female behaviour in a person, and is separate from sexuality. This continues into adulthood where the roles that Male and Females are expected to do are different?????
  52. 52. Gender & Sex in the Workplace (factfile pg 66) Equal Pay Act 1970 Sex Discrimination Act 1975 & 1986 The purpose of the Equal Pay Act 1970 is to eliminate discrimination between men and women in terms of their pay and contracts of employment where they are doing: • work that is the same or broadly similar; • work rated as equivalent under a job evaluation study; • work of equal value in terms of the demands made on them under headings such as effort, skill and decision-making. The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (SDA) applies to both men and women and makes sex discrimination unlawful in employment and vocational training, education, the provision and sale of goods, facilities and services and premises. In employment and vocational training, it is also unlawful to discriminate against someone on the grounds of being married or a civil partner. In employment and vocational training, it is unlawful to discriminate on the grounds of gender reassignment.
  53. 53. Evidence Women are still discriminated against <ul><li>Only 1/3 rd of Managers are Women </li></ul><ul><li>but </li></ul><ul><li>Girls do better at School and University </li></ul><ul><li>Women on average earn only 72% of the average males wage </li></ul><ul><li>but </li></ul><ul><li>Women make up 52% of the Population </li></ul><ul><li>See factfile on page 66 for more examples </li></ul>
  54. 54. Why Women are disadvantaged? Child Care Issues and Lone female Parents is one accepted theory Even today women still look after children more 90% of lone parent families are headed by women It’s mums who tend to give jobs up when having a family If mums do work it is normally Part-Time Mothers may not work as child minders cost a lot Employers don’t choose young mothers for jobs Promotion is unlikely on a Part-time basis It is cheaper to stay unemployed as more is saved in time and nursery costs Complete Worksheet Activities, followed by ES extension
  55. 55. Extension Table 11.2 Evidence to support the view that women are under-represented in promoted posts in the police is that there are NO women Chief constables or Asst. Chief Constables. Evidence to oppose the view that the situation is showing signs of improvement are that the number of women Chief Inspectors has fallen from 3.6% 1994 to 3.2% in 1998, however the number of women Superintendents has doubled 5/4
  56. 56. Inequality amongst the unemployed <ul><li>What you will learn? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is likely to be discriminated against when looking for a job </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination against the elderly and disabled </li></ul><ul><li>How these discriminations can be overcome in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Why the elderly are overlooked? </li></ul>
  57. 57. Inequality amongst the unemployed We quickly want to complete this worksheet today so we can spend the remainder of the period watching the BBC bitesize video for revision of The USA, Living in a Democracy and Enquiry skills for the remainder of the week.
  58. 58. Inequality amongst the unemployed Question 1 – Which groups of people may face particular difficulties when looking for a job? Page 45 – paragraph 1 Answer 1 – Disabled people, women, the elderly and ethnic minorities may face difficulties when looking for a job due to discrimination
  59. 59. Activities <ul><li>Worksheet Questions 2&3 – Why is it wrong to assume that disabled people will be unable to work? & Give two examples of ways in which handicaps can be overcome in the workplace? </li></ul><ul><li>Page 45 Bottom Left paragraph and </li></ul><ul><li>3 bullet points </li></ul><ul><li>Copy out this paragraph to answer these questions: </li></ul><ul><li>From “People are also guilty of making assumptions about disabled people. Just …………………………….to ………… </li></ul><ul><li>………………………… .. a person who cannot hear properly can use a hearing aid. </li></ul>
  60. 60. Activities <ul><li>Worksheet Questions 4 & 5 – When was the disability discrimination act introduced? & In what areas did the Act give disabled people new rights? </li></ul><ul><li>Answer?? </li></ul><ul><li>The Disability Discrimination act was introduced in 1996, the Act gave disabled new rights in the areas of : </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Getting goods and services </li></ul><ul><li>Buying or renting land or property </li></ul>
  61. 61. Activities <ul><li>Worksheet Question 6 – </li></ul><ul><li>Three possible reasons that older workers are often turned down for jobs are: </li></ul><ul><li>They often lack the sort of skills which are required for the job. </li></ul><ul><li>Younger workers may be hired at a lower wage </li></ul><ul><li>Many older workers are tied to a particular location that means that they are less willing to move to find new jobs . </li></ul><ul><li>COPY – Now use Bitesize video to revise in class </li></ul>
  62. 62. Making Ends Meet <ul><li>Worksheets & textbook </li></ul><ul><li>Use pages 54 & 55 of textbook to complete Activities 1-4 </li></ul><ul><li>Miss out Activity 5 (do not do) </li></ul><ul><li>The Child Support Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Use page 56 to complete activities 6 & 7 </li></ul><ul><li>GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE FOR FAMILIES IN THE UK </li></ul><ul><li>Collect the worksheet and complete the activities (1-8) </li></ul><ul><li>Enquiry Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Complete the past Paper enquiry skills activity. </li></ul>
  63. 63. Activities <ul><li>Worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Questions 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Copy What you will earn box page 47 </li></ul><ul><li>Define Technology? </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages and </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of new Technology </li></ul><ul><li>New Office technology </li></ul><ul><li>Working from home </li></ul><ul><li>Banking Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Extension Exercise </li></ul>
  64. 64. Activities <ul><li>Worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Questions 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Copy What you will earn box page 47 </li></ul><ul><li>Define Technology? </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages and </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of new Technology </li></ul><ul><li>New Office technology </li></ul><ul><li>Working from home </li></ul><ul><li>Banking Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Extension Exercise </li></ul>
  65. 65. Activities <ul><li>Worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Questions 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Copy What you will earn box page 47 </li></ul><ul><li>Define Technology? </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages and </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of new Technology </li></ul><ul><li>New Office technology </li></ul><ul><li>Working from home </li></ul><ul><li>Banking Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Extension Exercise </li></ul>
  66. 66. Activities <ul><li>Worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Questions 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Copy What you will earn box page 47 </li></ul><ul><li>Define Technology? </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages and </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of new Technology </li></ul><ul><li>New Office technology </li></ul><ul><li>Working from home </li></ul><ul><li>Banking Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Extension Exercise </li></ul>
  67. 67. Activities <ul><li>Worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Questions 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Copy What you will earn box page 47 </li></ul><ul><li>Define Technology? </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages and </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of new Technology </li></ul><ul><li>New Office technology </li></ul><ul><li>Working from home </li></ul><ul><li>Banking Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Extension Exercise </li></ul>

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