SCUOLA DELL’INFANZIA                              I CIRCOLO DIDATTICO                                   “G.FALCONE”       ...
UNIT.1 “A TRIP OF A DROP”- MethodologyMethodology: Water is a familiar         teach physics, chemistry, life sci-        ...
ART                                               Mixing Colored Water                 Pictorial and graphic              ...
GAMESGlass     and     Water       Music:       A dish tub filled with water can pro-Fill a couple of identical glass cups...
A TRIP OF A DROP – inventing a story, dramatization, pictorial and graphic productionThere are many charming water        ...
Water is life ! Teaching Earth Science with WaterGoals:   water is an essential re-    source for life.   define natural...
UNIT.2 FIRE Methodology                                        rhymes, movement activities,           tips and loads of in...
ARTF I R E           C o l l a g e : paint (yellow, red, orange...), gold       learning activities using differentLook in...
A STORY OF FIRERead "The Story of Prome-                     to deny human kind thetheus". Discuss the story with         ...
UNIT. 3 AIR — Methodology                                          when it’s in the form of wind, it        painting and  ...
ARTWind and Air – The Invisible Force           the bubbles. When the bubblesof art…                                      ...
GAMES: Air is fun!Creating simple ranges, pinwheel,       that       windkite, little flags is cheap and easy    farms,   ...
Air is life ! Teaching Earth Science with AirGoals:                                way to see if air has lots of oxygenAir...
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Water fire air manual s 2

  1. 1. SCUOLA DELL’INFANZIA I CIRCOLO DIDATTICO “G.FALCONE” CONVERSANO 70014 ITALY THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE MANUAL TEACHERS METHODOLOGYTHE PROJECTWhen the time comes for the natural re- The Project we propose aims at little green house...” is a project teaching ecologic attitude towardssources to decrease our efforts should be which will enable children not only to the four natural elements . Throughdirected towards their preservation. If we feel the nature magic but will love it different activities we are going to want to teach our easier and will start searching closer provoke children curiosity , will children how to encounter with it themselves. push them towards experimenting protect nature, we should help Children experience constant rela- and creating. them understand tion to the four natural forces – Air, After realizing the physical proper- the properties of Water, Fire, Earth and do not hide ties of air, water, soil, fire and the the world around their pleasure of encounter with natural phenomena , the future in- them . them. Their power is especially in- habitants of planet Earth will be teresting for the children. able to solve its complicated prob- “The Earth is our lems.Objectives1. To focus the attention of children 7. Uniting the parents around the ideatowards knowing and protecting inani- and the objects of the project in ordermate nature (air, water, fire, to achieve sustainable effect even afterearth, natural phenomena) and to the concrete project is over.get them know the properties and 8. Attracting the social institutions rep-their role as a decisive factor for resentatives to accomplishing projectanimate nature existence. objectives and to making the project2.To direct children towards animate results popular.nature protection and its position as a 9. Improving the possibilities for utiliza-decisive factor for existence of the tion new communication and informationPlanet and the human beings. ups care of the animals, how much do they like technologies by the teachers and children the flowers and how carefully they look around3. Sustaining real interest and neces- alike. and observe everything when trekking or walk-sity of nature protection and teaching The core of the partnership will be ecolog- ing along the fields. Therefore along with alla readiness for natural way of living. ical training of children ( getting acquaint- the methods and events the personal example4. Encouraging children in searching ed to nature, developing a positive attitude of the grown ups, their attitude to nature hasfor information for different ways of to it, ways of protection and sound utiliza- an education effect as well.waste recycling and realizing the ne- tion of natural resources). Along with that The experience in our work with children hascessity of reasonable utilization of we will provoke interest and desire in chil- proved that the natural aim of children tonatural resources dren to experiment and create. They knowledge should be utilized. Knowledge is the5. Teaching children to be European should be searching for different ways to basis of the bringing up and education work incitizens , realizing that the care for utilize natural materials or different types the kindergarten. It helps achieving emotionallynature in their native place is care of wastes. positive attitude towards nature, orientation infor nature of all Europe. Its up to the teachers to what extend the the word of animals and plants and presupposi-6. Motivating teachers to enrich their children will be interested in nature and tions for purposeful life activity, laying founda-methodological approach in completing whether they will have the correct ecolog- tions of ecological culture, observation andthe project objectives and to accus- ic attitude. The attitude of the grown ups curiosity forming , stating emotionally soundtom children to ecologically conscious to nature, animals, plants is important in practical investigating activity as a characteris-behavior . the process of bringing up. Children will tics of children personality. always notice how carefully do the grown 1
  2. 2. UNIT.1 “A TRIP OF A DROP”- MethodologyMethodology: Water is a familiar teach physics, chemistry, life sci- made on the path of the water in thesubstance for kids in kindergarten. ence, and earth science. environment.By means of the activities of playing, Trough a dramatized tale the chil-discoveries and experimentations, dren will be involved in the explora-the children will be involved in a tion of the water cycle. Children willjourney to explore of the element experiment how the water looks andwater, using the five senses. With moves in the environment and they’llthe view they discover where the carry out a fantastic journey discov-water is hidden, they discover the ering which and how many forms thecharacteristics of transparency, water takes on Earth.with the touch, the transmitted Trough artistic productions, plastics,sensations , with the smell and the painting and computer children rep-play discover how the water as- resent (summarized) discoveriessumes the taste and the smell, de-pending on what it contains. DROP: our new friendScience activities with water can Theme goals “WATER-THE LIVIVING POWER”Water is useful for:CleaningDrinking Fun with water: Swim-Helping plants grow ming, making bubbles,Providing a place for cooking, playing in aanimals and plants to sprinkler, super soakerslive etc.Bodies of Water: Lake, Forms of water:river, stream, ocean, brook, puddle Ice, snow, rain, hail, mist, vapor etc .etc ACTIVITIES, TESTS AND EXPERIMENTS about plants, animals andGroup time people, and aim conver- sation, the children dis-Wet or Dry: cover that: the bodies ofCut some pictures from a living things are made upmagazine, or show some pic- mostly of water. Inter-tures from a book, ask child e s ting p h o to gr a ph sif the objects are wet or (feature animals anddry. plants living in water;Living things need water: Frogs and fish laying their young children why all plants,While singing simple songs, eggs in water; and land ani- animals, and people need wa-observing some photos, lis- mals using water to cool off ter to grow and survive.tening and developing stories and keep clean) show theManual teachers methodology: THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE WATER 2
  3. 3. ART Mixing Colored Water Pictorial and graphic Carried out by mixing with production : of ex- water and food coloring, tem- periences and learn-Water Collage: pera paint etc.. different col- ing activities usingLook in a maga- ors for a lot of colorful ef- different artisticzine or newspaper for pictures of fects . techniques.water, cut them out and let your Paint on Wet Paper: Mask of drop:child glue them onto a piece of paper Explain diffusion, the spread- Print to colour paperfor a collage. ing of the paint on the paper, mask patterns.MATH AND SCIENCE: SOME EXPERIMENTS Place a bunch of items on the floor. The-During this early education lesson plan about the se items should be those that will bethe children will use the science skills sounds thatof prediction and observation. Math, you hear dur-counting and graphing is encouraged as ing a rainyoungsters "record" their predictions storm. Whatand findings. are the signsCondensation: that a storm is coming. Talk about stormObtain two jars and their lids. Fill one jar safety!!!with ice cold water and the other with Measuring rainfall:room temperature water. Observe the On a rainy day, set out a container toresults. Condensation occurs when the measure the rainfall. Measure how muchvapors in the air become cool enough to rain fell that day. Continue to measurecondense and form water droplets. the rain each day, and record for a few okay if they get wet, like blocks (plasticEvaporation: weeks. Ask your child to predict how or wood) rubber toys, a pencil, a rockObtain two clear plastic glasses of the much water will be collected. Ask at the etc. Make a graph with four columns. Listsame size. Measure one cup of water and beginning of the day and ask when it is all the items in the first column, labelplace in each cup. Mark the water level of raining. Did their answer change? the next column sink, the next float andeach cup with a permanent marker. Place Will it Absorb water?: the last results. Hold up each item andone in a Supply the children with pieces of mate- ask the children to decide if they believesunny win- rial to test like pieces of cotton, plastic, the item will sink or float in water. Rec-dow and the wool, tin foil, etc. Supply the children ord the number of children who votedother some- with eye droppers and a cup of water. sink under the sink column and the num-where else Which materials absorb water and which ber who voted for float in the float col-in the room. do not? You may also decide to do this umn. If you have a smaller class youObserve experiment as described in sink or float could record the names of the childrenthe glasses (below)! instead to see who is a really good esti-of water Will it mator. Then test the item in a tub ofover the nest couple of days. Ask the dis- water and record the result in the re-children where the water is going. Which solve?: sults column. Then continue with theis evaporating more quickly? Evaporation Fill five next item.occurs when the particles of water be- clear jarscome warm enough that they turn into with wa-vapors and leave the cup and escape into ter. Takethe air. Why did the water in the sun five dif-evaporate faster? ferentMeasuring water: substanc-Provide the children with a balance and es, likecontainers that can hold water. sugar,Creating Ice: cereal,Place water in a plastic ice tray and place salt, pa-it in the freezer. Every half hour take it per,out to inspect the ice. Ask the children thingswhy it is changing? Then after it is fro- that willzen, set it in a cup and allow it to melt dissolve, and some that wont. Ask youragain. child which will dissolve, and which willThunderstorm: not. Test each item in the water.When it is raining, watch the rain. Talk Will it Float or Sink?:Manual teachers methodology: THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE WATER 3
  4. 4. GAMESGlass and Water Music: A dish tub filled with water can pro-Fill a couple of identical glass cups, vide entertainment as well as a greatat least four, with varying amounts learning experience. Ideas to add toof water. Tap the side of each glass water play: a drop of food coloring,with a metal spoon. Which is the turkey blasters, funnels, cups, dishhighest sound and the lowest? How soap, boats, plastic toys, brushescould we change the sound? and sponges, ice, cold or warm wa- wash, toddler safe balls, items thatWater Play ter, baby dolls or play dishes to will sink or float.The water cycle in natureAt some stage the child will ask how The learner : important in relation to the waterclouds form rain. This is an extreme-  discuss the water cycle. common question asked by young  identify key components of the  demonstrate an understanding thatkids. In order to satisfy, his curiosi- water conservation is an act of water cycle.ty, explain to him about the water stewardship for the Earth.cycle in nature.  state why water conservation isWater cycle activities: a miniatureMaterials Required  Now put your setup in the sun- A large transparent bowl light. Plastic Wrapper  Let the child observer the set- A weight up now. A smaller container (this  After few hours, ask the child should be smaller than the to observe. first bowl)  What is seen. You can see wa- A rubber band or piece of ter in the small container . cess is called evaporation. string  Ask your child to check the time and note down how long When plants give off water vapour,How to do does it take for the water to it is called transpiration. When wa-it evaporate and condense on the ter evaporates, it rises into the plastic wrapper. Where does cooler air, collects, and forms P l a c e the water go after it condens- clouds. the small es on the plastic wrapper? Lessons extension: after-wards container in the middle of the large bowl . Children make : classroom posters, Explanation: Fill the bowl with little water, craft , activity chart, collage, The heat of the sun evaporated memory card-game.... be careful not to spill into the the water, which raised above and small container inside. then condensed on the cool plastic Cover the bowl with plastic Learners will develop an under- wrapper and fell into the small wrapper and fasten the plastic standing of the water cy- container. This is a small replica of wrap around the rim of the cle. They will then use some the water cycle that occurs every bowl with your rubber band or knowledge to create a tactile day on earth. string. model of the water cycle and Put a weight on top of the then relate these ideas to the When water is heated, it changes plastic wrap in the centre. This importance of water conserva- from a liquid to a gas. This gas is will help for our experiment. tion. called water vapour, and the pro-Manual teachers methodology: THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE WATER 4
  5. 5. A TRIP OF A DROP – inventing a story, dramatization, pictorial and graphic productionThere are many charming water but…Whats happening? The clouds they dance in the waves.cycle stories for children. Our chil- become heavy and Drop and herdren have invented, dramatized, But SUN, a "nice element", ar- sisters …….. HELP!!!sung ...this history rives, he woos the droplets, he Theyre falling into the River.A Day in the Life of a Drop ofWaterDrop is a little drop of water leads them to heaven and marries them complete with veil . Drop and River dance …Drop with her sis-without smell, shape and color butshe’s very pretty. She lives withher sisters in the sea but wasbored. One day they decide to plunge inthe great ocean where they make ters ... the water dance "Water Games"... (Rondò Veneziano). her sisters are embraced by Sun River wets the ground and quench and they become very light…. they Little Flower, Cat and Three. The reach the clouds. run of River finally ends into the calm sea. They dance and sing "Volare oh- oh," (Domenico Modugno). Drop is tired….. Nooo …...Northern Wind, “the It’s night ... Cold” , shakes and turns the Drop, its time to go to sleep!new friends: Jellyfish, Sardine, clouds . The sea cradles them, the seaDolphin, Red Fish and Hippocam-pus... whispers a lullaby. Drop and her sisters finally fall asleep. Drop, your trip for today is finishedNow everyone is happy and together The chilled clouds cover Sun but it will take back tomorrow…Manual teachers methodology: THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE WATER 5
  6. 6. Water is life ! Teaching Earth Science with WaterGoals: water is an essential re- source for life. define natural resources and give examples; gener- ate ideas of ways to con- serve, preserve and pro- tect our natural resources.Activities: Since water is the funda-mental building block of life,children will analyze the dif-ferent ways they use water,what measures they couldtake in order to conserve itand the problems that couldarise when clean water islacking in communities.The children visit a naturalpark lake (Lago Sassano) .The children see some imag-es of the ecological disaster(lake and sea pollution ).Manual teachers methodology: THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE WATER 6
  7. 7. UNIT.2 FIRE Methodology rhymes, movement activities, tips and loads of information about games, and interactive materials fire-fighters and the important are included to make the learning work they do. process fun, educational, and em- powering.Methodology: Unit 2 –Fire, intro-duce children to the benefits and However, fire also has a scarydangers of fire. Fire is magical to side. It can be dangerous when itchildren. It emits warmth and light is misunderstood or used inappro-and is used in many types of cele- priately. For these reasons, chil-brations around the world. dren need to learn at an early age Through a story children explore that fire is not for play. They alsothe element of fire in its manifesta- need to learn how to protecttions (heat, light, energy) and themselves if they come into con-through the exploration and activi- tact with fire. It also providesties they discover where it is Grisù, our new friend numerous child-friendly safetyaround us. Many wonderful books,Theme goalsBodies of fire: ramic objects... and revitalizing power of fire inSun, magma in Discovery of fire: legends and traditions of Italy andthe Earth, the controlled use of fire: an in- of Apulia.flame…. vention of the Early Stone Age Fire Prevention:Fire is useful Fun with fire: fire magic tricks causes and types of fire, the po-for: (experiments), safety activities tential dangers of fire, what to doadding light (games, crafts).... in the event of a fire The Im-and heat, cook- portant Role Fire-fighters play in Traditions and Legends Associat-ing plants and our community. ed With Fire:animals, clearing forests for plant-ing, heating treat stone for making Fire Myths (Prometheus), legendsstone tools, burning clay for ce- of native Americans, the purifyingACTIVITIES, TESTS AND EXPERIMENTSGroup time: serving some photos, listening and developing stories aboutHave students plants, animals and people, andbrainstorm aim conversation, the children"Fire". Conduct discover:an open forum -Bodies of fire,where they can -Fire and Sun, are “The Positiveshare experiences, feelings, Energy of the Cosmos” ,and/or ask questions: - Discovery of fire: once man of animals (previously he had What is fire? could warm himself in front of eaten meat raw). fire bought While singing simple songs, ob- the flames and cook the flesh light into the dark caves.Manual teachers methodology: THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE FIRE 7
  8. 8. ARTF I R E C o l l a g e : paint (yellow, red, orange...), gold learning activities using differentLook in a magazine or newspaper for artistic of fire, cut them out and Mask of fire:let your child glue them onto a piece Print to colour paper mask pat- of paper terns. for a col- lage; F I R E Artistic works: drawings, paintings and other glitter.. with tem- pera, glue, Pictorial and graphic produc- tion : of experiences andMATH AND SCIENCE: SOME EXPERIMENTSThrough a story children explore is con- oil):the element of fire and through sumed. Using the nail, punch a hole in thethe exploration and activities W a t e r underside ofthey discover where it is around enters the metal During this early education jar--use coloured Cut a piece oflesson plan the children will use water for best view. the cottonthe science skills of prediction and Note water vapour cloth (a hand-observation. Math, counting and condensed on inside kerchief or small washcloth worksgraphing is encouraged as young- of jar. well) about 7 cm (3 in) square andsters "record" their predictions roll it into a tight roll. Or, cut aand findings. Combustion or burning: piece of cotton rope about 7 cm (3Exploring fire with five senses: Light a candle on a pie plate : in) long. Push the rope or rolled(heat, light, energy) Which common materials cloth up through the bottom of (Styrofoam, vinyl material, cotton the lid so that about 1 cm (1/4 in)Fire needs oxygen to burn: material, newspaper, or cardboard), sticks out above the top of theLight two candles, cover one of the burns? Witch of them produce the lid. This is the wick. Next, fill thecandles with the glass container. worst smoke/air jar about ½ full of alcohol andWhat will happen ? Wait to see pollution wh e n screw the lid down onto the jarwhich one burn? Find out tightly. Pour about 1 cm (½ in) ofburns out which object has water into the bottom of the pan,first. more harmful ele- and place the jar and lid in the ments, (ash and middle of the pie pan. Allow thePut another smoke) to the at- alcohol to soak up into the rope orcandle on a mosphere when it is cloth. The alcohol lamp should lightpie plate and burnt. and burn with a pale blue flame.add 1/2 inch of water to pie plate.Light candle, then put glass jarover candle. What will happen ? Alcohol, oil...are flammable liq- ...and put out fire with water.Candle extinguishes when oxygen uids...Making an Alcohol Lamp (orManual teachers methodology: THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE FIRE 8
  9. 9. A STORY OF FIRERead "The Story of Prome- to deny human kind thetheus". Discuss the story with gift of fire was to de-the class and ask children: prive humans and keep1. Why is fire so important man at the level of ani- and what would life be mals. Zeus believed that like without it? without fire the human was happy and would nev-2. Why would a hero like er go to war. Who was Prometheus endanger right? Why? himself just to make life better for man? Make a list of the positive things that can be done with3. What is your definition of fire and the negative things a hero? that can be done with fire4. Prometheus thought thatDont Play With Fire!Teaching Safety Fire : some important things to discuss with children Teach children that fire is  Demonstrate for the children dangerous, and can burn. the "stop, drop and roll" meth- Tell small children to never od of putting fires out. If touch or play with matches and their clothing catches on fire, lighters, and if they find any they need to know how to put lying around, to tell their par- it out . ents.  Show how to crawl low on the Practice the escape plan. ground beneath smoke. Prac- tice crawling through the Teach your children that fire- Activity : art and craft, colouring house, making sure to stay fighters are there to help pages, song and story. down low. them.Firefighters at schoolFiremen visit schools where immediately stop whatever theythey discuss the do-and-donts are doing, drop to the groundof fire usage. In the event of a and begin to roll back and forthchilds clothing catching fire, repeatedly and quickly to extin-its important that children and guish the flame.adults are aware of the "stop- Emergency phone numbers needdrop-and roll" method. Instruct to in an easy-to-reach area,children that if clothing ever preferably on a wall near acatches on fire, they should phone.Manual teachers methodology: THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE FIRE 9
  10. 10. UNIT. 3 AIR — Methodology when it’s in the form of wind, it painting and can move leaves and blow your hair computer around). children rep- r e s e n t Students use all of their senses to (summarized) discoveries made on the path of the describe air (Can they see it? feel air in the environment. it? smell it? hear it? taste it? HowMethodology: do we know its there? What evi-Air is all around us:, Air is every- dence can they provide to supportwhere. It cannot be seen, but it is their descriptions of air?)all around us. Air is invisible. Air isa form of energy. This unit helps Doing simple experiments the chil-students discover that air is eve- dren will explore air pressure andrywhere, that Air exists observing the force of air.some of the things it does ( Aircan fill a balloon, for example, and Trough artistic productions, plastics,Theme goalsChildren know : Air hot air rises (hot air balloon). becomeWe breath air, air is a gas, air Living things use air: polluted withmakes up the atmosphere. emission of To breathe, plants use air to make gas:Children observe: food, birds use air for fly, seeds Industry, indi-Air moves (wind); air can change are distributed by wind. vidual actions,temperature, can smell, can be Properties of air: transportationseen (water vapour, smoke); they Air is transparent, air is weight, .can feel when it moves (wind), air takes up space, air has volume The effectsthey can see air moves things and pressure , air is a gas. of air pollution.(storm); moving air makes weather;ACTIVITIES, TESTS AND EXPERIMENTSGroup time: ing. Divide living into animals and ries: animals that fly and animalsLiving or not living? Animal or plants. Divide nonliving into solids, that do not fly.plant? Solid liquid or gas? liquids and gases:Cut some pictures from a magazine, Put this sheet on the floor. Askor show some pictures from a book children to place their cards in onewith living (animals, plants) and non of the empty squares on the dia-living things (ice, stones, water, gram where they think they be-clouds, coins..) long.On a large sheetof paper draw a Animals That Fly or Do Not Flyheading All sortsof things, and Cut pictures of animals from maga-using a tree dia- zines and organized in two largegram format, di- sheets of white blank chart paper,vide the sheet into living and nonliv- animals into two different catego-Manual teachers methodology: THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE AIR 10
  11. 11. ARTWind and Air – The Invisible Force the bubbles. When the bubblesof art… pop remove the paper and leave to dry.B ubble Blow Painting:Painting: Water paint down a little to makeMix to- it runny. Pour a couple of drops ofgether the paint on to paper, then childrenpaint and use a drinking straw to blow thesome paint in all directions.washing up Keep adding more paint and blow-liquid in ing.the tray. Add some water until it is Mask of air: Pictorial and graphic production :runny enough to blow bubbles. The Print to colour paper mask patterns. of experiences and learning activi-children use the drinking straw to ties using different artistic tech-blow into the paint to make bubbles. niques.Gently place the paper on top ofMATH AND SCIENCE: SOME EXPERIMENTSWHAT IS AIR? tle. Challenge your child to try and t h eTeacher ask a series of questions to see push the paper ball into the bottle stringwhat children know about air. using the air stream from the hair 6. BlowAsk child if they think air is real. Wavehands around, can we feel air? How do we dryer. Much to your child’s sur- up theknow its there? Can we see it? Tell child prise, the paper will not enter the balloonwe can "see" air, in a way. bottle even when the flow of air and holdBlow up balloon. Why does the balloon the open-get bigger? Open the end of the balloon ing sonear the childs face; s/he can feel the that theair, too. air does not es- c a p e . 7. Place the mouth of the balloon so that it is pointing toward the closest tree or post. points directly to the bottle’s 8. Make sure that the balloon is opening! parallel to the string/straw. Place 4. Discuss what happened. two pieces of tape over the straw and balloon making sure that theVolume Experiment: Pressure Experiment: balloon is attached securely.1. Take an empty, 2-litre soft 1. Take one end of the string and 9. Release the balloon.drink bottle and lay it on its side. tie it to a tree or a post. 10. Discuss what happened.Hold it down firmly. 2. Take the straw and thread it2. Have your child make a ball out onto the other end of the string.of a small piece of paper. Make 3. Tie the other end of string tosure it is small enough to fit the second tree or post.through the mouth of the bottle. 4. Make sure that the string is3. Hold a hair dryer so it blows t i g h t .directly into the mouth of the bot- 5. Move the straw to one end ofManual teachers methodology: THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE AIR 11
  12. 12. GAMES: Air is fun!Creating simple ranges, pinwheel, that windkite, little flags is cheap and easy farms, areasto make and the teacher can com- where there arebine science with physical activity many wind tur-and fun! Children can discover with bines operating,their “air-toys” that wind is air are unsightly:that moves over the earths sur- giant pinwheelsface and movement of air is ener- or wind tur-gy. bines, up to 330Discuss the pros and cons of using feet (100 me- Didascalia dellimmagine owind energy. Pros would include ters), are used della fotografiathe fact that wind is a renewable on wind farmsenergy source and that wind ener- to create cleangy creates no pollutants or radio- by-products. Cons wouldinclude arguments made by someWind in Poem, Music and PaintingsRead poem: Ask the children:Who Has Seen the Wind? How do these poems represent theBy Christina Rossetti idea that one needs to feel the wind or observe its effects in or-Who has seen the wind? der to know it is there?Neither I nor you.But when the leaves hang trem- Explore the internet togetherbling, for windy images.The wind is passing through. Look for photographs showing theWho has seen the wind?Neither you nor I.But when the trees bow downtheir heads,The wind is passing by. wind at work and play. Find and display some paintings by such art- ists as Winslow Homer. On line you can view Van Goghs depiction of a windy day. Bring on the music. Find some good storm music such as se- lections from “Scherazade” and the “Valkyries”. Encourage kids to paint or move to the music .Manual teachers methodology: THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE AIR 12
  13. 13. Air is life ! Teaching Earth Science with AirGoals: way to see if air has lots of oxygenAir become polluted with emis- in it is to look for signs of lichension of gas: industry, individual growing on tree limbs. You can alsoactions, transportation . keep an eye out for bird and insectThe effects of air pollution. life. Explain to children that cars, factories and the creating of elec- tricity all put bad substances intoActivities: the air which affects health andReading a nature.story aboutair pollu- Together think of ways that wetion to can save airlearn about things that cause airpollution and what we can do to “Why drive whenkeep the air clean. WE can walk?!Clean air is vital to all life. One Walking, running, skipping are all much more fun than sitting in a “Plant trees, the lungs of the boring un-cool car” Earth” Sommario THE PROJECT 1 OBJECTIVES UNIT.1 “A TRIP OF A DROP”- METHODOLOGY 2 THEME GOALS “WATER-THE LIVIVING POWER” ACTIVITIES, TESTS AND EXPERIMENTS /GROUP TIME ART 3 MATH AND SCIENCE: SOME EXPERIMENTS GAMES 4 THE WATER CYCLE IN NATURE WATER CYCLE ACTIVITIES: A MINIATURE A TRIP OF A DROP – INVENTING A STORY, DRAMATIZATION, 5Sponsor: PICTORIAL AND GRAPHIC PRODUCTION WATER IS LIFE ! TEACHING EARTH SCIENCE WITH WATER 6 UNIT.2 FIRE METHODOLOGY 7 THEME GOALS ACTIVITIES, TESTS AND EXPERIMENTS /GROUP TIME: ART 8 MATH AND SCIENCE: SOME EXPERIMENTS STORY OF FIRE 9 DONT PLAY WITH FIRE! TEACHING SAFETY FIRE : SOME IMPORTANT THING TO DISCUSS WITH CHILDREN FIREFIGHTERS AT SCHOOL UNIT.3 AIR 10 THEME GOALS ACTIVITIES, TESTS AND EXPERIMENTS /GROUP TIME ART 11 MATH AND SCIENCE: SOME EXPERIMENTS GAMES: AIR IS FUN! 12 WIND IN POEM, MUSIC AND PAINTINGSManual teachers methodology: THE EARTH IS OUR LITTLE GREEN HOUSE AIR 13