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About hiv



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  • 1. ABOUT HIV
  • 2. + Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life- threatening opportunistic infections.+ Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk.
  • 3. There are 3 main causes of HIV/AIDS infection:+ Sexual transmission – Through an intimacy sexual contact i.e. vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected sex partner. Besides through direct contact, there is also a chance to get infected by sharing sexual devices.+ Transmission through blood – the most common cases is by sharing syringes and needles or blood transfusion activities.+ Transmission through pregnancy – from mother to the fetus. Report has shown that over 500 thousands of infants infected HIV during pregnancy or breast feeding.
  • 4. The following steps will help prevent the spread of HIV: – Abstinence. Refraining from sexual activity is the surest way of preventing sexually transmitted HIV infection. – Know the HIV status of your partner. – Women who plan on becoming pregnant, or who are pregnant, should be tested before they have the infant. – Use condoms.
  • 5. Never use dirty needles or syringes.+ Under no circumstances share your needles or syringes with others.+ Use needles and syringes obtained from reliable sources.+ Avoid all contact with another persons blood.+ Get tested for HIV yearly.+ Get the vaccines for hepatitis A and hepatitis B.+ Seek help for your drug abuse
  • 6. + Rapid weight loss+ Dry cough+ Recurring fever or profuse night sweats+ Profound and unexplained fatigue+ Wollen lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck+ Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week+ White spots or unusual blemishes on the tongue, in the mouth, or in the throat+ Pneumonia+ Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids+ Memory loss, depression
  • 7. THANK YOU…..