+ Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life- threatening opportunistic infections.+ Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk.
There are 3 main causes of HIV/AIDS infection:+ Sexual transmission – Through an intimacy sexual contact i.e. vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected sex partner. Besides through direct contact, there is also a chance to get infected by sharing sexual devices.+ Transmission through blood – the most common cases is by sharing syringes and needles or blood transfusion activities.+ Transmission through pregnancy – from mother to the fetus. Report has shown that over 500 thousands of infants infected HIV during pregnancy or breast feeding.
The following steps will help prevent the spread of HIV: – Abstinence. Refraining from sexual activity is the surest way of preventing sexually transmitted HIV infection. – Know the HIV status of your partner. – Women who plan on becoming pregnant, or who are pregnant, should be tested before they have the infant. – Use condoms.
Never use dirty needles or syringes.+ Under no circumstances share your needles or syringes with others.+ Use needles and syringes obtained from reliable sources.+ Avoid all contact with another persons blood.+ Get tested for HIV yearly.+ Get the vaccines for hepatitis A and hepatitis B.+ Seek help for your drug abuse
+ Rapid weight loss+ Dry cough+ Recurring fever or profuse night sweats+ Profound and unexplained fatigue+ Wollen lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck+ Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week+ White spots or unusual blemishes on the tongue, in the mouth, or in the throat+ Pneumonia+ Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids+ Memory loss, depression