Sti scandal


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This provides an overview of the different STIs and more information about these conditions.

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Sti scandal

  2. 2. Sexually Transmitted Infections
  3. 3. What is a Sexually Transmitted Infection or STI? • STI’s are infections that are spread from person to person through intimate sexual contact. • STI’s are dangerous because they are easily spread and it is hard to tell just by looking who has an STI. • 1 in 4 sexually active teens has an STI.
  4. 4. Prevention is the Key • Abstinence, or not having oral, vaginal or anal sex, is the best way to protect yourself. • It is possible to get an STD even without having intercourse through skin-to-skin contact.
  5. 5. The virtue of Chastity: Sexual self-control. Saving sexual intercourse for marriage, the context in which God intended for sexual union.
  6. 6. Common STI’s • • • • Chlamydia Gonorrhea Syphilis Trichomoniasis • • • • Genital Herpes (HSV2) Genital Warts (HPV) Hepatitis B HIV and AIDS Pubic Lice
  7. 7. How do I know if I have an STI? • Most people who have an STI have no symptoms. • If you do become infected, it takes months or years to manifest the disease
  8. 8. Common Symptoms for Girls Some symptoms you may have are: • Sores, bumps or blisters near your genitals, anus (butt hole) or mouth • Burning or pain when you urinate (pee) • Itching, bad smell or unusual discharge from your vagina or anus (butt hole) • Bellyache (pain in your lower abdomen) • Bleeding from your vagina between your menstrual periods • Remember: Sometimes symptoms don't show up for weeks or months or years.
  9. 9. Common Symptoms for Guys Some symptoms you may have are: • Sores, bumps or blisters near your genitals, anus (butt hole) or mouth • Burning or pain when you urinate (pee) • Drip or discharge from your penis • Itching, pain or discharge from your anus (butt hole) • Remember: Sometimes symptoms don't show up for weeks or months.
  10. 10. What do I do if I have symptoms? • You will need to subject yourself to a check up however embarrassing it may be
  11. 11. Cheesewiz
  12. 12. Common STIs
  13. 13. Chlamydia • Caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis • Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. • Penetration and ejaculation is not required to get this disease
  14. 14. • One attack of Chlamydia leaves you with a 35% chance of infertility (never being able to have children) • A second attack of Chlamydia raises that percentage to close to 50%. • A third attack of Chlamydia, and there is a very good chance you will never have children.
  15. 15. How will they know I have an STI? • Urine test • Blood test • Swab from the urethra, throat, anus or vagina
  16. 16. – Some STI’s are diagnosed by testing your blood.
  17. 17. How to cure... paano kaya gagaling?
  18. 18. • ANTIBIOTICS AGAINST SOME STI’S • • • • • Floxel Inofloxacin Levofloxacin Quinolon Ofloxacin
  19. 19. it`s ouch time!
  20. 20. Gonorrhea • Caused by a bacteria known as Neisseria gonorrhoeae. • Second most common bacterial STI • Appears 2-7 days after infection
  21. 21. gonorrhea
  22. 22. Syphilis • Caused by bacteria called Treponema pallidum. • Appears 2-24 weeks after the infection • Causes many complications to one`s health
  23. 23. Wow holding hands pa!
  24. 24. Syphilis
  25. 25. More syphilis
  26. 26. Genital Herpes (HSV-2) • HSV-2 is caused by the herpes virus. • You can still get HSV-2 even when you use a condom. • After contracting the herpes virus you will have it FOREVER. There is NO cure. • A doctor can prescribe antiviral medication to help control recurring outbreaks and clear up painful sores.
  27. 27. Herpes blisters caused by viruses
  28. 28. Warts caused by genital herpes HSV-2
  29. 29. Herpes 2 in females
  30. 30. Genital Warts (HPV) • Genital warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). • There is NO cure for the virus. You may have more outbreaks and you can spread the virus to anyone you have sex with. • You can still get HPV even when you use a condom.
  31. 31.
  32. 32. Cervix with HPV virus
  33. 33. Yeast infection (Candidiasis) • • • • • • • Caused by a microorganism Candida albicans What are the signs and symptoms? Women with vaginal candidiasis may experience: • Vaginal itching • Thick white, clumpy discharge resembling cottage cheese • Burning of the external genitalia on urination • Pain with intercourse due to vaginal dryness
  34. 34. Yeast infection • Male • Men with an infection of the penis may develop balanitis (inflammation of the head of the penis) and may experience: • • Itching • • Red dots on the tip of the penis • • Dry peeling skin • • Burning on urination (occasionally) • Considerations and possible complications • • Yeast infections can increase the risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV
  35. 35. Dry hole!
  36. 36. Pubic Lice (Crabs) • Pubic lice are tiny insects that can crawl from the pubic hair of one person to the pubic hair of another person during sex. • You will be prescribed or told to buy medication that kills the lice and their eggs. • You will also need to dry clean or use very hot water to wash all of your bedding, towels, or recently worn clothing to kill the lice. • Tell your partner. • Pubic lice can be spread even when you use a condom.
  37. 37. Kuto!
  38. 38. Trichomoniasis • • • • • Caused by the bacteria, Trichomonas vaginalis Creamy or yellow-green frothy discharge Symptoms include sore and itchy vagina In men, it causes redness and pain at the tip of the penis Can be passed on via damp towels, washcloths, and bathing suits if someone has the parasite.
  39. 39. Hepatitis B • Hepatitis is a disease of the liver. • Hepatitis B is transmitted person to person through blood and body fluids. • There is no treatment for the virus after it has been contracted. • The only treatment is prevention: – Abstain from sex – Avoid contact with other people’s blood – Get immunized
  40. 40. HIV and AIDS • AIDS is one of the most deadly diseases in history. • AIDS is caused by HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus). • HIV destroys the body’s defense system (the immune system) • Thousands of teens in the U.S. become infected each year.
  41. 41. What is it? • Virus that destroys cells critical to a person’s immune system, robbing the body of its ability to fight other infections and illnesses. • Weakens the immune system over time (months to years) until other infections occur and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or AIDS (the fatal stage of HIV infection) develops
  42. 42. How do you get HIV? • How is HIV transmitted? • When the body fluids of an infected person (blood, semen, pre-semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk) enter the blood stream of another individual—specifically, from: • • • • • • • Unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex • Use of contaminated sex toys • Shared needles or other drug equipment (i.e. water, cookers, crack pipes) • HIV-infected blood or blood products • Household items such as toothbrushes and razors that have touched infected blood • Transmission during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding (transmission from mother to child) • HIV cannot be transmitted by mosquitoes or other insects that have made contact with infected blood, nor can it be transmitted through saliva, sweat, tears, urine or feces of infected individuals, unless blood is present. • • •
  43. 43. How do people know they have HIV? • Many people do not know they have it. • Symptoms may not appear for up to 10 years. • Some people may feel and look healthy for years while they are infected with HIV. • It is possible to infect others with HIV, even if the person has absolutely no symptoms.
  44. 44. Symptoms of AIDS • Extreme weakness and fatigue • Rapid weight loss • Frequent fevers with not explanation • Heavy sweating at night • Swollen lymph glands • Minor infections that cause skin rashes and mouth, genital, and anal sores. • White spots in the mouth or throat • Chronic diarrhea • A cough that won’t go away • Short-term memory loss
  45. 45. Kaposi’s sarcoma (Cancer associated with AIDS) Oral Leukoplakia Oral Thrush (yeast infection) Common infection associated with AIDS
  46. 46. How is HIV treated? • There is NO cure. • If you think you or your partner may have HIV or AIDS you need to see a healthcare provider who can do blood tests. • Prevention is the only way to protect yourself from contracting the virus.
  47. 47. What Happens if I don’t get treated? • If you have an STD and don’t get treatment you can have some long-term effects such as: – Infertility (Unable to have babies) – Cancer – Long-term pain – Can pass disease from mother to baby – Death
  48. 48. • What is secondary virginity? • Secondary virginity is possible for teens who have been sexually active and who may want to stop being sexually active and wait until marriage to initiate sex again. • Secondary virginity is becoming more and more common among young adults. In view of the sexually charged society that teenagers live in, it seems appropriate for parents, educators and society as a whole to design strategies that encourage all single people who are sexually active to cultivate chastity.
  49. 49. Conclusion • It is much easier to prevent an STI than to cure one. • The ONLY way to prevent STI’s is to ABSTAIN from ALL types of sexual intercourse.