Managing productions and service operation

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Managing productions and service operation

  1. 1. Managing Productions and Service Operation<br />
  2. 2. What Operation is?<br />Any process that accepts inputs and uses resources to change those inputs in a useful ways<br />Inputs include : land, labor, capital and entrepreneurship.<br />
  3. 3. What Operation Management is?<br />“the process of planning, organizing, and controlling operations to reach objectives efficiently and effectively” – Aldag and Sterns<br />
  4. 4. MANUFACTURING PROCESS<br />
  5. 5. Job shop<br />Production is based on sales orders for a variety of small lots.<br />May produce a lot consisting of 20 to 200 or more similar parts.<br />Products may be manufactured in a short notice. The equipment used are general purpose type.<br />Labor intensive and machines are frequently idle.<br />
  6. 6. Batch Flow<br />There is flexibility to produce either low or high volumes.<br />Not all procedures performed on all products.<br />The type of equipment used are mostly for general purpose.<br />The process layout is used.<br />The operation is labor intensive, with less machine idleness.<br />The size of operation is generally medium-sized.<br />
  7. 7. Worker-Paced Assembly Line<br />The products manufactured are mostly standardized.<br />There is a clear process pattern.<br />Specialized equipment is used.<br />The size of operation is variable.<br />The process is worker-paced.<br />The type of layout used is the line flow.<br />Labor is still a big cost item.<br />
  8. 8. Machine-PacedAssemblyline<br />The process of clear, rigid pattern.<br />Specialized type of equipment used.<br />The line flow layout is used.<br />Capital equipment is a bigger cost item than labor.<br />Operation is large.<br />The process is machine-paced.<br />
  9. 9. Batch/Continuous Flow Hybrid<br />Combination of batch and the continuous flow.<br />Uses two layouts, for batch and for continuous flow.<br />Very large size in operation.<br />
  10. 10. Continuous Flow<br />There is economy of scale in production, resulting to low per unit cost of production.<br />The process is clear and very rigid.<br />Specialized equipment are used.<br />The line flow layout is used.<br />Operations are highly capital expensive.<br />The size of operation is very large.<br />Processing is fast.<br />
  11. 11. Thank you! :D<br />

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