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Ms. k. greek architecture-1

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  • 1. Architecture of Ancient Greece
  • 2. There were three orders, or styles, of Greek Architecture Doric Ionic Corinthian
  • 3. Let’s take a closer look…
  • 4. A Look at Capitals and Columns Wait, what is a capital? Great question! A capital forms the upper part of a column. Let me show you…
  • 5. A Look at Capitals and Columns Wait, what is a column? Great question! A column is the vertical support of a building. It consists of a base, a shaft, and a capital on top. Let me show you…
  • 6. A Doric Column The Doric style is rather sturdy and its top (the capital), is plain. This style was used in mainland Greece and the colonies in southern Italy and Sicily. Memory Hint: Doric = “dull”
  • 7. A Temple at Delphi Doric Order
  • 8. An Ionic Column The Ionic style is thinner and more elegant. Its capital is decorated with a scroll-like design (a volute). This style was found in eastern Greece and the islands. Memory Hint: Ionic = “in the middle”
  • 9. Erectheion, in Athens Ionic Order
  • 10. A Corinthian Column The Corinthian style is seldom used in the Greek world, but often seen on Roman temples. Its capital is very elaborate and decorated with acanthus leaves. Memory Hint: Corinthian = “complex”
  • 11. A Temple of Athena Corinthian Order
  • 12. So, why learn about Greek Architecture?
  • 13. 1. There are many Ancient Greek buildings still standing in Greece. On the Acropolis…
  • 14. Or at Delphi…
  • 15. 2. Other ancient civilizations borrowed Greek Architecture, particularly the Romans. Like the Pantheon in Ancient Rome… QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • 16. In Nimes, France, a former town in Ancient Rome
  • 17. 3. The United States has borrowed from Greek Architecture. The White House QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • 18. The Jefferson Memorial
  • 19. The Lincoln Memorial
  • 20. The Supreme Court Building Note the Corinthian columns
  • 21. Harvard University QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • 22. MIT
  • 23. And it ALL goes back to Ancient Greece The end.

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